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One hundredfive years of editorialfreedom
February 7, 1996
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welfare reform plan
learns to spin the
pottery wheel at
the Ann Arbor Art
classes for adults
as well as for
WASHINGTON (AP) - The nation's governors aaopted
by voice vote yesterday a consensus on welfare reform that
Gov. John Engler said would allow him to implement
Michigan's sweeping welfare proposal if it is enacted by
"I'm delighted," Engler said after the vote."It's a historic
change ... that moves us to a system of a block grant to the
states where the states have maximum flexibility to imple-
ment (welfare) programs."
Engler and Democratic Gov. Tom
Carper of Delaware took the lead in ham-
mering out the compromise framework
that all the governors could accept.
"What we have here is a compromise i
that is consistent with what the president
has said must be included in welfare
reform," Carper said.
Carper said in his discussions with
Clinton, the president had specified that .
more money was needed for child care if Engler
mothers were to work, that children
needed to be protected, and that a safety net had to be
established with a contingency fund in event of a state's
The governors' framework adds $4 billion in federal
funding for child care, adds a $1 billion contingency fund for
states that go into an economic stall and allows for 20 percent
of any state's case load to be exempted from the five-year
lifetime limit on welfare benefits, among other provisions.
Engler said if Congress formulated legislation based on
the governors' framework, Michigan's welfare overhaul
passed last December could be "implemented fully."
The state's welfare program was passed in December but
to be implemented it requires federal legislation allowing the
states to run the welfare programs with flexibility through
lump sum payments called block grants.
Under the Michigan program, welfare recipients would
have to spend at least 20 hours a week in job training, at work
See WELFARE, Page 2
By Stephanie Jo Klein
Daily Staff Reporter
Michigan government officials said yesterday that they
were encouraged by Gov. John Engler's input on federal
Medicaid and welfare reforms, dismissing comments that
Engler is more interested in becoming vice president than
in helping his own state.
In a bipartisan effort with five other governors, Engler
worked to shape a proposal on welfare reform that may
break the federal gridlock.
The National Governors Association agreed to the
proposal yesterday in a voice vote at this week's annual
convention in Washington.
Several state legislators have labeled Engler's actions
politically driven in recent months. After his State of the
State address in January, state Rep. Mary Schroer (D-Ann
Arbor) said Engler could be reaching for the vice presi-
Patricia Masserant, an Engler spokesperson, said Engler
has been a leading governor "all along," as hechairs task
forces on welfare and Medicare reform in addition to
serving as president of the Republican Governors Asso-
"Speaker (of the House Newt) Gingrich had asked him
a month ago to work on a budget." Masserant said.
Officials say Engler's expertise has been sought out
because of Michigan's improving economy.
"The governor (took) such a large deficit and changed
it into a surplus without raising taxes," Masserant said of
Engler's term as Michigan's governor. "That's why he
Kathy McShea, spokesperson for U.S. Sen. Carl Levin
See ENGLER, Page 2
1olds the answer
U'ma be able
to trc students
By Melanie Cohen
For the Daily
Ken Burns, an award-winning docu-
mentarian, spoke to a crowded Michi-
an Theater last night as part of his
haring the American Experience" tour.
Burns, whose most popular works in-
clude "The Civil War" and "Baseball,"
spoke about the importance of history.
does endure?" **
Burns asked. ea
"History holds the
answer. We as
tend to ignore our
st and the connectE
cause a tear and rather th
gap in who we
his lecture with a YOUR
"The story of
e story of America," he said. Burns
ade the audience laugh with his Yogi
Berrajokes, such as: "Ninety percent of
hitting is mental and the other half is
Emphasizing the importance of en-
dowing the creative arts, Burns criti-
cized many members of the industry for
believing that "what won't survive in
the marketplace won't survive."
Bums said he allowed General Motors
Corp. - which endows the arts and hu-
manities - to sponsor his tour and films
because he believes that the industry's
common belief must be overcome.
place would not
Il produce any of the
works that I have
when we made,"Burnssaid.
hai 1 am Burns' documen-
Yotu taries have been
an di&-educational pro-
grams for distribu-
od from tion to schools and
said this was im-
portant to "make as
- Ken Burns many places where
Documentarian we can have a dia-
logue, as history
has had a bad rap for so long."
Burns discussed the latest documen-
tary he is working on, "The West." He
said the program will be a complex story
"beyond cowboys fighting Indians."
"You're going to be disappointed if
Ken Burns, award-winning filmmaker, speaks at the Michigan Theater last night.
you're interested in the cowboy men-
tality," Burns said. "Instead, it explores
women in polygamous relationships
(and) individuals that you've never
heard of crossing the country."
Coming back to his hometown was
extremely symbolic for Burns, who
graduated from Pioneer High School.
"I love it. It's great. It feels like
home, however, I was devasted when
Drake's (Sandwich Shop) closed,"
Burns said in an interview with The
Michigan Daily yesterday.
Burns said he has not always aspired
to be a documentary film producer. "I
started off wanting to be a feature film
directorlike Alfred Hitchcock ... which
I still may do at some point."
He also discussed identity vs. indi-
vidualism in historical documentaries.
"We are stronger when we realize that
I am connected to you rather than dis-
connected from you."
Members of the audience said Burns'
speech was impressive.
"I enjoyed that he works in a very
highly evolved technical medium and
speaking one on one was just as effec-
tive," said University alum Al Valusec,
of Ann Arbor.
Kinesiology senior Danny Schwab,
who had seen Burns' "Baseball," said
the film was informative. "For a sports
fan, I found his baseball film to complete
much of the puzzle as to the origins of
modern-day athletics," Schwab said.
0 Mcard transactions
leave trail of records
By Sam T. Dudek
Daily Staff Reporter
Is Big Brother keeping a watchful eye
over our every move? Does the Univer-
sity know where students are every wak-
ing moment and what they are doing?
There may be a small piece of plastic
in more than 21,000 pockets around the
University that is keeping track ofjust
The Mcard, the University's student
identification card that doubles as a
bank card, phone card and cash storage
chip, could easily be used to track stu-
and monitor pur-
to the University,
it rarely is.
try into residence .
halls is recorded
time an Mcard or student ID is used.
"The system that runs the card readers
that allow access to the residence halls
records the time of entrance and whose
card is being used," said Alan Levy,
director of Housing public affairs.
That information is stored but only
retrieved "in the context of security
investigations," Levy said. "It is never
open to public scrutiny."
Levy said information has been re-
quested on several occasions by Hous-
ing Security, a division of the Depart-
ment of Public Safety.
Levy and Housing Business Man-
ager Larry Durst said the only time
information would be released about
entrance records would be if a law-
enforcement organization - such as
DPS, the Ann Arbor Police Depart-
ment or the FBI - made a specific
Even though some residence halls
still have key .access, Durst said the
card is a safer system for entering the
pertaining to dining hall transactions,
including Entree Plus purchases. Levy
said this information is used to map
trends in dining hall traffic.
"This allows us to see usage based on
building, time and meal, to better sched-
ule staff to service the students," Levy
Information about students' transac-
tions is also released at the request of
the specific student if a card is stolen or
"When your card is stolen, we can
verify where your card was used," Durst
said. "In the case of theft, we would
share spending records with the student
and from there the student can contact
Durst said cards
reported stolen are
All First of
occur with the
Bosnia presses for war-crimes indictments
(AP) - Pulling the pin on one of the
most explosive issues in the Bosnian
war, Bosnia's government announced
yesterday it would press for war-crimes
indictments for two top Serb officers
arrested after they made a wrong turn
Angry Bosnian Serb leaders imme-
diately broke off contacts with the
*uslim-led government. Even NATO
denounced the arrests of the officers,
whom Bosnia accused of slaughtering
"The city of Sarajevo has, sadly, be-
come the Beirut of Europe ... and has
disqualified itself as a possible joint
Serb, Muslim and Croat capital," Serb
ficer had been indicted by the interna-
tional tribunal investigating war crimes
in the former Yugoslavia.
"It would be a pity if this encouraged
a retaliatory reaction," Cumming said.
"Everything is very fragile."
Bosnia claimed Gen. Djordje Djukic
and Col. Aleksa Krsmanovic bear re-
sponsibility for mass killings of civil-
ians around Sarajevo.
The pursuit of war criminals is one of
the touchiest issues in bringing peace to
Yugoslavia. The Dayton peace accord
requires all sides to cooperate in bring-
ing war criminals to justice, but appears
to speak mainly of those labeled as
criminals by the international tribunal
in The Hague, Netherlands. Only one of
eight Serbs over the past three weeks,
and is holding five on suspicion of war
Djukic, Krsmanovic and their driver
were arrested Jan. 30 after taking a
wrong turn onto government territory
near Sarajevo, Cumming said.
The driver and two other Serbs being
questioned as witnesses will soon be
freed, said the chief of Bosnia's secu-
rity service, Bakir Alispahic.
Djukic, in his seventies, is the high-
est-ranking Serb detained by the gov-
ernment. He was a logistics specialist
and close aide to Bosnian Serb military
commander Gen. Ratko Mladic during
Djukic and Krsmanovic "were re-
Mcard are re-
stored by the
bank, which is tied into the Mcard
"The University does not know where
students have activated their bank card
(option on the Mcard)," said Robert
Russell, the University's assistant di-
rector of financial operations. "The
University has no right to look at bank-
Russell also said First of America
has limited access to information about
"We provide no information to the
bank such as students' addresses or
phone numbers," Russell said.
With access to information from all
areas of the,Mcard, such as purchase,
banking, meal, residence hall and com-
puting site records, a student's move-
ment over any period of time could be
Communication studies lecturer Joan
Lowenstein, a lawyer, said that since
the card holder is not ensuredconfiden-
tiality, the University has a legal right
to review Mcard records.