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February 08, 1995 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1995-02-08

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, February 8, 1995

CLEMENTS
Continued from page 1
between use and preservation."
Scholars will find the best collec-
tion of manuscript material in the
world next to the British Public
Records. The collection on the Ameri-
can Revolution is also among the best
in the world, Dann said.
Included in the collections is a
printed newsletter from 1493, in which
Columbus announced his discovery
of the New World. The library also
holds several firsts, among them the
first book printed in the Americas,
published in Mexico in 1540. The
first Bible printed in America, the
Welcome
Students/I
" DISTINCTIVE COLLEGIATE
HAIRSTYLING for Men & Women
"6 HAIRSTYLISTS
DASCOLA STYLISTS
Liberty off State
668-9329

Eliot Bible, was printed in a Native
American language.
"Goody Two Shoes," the first
children's book printed in America,
can be found in the library, as well as
the first American play, Royall Tyler's
"The Contrast."
"For American history between
the Age of Discovery through World
War I, it is thought to be one of the
truly great libraries in the world, and
is thought of as such throughout the
world," Dann said.
William Clements, a general en-
gineering graduate of the University
and a former University regent, do-
nated his collection of rare books and
manuscripts to the University in 1922.
Detroit architect Albert Kahn mod-
eled the building after a Roman villa
and brought in a Dutch architect to
design the interior. The building
opened in 1923.
"His idea was to create a
gentleman's library," Shy said."Kahn
always felt this was the most beauti-
ful building he'd designed."

Clements, a millionaire, amassed
his collection because British tax law
changed, levying a heavy tax on the
upper classes. American millionaires
were able to buy family collections in
large numbers.
"British aristocrats were suddenly
forced to sell artifacts, rare books,
and manuscripts - things that had
been in their families for centuries -
generations and generations," Shy
said.
Most of the Clements collection is
extremely rare and valuable.
"A lot of things that Clements
bought are things that will never come
on the market again," Shy said. "Even
from the time they were first printed,
there were only a few copies."
The documents contained in the
library tell a social history as well:
Song lyrics inform researchers of the
emotions of the time and prints reveal
what people wanted hanging on their
living room wall.
Occasionally, the library hosts re-
ceptions for the University. The build-
ing is ideal for high security, with
only two doors and a balcony for
Secret Service or FBI agents. The
Queen of Holland, the King of Siam,
fomerPhillipines president Ferdinand
Marcos, and Marcel Marceau have all
visited the Clements Library. Jonas
Salk is coming in April.
"It's not a place the average un-
dergraduate automatically gets to see,"
Dann said.
"The fact remains, those who come
in really enjoy it."

BUDGET
Continued from page 1
irresponsible" and that the adminis-
tration was "coming up way short of
deficit reduction in this budget."
Clinton proposed his package of
cuts shortly after the Republicans won
control of Congress on a platform of
tax cuts and reducing the federal defi-
cit.
But congressional tax estimators
this week pegged the cost of the Re-
publican proposals as $704 billion
over 10 years, figures that have given
even some Republicans pause.
Meanwhile, Republicans chastised
administration officials for not pro-
posing any significant cuts in govern-
ment benefits programs - such as
Medicare for the elderly - which
account for most of the growth in
federal spending.
Republicans also strongly sug-
gested that the administration had
cooked the books so that it could
claim cuts in spending without actu-
ally cutting domestic programs.
In one memorable exchange, Sen.
Hank Brown, of Colorado, told Laura
D'Andrea Tyson, head of the
president's Council of Economic
Advisers, "These forecasts are phony.
They don't hang together. They de-
stroy the credibility, I think, that this
presidency built when he first came to
the Hill."
Tyson, her voice shaking, re-
sponded: "These numbers were put
together with the best possible infor-
mation to make the most sensible
forecast we could come up with about
the economy.... I protest strongly to
the use of the word phony."

NATIONAL REPORT
Clinton orders halt to hirng ilegals
WASHINGTON-Underscoring the administration's
new emphasis on employer sanctions to curb illegal
immigration, President Clinton yesterday directed fed-
eral agencies to help in cracking down on companies and
industries that willfully hire undocumented workers.
Clinton, during a briefing at the White House, also
hinted that he will seek authority to confiscate business
assets of companies that employ illegal immigrants.
"If we turn off the employment stream for illegal
workers, far, far fewer of them will risk the difficult
journey here," Clinton said to the Immigration and Natu- Clinton
ralization Service, Department of Labor and other federal agencies.
Clinton also ordered the INS and Social Security Administration to
implement pilot projects to test various techniques for improving workplace
verification and to report back early next year on their progress.
The pilot projects would explore quick-response checks of Social Security
cards and use of Social Security and INS data banks to verify workers' status.

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New coin to honor
Kennedy Shriver
WASHINGTON - Eunice
Kennedy Shriver will be the first liv-
ing woman to be honored with a com-
memorative U.S. coin for her work in
founding the Special Olympics.
The Treasury Department said
yesterday that Shriver's profile will
be on a silver dollar that will go on
sale in May.
There will be some 800,000 coins
costing about $35 apiece, with part of
the proceeds benefiting the Special
Olympics, which organizes athletic
competition for the disabled.
Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin
made the decision Friday.
The last time living Americans
were so honored was in 1936 when
two different silver half-dollars were
minted with the likenesses of two
senators on them. The only others
bore the images of an Alabama gov-
ernor and President Calvin Coolidge.
The only women before Shriver to
be on the coins were Susan B. An-

thony, Queen Isabella of Spain and
Virginia and Ellinor Dare, who were
on a 1937 coin commemorating the
lost colony of Roanoke, N.C.
Shriver, 73, founded the Special
Olympics in 1968 and is the sister of
the late President John F. Kennedy.
Mississippi mayOK.*
paddling punishment
JACKSON, Miss. - When it
comes to punishing scofflaws, from
graffiti artists to petty thieves, some
lawmakers think the best idea is a
good, old-fashioned spanking.
Of several states that have consid-
ered the idea, Mississippi has gone
the furthest.
The state House adopted a bill
Monday that would allow judges to
order paddlings instead of prison
time.
The legislation does not spell out
how, when, where or by whom the
punishment would be administered.
It would not apply to the most serious
crimes, like murder or rape.

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SA R OUND E WORLD
PLO orders police to out charge
suspected I
round up extremists since the Jan
killed 21 at t
JERUSALEM - Angered by the ter point nor
brazen assault on his authority as well
as the murderous attacks on Israelis, Kremli
Palestine Liberation Organization
Chairman Yasser Arafat yesterday alMS to
ordered the roundup of members of
the Democratic Front for the Libera- MOSCC
tion of Palestine after the group Western c
claimed responsibility for killing an breakaway{
Israeli security guard in the Gaza Strip. issued a spe
Palestinian police said they had meant to ass
arrested 45 members of the Marxist flict could s
group following the ambush of two Russian eco
gasoline tankers in which an Israeli RussianI
private security guard was killed and and his Ca
a second was seriously wounded as changed n
the small convoy entered the self-rule leadership's
region Monday morning. nomic refor
With Arafat vowing to fight "fa- "There will
natic and extremist fofces," Palestin- policy in co
ian security forces swept through Gaza in ChechnyE
City early yesterday, taking in the The Krer
group's supporters from their homes inconclusiv
and later from their offices. Monetary F
In a related development, Israeli fate of a $61
troops arrested 27 suspected mem- It also follow
bers of the Islamic Resistance Move- of Seven m
ment, known as Hamas, at the Islamic world's ric
University in the West Bank town of some of whi
Hebron, university officials said. Chechnya's
Israel has detained, mostly with- -F

or trial, more than 200
slamic fundamentalists
.22 suicide bombing that
he Beit Lid military mus-
th of Tel Aviv.
n statement
calm fears
W - Smarting from
ensure of the war in
Chechnya, the Kremlin
ecial statement yesterday
uage worries that the con-
cuttle its budget and hurt
nomic reforms.
President Boris N. Yeltsin
binet "confirm the un-
ature of the Russian
policy of conducting eco-
rms," the statement said.
be no revision of this
nnection with the events
fa.
rmlin pledge came after an
e visit by International
und officials that left the
billion loan up in the air.
wed this weekend's Group
eeting in Toronto of the
hest industrial powers,
om worried openly about
implications.
From Daily wire services

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