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January 12, 1999 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1999-01-12

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2- The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 12, 1999
Key Rugova aide shot to death

PRISTINA, Yugoslavia (AP) -
An aide to Kosovo's top ethnic
Albanian leader was assassinated
outside his home yesterday, hours
after hard-line Yugoslav President
Slobodan Milosevic set a deadline
for rebels holding eight Yugoslav
soldiers hostage.
The shooting of Enver Maloku
worsened the already explosive
atmosphere in Kosovo, where the
guerrillas are fighting for the
Albanian-majority province's inde-
pendence from Serbia, the main
republic in Yugoslavia.
A European official who met with
Milosevic yesterday said the
Yugoslav leader has set a deadline
for the release of the soldiers, who
were seized Friday after their convoy
strayed into rebel-held territory.
Knut Vollebaek, the Norwegian
foreign minister who chairs the
Organization for Security and
Cooperation in Europe, warned that
Kosovo will explode in bloodshed
unless the separatist Kosovo
Liberation Army releases the sol-
diers immediately.
"There is very little time left, and
we have to see an immediate release
of the hostages if we should avoid a
major conflict," Vollebaek said in
Belgrade. He did not specify the
time limit for Milosevic's deadline.
The OSCE said the captive sol-
diers were being treated well in a
heated building near Stari Trg, a
coal-mining village 30 miles north-
west of Pristina, the capital of
Kosovo. Maloku, the head of the
Kosovo Information Center, was shot
yesterday afternoon in front of his
home in Pristina, and OSCE officials
said he was pronounced dead shortly
afterward.
Initial reports said Maloku was

targeted by a sniper, but the sources
later said he was hit by semi-auto-
matic gunfire from three assassins as
he was about to leave his car.
Maloku had escaped an earlier
assassination attempt in November.
He is a close associate of Kosovo
Albanian leader Ibrahim Rugova, a
moderate who has been at odds with
the rebel KLA.
Those differences have led to
speculation that Maloku's killing
may be connected to rivalries among
the different Kosovo Albanian fac-
tions.
The KLA has refused an appeal by
NATO and others to free the soldiers,
demanding the release of their own
fighters first.
In Switzerland, a rebel spokesper-
son said yesterday that some of the
KLA hostages may be set free, but
only in exchange for Albanians held
by the authorities - terms the gov-
ernment seems disinclined to accept.
"We are going to make a step for-
ward," Bardhyl Mahmuti told
reporters in Geneva, saying "certain
of them may be freed" in a deal for
Albanians incarcerated by Serbs.
A videotape of the hostages, made
available by the OSCE to reporters
late yesterday, showed the eight in
apparently good condition.
"Since we've been here, nobody
has beaten us or abused us verbally,"
one of the unidentified soldiers told
the camera. "They (the KLA) have
behaved very correctly"
Milosevic called the kidnapping of
the soldiers "a criminal act" yester-
day after his talk with Vollebaek.
Their detention is the latest chal-
lenge to the off-and-on cease-fire in
Kosovo, where more than 1,000 peo-
ple have been killed in the nearly
year-old conflict.

AROUND THE NATION
Aides oppose clemency for Pollard
WASHINGTON - President Clinton's senior national security aides appear
united in opposing Israel's request for clemency for Jonathan Pollard, the former
U.S. Navy intelligence official who spied for Israel in the 1980s and is now serv-
ing a life sentence.
Yesterday was the date the White House set for receiving recommendations a*
information from the departments of state, defense and justice as well as the CIA
and other intelligence agencies.
A senior U.S. official said yesterday that Secretary of State Madeleine Albright
has told Clinton there are "no compelling foreign policy considerations" to justify
releasing Pollard. Albright's views, combined with the known views of other senior
Clinton aides, could seal Pollard's fate.
His imprisonment almost derailed the U.S.-brokered Israeli-Palestinian peace
agreement reached in October during talks at Wye River Plantation in Maryland.
Under last-minute pressure from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu,
Clinton promised to take a fresh look at clemency for Pollard even though two pre-
vious reviews of the case, also requested by Israel, found no grounds to commut
his sentence.

Court upholds NYC
crackdown on porn
WASHINGTON - New York City's
crackdown on strip clubs and smut
shops survived a Supreme Court chal-
lenge yesterday when the justices reject-
ed a pair of appeals in which X-rated
businesses and their patrons said their
free-speech rights were being trampled.
The justices left intact regulations that
prohibit sex-oriented theaters, book-
stores, massage parlors and dance clubs
from operating within 500 feet of
homes, houses of worship, schools or
each other.
About 150 establishments previously
deemed to be primarily adult-oriented
now face one of three options: move to
some outlying industrial area, close
down or change the nature of their busi-
ness.
"We're obviously disappointed," said
Beth Haroules of the New York Civil
Liberties Union, which represented cus-
tomers of adult businesses in all five
New York boroughs.
"The city might now get even more
aggressive - sending what amounts to

SWAT teams into establishments they
believe are adult-oriented," she said. "It's
unfortunate because what's under attack
is protected expression. You may not
like, I may not like it, but it's protected.
The city should have used less intrusive
regulation.'
Report: Y2K to have
minimal impact
WASHINGTON -There is no fool-
proof guarantee, but the dreaded mid
lennium computer bug likely will have
"only minimal impact" on electric
power systems and the lights will keep
burning, an optimistic industry review
said yesterday.
But Energy Secretary BiO
Richardson, accepting the latest report
on how the power industry is tackling
the "Y2K" problem, said he was still
concerned that not all of the industry
will meet a midyear target of having ah
its critical systems "Y2K" ready.
"That there are no show stoppers that
would threaten the nation's electricity
supplies is welcome news,"
Richardson said.

AP PHOTO
Yugoslav army soldiers and a vehicle patrol the village of Stara Trg, near Kosovska
Mitrovica. The army launched attacks yesterday to relase their eight soldiers.

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U.N.

weapons

inspectors to
return to Iraq

AROUND THE WORLD

I II -1 I I I Ir I Y! . '. - - -_ .

WASHINGTON (AP)-- Chief U.N.
weapons inspector Richard Butler
declared yesterday his agency is "not
dead" and will return to Iraq, possibly
as a less intrusive monitoring system.
"We'll be back under this new dis-
pensation," said Butler, noting it may
take months for the U.N. Security
Council and member states to approve
such a plan and work out the details.
Iraq stopped cooperating with the
U.N. Special Commission, or
UNSCOM, last year, prompting the
U.S.-British airstrikes Dec. 16-19
against Iraqi weapons sites and mili-
tary and command centers.
Since then, Iraqi President Saddam
Hussein has challenged other U.S. and
U.N. controls, including "no-fly"
zones Western planes patrol over
northern and southern Iraq.
In the latest U.S.-Iraq confrontation,
U.S. Air Force planes fired missiles at
two Iraqi air defense installations in sep-
arate incidents yesterday after determin-
ing they were about to be attacked.
The incidents happened at about the
same time - 10:45 a.m. Iraqi time, or
2:45 a.m. EST - near the city of
Mosul. In the first case, two U.S. F-
15E strike aircraft patrolling the north-
ern "no-fly" zone were illuminated by
radar from an Iraqi surface-to-air mis-
sile installation, said Army Col.
Richard Bridges, a Defense
Department spokesperson.
The F-15Es fired two AGM-130 air-
to-surface missiles in response.
In the other case, a U.S. F-16 fired
one anti-radar missile after being tar-
geted by Iraqi radar at a separate air
defense installation.
None of the U.S. planes came under
Iraqi fire, Bridges said.
It was the fifth "no-fly" clash
involving missiles since Dec. 28.
I.

President Clinton has vowed to con-
tinue patrolling the "no-fly" zones as
part of a strategy of keeping Saddam
contained.
The Clinton administration also
backs maintaining robust U.N.
weapons inspections, although U.S.
officials haven't ruled out a revamped
UNSCOM.
State Department spokesperson
James Rubin said U.N. resolutions
requiring disarmament of Iraq before
monitoring can begin "can't be
leapfrogged."
But he added, "We have always been
open to ideas to improve the profes-
sionalism, the competence and the
effectiveness of the U.N. Special
Commission's regime and we will con-
tinue to be willing to discuss any such
ideas with our partners in the Security
Council."
The pre-Christmas U.S.-British
airstrikes on Iraq effectively ended
UNSCOM's work, which began after
the 1991 Gulf War to ensure Iraq
destroyed its chemical and biological
weapons and most missiles and did not
rebuild them. The International
Atomic Energy Agency was charged
with halting Iraq's nuclear weapons
development.
Butler confirmed that all U.N. mon-
itoring of Iraq has stopped, including
high surveillance flights by American
U-2 spy planes.
But he said he was confident
UNSCOM's weapons work would
resume, although he said it's not yet
clear how that will be accomplished.
"UNSCOM is not dead," Butler
said, speaking to a nonproliferation
conference sponsored by the Carnegie
Endowment for International Peace.
"We are hard at work designing that
future monitoring system."

Visitors urge to
postpone statehood
JERUSALEM -Visitor after visitor
has urged Yasser Arafat not to declare
an independent Palestinian state on
May 4, fearing it will spark violence
and hurt chances for real indepen-
dence.
Arafat, for now, is not saying what he
will do.
In response to the most recent
appeals by Rep. Tom Lantos (D-Calif.)
and Japanese Foreign Minister
Masahiko Komura, the Palestinian
leader simply said yesterday that May 4
is a special occasion that needs to be
marked - leaving everyone guessing
about what he had in mind.
May 4 - the target date set by the
Oslo accords for completing a perma-
nent peace agreement between Israel
and the Palestinians - is less than two
weeks before Israel's May 17 general
elections. Declaring a Palestinian state
then would raise tensions at a critical
moment in the Israeli campaign.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu is portraying himself as the

only leader who can stand up to the
Palestinians and has threatened to
annex key parts of the West Bank if
Arafat declares statehood.

"

Cigarette firms
announce merger

LONDON - British American
Tobacco PLC, the maker of Lucky
Strike, Kent and other cigarettes, is
expanding its global business with the
planned $7.48 billion acquisition of
rival Rothmans International BV
The merger announced yesterda
would create a tobacco maker with 16
percent share of the world cigarette
market, making it the second largest
global cigarette company after Philip
Morris Cos. Philip Morris, manufac-
turer of Marlboro and other brands, has
17 percent of the world market.
British-based BAT is now the No. 2
seller internationally, and Netherlands-
based is No. 4. Together they produced
more than 900 billion cigarettes i
1997.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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NEWS Janet Adamy, Managing Editor
EDITORS: Maria Hackett, Heather Kamins, Chris Metinko.
STAFF: Melissa Andrzejak, Paul Berg, Marta Brill, Nick Bunkley, Karn Chopra, Adam Cohen, Gerard Cohen-Vrignaud, Nikita Easley, Nick
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STAFF: Chip Cullen, Ryan DePietro, Jeff Eldridge, Jason Fink, Seth Fisher, Lea Frost, Eric Hochstadt. Scott Hunter, Diane Kay, Thomas
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