2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, October 30, 1997
Clinton, Jiang fail
to bndge chasm
on human rights
AROUND THE NATION
Fed chair says Dow drop may be good
NEW YORK - With relative calm returning to Wall Street, .ocks edged
higher yesterday on soothing words from Federal Reserve Cl; tirman Alan
Greenspan that this week's market tumult might be good for the U.S. econo-
The Dow Jones industrial average rose a meager 8.35 points to 7,506.67, a ver-
itable gurgle compared with Monday's devastating 554-point plunge and Tuesd
337-point moonshot by the stock market's best-known barometer. Broader st
market measures were mixed, with smaller-company stocks posting the best per-
Even with yesterday's slight-advance, most investors were impressed to see the
market hold most of Tuesday's big gains.
If not for Tuesday's record volume of 2.83 billion shares traded on all U.S. mar-
kets, Wednesday's 1.86 billion share volume would have been the busiest day in
Wednesday's pace offered a chance to reflect on the market's roller coaster ride.
And for weary traders who've been working long hours, the relative lull provided
an opportunity to relax.
As the dust settled, market analysts mulled whether this week's events mii
WASHINGTON - Halfway
through their remarkable public dispute
over human rights yesterday, Jiang
Zemin, the Chinese Communist leader,
told President Clinton that the two
countries were "thousands of miles
Philosophically, he might have
added, they seemed to be decades apart.
By refusing to release either of the
two most prominent political prisoners,
Jiang did little to narrow the gap. His
assertion that he could not act because
"I am the president of China, not the
chief judge of the supreme court," will
not convince many critics - nor will
his demand for "non-interference in
each other's internal affairs."
Clinton, who was unable to wrest any
significant human rights concessions
from Jiang, apart from invitations for
critics to visit China and Tibet, also failed
to bridge the chasm. His assertion about
"fundamental differences" on the issue
accurately described their discussion..
Yet if the aim of both leaders was to
ease the resumption of normal rela-
tions, their willingness to have it out in
public cleared the air in a way that is
seldom seen in diplomatic life. And it
may represent the real accomplishment
of the summit.
Jiang said he did not believe the dis-
pute will "have any negative impact on
our efforts to approach each other" and
instead stressed that they had "reached
common ground on the major areas of
The test is in the impact of the visit
on American public opinion and that
jury will be out until the visit ends
Monday. But one of the most surprising
aspects of the day was that protests
played a smaller role than expected.
Protesters from across the political
spectrum and featuring Hollywood actor
Richard Gere, fell well short of the 2,000
people they had hoped to draw to their
rally at Lafayette Park, opposite the
White House. The largest single compo-
nent of the rally appeared to be Buddhists
and other protesters who backed Gere's
demand for an independent Tibet.
But Clinton rejected that demand,
saying the United States has "no politi-
cal objective in pressing the cause of
Tibetans," and only seeks a resumption
of a constructive dialogue, freedom of
religious expression and the preserva-
tion of Tibet's unique culture.
Chinese President Jiang Zemin and President Clinton toast during their state din-
ner at the White House last night.
have any impact on future trading.
Breast cancer not
linked to chemicals
BOSTON - A new study offers the
strongest evidence yet that lingering
traces of the banned chemicals DDT
and PCBs do not trigger breast cancer,
as some have feared.
DDT and PCBs are often cited by
those who argue that toxins in the envi-
ronment are responsible for the steady
increase in breast cancer over the past
Both DDT, a bug killer, and PCBs,
which were widely used in industrial
products as an insulator, have been
banned in the United States since the
These chemicals persist in the envi-
ronment and build up in people's bod-
ies. Since they may mimic the harmful
effects of the female hormone estrogen,
some experts wonder if they could
increase the risk of breast cancer.
At least three small studies have
supported this link, including one
published four years ago in the
Journal of the National Cancer
Institute. That study, based on 58 can-
cer cases, found that women with ele-
vated levels of DDT in their bodies
had four times the usual risk of breast
Since then, however, one small study
and two larger ones have found no 1i
between breast cancer and DDT
racial catego es
WASHINGTON - Americans for
the first time will be allowed to
choose more than one racial category
when describing themselves on the
census and other federal forms, t
Clinton administration announce
The decision ends a long-standing
practice of forcing people to identify
themselves as a member of only one
racial group, a policy that has triggered
growing complaints in the face of high
rates of immigration and interracial
marriage that have made the nation
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Continued from Page 1A
seemed possible just two years ago,
when relations bottomed out over dis-
agreements about Taiwan.
Clinton and Jiang agreed to "regular
visits to each other's capitals," beginning
with a return visit to Beijing by Clinton
next year. According to White House
National Security Adviser Samual Sandy
Berger, the two have already achieved
"greater ease of communication, less
stiffness, less polemics in how they talk"
than was evident during four previous
encounters at international gatherings.
"A lot has been accomplished at this
summit," Berger said. "I think there's
been significant, solid progress in a lot
Some of the agreements are con-
crete, such as China's commitment to
purchase 50 jetliners from the Boeing
Co. for about $3 billion and allow the
U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency to open
an office in Beijing. Others are amor-
phous, such as an agreement to cooper-
ate in meeting China's skyrocketing
demand for electricity while reducing
its critical air pollution problem.
As expected, Clinton announced he is
satisified China has taken sufficient steps
to curb the export of nuclear materials to
Iran that he will permit U.S. firms to
export nuclear power reactors to China.
The decision was sharply denounced by
some members of Congress even before
it was made official.
If the first U.S.-China summit in 12
Continued from Page 1A
worked very hard for her 3.5," he said.
"We want to reward those who worked
hard but couldn't pull those 4.0's."
Ashley's friends at the University
miss her greatly. They say the scholar-
ship fund will keep her memory alive.
"I remember her laughing. She was
always in a good mood," said LSA first-
year student Tom O'Neil. "She was
never dull or never had a bad day."
"She would have been living in Mojo
and working out a lot because she was
years lacked the drama of Cold War
encounters with Soviet leaders, that is
just the way the president and his for-
eign policy team wanted it.
Senior officials said they had no
desire to reprise those tense sessions of
yesteryear, when outcomes were often
uncertain and the overriding concern
was to stave off nuclear holocaust.
China and the United States are not
adversaries, officials said, and the pur-
pose of this summit was more to nur-
ture a long-term cooperative relation-
ship than to achieve breakthroughs.
Jiang, who is having a banner year
after the smooth return of Hong Kong
to Chinese rule in July, seemed willing
to give Clinton what he sought, provid-
ed that the United States accept "the
principles of mutual respect, non-inter-
ference in each other's internal affairs,
equality and mutual benefit."
To the Chinese, the issue of political
dissent and the question of Taiwan are
both "internal affairs." China regards
Taiwan as a breakaway province des-
tined to be reunited some day with the
mainland, as Hong Kong was in July,
and Clinton said he will "adhere strict-
ly to the one-China policy."
In advance of the meeting, U.S. offi-
cials said the fact it was to be held car-
ried greater weight than any specific
agreements it might produce. "This is
already a successful summit because
gyre wanted them to meet" Secretary of
State Madeleine Albright said while
Jiang was still in Williamsburg, Va., on
his way to Washington.
a fanatic." Kozowicz said. "She was
always a hard worker so- she'd have a
big planner. She'd organize her time.
But she would definitely be having
Though Easterbrook said he isn't
sure of the exact requirements that a
Nursing sophomore must meet, he
hopes the recipient will be like
"We are looking for those people
who mirror Ashley's desire to help oth-
ers, for people involved in programs
that assist other people, someone who
mirrors Ashley's background, ambi-
tions and desires as mirrored in her
portfolio," Easterbrook said.
The University's Nursing staff will
help select the student who will receive
the scholarship, but the Easterbrook
family will have the final say on who
receives the scholarships.
Boehm said Ashley's untimely death
stifled all of her dreams.
"Becoming a nurse was a natural
next step as Ashley's future began to
take shape. She truly represented the
type of individual that held great
promise to be an outstanding nurse,
leader and scientist," Boehm said. "It is
a great tragedy for all of us that she was
stopped short of realizing her dreams"
With the pain of his daughter's death
still fresh in his mind, Easterbrook said
he wants to warn University students
about the dangers and terrors of drunk
"People just don't think its a big
deal to have a few beers and get
behind the wheel of a car," he said.
"In my opinion, and that of my fami-
ly, it is murder."
According to the National Highway
Traffic Saftey Administration, alcohol-
related deaths among 15-20 year-olds
has increased from 2,206 in 1995 to
2,315 in 1996. Last year marked the
first time this figure has risen in seven
AROUND THE WORLD
Gadhafi with award
ZUWARAH, Libya - Returning to
Libya for his second visit in a week,
Nelson Mandela presented South
Africa's highest award for a foreigner
to Moammar Gadhafi yesterday, prais-
ing the Libyan ruler as "my dear broth-
The meeting, coming so quickly
after the last one, prompted speculation
that the South African president was
trying to mediate an end to the 5-year-
old U.N. sanctions against Libya.
Mandela was accompanied by for-
eign reporters, so his visit gave
Gadhafi a platform to heap scorn upon
the United States. As with his previous
stop in Libya, and earlier visits to
Cuba, the trip demonstrated Mandela's
willingness to risk U.S. ire in main-
taining close relationships with old
Libya and Cuba were among the
countries that backed Mandela's
African National Congress early in its
underground struggle against apartheid
in South Africa.
At a brief welcome ceremony with
bagpipes, a guard raised a red Scottish
tartan-plaid umbrella over Mandela's
head yesterday to shield him from the
sun. The two leaders linked hands
they walked toward a tent for a fiv
UNITED NATIONS - The United
Nations yesterday suspended disarma-
ment inspections in Iraq after Baghdad
ordered out all Americans working as
U.N. arms inspectors on charges th@
The Security Council last night
demanded that Iraq revoke its "unac-
ceptable decision" and warned of"seri-
ous consequences" if it did not. The
council did not elaborate.
"The Security Council condemns the
decision of the government of Iraq to
try to dictate the terms of its compli-
ance with its obligations to cooperate,"
the council said in a statement read t1
brief formal meeting.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
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nuomcaa o mrr lrieagan lrlvvre, Dubinubb IrIanagur
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