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October 23, 1997 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1997-10-23

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- The Michigan Daily - Thursday, October 23, 1997

NATiON/WORLD

Pol Pot admits to
makrig mistakes

h Washington Post
TONG KONG - The elusive Pol
4,ho presided over Cambodia's
fields of the late 1970s, has con-
in his first interview in 18 years,
notorious Khmer Rouge move-
"made mistakes" during its brutal
yJbut he declared, "My conscience
;" according to excerpts of the
.nterview in the Far Eastern Economic
review.
Revjew correspondent Nate Thayer,
re ducted the interview last week
guerrilla group's jungle strong-
at Anlong Veng in northern
ia, reported that Pol Pot was
ntant when questioned repeated-
accusations that he was respon-
o'r the deaths of more than a mil-
~mbodians. "I came to carry out
ggle, not to kill people," Pol Pot
according to the Review's advance
ts. "Even now, and you can look
5 AmI a savage person?"
Snearly two decades, Pol Pot,
real name is Saloth Sar, has
,mained an enigma, moving only in
ae shadows of Cambodia's tortured
'olitics. Never seen publicly and only
a3ely photographed, his name alone
vas enough to elicit terror and loathing.
For years, his elusiveness - his pro-
:ouncements were read by others over

L r www- - % w..

the guerrilla group's clandestine radio
station - only added to his mystique,
giving rise repeatedly to rumors that he
was dead or deathly ill, that he was liv-
ing in luxury in Thailand, that he was
retired or actively leading troops in the
jungle.
Not until July, when Thayer emerged
from the malaria-ridden jungles of
Anlong Veng, was there proof that Pol
Pot was still alive. And now, for the first
time, the man who lived a life shrouded
in mystery has spoken in his own words
to an American reporter about the
movement he led for 37 years, the
killings that took place under his
regime, his regrets (apparently few) and
his own view of Cambodia's genocide
and why it happened.
Thayer is the American journalist
who first photographed Pol Pot July 25,
when the Khmer Rouge leader was
denounced by his own colleagues in a
jungle show trial reminiscent of a
Chinese-style Cultural Revolution
"struggle session." Since then, Pol Pot
reportedly has been detained under
house arrest, stripped of the leadership
of the movement he founded and head-
ed, although until now there had been
no sightings to confirm that he was
being held captive.
Thayer's full report on his two hour

AROUND THE NATI N e
Aides inquired about Indian casinos
WASHINGTON - Despite warnings that White House involvement would be
"disastrous" and "political poison," presidential aides contacted the Interior
Department three times in 1995 about an Indian casino opposed by a Democratic
fund-raiser, internal memos show.
The aides inquired about the pending decision on whether to approve
Wisconsin casino sought by three tribes and learned weeks in advance that
Interior Department was likely to rule in favor of rival wealthy tribes opposed to
the project, the documents show. The tribes that won later donated more than
$270,000 to the Democratic Party.
The White House memos reviewed by The Associated Press show that a lobbyist
fund-raiser for a tnbe opposing the casino pressed the White House to intervene.
Federal court records show the lobbyist suggested to Democratic officials that he could
get some tribal members to attend a $1,000-a-plate fund-raiser for President Clinton.
Senate investigators are now looking into whether the lobbyist group's contacts or
the donations figured in the administration's July 1995 decision to deny permission to
the Wisconsin tribes to operate casino gambling at a Hudson, Wis. dog track.
The White House said yesterday that its contacts "were not an effort to influer4
the department's decision and that the department was well on its way toward its
final decision before the first status inquiry was made."

AP PHOTO
Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot is shown at his base in a Cambodian jungle near the
Thai border. Pot recently admitted to committing wrongs through genocidal policies.

interview is published in today's edi-
tion of the Hong Kong-based weekly
Far Eastern Economic Review.
Videotape of the interview will be
made available by Associated Press
Television.
In the interview, according to the
two-page press release the Review
faxed to news organizations yesterday,

Pol Pot conceded that "our movement
made mistakes" in the execution of per-
ceived political opponents and others.
But he added, "We had no other choice.
Naturally we had to defend ourselves.
The Vietnamese ... wanted to assassi-
nate me because they knew without me
they could easily swallow up
Cambodia."

Study shows sexual behavior alters brain

Clinton unveils plan
to combat warming
WASHINGTON - In a decision
falling short of environmentalists'
hopes and his own promises, President
Clinton presented a modest strategy
yesterday to combat global warming by
gradually reducing greenhouse gases
over the next two decades.
"Make no mistake, the problem is
real," the president said. "And if we do
not change our course now, the conse-
quences sooner or later will be destruc-
tive for America and for the world."
After months of fierce debate within
the administration, Clinton announced a
plan embracing binding pollution curbs
for the first time. But they are below tar-
gets proposed by European nations and
recommended by environmentalists.
The plan calls for reducing carbon
dioxide and other heat-trapping gases
to 1990 levels by the five-year period
of 2008 to 2012. In the five years after
that, the goal is to reduce emissions
below the 1990 mark.
"Since it's a long-term problem

requiring a long-term solution, it will
be phased in over time," Clinton said in
a speech at the National Geographic
Society headquarters.
Clinton's proposal came under swift
attack at U.N.-sponsored talks amon
150 countries seeking a consensus '
mandatory cutbacks in greenhouse
gases.
Lee receives warn
reception from GOP
WASHINGTON -- Los Angeles
lawyer Bill Lann Lee, President
Clinton's choice to be the federal gov-
ernment's chief civil rights enforc
received a surprisingly warm receptif
yesterday from the Republican-con-
trolled Senate Judiciary Committee.
Conservatives had hoped to turn the
hearing into a showdown over the
Clinton administration's stand on affir-
mative action, but the senators instead
mostly heard stories of Lee's personal
rise from poverty and his professional
dedication to advocating for the poor
and the disadvantaged.

os Angeles Times
Adult sexual behavior can change the
,4"ysical structure of the brain, research
nade public yesterday suggests, so that
he brains of sexually active males are in
,one ways different from those who
bstain.
In the first experimental evidence of
ts kind, a neuroscientist at the
Jniversity of California at Berkeley
lemonstrated in laboratory animals that
,Jifferences in sexual behavior can alter
,,e neurons that make up the nervous
-ysreme and the brain.
The new research, being published
oday in the British journal Nature,
,adicates that brain regions responsible
orexuality may not be dictated solely
,y genetics, as some researchers have

suggested, but also may be strongly
shaped by what an individual does.
Indeed, for some parts of the brain
involved in sexual responses, experi-
ence can make all the difference, the
study determined.
By itself, the finding is a remarkable
observation in the neurobiology of
behavior, brain experts said. But added
to the volatile debate over the biological
origins of homosexuality and sexual
orientation, it takes on a charged social
and political dimension as well.
"It adds fuel to the fire," said UCLA
neurobiologist Roger Gorski, who stud-
ies sexual differences in the human
brain. The study "has specifically
looked at sexual behavior and shown
there is an effect" on the brain.

In an experiment with laboratory ani-
mals, UC Berkeley psychology Prof.
Marc Breedlove discovered that the
brain cells controlling movement in
male rats could be changed by altering
their sexual behavior.
He compared animals that were sex-
ually active with those that were not. He
focused on a bundle of nerve cells at the
base of the spinal cord, called the SNB
complex, that is active during copula-
tion by controlling the penis.
To eliminate the effects of differing
hormone levels on their behavior, the
male rats were castrated and then were
implanted with testosterone capsules to
keep them interested in sex. One group
was put in a cage with female rats given
hormones to be continually receptive,

while a control group was kept with
unreceptive females.
Measured at the end of a four-week
period, the nerve cells of the sexually
active male rats were smaller - and
perhaps more sensitive and responsive,
Breedlove suggested -- than the control
group that did not engage in sex.
In recent years, studies of the human
brain have triggered a fierce dispute over
a range of gender and behavioral differ-
ences. Chief among them is whether sex-
ual orientation is a matter of personal
choice or an inborn, inherited imperative.
Research has shown that parts of the
brain involved in sexual appetite and
gratification are slightly smaller in
women and homosexual men than in
heterosexual men.

' Ala
ARouND THE WO
is

COACH
Save a tree. Continued from-Page iA

Recycle the
Daily.
CORRECTION
The Display Advertising
Department would like to
apologize to The Basketball
Managers of the 1989
National Championship
Team for the error which
occurred in their ad on
Monday, October 20, 1997.
The line should have read:
" We assisted in every
aspect of the program from
the top to the bottom."

ings. His first two recruiting classes
ranked in the top 40.
Before joining the Redbirds, Stallings
served as an assistant coach under Gene
Keady at Purdue and Roy Williams at
Kansas, accumulating an 11-year assis-
tant coach record of 272-82.
Neither Doherty nor Dougherty, the
current Kansas assistants, have any
head-coaching experience. Doherty,
who is starting his fifth season with the
Jayhawks, specializes in recruiting.
Dougherty, who is entering his sec-
ond season with the Jayhawks, has 12
years of assistant coaching under his
belt, including four years at Vanderbilt
and two years at South Carolina.
Russell and Reid are the only candi-
dates who have Michigan connections.
Russell, who is starting his second
year at Savannah, played for Michigan
from 1963-66 and helped lead the
Wolverines to two NCAA Final Fours
and three Big Ten titles. Russell's play
also helped fuel the overall popularity
of the Michigan program, which even-
tually resulted in the construction of
Crisler Arena. The Wolverine's home
court is historically known as "The
House that Cazzie Built"
But Russell's lack of major collegiate
coaching experience may be a liability.
Before taking over the Savannah Bees,
a Division III program, Russell
coached for Continental Basketball
Association and high school teams.
Reid looks to be a more qualified
candidate, but as of yesterday, he said
he was still waiting to hear from Goss,
who left a message with Reid saying
that he would call back.
Reid was fired last year by Brigham
Young, seven games into his eighth
season, after leading the Cougars to a
152-77 record during his tenure. Reid's
Cougars made the NCAA Tournament
five times and the National Invitation
Tournament Once.
In the wake of his dismissal, Reid's
son Robbie, who played for his father
at Brigham Young, transferred to
Michigan this fall and will play for the
Wolverines this season.
The most recent name to surface as a
possible candidate is Bibby, who would
neither confirm nor deny that he has
talked with Goss. Bibby is entering his
second full season with the USC
Trojans and is known as a strong disci-
plinarian. But Bibby was an assistant
coach at Arizona State in 1985, when
the NCA A found nume urul vio-

New strand of TB
spreading in zones
UNITED NATIONS - Eruptions of
antibiotic-resistant tuberculosis in "hot
zones" on at least four continents
threaten the global spread of virulent
new strains of the disease, according to
a study released yesterday by the World
Health Organization.
"This report provides the first scien-
tific evidence for what we most feared
but could not previously prove: the
world again faces the specter of incur-
able tuberculosis," Dr. Michael Iseman,
a University of Colorado researcher
who participated in the study, told a
Washington news conference.
Stopping the potential epidemic of
this fast-spreading and easily transmit-
table disease, WHO officials added,
will require more aggressive treatment
of tuberculosis in its earliest stages and
in the developing world, where it is
most rampant.
In a cruel irony, the deadly new
strains have emerged as a result of
improperly administered TB drug ther-
apies that long have been successful in

battling the disease around the world.
"This is a creation of man, not nature,
Iseman said.
Tuberculosis is an extremely i nf
tious disease, killing an estimate
million people annually. About one-
third of the world's population is infect-
ed.
Space psychologist:
Mir is a sweatshop
Describing the aging Mir space sta-
tion as a "sweatshop," a Russian space
psychologist has accused Russ
Mission Control of provoking a Ju
space collision by overloading the Mir's
exhausted crew.
"A Russian cosmonaut is a galley
slave, a human being deprived of any
rights," Rostislav Bodgashevsky, who
has spent 35 years working with cos-
monauts, said in an interview published
yesterday in the respected daily
Izvestia.
He accused officials at Mission
Control and state-run RKK Energia*
callous disregard for the Mirs crew.
- Compiled from Dailv wire reports.

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EDITORS: Jeff Eldridge, Laurie Mayk, Anupama Reddy, Will Weissert.
STAFF: Janet Adamy, Reilly Brennan, David Bricker, Gerard CohernVrignaud, Margene Eriksen, Megan Exley, Maria Hackett,-Stephanie
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STAFF: Colin Bartos, Neal C. Carruth. Anitha Chalam. Emily Lambert, Stephanie Love, James Miller, Anders Smith-Lindali. Philip Son,
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