10A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, September 19, 1996
U.S. asks Kurdish
warlord for policy aid
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - For the United States,
Massoud Barzani committed the ultimate betrayal
last month. The Kurdish warlord, with whom U.S.
officials renewed high-level contact yesterday, sold
out to Iraqi President Saddam Hussein after years
and millions of dollars worth of American support
- more than any other Iraqi opposition leader.
His relationship with the United States was so
close the CIA station was based onBarzani's turf.
His security force provided American agents with
protection and critical intelligence, say Iraqi dissi-
dents who worked with him. Covert operations.
were often launched from his territory - includ-
ing a U.S.-orchestrated drone airdrop of anti-
Hussein leaflets over the capital on the Iraqi pres-
ident's birthday in 1994.
So when Barzani, instead, balked at a U.S.-
orchestrated cease-fire with his rival last month
and, just days after his 50th birthday, led Hussein's
elite troops in a sweep across the 36th parallel into
the U.S.-declared Kurdish haven in northern Iraq,
furious Clinton administration officials used terms
like "quisling" and "traitor" to describe him.
Yet, as one part of an attempt to salvage U.S.
policy, Washington again has turned to Barzani,
whose life and policies are full of contradictions.
Assistant Secretary of State Robert Pelletreau
traveled to the Turkish capital to meet Barzani yes-
terday - and to try to win him back.
"Our strong advice to the Kurdistan Democratic
Party is to forego an alliance with Saddam
Hussein;' State Department spokesperson Nicholas
Burns said yesterday. "We'd like to see the Kurdish
factions sit down and negotiate their differences."
Initial signs were upbeat. Barzani, who inherited
pover through the wealthiest Kurdish clan and who
still dons a turban and baggy trousers despite years
in the West, declared this week that his alliance with
Hussein was never meant to be permanent.
A different drummer
Members of the Tai Pel Folk Dance Theater, a Taiwanese dance company, perform a dance
called "The Jumping Drum" across the street from the United Nations In New York yesterday, In
coordination with a cultural festival to promote Taiwan's admittance to the United Nations.
East Asia plays
large evolution role
The Baltimore Sun
BEIJING -After yielding Java Man
and Peking Man earlier this century,
East Asia almost dropped off the map
for archaeologists searching for clues to
But the region's recent period of
peace and stability has allowed archae-
ologists to start digging again, turning
up a series of discoveries that is forcing
a fundamental reassessment of how
humans evolved. Strands of evidence
being gleaned from sites in China and
Indonesia during the past two years
now suggest that Asia played a bigger
role than previously imagined - possi-
bly even giving rise to modern humans,
who were thought to have originated in
The newly unearthed evidence has led
to a debate over when an early species of
human, Homo erectus, migrated from
Africa to Asia, with some archaeologists
even hypothesizing that Homo erectus
evolved in Asia and migrated to Africa.
At the very least, many mainstream
archaeologists believe that Homo erec-
tus arrived in Asia much earlier than pre-
"The hot point in this field is: When
did early man arrive in Asia?" says Sari
Miller-Antonio, a paleoanthropolo-
gist from California who recently
arrived at a dig in southern China. "Was
it 1 million years ago or a lot earlier?"
Adds Russell Ciochon of the
University of Iowa: "We are witnessing
a fundamental shift in the paradigm. We
are able to argue that hominids were in
Asia by 1.9 million years ago."
For China, the new thinking in world
archaeological circles confirms what its
experts and cultural nationalists have
long asserted: that humans evolved here
much earlier than foreigners previously
imagined and that human life may even
have its roots in Asia and not Africa.
kong proud of China's thousands of
years of cultural continuity, some in
China are eager to show that it is also
the cradle of humanity.
Government propaganda, for exam-
ple, recently latched onto preliminary
research to show that humans devel-
oped here first.
"For a long time, international anthro-
pologists had believed that anthropoids
originated in Africa, and later spread to
other parts of the world," the govern-
ment-run New China News Agency
reported after the purported discovery in
April of early rabbit-sized apes that
lived in China 40 million years ago.
Los Angeles Tunes
TOKYO - At 24, Miyuki, a sweet-
faced bookworm, has just applied for
Say "sayonara" to the stereotype of
Japan as a nation of compulsive savers
An estimated 10 percent of the popula
tion - mostly young people - is
deeply in debt.
Japan, where people once saved u
for big purchases and then paid cash,
has become a credit card society. A new
generation of hard-charging
Japanese, raised in one of the world's
most affluent societies, is borrowing.
like never before - and some have a
debt habit of dangerous proportions.
Miyuki will have plenty of company:
in bankruptcy court, a place where the
Japanese traditionally have felt
ashamed to set foot. Personal bankrupd
cies have tripled in the past decade, hit-
ting a record of 43,946 last year.
She insists that she is not extrava-
gant. Unlike the young Japanese
women nicknamed "Chanel-ites" for
their penchant for pricey designer
clothes, she arrived at work recently in
a baggy seersucker shirt worn untucked
over khaki pants and scruffy black ath-
letic shoes. Lately, she has been skip-
ping lunch to save money.
Three years ago, however, she bo
rowed about $4,700 to pay for a move -
then borrowed more to repay the credi-
tors she could not appease on her mea-
ger wages as a waitress in a noodle shop.
Borrowing too much was easy: She
had a fistful of credit cards that allowed
her to make withdrawals from cash
machines at any time of the day or,
night. She says the lenders knew she.
was borrowing new cash to pay off o
debts and kept on lending. Her debts
compounded at Japan's maximum legal.
interest rate of 40 percent a year. Now:
she owes more than $28,000.
In the early 1990s, most people who
declared bankruptcy were real estate
speculators who went bust when the
Japanese "bubble economy" popped,
sending stock and property prices
Lately, these victims of asset defl
tion have been joined by other unfo
nates: office workers.
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