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One hundred four years of editorial freedom
March 28, 1995
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Clinton announces latest
WASHINGTON - With a vow
to slash the cost of government with-
out resorting to "a mean spirit or a
(neat ax," President Clinton yester-
day announced another set of spend-
ing cuts in federal agencies.
Clinton said the latest reductions
will save $13.1 billion and eliminate
nearly 5,000 federal jobs over the
next five years at the National Aero-
nautics and Space Administration, the
Small Business Administration, the
Interior Department and the Federal
emergency Management Agency.
The savings will be used to help
pay for Clinton's $60 billion middle-
class tax cut, which he announced in
December to counter much larger
Republican tax reduction proposals.
Clinton insisted that his stream-
lining efforts are not only more real-
istic than those of his GOP rivals,
they are more "humane and decent."
He noted that his government-cut-
ting plans would preserve summer
jobs programs, subsidized school
lunches and the national service corps,
all targets of Republican budget-cut-
ters on Capitol Hill.
The newest budget cuts will be
deepest at NASA, which will lose $8
billion and 2,000 jobs over the next
five years, representing roughly a 10
percent cut in budget and personnel
over that period.
At Interior, officials are planning
to turn over to states and American
Indian tribes the job of collecting oil
and mineral royalties on publicly
owned land. Spinning off that func-
tion will save an estimated $69 mil-
lion and 700 jobs over the next five
years. The agency also will close the
Office of Territorial and International
Affairs, a relic of America's brief
as a colonial power. The office ernment will contribute to their main-
-es relations with a number of tenance over the next three years and
c islands that became U.S. terri- then phase out the payments.
under U.N. mandate after World Overall, Interior will contribute
I, including Palau, the Marshall $3.8 billion in savings and 2,000 in
s and the Marianas Islands. job reductions over the next five years.
e savings from closing the of- The SBA, by making banks and
3tals $5 million over five years. borrowers pick up the cost of process-
erior also will turn over to Mary- ing loans while closing a number of
nd Virginia several scenic park- regional offices, will contribute $1.2
now maintained at federal ex billion and 500 jobs.
- the Baltimore-Washington FEMA will chip in $100 million
ay, the George Washington and by reducing its payroll by $305 and
Barton Parkways and the using state employees and volunteer
nd Parkway. The federal gov- workers to pick up the slack.
As part of the plan ,.
proposed more spending cuts to
various federal agencies
NASA: cut $8 billion and 2,000
jobs by 2000.
Interior. save $3.8 billion by
releasing numerous functions to
The plan also closes the Office of
Territorial and International
Affairs, but preserves school
lunch and summer jobs
P roject Smile's
weeklong program of feel-good
events began yesterday with
plans to bring 'random acts of
kindness' to campus.
See story Page 3.
experts also take
stand on first day of
By Frank C. Lee
Daily Staff Reporter
Washtenaw County Prosecutor
Brian Mackie began presenting evi-
dence and testimony yesterday at the
preliminary examination of an ac-
cused Ann Arbor serial rapist - try-
ing to convince 15th District Court
Judge Ann Mattson that defendant
Ervin Dewain Mitchell Jr. should
Mitchell, 33, is charged with one
count of first-degree murder and four
counts of first-degree criminal sexual
conduct. The prosecution called po-
lice officers, medical personnel and
the Ann Arbor rape victims to the
stand during yesterday's seven-hour
examination. The examination is ex-
pected to last until at least tomorrow.
Mitchell - also known as Michael
Darryl Jones, Alvin Jackson and Ervin
Jackson - faced the husband of one
of the women he is accused of killing
when David Gailbreath, widower of
former University employee Chris-
tine Gailbreath, took the stand.
Mr. Gailbreath described how his
wife was walking to a nearby drug-
store to return bottles when she left
him at their home on the morning of
May 7, 1994.
When his wife did not return after
an hour, he and his father searched for
her. Some nine hours after his wife
left, a police officer arrived at the
couple's apartment to investigate.
Ann Arbor police officer Peter Stipe
testified he was dispatched to the
couple's apartment that night to pick
up a photo of the murder victim and
later accompanied Mr. Gailbreath
along a walking path leading to the
drugstore when he discovered the body.
"When we got approximately two-
thirds along the path, I noticed an
umbrella, backpack and grocery
items," Stipe said. "It was evident
there was some foul play."
Mr. Gailbreath became both sub-
dued and hostile when cross-exam-
ined by Mitchell's attorney,
Washtenaw County Assistant Public
Defender David Lankford, who re-
peatedly asked him
about the weather
conditions that day
in effortto pinpoint
the time of that
<<x Lankford also
asked Mr. Gail-
breath if his wife
.F was being stalked,
Mithel --,.r,. to which he replied
Washtenaw County Deputy Medi-
cal Examiner Dr. Michael Kaplan, a
University forensic pathologist, gave
the results in court of the autopsy he
"We used a fluorescent lamp bor-
rowed from the University emergency
(room) to detect any stains - includ-
ing seminal fluids," Kaplan said.
Mr. Gailbreath testified he and his
wife had not had intercourse in the
month proceeding her rape and murder.
Kaplan said the injuries were "con-
sistent with penetration." He deter-
mined the cause of death to be a
"blunt impact to the head with inju-
ries to the brain and manual strangu-
Kaplan estimated the time of death
- based on the degree of rigor mortis
See MITCHELL, Page 7
Photos by MARK FRIEDMAN/Daily
Vice president for University Relations Walter Harrison (right) hands a smiley face sticker to LSA senior Hani Sharkey, on the Diag
during "Meet your Administrator Day" yesterday, one of the events of the first day of Project Smile's Friendly Days.
eMAUS author talks of comix
By Rachel J. Lawson
Daily Staff Reporter
A comic book about the Holo-
caust? In "MAUS I" and "MAUS II",
Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist and
cartoonist Art Spiegelman uses cats
and mice to represent Nazis and Jews
in the retelling of his father's experi-
*nces as a Holocaust survivor.
Spiegelman, the keynote speaker
for the 16th Annual Conference on the
Holocaust, said that his books were
not meant as educational tools.
"I never think of my books as
Auschwitz for beginners," he told a
crowd of nearly 800 gathered at the
Power Center last night. "It's not me
trying to teach something, but trying
p understand something,"
While lighting a cigarette,
Spiegelman showed a slide from "Maus
II" depicting his father's attempt to
sneak food to his mother while both
were prisoners at Auschwitz. "It was
relatively easy for me to draw, but hard
for me to think about."
Spiegelman talked about his par-
ents' stories as "little indigestible
nightmare fragments." He saw his
task to be "taking the chards of night-
mare and putting them in neat boxes."
Spiegelman first became interested
in comics as a 10-year-old when he
came across old comic books in a
neighbor's garbage can. "It made
sense that I did MAUS as a comic
book because comics was the lan-
guage I learned to speak as a kid ...
the Yiddish of art."
Frequently asked if he uses his art
as therapy, Spiegelman said, "One
shouldn't confuse art and enemas."
He added that there is a great differ-
ence between psychotherapy and art.
"I've gone through both now and psy-
chotherapy is much more expensive."
Spiegelman is also often asked
how he can tell such a horrific story in
the medium of a comic book. "The
problem with the word 'comics' is it
implies something funny, something
that will make you laugh. I've taken
to spelling it 'comix' ... literally a co-
mixture of pictures and words."
RC junior Darone Ruskay, who de-
signed a Holocaust Studies major, said,
"The ability to tell such a graphic story
without sugarcoating or blaspheming it
is an amazing feat which Mr.
Spiegelman has done powerfully."
Ending his lecture with an audio
tape of his father, Vladek, recalling
Auschwitz, Spiegelman said, "I'll let
Vladek have the last word".
Vladek died before either of the
MAUS books were published.
to raise SLS
fee fails in vote
By Amy Klein
Daily Staff Reporter
Despite a unamimous endorsennt by all the Michi-
gan Student Assembly presidential candidates, the
ballot question to raise funding for Student Legal
Services by $2.07 per student was defeated by 392
Election Director Christine Young said the question
failed with 2,188 votes against to 1,796 votes in favor of
the fee hike. "That was a real shock," she said.
LSA Rep. Paul Scublinsky formed the group Students
for Student Legal Services in the beginning of March to
educate voters about SLS and to push for the passage of
the ballot question.
"I still think not enough students knew what SLS
was," Scublinsky said. "I think people saw a fee increase
and said 'T'm alreadv navin$ 2O 00 a vear and T don't
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