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April 10, 2000 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2000-04-10

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2A - The Michigan Daily - Monday, April 10, 2000

NATION/WORLD

Committee favors tobacco divestment

DIVESTMENT
Continued from Page IA
Their resolution set precedent for
any future concerns raised about the
University's endowment portfolio.
Essentially, the issue at hand must be
of "serious moral or ethical questions
which are of a concern to many mem-
bers of the University community" and
an advisory committee must be
appointed.
In the report, the committee
addressed possible arguments opposing
divestment, such as the slippery-slope
problem that the decision to divest from
tobacco may invoke a process that "has
no clear stopping point."
But the committee decided, among
other factors, that history has deterred

the relevancy of this argument.
"The regents voted in 1978 to
take action in the South Africa case
(finally divesting in 1983), and that
did not open a floodgate of 'next
cases' in which the University was
subject to significant pressure to
divest in every other country in the
world that violated human rights,"
the report stated.
The tobacco industry is the first
time since Apartheid that the issue of
divestment has been addressed.
The committee also eliminated the
possibility of alternative actions to
divestment, such as petitioning tobac-
co companies to change their prac-
tices. But the report stated that other
institutions have initiated such prac-
tices with little effect.

"Thus, we conclude that it would be
pointless to try to influence the tobac-
co industry in that way," the report
stated.
Regent David Brandon (R-Ann
Arbor) said Friday that he had not had
the opportunity to read the report yet,
but he has concerns that a decision to
divest may not eliminate the conflict
between the University's core values
and the practices of the tobacco indus-
tries.
"Clearly, if the intent of the com-
mittee is to isolate the tobacco com-
panies, then how do you do
effectively do that in light of the fact
that these companies are so far
reaching?" Brandon asked. "I want
to understand before we embark
upon a policy and be consistent."

The Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs passed a resolution
in 1997 supporting tobacco divestment.
"We pushed very hard to divest.
We're very pleased with the report of
the committee," SACUA Chair Sherrie
Kossoudji said.
The Michigan Student Assembly
passed a similar resolution in January
1999.
Former MSA Rep. Sumeet
Karnik, who brought the divestment
issue to the assembly's table, said he
was happy with the committee and
the report.
"It shows the legitimacy and
debate of student leaders and stu-
dent government. We're making our
University challenge itself," Karnik
said.

ACROSS THE NATION
Senate approves budget over objections
WASHINGTON - Republicans pushed a $1.83 trillion budget for-2001
through the Senate on Friday, setting an election-year collision course with Presi-
dent Clinton over taxes and spending even as it maps a stunning string of surpluses.
The measure was approved after four days of debate on a mostly party-fide 51-
45 vote, putting the GOP on track to move a final House-Senate compromise
through Congress next week.
The budget, which does not need Clinton's signature, sets broad tax and
spending targets but leaves details for later legislation. It is those bills that will
become political battlegrounds as the .two parties draw contrasts over school
spending, cutting married couples' taxes and dozens of other issues.
"We think this is not the time to grow government," said Senate BudgetaCom-
mittee Chairman Pete Domenici (R-N.M.) as Republicans batted down yet
another Democratic effort to reshape the spending plan.
Soon after passage, Clinton branded the budget an "empty political docu-
ment" and called on lawmakers to work with him on a better one.
"This new Republican budget combines bad fiscal policy and a flawed eco-
nomic strategy," he said in a written statement. "It undermines our effoits to
strengthen Social Security and Medicare, makes it harder to pay off the debd
rests on dramatic cuts in education, law enforcement, the environment and
efforts to promote peace and national security."

Marine helicopter
crash kills 19 in Ariz.
MARANA, Ariz. -- A Marine
Corps aircraft attempting to land
during a nighttime training mission
crashed and burst into flames,
killing all 19 aboard and adding to a
checkered history for a new breed
of hybrid plane that can take off and
land like a helicopter.
The MV-22 tiltrotor Osprey,
which looks like a turboprop, is part
of a new generation of aircraft
scheduled to eventually replac- all
of the Marines' primary troop-
transport helicopters. The military
began flying the aircraft six months
ago.
The four crew members in Satur-
day night's crash were from a task
force headquartered in Quantico,
Va. The passengers were 14
Marines from 3rd Battalion, 5th
Marines based at Camp Pendleton,
Calif., and one from Marine Corps
Air Station-Miramar in San Diego
County, according to the Marine
Corps.

Yesterday, investigators were
reviewing the crash site at Marana
Northwest Regional Airportibout
30 miles northwest of Tucson. 'Few
details were released.
Groups oppose hii
court's 1966 decision
WASHINGTON - Law-enfoice-
ment groups across the nation are
urging the Supreme Court to aban-
don its landmark Miranda ruling,
part of a concerted effort by oppo-
nents of the 1966 decision to end
the requirement that police read sus-
pects their rights.
The unprecedented legal assau n
Miranda by police is one component
of a calculated strategy by the ruling's
opponents to appeal to the pragmatic,
swing-vote justices who are likely to
decide the case. Sandra Day O'Con-
nor and Anthony Kennedy by
highlighting Miranda's costs to soci-
ety. Victims' rights groups have
joined police by filing their own*brief
in the case, to be argued beforee
court April 19.

T ti

Elections in Bosnia
show partisanship
SA RAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina
- Four years after Bosnia's war ended,
weekend elections showed how deep the
ethnic divide in this country remains, as
Muslim voters shifted toward moderate
leaders while Serbs and Croats stayed
with old-style nationalists.
Although official preliminary results
in the vote for municipal councils were
not expected until today, the contend-
ing parties' own estimates of their
showings were being regarded yester-
day as reliable. In the past, such asser-
tions have generally proved accurate.
The country is divided into the
Bosnian Serb Republic and the Mus-
lim-Croat Federation.
The moderate Social Democratic
Party claimed victory yesterday in
20 cities over hard-line Muslim
leader Alija Izetbegovic's Party of
Democratic Action.
Meanwhile, in the Serb Republic -
which comprises almost half the coun-
try - the Serbian Democratic Party,

founded by indicted war crimes suspect
Radovan Karadzic, said it hat-won
56.5 percent of the vote.
Last week's arrest on war crimes
charges of Momcilo Krajisnik, Kaz-
ic's right-hand man, was seen as a
major factor in the defeat Saturday of a
coalition of Western-backed Serbian
moderates led by the republic's-prime
minister, Milorad Dodik.
Blair to take holiday
leave with newborn
LONDON - British Prime M'
ter Tony Blair says that when his -
year-old wife, Cherie Booth,,gives
birth to their fourth child next month,
he will go into "holiday mode"- for a
time, canceling public engagements
but otherwise running the country.'
While Booth received support-from
the female members of Parliament
and working mothers in general; -busi-
ness leaders winced and conserv4tives
harrumphed over what they clgrly
thought was a wimpy idea.
- Compiled from Daily wire Iej)rts.

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