~2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, March 14, 1996
TAIPEI, Taiwan (AP) - At five
minutes before closing time, the honor
guard marches forth like perfectly syn-
-chronized toy soldiers to salute a statue
of an old man in robes, smiling
beautifically toward the plaza outside.
This is the Chiang Kai-shek Memo-
rial Hall, dedicated to the leader who
lost China in 1949, moved his govern-
ment to Taiwan and ruled it for his
remaining 26 years, dreaming of recap-
turing the mainland from the Commu-
What is happening on the square
Awhere Chiang's gaze falls is distinctly
out of tune with his legacy, and it helps
;explain why China and Taiwan are at
, odds today.
Shrill chants from a party of student
demonstrators waft across the rain-
.swept square: "Independence for Tai-
..wan!" "No reunification with China!"
In Chiang's authoritarian day, such
slogans might have landed the chanters
injail. Nowitis China's turn to get upset.
China claims sovereignty over Tai-
wan, and is convinced that indepen-
ndependence weak in Taiwan
dence is a virus that has spread all the
way to Taiwan's president, Lee Teng-
For the past eight months, China has
been test-firing missiles into waters off
Taiwan and conducting menacing war
games in the neighborhood, with one
message in mind: You are part of China.
Were China to listen to what those
students were saying between blasts
overthe megaphone, it might draw some
"No one listens to us. No local news-
paper has come to interview us," said
Darcy Pan, an English literature student.
She and others spoke despairingly of
their fellow students' apathy, of argu-
ments with parents who wished they
would just concentrate on their careers,
and their feeling that Taiwanese are
simply too scared of China to take a
"Instead of fighting, they just want to
leavethis country. So I feel sosadbecause
many people don't care," said Ms. Pan,
who wore a headband saying "Against
Reunification - Protect Taiwan."
Even the Democratic Progressive
Party, vanguard of the independence
movement, has toned down its mes-
sage, realizing it's a vote-loser.
The party, legalized by Lee's demo-
cratic reforms, looked like the wave of
the future at first, gaining with each
election until it won the Taipei mayor's
race in December 1994.
At that time China's worries may
have seemedjusti fled. But opinion polls
consistently show pro-independence
sentiment running below 20 percent.
The majority backs the status quo.
"I think most students don't care what
Taiwan will be," said Jack Lin, a phi-
losophy student at the demonstration.
"They think the problem is too huge.
It's nothing they can solve.
"They will just go about their own
business, do their homework, and the
future of the country is not so important."
The students blamed the Chiang
legacy for an education system that
sought to imprint the mainland identity
over Taiwanese culture, even trying to
suppress the island's dialect of Chi-
Under Lee's eight-yeartutelage, some
of that has changed. He is the island's
first native-born president, and often
speaks Taiwanese on the campaign trail.
Small but significant bureaucratic
changes have allowed Taiwanese iden-
tity to surface. For instance, Taiwanese
no longer need to list their mainland
ancestry on their ID cards.
Lee insists he wants reunification,
but not yet; first, China must embrace
democracy and match Taiwan's living
Minorities lead U.S. population growth
WASHINGTON - Latinos/as and Asians will account for more than half the
growth in the U.S. population every year for the next half century and beyond, the
Census Bureau predicted yesterday.
The other fast-rising group is the 50-plus cohort, growing because the huge baby
boom generation is beginning to turn gray and head for the retirement years.
"If you want to sell things and go where the growth is, about half your market
will be people in their 50s, and the other half will be the Hispanic and Ax
populations," said Gregory Spencer, a Census Bureau demographer.
These growth patterns will produce a dramatic change in the ethnic portrait of
America: The population of non-Latino/a whites, now three-quarters of all
Americans, will shrink to a bare majority by the year 2050.
The United States' total population, 262.8 million last July 1, will increase to
393.9 million by the year 2050, according to the Census Bureau's forecast. Current
growth is very modest, less than 1 percent a year, the lowest since the Great
Depression ofthe 1930s. It is projected to slow even more at the turn of the century,
and after the year 2025, is expected to drop to the lowest rates ever recorded since
the census began in 1790.
The basic expansion in the U.S. population will be produced by the Latino/a and
DON'T LET YOUR
HOUSE HAUNT YOU!.
Chinese General Liu Huaqing listens to
speeches at a conference in Beijing.
standards. Meanwhile, he wants to carve
out a separate niche for Taiwan on the
world stage by applying to regain its
seat in the United Nations, and by trav-
That, to China, is tantamount to seek-
ing independence, and it was Lee's pri-
vate visit to the United States last June
that triggered the current outburst.
agrees to sete suit
NEW ORLEANS - The tobacco
industry's united front began to crumble
yesterday when the nation's fifth-larg-
est cigarette maker agreed to settle a
class-action lawsuit accusing tobacco
companies of manipulating nicotine
levels to keep smokers hooked.
Liggett Group, which makes Ches-
terfield and Eve cigarettes, said that for
the next 25 years, it will pay 5 percent
of its pre-tax prits, or $50 million a
year, whichever is less, toward pro-
grams that help people stop smoking.
The settlement "has destroyed the
tobacco industry's invincibility. Never
again can they claim they have never
lost a smoking-related lawsuit," said
Ken Carter, a lawyer pursuing the case
on behalf of as many as 50 million
smokers and former smokers.
The settlement removes Liggett as a
defendant from the lawsuit, which
claims the major tobacco companies
and their lobbying arm, the Tobacco
Institute, concealed research showing
nicotine is addictive and manipulated
Liggett said it is also pursuingasettle-
ment with five states - Florida, Mas-
sachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi and
West Virginia - that want tobacco
companies to pay theirtMedicaid costs
of treating smoking-related illnesses.
Scientists find gene
that controls fertili
NEW YORK - Mice with one cer-
tain gene disrupted can't make sperm, a
finding that might lead to insights into
male infertility and a new approach to
birth control. -.
Scientists damaged the gene so that
the mice could not produce a protein
called CREM, which regulates other
genes involved in sperm production.
Studies of the mice are reporte
today's issue of the journal Nature
German scientists and separately by a
team from France and Finland.
One author, Dr. Guenther Schuetz of
the German Cancer Research Center in
Heidelberg, speculated that the CREM
gene might be involved in some cases
of human male infertility. But he said
he knew of no research directly sup-
porting that idea.
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Panel discussion by: Evelina Giobbe (founder of WHISPER -
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hunting season to
proceed as planned
OSLO, Norway - Norway's com-
mercial seal hunt, including pups for
the first time in seven years, will begin
as planned next week because hunters
changed their minds about dropping the
Two weeks ago, the sealers said they
were canceling the hunt because cuts in
government subsidies would make it
unprofitable. But yesterday, four of the
five Norwegian hunting boats were pre-
paring to start the season on March 22.
"It appears that the cancellation was
a negotiating tactic," said Halvard
Johansen of the Norwegian Fisheries
Norway subsidizes the hunt to con-
trol seal populations. It claims that too
many seals, which eat cod, could se-
verely deplete fish stocks, the founda-
tion of one of the country's biggest
industries after oil.
Norway lifted a seven-year ban last
December on the hotly protested com-
mercial killing of baby seals. The har-
R. IL D
vesting of adult seals neverwas banned.
The country set quotas of up to 17,050
pups and nearly 13,000 adults.
The pelts of seals younger than two
weeks are worth about $28 each, far
more than the coarser adult pelts.
Rock fans riot after*
tickets sell out
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina-Doz-
ens of youths rampaged through a down-
town pedestrian shopping mall in
Buenos Aires yesterday after failing to
get tickets to a concert by U.S. rock
band "The Ramones."
Police Chief Adrian Pelacehi said
eight minors and six adults were4
rested in connection with the incideni
on Florida Street in the heart of the
capital's business district, local news
agencies reported. Eight people have
been reported injured.
More than 1,000 fans had lined.ur
overnight outside the downtown offices
of the Coca-Cola company to exchange
10 bottle tops for a concert ticket as par
ofapromotion. Company officialswer
not available for comment.
- From Daily wire serv*
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