2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, March 23, 1999
U.S. makes last bid for peace plan
AROUND THE NATION
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (AP) -
With NATO missiles and warplanes
poised to strike, a U.S. envoy began a
last bid yesterday to persuade
Yugoslavia's president to accept a
Kosovo peace plan and the thousands of
foreign troops that would enforce it.
Otherwise, American envoy Richard
Holbrooke said, "we are on the brink of
Diplomats, speaking on condition of
anonymity, said Holbrooke began talks
with President Slobodan Milosevic yes-
In Washington, President Clinton
said there is "strong unity" among the
United States and NATO allies to
authorize punitive air raids unless the
Serbs agree to a settlement.
"We all agree we cannot allow
President Milosevic to continue the
aggression with impunity," Clinton said.
But in Moscow, Russia Prime
MinisterYevgcny Primakov again urged
the United States and its allies not to
unleash airstrikes against Yugoslavia.
"We are categorically against the use
of force against Yugoslavia," Primakov
told reporters a day before he was to
head to Washington for meetings with
Clinton. "We believe that political
levers to influence the situation are far
from being exhausted yet."
In the troubled province itself, fight-
ing raged yesterday between government
forces and the rebel Kosovo Liberation
Army in the northern and central parts of
the province. Several villages were
ablaze and there were unconfirmed
reports of alleged new mass killings.
Ethnic Albanians make up 90 percent
of the 2 million inhabitants of Kosovo,
a province of Serbia, Yugoslavia's main
republic. Fighting broke out last year
after Milosevic cracked down on ethnic
Since then, more than. 2,000 people
have been killed and hundreds of thou-
sands have been forced to fled their
A second round of peace talks in
France failed last week after Serbs
refused to sign a U.S.-backed peace
accord that gives the ethnic Albanians
substantial autonomy. The plan also
calls for 28,000 NATO troops -
including 4,000 Americans - to super-
vise the accord.
In a letter read on state television,
Milosevic criticized the United States
and its allies for the NATO threats and
their handling of the peace negotiations.
"Your people should be ashamed,
because you are getting ready to use
force against a small European nation
because it protects its territory against
separatism and its people against terror-
ism," Milosevic was quoted as saying in
a letter to the French and British foreign
During a meeting yesterday with
Russian, American and European
Union envoys, state television reported
that Milosevic said the Serbs were
ready to discuss "the political" part of
Continued from Page1.
University Board of Regents.
Defend Affirmative Action Party
presidential candidate Jessica Curtin
then articulated her intentions if
elected to the assembly's presidency.
"We want to turn MSA into a
fighting student union ... and repre-
sent all students on campus," Curtin
Representatives from the Michigan
Review and 88.3 WCBN asked the
candidates questions primarily based
on the assembly's role in state, nation-
al and international issues.
Mathew Schwartz, the Review's
campus affairs editor, asked panel
members if they defended the two
hours MSA spent at a meeting in
January debating the United Nations'
sanctions on Iraq.
"Yes, MSA's scope is limited ...
but if students feel passionate about
an issue, our role it to take that pas-
sion facilitate it," Chopp said.
But Elias said spending that much
time on the issue was "indefensible,"
explaining that if elected, he would
recommend that the assembly's
External Relations Commission deal
with resolutions similar to the Iraqi
Curtin argued that the resolution
was definitely worthy of the assem-
"This issue is about the 1.5 mil-
lion people that have died because
of the actions of our government,"
the peace deal - which does not
include foreign troops.
The Serbs have insisted that the issue
should be separate from other parts of
the agreement, a position Washington
"I do not want to leave you with the
impression that we are optimistic,"
Holbrooke said during a stopover in
Brussels, Belgium, for consultations with
NATO. The North Atlantic Council,
NATO top policymaking body, autho-
rized Secretary-General Javier Solana
yesterday to order airstrikes on
Yugoslavia if Holbrooke fails.
NATO officials declined to say what
time frame -olbrooke was working
under or what level of concession from
Milosevic would be enough to halt
On the ground, the violence continued.
One person was killed and seven others
were injured late yesterday when bombs
exploded at two ethnic Albanian-owned
cafes in the provincial capital, Pristina.
WCBN representative Chris Lynch,
a news reporter, questioned the
assembly's role in tackling political
issues that "directly" affect the stu-
"Individual students don't have
time to lobby," Chopp said, address-
ing her party's idea of electronic
lobbying. "We can organize thou-1
sands of students within seconds'
Schwartz asked the last question of
the evening, which concerned the
MSA President's role in curbing
"MSA should defend fraternity,
sorority and house parties," Curtin
Elias and Chopp said they agreed
The vice presidential candidates
concluded the debate with their clos-
"The Students' Party has done sig-
nificant things," said Students' Party
vice presidential candidate Sumeet
Karnik, "We are very proud of our
Discussing the election, Blue
Party Vice Presidential candidate
Andy Coulouris said, "This election
isn't just about issues, it about atti-
DAAP Vice Presidential candidate
Erika Dowdell said her party has
"no hidden agenda" and would act in
the "interest of all students."
The debate is scheduled to air on
WOLV - TV channel 70 today and
tomorrow at 8 p.m. and midnight. I
Continued from Page :1
Due to Hartford's upcoming depar-
ture from the University and the recent
Code changes, SRC chair Abe Raffi
said major action on the Code will not
begin until fall.
All three presidential candidates in
this week's MSA election said they
agree the University should not enforce
a Code, but differ in their expectations
for the Codes' future.
"MSA needs to keep trying to be
proactive and make positive changes,"
said MSA Treasurer and Blue Party
presidential candidate Bram Elias.
Although MSA Vice President Sarah
Chopp agreed the assembly should;
work toward improving the Code, the1
Students' Party presidential candidate
said she would rather see the University
implement an academic code of con-
duct for students.
"If the focus would be more on gener-
ating a level of integrity, we could weed
out the code of conduct," she said.
As a part of its platform, the Defend
Affirmative Action Party addresses
abolishing the Code. "It does not func-
tion to protect students on campus,"
said Rackham Rep. and DAAP presi-
dential candidate Jessica Curtin.
Savic explained that even consider-
ing the assembly's progress this year,
the candidates' ultimate goal of halting
the University's enforcement of the
Code may not materialize soon. "The
climate on campus isn't really ready for
a no code movement," Savic said.
Supreme Court continues teen curfew
WASHINGTON - Handling two disputes over the rights of teen-agers and par-
ents, the Supreme Court yesterday allowed a city tocontinue imposing a nighttime
curfew but barred two high schools from requiring drug tests for all students sus-
pended for disciplinary reasons.
The justices left intact a Charlottesville, Va., curfew for children under 17 a
rejected Indiana school officials' effort to have their drug-testing policy reinstate
The two actions were not decisions, set no precedents and did not preclude the
possibility that the justices someday may choose to study each issue more closely.
A nighttime curfew for minors, now employed by many American communities,
has never been fully reviewed by the nation's highest court. Yesterday's action may
encourage other communities to consider adopting similar ordinances.
The court' denial of review in the Indiana case, meanwhile, is likely only to con-
fuse the already murky legal status of student drug-testing.
Lawyers for the Anderson Community School Corp. had sought to revive at two
Anderson high schools a drug-testing policy they called vital to "deterring drug
and alcohol use among students."
A federal appeals court struck down the 1997 policy, ruling that suspended s
dents cannot be required to take a urine test before being reinstated unless they a
individually suspected of using drugs or alcohol.
Experts: anic may
be real K danger
WASHINGTON - The greatest
danger from the Year 2000 computer
problem may be panic among
Americans convinced there will be
major disruptions, emergency experts
told a House hearing yesterday.
The panelists did, however, caution
people to be ready for minor breakdowns
in basic services. The International
Association of Emergency Managers
said communities should prepare as if
for a storm, including aftereffects, lasting
about seven days.
"It is important to say the sky is not
falling because of Y2K," said Mike
Walker of the Federal Emergency
Management Agency, which is helping
local emergency systems deal with the
"Fear of unknown consequences
places citizens at the risk of either over-
reacting or not reacting at all," said the
House Government Reform
Committee's government management
panel's Chair, Rep. Stephen Horn (R-
Calif.) The Y2K problem arises out of
the ability of many computers to read
only the last two digits in dates. Those
computers would read the year 2000, or
"00," as 1900, causing computers to
malfunction or break down, possibly
threatening services ranging from elem
tricity to food supplies.
Proteins found to
neutralize HIV virus
Scientists have identified proteins in
tears and saliva that appear to neutralize
the AIDS virus, which might help
explain why HIV is not transmitted
Sylvia Lee-Huang of the New York
University School of Medicine and h
colleagues isolated the proteins, calle
lysozyme and ribonuclease, by analyzing
a hormone women produce during preg-
nance known to inhibit the AIDS virus.
The substances in the hormone that
affected HWV were also present in urine,
tears, saliva and mother's milk, the
researchers report in the March 16 issue
of the Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences.
AROUND THE WORLD ' -K
Yeltsin accepts arms
MOSCOW - President Boris
Yeltsin has given his approval to a bill
by Russian lawmakers that could help
pave the way for the ratification of the
START II arms reduction treaty with
the United States. The bill could also
complicate larger arms control issues
between the two countries.
The bill calls for Russia to ratify
START 11 on condition that the United
States does not alter the 1972 Anti-
Ballistic Missile treaty. Such a move is
not likely to please the United States,
which is exploring the possibility of
building a limited national missile
Members of the Russian parliament's
lower house, the State Duma, insist that
Russia should reserve the right to walk
out of START If if the United States
does not stick to the ABM treaty.
Yeltsin's spokesperson Dmitry
Yakushkin said the president has
agreed to proposals by lawmakers and
has sent a letter to the Duma yesterday.
"Chances for the START I 1ratifica.
tion now are higher than any time in the
past," said Vladimir Lukin, the head of
the parliamentary foreign affairs com-
mittee, according to the ITAR-Tass news
agency. The Duma last week set
START II debate for April 2, but Luk#
said yesterday it may be postponed for
at least 10 days to give all lawmakers
time to again study the document.
abolished in Mexico
MEXICO CITY - Decades after the
demise of the three-martini lunch in the
United States, the Mexican governm4*
is officially abolishing one of its own
sacred traditions - the three-hour lunch,
Come April Fools' Day, government
employees will be limited to a mere one-
hour lunch break. No more languishing
over multiple tequilas and food courses,
then staggering back to work.
Even as it entered the fast-food age of
McDonald's and the global trade era of
NAFTA, the Mexican capital clung to
one of the most inefficient work sched-
ules of any industrialized nation.
SCompledfrm Daily wire reports.
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