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October 18, 1999 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1999-10-18

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2A - The Michigan Daily - Monday, October 18, 1999

NATION/WORLD

ACLU members gather at
Ufor college conference

ACLU
Continued from Page 1A
research to find whether the University has a history of dis-
crimination against minorities or if the University has ever
created a hostile environment for minority students.
"There seems to be a lot of apathy at the University behind
the liberal facade," she said, adding that she hopes the con-
ference will spark a renewal in student activism.
Another constitutional issue raised at the conference that
directly affects students is the Fourth amendment which pro-
tects citizens from illegal search and seizures.
Dave Moran, ACLU cooperating attorney and lawyer at the
State Appellate Defenders Office, talked about the rights stu-
dents have when dealing with the police. The topic carries
great importance for students who host parties in their homes.
He said a police officer must have a warrant to search a pri-
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vate residence. Students arent required to allow police into
their homes and, at times, it would be better to speak to an offi-
cer outside, with a sob r witness and to keep a Iic d meanor
Allison Gerkman, vice president of MSU s ACLU chapter,
said student rcations with polict in Last Lansing are currently
a controversial topic. The issue of Minor in Possession citations
are especially high on M ichigan State's campus. MSU's ACLU
chapter, while only I0-months-old, has already attracted a siz-
able following, especially in response to administrative policies
and the student relations with th ' Lansing Police
Department following riots on MSU s campus last year.
The conference ended with plans for the remainder of the
year. The University chapter will be holding another meeting
Wednesday. Interested students can also contact the
Washtenaw County branch of the ACLU, which meets on the
third Wednesday of every month at 8 p.m. at 2309 Packard
Road. The student rate for membership is $5.
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HEPATITIS
Continued from Page IA
week. Borders, who has lived with
hepatitis C for more than 10 years,
learned she had the disease when she
gave blood at the American Red
Cross in 1988.
"They just told me my blood was
no good," she said. "I'm living with
it. You just need to upgrade yourself
about recent research and treatments
every once in a while."
The University Health Systems are
now working with southeastern
Michigan hospitals in a statewide
effort to educate and inform the com-
munity on all aspects of the disease
- risks, symptoms, side effects and
treatment.
"We're trying to get the message
out to as many people as possible.
We're focusing now on the southeast-
ern Michigan population and are
making support groups between
patients and physicians outside of the
hospital," Fontana said.
Hepatitis, which literally means
inflammation of the liver, is caused
by a virus and may be acute - less
than 6 months of treatment needed -
or chronic - long term, more than
six months.
Chronic hepatitis may grow to
damage the liver cells up to the point
of cancer; necrosis, liver cell death;
or cirrhosis, scarring of the liver tis-
sue. Currently, doctors can identify
six different kinds of hepatitis.
Symptoms are not as visible as
many other communicable diseases.
Many patients suffer from flu-like
symptoms: fever, headaches, aches
and pains, nausea, jaundice or lack of
appetite.
Doctors still encourage biopsies
and screenings to accurately deter-
mine the extent and existence of the
liver disorder and damage.
Many professionals believe stu-
dents are not at a high risk for the dis-
ease, therefore limited research
including data on college students
exists to date.
But others, including Fontana,
believe more research should be done
with college students.
"No studies have been done in the
student population, but they are a
high risk group," because of their
sexual activity, drug use or blood
transfusions prior to 1990 he said.
"Students are just as susceptible and
awareness at the college level is
important."
The disease is mainly transmitted
through the blood and doctors still
speculate on the likelihood of trans-
mission through other bodily fluids.
Situations that put people at high
risk include intravenous drugs use or
intranasal cocaine, work in emer-
gency situations and dealing with
blood, tattoos or body piercings with
non-sterile supplies, unprotected sex,
or received organs or blood transfu-
sions prior to 1990. Before 1990,
blood used in transfusions was not
checked for the virus causing hepati-
tis C.
Treatments for hepatitis C include
suppressing the virus and reducing
inflammation by injecting Interferon,
a protein, and an anti-viral agent
called Ribavivrin which can be taken
orally. A combination of both these
methods appears to have the most sat-
isfactory effects, doctors say, and
most insurance holders are covered
for the procedure.
"We're not sure exactly why the
combination does the job, but we'll
go with what works though," Fontana
said.
The Center for Disease Control
recommends getting screened for
the disease by a simple blood test if

patients have been involved with
injecting drugs, multiple sexual
partners, or had a medical condition
in the past which involved blood
transfusions.
For more information about the
disease, or locations for screenings,
please call the Hepatitis C Helpline
at 1-800-437-9676 or visit the
University's support group Website at
www.umich.edu/intmed/hepbc.
GANDHI
Continued from Page 1A
"Our goals were accomplished by
far. Next year though, we hope to have
more schools, more participation and
hope to make a greater difference. It
shows how a small group of dedicated
people can change society," Sarma
said.
The goals of the National Gandhi
Day of Service were to commemo-
rate and share the life and philoso-
phies of Gandhi, to allow the South
Asian community in the United
States give back to the country that
has provided opportunities for suc-
cess, to create networks and syner-
gies between students across the
country and to excite and inspire
students about service to their local
community.

Federal gov't could
execute first since '63
TERRE HAUTE, Ind. - A mari-
juana smuggler sentenced to die for the
murders of three men who betrayed
him stands to become the first person
executed by the federal government
since 1963.
Juan Raul Garza also is first in line
to die by injection at the new federal
death house outside Terre Haute. He's
one of 20 men, including Oklahoma
City bomber Timothy McVeigh, await-
ing federal execution at the U.S. prison
here.
In July, Garza filed his final possible
appeal, a step none of the other prison-
ers has yet taken. The Supreme Court is
expected to-consider the appeal within
the next month.
If the high court rejects his pleas and
President Clinton grants no clemency,
he could be executed soon after. The
last federal execution was 36 years ago,
when Victor Feguer was hanged in
Iowa for kidnapping and killing a doc-
tor.

FBI stats show 7 year decrease in crime
WASH INGTON - Crime is down for the seventh year in a row. That's what the
final 1998 crime statistics the FBI released yesterday indicate. But behind the
happy news is a melange of conflicting trends and disagreements about what all of
it means.
"There is no one reason for the continued drop in crime," said Attorney General
Janet Reno. "It's a combination of factors. It's more police officers on the street,
greater partnerships between law enforcement agencies, continued efforts to keep
guns away from criminals and a balanced approach that includes prevention, inter-
vention, punishment and supervision.
"The falling rate is wonderful news. But we must not become complacent,"she said.
Reno's view notwithstanding, in the field of criminology there has been little in
the way of hard data about why crime has dropped in the 1990s. Two studies this
summer put to rest one theory - that the decrease in the number of 15- to 24-year-
olds was responsible. Even adjusted for that demographic shift in the age group
that historically commits a disproportionate number of offenses, crime still
dropped, said criminologist Steven Levitt of the University of Chicago. A spirited
debate continues about whether high incarceration rates in the United States are
responsible. But there is a consensus that the overall downward trends conceals
more complicated picture.

AROUND THE NATION

I

Garza, 42, declined to be inter-
viewed. But in a 1994 interview with
The Associated Press, the native of
Brownsville, Texas, proclaimed his
innocence.
"I didn't kill any of those people." he
said, then the lone federal inmate on
death row in Huntsville.
"I'm not responsible,"he said.
Huricane Irene sets
eyes on Carolinas
WILMINGTON, N.C. - Residents
of eastern North Carolina evacuated
beach towns for the third time in two
months as Hurricane Irene churned up
the coast yesterday, bringing heavy
rains to a region still saturated b
record floodwaters.
The greatest concern was rain, not
wind, and the eastern coastal plain,
inundated by Hurricane Floyd just
four weeks ago, was especially vul-
nerable to more flooding.
A flood watch was issued for the
eastern third of the state, with up to
8 inches of rain predicted.

AROUND THE WORLD

At fares are rond ip. Tax not included
Srr retrc on aply
EM~T R IAVE L
We've Been There.
- - U

New Pakistani leader
to reduce troops
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan - The
head of Pakistan's new military regime
announced yesterday a unilateral
reduction of troops on the Indian bor-
der, the establishment of a military-
technocrat ruling council and an even-
tual return to civilian rule.
In a speech to the nation, Gen. Pervaiz
Musharraf announced the formation of a
six-member National Security Council
of army officers and experts in legal, for-
eign and national affairs to govern the
country. The council would be assisted
by "a think tank of experts."
The speech was Musharraf's first pub-
lic appearance since he went on national
television to announce the ouster of the
civilian government last Tuesday.
"This is not martial law," said
Musharraf, but rather "another path
toward democracy."
The constitution was not scrapped-
only temporarily suspended, he said.
He gave no indication when civilian

rule would be restored, but said "the
armed forces have no intention to stay
in charge longer than necessary"
Russia lags behind
on Y2K preparations
MOSCOW - Russia started late,
hasn't done enough, and won't get it
done before New Year's Day, so it
seems that the world's largest country is
going to discover how serious a prob-
lem Y2K can be.
Russia is so immense - it has II time
zones - that the first anxiously await
moments of 2000 will take almost a ha
day to roll across the country.
Problems could be immediate, or take
days or weeks to emerge. The ballistic
missile force is an exception. U.S. and
Russian defense spokespersons say their
systems have been updated, and a joint
monitoring center is being set up in
Colorado so that each side can stand
watch as the clock ticks toward midnight.
- Compiled from Daily wire repoI

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NEWS Jennifer Yachnin, Managing Editor
EDITORS: Nikita Easley, Katie Plona, Mike Spahn, Jaimie Winkler.
STAFF: Lindsey Alpert, Jeannie Baumann, Risa Berrin, Marta Brill, Nick Bunkley, Anna Clark, Adam Brian Cohen, Shabnam Daneshvar, Sana
Danish, Dave Enders, Anand Giridharadas, Robert Gold, Jewel Gopwani, Michael Grass. Elizabeth Kassab, Jodie Kaufman, Jody Simone Kay,
Yael Kohen, Lisa Koivu, Dan Krauth, Sarah Lewis, Hanna LoPatin, Kevin Magnuson, Caitlin Nish, Kelly O'Connor, Jeremy W. Peters, Asma
Rafeeq, Nika Schulte. Callie Scott, Emma Sendijarevic, Jennifer Sterling, Samantha Walsh.
CALENDAR: Adam Zuwerink.
EDITORIAL Jeffrey Kosseff, David Wallace, Editors
ASSOCIATE EDITORS: Emily Achenbaum, Nick Woomer.
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT: Ryan DePietro.
STAFF: Chip Cuen, Seth Fisher, Lea Frost, Jenna Greditor, Scott Hunter, Kyle Goodridge. Molly Kennedy, Thomas Kuijurgis, Mike Lopez,
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Weiss, Josh Wickerham, Paul Wong.
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Stephanie Offen, Jeff Phillips, Kevin Rosenfield, David Roth, Tracy Sandier, Nita Srivastava, Uma Subramanian, Jacob Wheeler, Jon Zemke.
ARTS Christopher Cousino, Jessica Eaton, Editors
WEEKEND, ETC. EDITORS: Jeff Druchniak, Nicole Pearl, Toyin Akinmusuru
SUB-EDITORS: Gabe Fajuri (Music), Jenni Glenn (Fine/Peforming Arts), Caitlin Hall (TV/New Media), Gina Hamadey (Books), Ed Sholinsky (Film)
STAFF: Matthew Barrett, Jason Birchmeier. Alisa Claeys, Cortney Oueweke, Brian Egan, Steven Gertz, Jewel Gopwani, Chris Kula, Erin
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PHOTO Louis Brown, Dana Linnane, Ed'
ASSOCIATE EDITOR:David Rochkind
ARTS EDITOR: Jessica Johnson
STAFF: Allison Cantor, Sam Hollenshead, Dhani Jones. Danny Kaick, David Katz, Marjorie Marshall, Jeremy Menchik, Joanna Paine, Sara Schenk,
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ONLINE Satadru Pramanik, Managing Editor
EDITORS: Toyin Akinmusuru, Rachel Berger, Paul Wong
STAFF: Amy Ament. Angela Cummings, Dana Goldberg, James Schiff, Peter Zhou.
DESIGNER: Seth Benson

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