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October 08, 1997 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1997-10-08

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The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 8, 1997 - 3

Suspect arrested
ter student,
cop stabbed
* Rutgers University student and a
poice officer were stabbed early Sunday
uyrning after a fight started outside the
campus Livingston Student Center.
~Police arrested a Rutgers College of
Engineering senior in connection with
the stabbing, the Daily Targum report-
ed. David Phillips of North Brunswick
was charged with aggravated assault of
a police officer and also faces three
weapons possession offenses.
oth victims were taken to area hos-
pi as but neither are facing a "life-
threatening situation," said Rutgers
University Police Department Chief
Anthony Murphy.
court will not
hear prayer case
The U.S. Supreme Court has refused to
Wa case regarding a challenge of
Indiana University's 155-year custom of
having a clergy member offer two prayers
at graduation exercises.
was not surprised," said Indiana
law Prof. James Tanford, who original-
ly filed the 1995 lawsuit against
Indiana. "The Supreme Court takes
n ote than 7,000 cases each term and
only hears 200 of them. The odds were
overwhelmingly against us."
arlier this year, the 7th U.S. Circuit
rt of Appeals ruled that prayer at
Indiana's commencement was not a
violation of First Amendment rights,
the Indiana Daily Student reported.
The U.S. Supreme Court's refusal to
even hear the case affirms the Circuit
Court's decision.
I SU student
spitalized in
PUnger strike
A graduate student at Iowa State
University was hospitalized last week
while staging a hunger strike to demand
more services for minority students.
.Allan Nosworthy was in stable condi-
tion, the Chronicle of Higher Education
reported. He announced his hunger strike
o Sept. 22, in a letter to the campus
spaper, the Iowa State Daily reported.
Nosworthy vowed to go without food
until officials respond to demands that he
and other members of his activist group.
Members of the movement have
protested campus conditions for minori-
ty students since 1995.
Prof. on leave
Wter minority
Sudents protest
A professor at the University of
North Texas who said minority students
have poor class attendance, and then
apologized for the comment, was put
on.paid leave last week.
Don Staples, a tenured film profes-
sor, made the comment last month
during a forum to discuss ways of
*roving the college experience on
te university's campus, the
Chronicle of Higher Education
reported. Responding to a black stu-
dent's statement that professors fail

tO'eave the contributions of African
A:iricans into the curriculum,
'Saples noted the poor attendance of
minarity students in his classes, the
'Ci nicle reported.
Minority students at the forum
ested, saying they attended classes
regularly and on-time.
In addition to a spoken apology,
Staples wrote an open letter of apology
and requested a meeting with the
miority students who attended the
forum to discuss the matter.
Alfred Hurley, the university's chan-
cellor, wrote a memo stating that "racism
will not be tolerated," but also reiterating
that free speech will be defended. He
Bounced that Staples will be on leave
t ough this week.
-Compiled from U-Wire and the
Chronicle of Higher Education by
Daily Staff Reporter Megan Exley

DPS changes its strategy, not numbers

By Stephanie Hepburn
Daily Staff Reporter
Lately, cops walking their beat appear to be all
over campus, causing some students to feel they're
amidst a police crackdown.
LSA first-year student Jason Emott said he sees
cops being more vigilant than in his home town.
"More kids just walking around are getting
approached by officers. Some cops go after any-
one they can," Emott said. "It seems like they are
out to get everyone lately. If a student is just walk-
ing around campus, the cops shouldn't be out to
get you. Why should an officer hinder you if you
are not blatantly breaking the law?"
Some students said the multitude of broken-up
parties and an increase of being pulled aside for
backpack checks fuels the perception of increased
police presence.
"What may be seen as a crackdown by student
perception, is not a crackdown. There are not more
cops around this fall than prior," said Ann Arbor

Police Department Sgt. Larry Jerue.
"There has been no directive in the AAPD to
crack down harder" Jerue said.
Department of Public Safety spokesperson
Elizabeth Hall said there have been some
changes in DPS policy, but there has not been a
specific increase or crackdown on campus
"The only change the DPS has made is we have
made it mandatory for there to be an officer in the
Diag area at all times" Hall said.
Jerue said AAPD's community-oriented polic-
ing practices may give students the impression of
more police on the street because of increased
interaction between police officers and communi-
ty members.
"Bikes, motorcycles, on-foot officers know their
area and know the people of the area well," he said.
The AAPD has a zero-tolerance type program,
Jerue said.
"We aren't cracking down more, we have

always had zero tolerance for alcohol incidents,
Jerue said. "We will always enforce these kinds of
programs of stopping students that appear to be
involved in underage drinking or have an open
container of alcohol.
"Alcohol-related incidents is often at the root of
most battery, domestic violence, date rapes and
other forms of violence. We have a pro-active
stance in stopping that cycle," Jerue said.
LSA sophomore Rupa Patel said she has seen
more cops taking action this year.
"I have seen more cops busting parties," Patel
said. "All these parties just keep getting busted."
In 1995, DPS formalized its Community
Oriented Policing Program, which is similar to
AAPD community policing practices.
"The COPP policing divides the area into dif-
ferent beats," Hall said. "Each officer is respon-
sible for a beat. A beat enables officers to foster
relationships with people in specific areas. That
way it ensures that specific needs and concerns

of the people in that area are appropriately met."
Part of safety policing is making policing visi-
ble, Hall said.
"There are an increase of police during football
Saturday, and certain times hen there are special
events;' Hall said.
What students see as an increase in more offi-
cers may be explained by the fact that officers arc
more visible in the fall than the winter' Hall said.
"In the fall, weather permits officers to be on
foot and bike patrol rather than in winter, when
officers are more likely to be in policing vehicles,"
Hall said.
Hall said special circumstances sometimes
force DPS to increase policing of a certain area.
"In 1994, when there was a serial rapist on cam-
pus, we had to re-evaluate our safety planning,"
Hall said. "We increased the control of the area of
crime. If we have reason to believe that it will be
of benefit to residents to increase our patrol of a
certain area, we will increase patrol."

'War on
By David Bricker
Daily Staff Reporter
The "War on Drugs," the often-used
catch phrase calling for the end of drug
use in the United States, can never be
won, 'ny two University researchers.
"I'm not wanting to be quoted as
saying that we can't do a whole lot to
minimize the damage that substance
does to a society, but the idea that
substance abuse is something new
and that we can get rid of it like a
virus or an infection is wrong," said
psychiatry Prof. Randolph Nesse.
Nesse and psychology Prof. Kent
Berridge collaborated to reach the
conclusion that modern methods of
fighting drug abuse are doomed to
fail. Their finding is presented this
month in a special issue of Science
devoted to the interaction between
drugs and the brain.
"Much of what you read in the
newspaper is vastly simplistic,"
Nesse said. "(Substance abuse) is
treated either as a disease or as a
social problem. It's really the result of
a mismatch between our bodies and
our environment. We were never -
any of us - designed to live in an
environment where we had ready
access to drugs."
Berridge's research has revealed two
separate neurological systems associ-
ated with drug addiction: one that
leads us to like an experience, and one
that leads us to want to repeat an expe-
rience. Previously, researchers thought
that only one system handled the two
This means that a drug that does not
stimulate the pleasure centers of the
brain can still stimulate the systems
that lead people to use the drug again.
"This may explain why drug
addicts continue to take a drug that
no longer gives . them a high,"
Berridge said.
Such drugs interact with brain cells
to stimulate the experience of plea-
sure or dull the experience of pain.
Drugs are often chemical mimics of
natural brain chemicals released in

Ozone House
may be renamed

i i

By Jaimie Winkler
For the Daily
Contrary to what its name might
imply, Ozone House isn't trying to save
the planet - it's trying to help Ann
Arbor's youth.
Ozone House, a charity organization
located on Washtenaw Avenue near
Oxford Street, offers a wide range of
services to runaway teens and local
families in trouble. In an attempt to
clarify its purpose, Ozone House is
looking for a new name.
"People unfamiliar with the organi-
zation think we are an environmental
organization, or a drug-help program
from the 70s," said N'Tayna Lee, com-
munity education coordinator at Ozone
House. "We want young people to
know this is a place where they will feel
safe and comfortable."
In operation since 1969, Ozone
House provides various services free to
troubled teens. But at least one student,
Huron High School sophomore Lisa
Sayed, said she has never heard of the
organization and expressed confusion
about its name.
"(Is it) a place where people are trying
to save the environment?" Sayed asked.
Ozone House statistics say that 815
runaway reports to local officials were
made in 1995, and that 10-15 percent of
12- to 18-year-olds experience housing
instability. Additionally, 65-70 percent
of those seeking help are female.
Along with changing its name,
Ozone House is expanding its services.
It offers short-term emergency shelter
for teens 10-17 years old, provided that
they are willing to participate in family or
individual counseling and have parental
consent. Counseling may be continued
after the teens return home. Long-term
housing is offered for teens up to age 20
who can't return home but need to save
money to achieve independence. Teens
who reside at the house participate in
life-skills training and receive further
It also provides outreach programs to
schools and churches, and coordinates
support groups regarding homosexuali-
ty, teen pregnancy and parenting.

Psychiatry Prof. Randolph Nesse is among a growing number of researchers
who study the evolutionary origins of drug suscpetibility.

much smaller amounts to achieve the
same effects.
In addition to these physiological
or "proximate" explanations for how
drugs interact with the brain, Nesse
and Berridge also discuss in their
article possible reasons why drug and
brain interactions occur.
The distinction between these ques-
tions is subtle, but their answers are as
different as cocaine and Coca-Cola.
The increased availability and
diversity of drugs in the 20th century
led Nesse to conclude that evolution-
ary forces may be at work to elimi-
nate the negative effects of drug use.
Nesse said that over time, natural
selection may be acting either to
decrease humans' sensitivity to drugs
or to cause humans to behaviorally
avoid them.
"What kills young people?" asked
Nesse. "Traffic accidents. What caus-
es at least half of traffic accidents?
Alcohol. So it seems likely that one
of the strongest selective forces act-
ing now is use of alcohol and drugs

causing early death, but it's a little
tricky as to how natural selection
might act. It might act to select for
people who don't like alcohol. It
might also select for people who can
consume a lot of it, and not lose con-
trol of their driving."
Biology Prof. Greg Gibson said such
claims are untestable and unscientific.
"Those of us doing real evolution-
ary genetics are held to rigorous sci-
entific standards," Gibson said. "The
new field of evolutionary medicine
has avoided these standards because
a neat order is apparently worthier
than a refutable scientific argument."
Brent Field, a neurobiology
researcher at the University of
Oregon, agreed.
"I think their conclusions are prob-
lematic from an evolutionary perspec-
tive," Field said. "There is individual
variation in the effect on affect. One
could argue that alcohol has bolstered
the careers of musicians, marijuana the
careers of many musicians, and psyche-
delics the careers of many a shaman:'

Lee said University students "playa
very critical role" in the operation of
Ozone House.
"We have a volunteer base of about
30 students, and the majority of them
are University of Michigan students"
Lee said, adding that all voluntdes
work at least four hours a week.
LSA junior Rebecca Sweder said fe
loves working at the shelter. She esti-
mated that about half the volunteeirs
come from the University.
"It's an amazing place," Sweder said.
The training process for volunteers is
pretty intense, Sweder said. Volunteers
deal with the initial calls that conmt
through the crisis line, most of which
require making appointments or refer-
ring callers to another organization.
Sometimes people "need to talk. (W
do) crisis counseling," Sweder said.
Tayna Hilgendorf, executive director
of the Ozone House, said she is enthu-
siastic about the expansion.
"One of our biggest expansions is our
runaway services, a five-bed shelter;"
shesaid. "It's the first in the county."
Sweder gave a bit of history about the
house, which used to be a fraternity
headquarters. It's not impersonal with
beds in a row, but it feels more homey,
she said.
Hilgendorf added that Ozone House
has expanded its abilities to work with
substance abuse and families.
"Sometimes the kids we work with
are in abused situations, and some-
times they are in tough situations,"
Hilgendorf said.
Hilgendorf said demand for Ozone
House's services continue to rise.

Four to testify in Teamsters hearing

WASHINGTON (AP) - Over the
strong objections of Democrats, a
House committee issued subpoenas
yesterday to compel four people to tes-
tify at a congressional hearing about the
1996 Teamster's election.
The House Education and Workforce
Committee split along party lines in
voting 24-17 to issue subpoenas to
three Teamsters union members and the
former supervisor of a Teamster's polit-
ical action committee.
Rep. Pete Hoekstra (R-Mich.), chair
of the committee's Oversight and
Investigations Subcommittee, said the
witnesses "fear retaliation and are con-

cerned for their personal safety, as well
as for the safety of their families."
But John Bell, a spokesperson for the
campaign of Teamsters President Ron
Carey, said "there was absolutely noth-
ing to be afraid of with Ron Carey or
his administrative supporters."
Hoekstra has said he will hold a
series of hearings focusing generally on
the complex fund-raising scheme to
help finance Carey's election campaign
last year. A court-appointed federal
officer, Barbara Zack Quindel, has
thrown out the election results and
called for a rerun.
Last month, three men, including

Carey's former campaign manager,
pleaded guilty in federal court in New
York to a conspiracy to funnel illegal con-
tributions to Carey's reelection campaign.
Tensions between Democrats and
Republicans were obvious in the com-
mittee room as Democrats objected
repeatedly to what they described as the
secretive nature of the Republican-led
committee investigation.
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