2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday
y,A pril 6, 1999NATION!VORLD
Russian crisis pushes
some U.S. firms out
AROUND THE NATION
AMSTERDAM -$419 - LONDON-$440
LIMA - $464 RIO DE JANEIRO -$691
TAIPEI -$880 - BANGKOK -$890
ROUNDTRIP, PLUS TAXES,
SUBJECT TO CHANGE
MOSCOW (AP) - Dunkin'
Donuts has taken its Boston Cremes
back to Boston. Pizza Hut, unable to
capture a large slice of the Russian
market, has closed its Moscow restau-
rants. And Ben and Jerry's ice cream
operation melted away on the rocky
road of Russian capitalism.
Many of America's best known
brands streamed into Russia during
the early 1990s, drawn to one of the
world's largest untapped markets.
Russia's notoriously difficult busi-
ness climate combined with last
year's financial blowout has sent
dozens packing, and prompted others
to lay off staff and scale back expan-
"The worst case scenarios of what
could have happened in a long, cold
Russian winter have not played
themselves out," said Scott Blacklin,
president of the American Chamber
of Commerce in Moscow.
"But if we get to the summer and
there is no significant improvement,
then I think we could see deeper dis-
illusionment, which could lead to a
serious bleeding of the American
presence," he added.
The Americans are by far the
largest foreign investors in Russia,
with more than 500 U.S. firms oper-
Police givenpower to search tafi ckers
WASHINGTON -The Supreme Court yesterday widened the power of police
to search the belongings of passengers in cars stopped for traffic violations.
If officers have reason to believe that the driver may have drugs or other illegal.
items in the car, that allows them to search purses or other personal property ofall
passengers - even if no passenger is suspected of a crime, the court decided by a
Any container in the car that might contain illegal items, the court said, may
But that authority does not extend to searching the clothing or body of the
passengers, the court stressed. It said the Constitution draws a distinction
between searching persons and property, but not between driver and passen-
The dissenters complained that the decision expands police search power over
passengers, based solely on the driver's actual or suspected misconduct. But the
dissenters noted that the ruling only involves searches when an automobile is
involved, and not other private property.
The ruling was the latest in a long series of Supreme Court cases testing poli
authority to search or conduct questioning after they have made legal trafficsto
In most of those cases, the court has tended to favor added police power.
People relax outside a McDonald's In downtown Moscow Thursday. The natlon
used to be part of one of the world's largest untapped markets.
Council on International
1218 South University Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
ating here. Their activity peaked in
1996 and 1997 as Russia's financial
markets soared and the economy
hinted at growth after years of
Since the economic crisis struck
last August, about 50 members of the
American Chamber of Commerce
have left the country.
Financial services were the hardest
hit, and those leaving tended to be
CAMP ZEIST, Netherlands (AP) -
The United Nations suspended sanc-
tions against Libya yesterday after
Moammar Gadhafi surrendered two
suspected Libyan intelligence agents
for trial in the 1988 bombing of a Pan
The handover - hailed by Clinton
administration officials as a victory
against terrorism - ended seven years
of punishing sanctions against Libya
and began what could be a lengthy trial
process in the Netherlands.
"Now, at last, the road to justice has
begun," President Clinton said in a
The two Libyans were being held at
Camp Zeist, the former U.S. airbase,
awaiting arraignment under Scottish
law on charges of planting the suitcase
bomb that blew up Flight 103 over
Lockerbie, Scotland, killing 270 peo-
ple, including 189 Americans.
Suspects Abdel Basset Ali al-
Megrahi and Lamen Khalifa Fhimah,
accompanied by U.N. representative
smaller firms. Larger companies that
have already invested big sums in
Russia are still trying to weather the
Under Prime Minister Yevgeny
Primakov, the political climate has
Still, critics say the government
still hasn't come up with a coherent
plan to reverse the economic
BOSTON -The experimental drug
that caused a sensation when it was
found to wipe out cancer in mice by
choking off the tumors' blood supply is
also showing promise against heart dis-
The treatment involves the Harvard-
developed drug endostatin, which has
been shown to be remarkably potent
against cancer but has not been tested
yet on people.
Now, the same team that discovered
endostatin found that in mice, at least,
the drug may also greatly slow the
development of atherosclerosis, or
hardening of the arteries.
Atherosclerosis is a buildup of fatty
The research raises the possibility
that a new category of drugs, the blood
vessel inhibitors, may be useful
weapons against both heart disease and
cancer, the two most important diseases
of the industrialized world.
A team led by Judah Folkman of
Harvard Medical School and
Children's Hospital in Boston repoted
the development in last Tuesday's issue
of the American Heart Association
journal Circulation. Folkman pio-
neered the study of angiogenesis, the
growth of new blood vessels.
U.S. behind in
WASHINGTON - In Germany,
women can use a handheld computer to
determine when sex most risks pregnan-
cy: It flashes red if the woman should
avoid intercourse, green if there's little
chance she's fertile that day.
European women have access to a
hormone-releasing IUD that preven-
pregnancy for five years, dramaticaY
lowers menstrual blood loss and even is
touted to shrink fibroids.
Critics say the United States has been
left behind as other countries embiace
new contraceptives that provide women
more choices in birth control. More
than half a dozen new options deemed
important by family planning experts
sell abroad but not here.
t, / I s == 14 -I
Hans Corell, landed at a military airport
earlier yesterday near The Hague. They
were swiftly extradited to British cus-
tody in the Netherlands.
Before leaving the Libyan capital of
Tripoli, the suspects said they hoped to
return to their families after being
"We are confident in ourselves," said
al-Megrahi. "The days will prove that
what we are saying is true"
Fhimah flashed the victory sign and
told Arab diplomats: "We hope to see
you upon our return."
Relatives of the victims killed in the
bombing had mixed emotions - ela-
tion that the suspects were finally going
to be tried, fear that the trial would
never touch Gadhafi, the man they felt
was behind the crash.
"If trying these two is the ultimate
goal of this trial, then it's a travesty,"
said George Williams, president of
Victims of Pan Am Flight 103, which
represents 160 American families who
lost relatives aboard the plane.
Continued from Page 1.
also for sanitation and health con-
cerns," said Chris Thomas of the
American Red Cross.
The human tide has overwhelmed
Albania, Macedonia and Montenegro.
As of yesterday, 239,000 refugees had
arrived in Albania, 120,000 in
Macedonia and 35,000 in Montenegro,
the U.N. High Commissioner for
At least 831,000 of the 2 million pre-
war Kosovo population have been dis-
placed since the conflict began in
February 1998, NATO spokesperson
Jamie Shea said.
NATO said relief flights carrying
200 tons of food and other emergency
supplies were scheduled into Albania
There was growing debate, however,
over plans for NATO nations including
the United States to temporarily take in
about 110,000 refugees. Airlifts of
refugees began yesterday from
Macedonia, with the first flights going
to Turkey and Norway, but chaos was
causing delays. The United States has
agreed to take 20,000.
Albania, despite its own impoverish-
ment, said yesterday it would not ask
others to take in the refugees who have
arrived there because dispersing them
outside the region would only help fur-
ther Milosevic's aims.
In Brussels, Belgium, NATO Air
Commodore David Wilby said the
alliance would accelerate its attacks on
the Serb and Yugoslav police, tanks and
soldiers accused of systematically
expelling ethnic Albanians from
"We will focus our attention on
fielded forces in Kosovo," Wilby said.
"We will disrupt Serbian military oper-
ations on the ground."
Wilby said NATO jets striking at
Serb forces in Kosovo duringpre-dawn
raids yesterday drew heavy anti-aircraft
fir hlt al a n-~r +t .-~3 A c ., h
CAIRO, Egypt - Iraqi opposition
leaders, under U.S. pressure to unite to
remove Saddam Hussein from power,
are planning to meet in Britain this
week, dissidents said yesterday.
But two of the main opposition
groups said they would not attend the
meeting - the first gathering since the
Clinton administration last year named
Frank Ricciardone to coordinate with
the Iraqi opposition groups.
"We want to discuss the leadership
of the movement, its organization and
its goals," Delshad Miran of the
Kurdistan Democratic Party said in
The Kurdistan Democratic Party's
rival - the Patriotic Union of
Kurdistan - and several smaller
groups also were sending representa-
tives to the discussions.
But the Supreme Council for Islamic
Revolution in Iraq and the Iraqi
Communist Party said they did not
think such meetings would be effective
such a meeting will help in our
efforts to save our country from
Saddam," said Hamid al-Bayati,.*
Supreme Council's representative in
Fighting in Angola
leaves 10,000 dead-
LUANDA, Angola - The civil war
between UNITA rebels and the govern-
ment of Angola has killed 10,000 peo-
ple in the last four months, a newsp r
About 6,000 troops from both sides
and 4,000 civilians have died since
fighting flared last December, the
weekly newspaper Folha reported; cit-
ing unidentified aid workers.
In the government-held city of
Kuito, which has been a major target by
rebels, about 10 people are killed each
day, according to an unidentified
Roman Catholic priest it quoted.-
AROUND THE WORLD
Saddam opponents and turned down requests from
Ricciardone to attend.
plan another ousting -"We cannot see any possibility that
- Compiledfrom Daily wire r
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