2 - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, January 9, 1997
Albright sails through confirmation heanng
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The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
State-designate Madeleine Albright
sailed virtually unchallenged through
her confirmation hearing yesterday and
appeared assured of prompt approval by
a friendly Senate Foreign Relations
From day-old freshmen such as Sen.
Gordon Smith (R-Ore.) to Chairman
Jesse Helms (R-N.C.), members saluted
Albright as a "role model" and champi-
on of democracy and welcomed her
promise to seek bipartisan consensus
on foreign policy.
As ambassador to the United Nations,
Albright has been a
key member of
policy team. But
Helms and other .
addressed her as if
she bore no respon-
sibility for what
they viewed as ill-
advised or failed
policies, such as the Albright
invasion of Haiti.
Because of blunders in President
Clinton's first term, Helms said, "our
adversaries very much doubt our
resolve at this moment. So, Madam
Ambassador, in your new post a lot of
Americans are praying that you will
help change that.... It is my hope that as
the president's most senior foreign pol-
icy official, you will devote your
strength and courage to bring some
coherence, direction and fresh ideas to
America's foreign policy."
Helms predicted that "as time goes
by we're going to disagree" -- espe-
cially over his quest for a total overhaul
of the United Nations -- and said
Continued from Page 1
"We came to the meeting on Monday
knowing our proposal wouldn't be
accepted by the council," Curtin said.
"They won't even listen to us unless they
are faced with independent action."
Chanting protesters arrived 15 min.
utes after the beginning of yesterday's
meeting, disrupting the public com-
mentary session. Sheldon repeatedly
had to demand order.
No arrests were made.
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Albright was "sincerely wrong" in
some of her views. But he emphasized
his desire to "work together."
Committee members spoke admir-
ingly of the Czech-born Albright's
background as a refugee first from Nazi
Germany, then from the Soviet Union,
and her ability to speak several foreign
languages. Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-
Calif.) expressed gratification that as
the first woman named to be secretary
of state - and thus the highest ranking
woman ever in the executive branch -
Albright will be lowering yet another
barrier to the advancement of women.
WASHINGTON (AP) - A govern-
ment attorney asked yesterday for a
waiver of diplomatic immunity so that
the United States can prosecute a
Republic of Georgia envoy for the death
of a 16-year-old girl in a car crash.
Based on the prosecutor's request, the
State Department will formally ask the
Georgian government to waive the
diplomatic immunity of the second
highest official in its embassy here,
department spokesperson Glyn Davies
said last night.
In requesting the waiver in a letter to
the State Department, U.S. Attorney
Eric Holder Jr. said evidence points to a
high rate of speed and possible alcohol.
use in the downtown Washington acci-
dent last Friday night.
"The U.S. attorney views this as
prosecutable," said spokesperson
Kevin Ohlson. "We believe there is
ample evidence to believe criminal
conduct occurred in this case."
Davies quoted Holder's letter as
saying there is sufficient evidence to
seek a grand jury indictment of the
diplomat, Gueorgui Makharadze, on
charges ranging from negligent
homicide to second-degree murder.
A car driven by Makharadze was
involved in a multi-vehicle crash
that killed 16-year-old Jovianne
Waltrick of nearby Kensington, Md.
The embassy said last night it would
have no comment on the prosecutor's
request. Attorney Robert Bennett, who
represents the Georgian government,
didn't immediately return a telephone
call seeking comment.
Georgia President Eduard
Shevardnadze has promised that
Makharadze will be held responsi-
ble, but he did not specifically say
he would agree to waive his diplo-
matic immunity to face possible
criminal or civil charges.
It's highly unusual for governments to
waive such immunity, which protects
diplomats around the world from prose-
cution under possibly unfair laws.
At the time of the accident, police
indicated that speed and alcohol may
have been factors, but said
Makharadze was not given breath orj
blood-alcohol tests because of his
diplomatic status. Skid marks and
witness accounts indicated his car
had been traveling up to 80 mph,
Brokers charged in
NEW YORK - As hundreds of
hopefuls filed in to take their stockbro-
ker licensing exams, an alert monitor
noticed something unusual: the same
person was coming in again and again
under different names.
That tip led to the indictment of 50
stockbrokers on charges they paid
$2,000 to $5,000 for two ringers to take
the tests for them. The test-takers and a
middleman in the alleged scheme also
face criminal charges.
"Those who cheat their way to their
broker's license prove beyond all doubt
that they do not deserve the public's
trust," Manhattan District Attorney
Robert Morgenthau said in announcing
the charges yesterday.
The scandal involves the National
Association of Securities Dealers
exams covering securities transactions
and state regulations given in the New
York area from 1993 to 1995.
Mary Schapiro, head of the associa-
tion's regulation division, said test-tak-
ers are now fingerprinted and video-
taped to guard against fraud.
The indicted brokers all worked at
relatively small securities firms.
Schapiro said there's no evidence the
firms knew the indicted brokers had-not
earned their licenses legally.
Study finds abortion
not linked to cancer
WASHINGTON - Women who get
an abortion during the first 18 week sof
pregnancy do not have an increased risk
of getting breast cancer later in life,
according to the largest study ever to
look at the politically charged question.
Several scientists said the new fink
ing, published in today's issue of
New England Journal of Medicine,
should largely settle a scientific and
emotional debate that has raged .for
years over suggestions that an abortion
can lead to breast cancer.
"Women can be very assured that the
overall risk (of breast cancer) is .not
increased," said Mads Melbye, an epi-
demiologist who led the study with rol-
league Jan Wohlfahrt. ..
Gulf syndrome blamed on chemicals
WASHINGTON -The elusive "Gulf War Syndrome" was caused by combina-
tions of usually harmless chemicals that mingled as they came into contact with
U.S. troops during the 1991 Persian Gulf War, according to new research publislTed
in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
The research, based on examination of 249 Navy construction battalion me
bers, suggests that the mysterious complaints grew not from battlefield stress, t
were symptoms of physical damage inflicted by exposure to low-level doses of
nerve gas, pesticide, anti-nerve-gas medicine and other substances.
"Illness from the Gulf War is real," declared Dr. Robert Haley, of the University of
Texas Southwestern Medical Center, who was chief investigator in the research. "The
syndromes are due to subtle brain, spinal cord and nerve damage - but not stress."
The paper was another in a series of studies that have reached sharply different
conclusions on a medical mystery that is also a matter of hot political dispute.
Veterans groups, some of their allies in Congress and other critics maintain that the
Pentagon has responded slowly and half-heartedly to the complaints of thousands
On Tuesday, a 10-member expert panel convened by the White House issued
report faulting the Pentagon's handling of the issue, but finding that nerve gas
exposure was not likely to have caused the illnesses now under scrutiny.
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MOSCOW - Russian President
Boris Yeltsin fell ill with pneumonia
and was hospitalized yesterday in the
gravest sign yet that the 65-year-old
leader remains in precarious health
despite quintuple heart bypass surgery
two months ago.
The Presidential Press Service issued
a terse announcement that Yeltsin's con-
dition had worsened from a case of flu
reported over the Russian Orthodox
Christmas holiday. It said doctors who
examined him yesterday evening found
evidence of pneumonia and decided to
confine him to Central. Clinical
Hospital "to clarify the diagnosis and
conduct appropriate treatment."
Yeltsin returned to the Kremlin only
two weeks ago after spending six
months in hospitals and rest homes
recuperating from a late June heart
attack - his third in less than a year -
and surgery to restore adequate blood
flow to the damaged organ.
Officials have sought to play down
the seriousness of Yeltsin's condition
since he appeared pale and weary in a
meeting with visiting German
Chancellor Helmut Kohl on Saturday
and after he bowed out of a Tuesday
government meeting on the pretext
having "a heavy cold."
JERUSALEM - Israeli-Palestinian
negotiations, which appeared to be
grinding toward an agreement ,on
Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank
city of Hebron, yesterday took a t
for the worse over a larger issue: whT
the Israeli army will carry out a
promised withdrawal from the rural
areas that make up the bulk of the occu-
In talks with U.S. mediator Dennis
Ross that lasted until the early-morning
hours, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat
launched into a tirade at Israeli Prime
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu because
of his proposal that the larger redeploy-
ment of Israeli troops from the We
Bank be delayed by nearly two years,
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
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