2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 17, 1995
Continued from page 1
disintegration of families.
Hooks spoke passionately about
single-parent families. "This is some-
thing that we must deal with," he said.
"There's more to being a father than
Although the status of Blacks
looked" bleak during King's life,
Hooks recalled King saying: "But I
have seen the promised land."
As a lawyer, preacher, businessman
and civil rights activist, Hooks said he
too has seen "the promised land."
If anyone would have told him as a
young boy there would be Black may-
ors in cities across America, Hooks
said, "I would have laughed at them.
But thank God it's happened - I've
seen the promised land."
To those who say Blacks have made
no progress, he said, "Let's stop lying.
We've come a long way, but do not
forget we still have a long way to go."
Hooks cited four ways to continue
the progress: be prepared to work
hard, stop putting each other down,
reach out to all people and "have that
kind of faith that Martin Luther King
After his speech, Hooks said that it
is important to speak with college
students. He said he brings a message of
"peace and love and the message of
moving forward and to remind people
there is still a lot to be done."
"If we don't do that with college
students," Hooks said, "we're lost."
Third-year Medical student Althea
Hunte said she was glad she attended.
"The speech was inspirational," she
said, "because I think it serves as a
reminder just how far we've come."
University President James J.
Duderstadt opened the program.
Raymond Mullins, president of the
Ypsilanti/Willow Run Branch of the
NAACP, gave the welcoming speech,
and Carl Breeding, president of the
Michigan State Conference of the
NAACP introduced Hooks.
After everyone spoke, Hooks led
the audience in a spiritual, "We Shall
Black Student Union Speaker Nina Smith looks on as students struggle over a megaphone at BSU's rally yesterday.
Speaker calls for more complete
psychology research on Blacks
By MARIA KOVAC
Daily Staff Reporter
Pamela Trotman Reid reports that
socialresearch on African Americans
When searching for journal ar-
ticles on Blacks recently, she found
few listed on a database, she said.
As a professor of psychology and
women's studies at City University of
New York, Reid is concerned about
how African Americans are examined
from a psychological perspective.
"Psychology continues to depict
African Americans as stereotypes,"
Reid said inaspeech before100people
in Lorch Hall's Askwith Auditorium
Reid said she believes psycho-
logical studies do not pay enough
attention to diversity and that research-
ers too often see ethnic groups as
immaterial to their studies.
Due to this lack of psychological
research involving African Ameri-
cans, there is little information or
literature about such things as ethnic
identity and gender roles, Reid said
She said that a crisis of identifica-
tion exists when people who view
themselves as Black or white are not
seen in the same way by society.
Reid explained that a Black
person's "authenticity" is often ques-
tioned by society when they excel
intellectually or professionally. She
said that many young African Ameri-
cans worry they may "relinquish their
ethnic identity by being successful."
"Criteria is also set within the Afri-
can American community as it tends to
privilege men over women and does
not pay enough attention to class differ-
ences and sexual orientation,"Reid said.
Reid believes that society - and
in particular, the field of psychology
- need to recognize that context, or
one's experiences, and identity can
overlap. They are not separate enti-
ties of an African American's exist-
"Being Black is not the totality of
our culture," Reid said.
LSA junior Ryan Yoder enjoyed
Reid's lecture. "The idea of develop-
ing more complex models of race and
ethnicity was interesting," he said.
Continued from page 1
"what you see is not always what you
Speakers emphasized the need for
Blacks and members of other minr-
ity groups to avoid being co-opted by
what former BSU speaker Aletea
Gordon called "a system that seeks
When LSA sophomore Nina
Smith, the BSU's Speaker tried to
close the event, some of the individu-
als present protested.
Members of the National
Women's Rights Organizing Coali-
tion and the three Dental School work-
ers recently fired and reinstated,
wished to address the crowd.
NWROC organizer and RC junior
Jodi Masley said Smith had previ
ously agreed to include the workers.
Though Smith denies this, Masley
said, "she's lying."
Using what Masley described as
"thug tactics," BSU members forcibly
blocked NWROC members from tak-
ing the microphone. One student at-
tempted to wrestle an NWROC
bullhorn away from Shanta Driver,
the director of the Detroit NWROJ
Approximately 20 students rushed
in to participate in the brawl, which
ended as BSU leaders left quicky,
taking the public-address equipment
they had rented with them.
NWROC members, after recap-
turing their bullhorn, allowed the
workers to say their peace, and then
marched to the Dental School and
demonstrated for an additional hal
Masley describes BSU's alleged
last-minute omission of the NWROC
speakers"adouble-cross." She added,
"The BSU exposed itself to be 100-
Smith classified NWROC's ac-
tions as "misdirected and disrespect-
ful," and though she refused to com-
menton Masley's allegations, she feI
the march and speeches had been a
success in general.
Others disagreed. Shawn Cordell,
a Lawrence Tech Institute student who
attended, was disappointed. "A quiet
voice don't get responses," he said.
"People could have shown more en-
Cordell also felt the BSU was
hypocritical in denying the workers
the right to speak. "They talked abou
being controlled, and then went and
tried to control others."
Several students were offended
by Jones' addressing the multira-
cial crowd as "Black people," and
an Ann Arbor man objected to the
University condoning the BSU's
chanting "fight the power," in the
streets of Ann Arbor. "It's disrup-
tive," he said.
Despite discord generated by the
Unity March, students in general
shared a spirit of harmony.
Kenisha Purifoy, an LSA first-
year student, said she felt the day was
a "remembrance of a great man who
did a lot for a country trying to il-
prove problems of racism."
from an individual novement to :a
more organizational trend.
Plides said desegregation through
the years has had a positive effect n
all aspects of life. "Ranging frim
college, economic success, social re-
lations across racial lies, rates of drop-
outs, delinquency and even preg-
nancy, people are better off in an
Speaker challenges Asian Americans
1995 Martin Luther King Symposium
Dr. Edwin J. Nichols
"Understanding the Roots of Cultural Conflicts:
Pathways to Intercultural Skills"
January 17, 1995
9:00am - 12pm Chrysler Auditorium, North Campus
1:30pm - 4:30pm Michigan Union Ballroom
Dr. Edwin Nichols, an internationally recognized consult-
ant on cultural diversity, is an exciting and dynamic
speaker. His presentation will:
1) increase understanding of the 'roots' of cultural differ-
ences (e.g., decision making, use of time, communication,
conflict resolution, etc);
2) provide insight into the practical application of inter-
cultural skills; and
3) provide additional knowledge in the application of the
Managing Diversity process and other diversity ap-
Dr. Edwin Nichols' presentation is sponsored by:
the ITD Managing Diversity Program, the College of
Engineering, Family Housing-Office of Student Affairs,
and the University Libraries.
By MAUREEN SIRHAL
Daily Staff Reporter
Warren Furutani, the first Asian
American chair of the Los Angeles
School Board, challenged the
University's large Asian American
population to be visible advocates for
their rights during a lecture at the
Michigan Union yesterday.
More than 100 students and faculty
turned out to hear Furutani's message
about the challenges facing minorities.
"At times we start getting con-
fronted by certain attitudes that we
are not familiar with," Furutani said.
"When I started school, people dealt
with Asian names as though they lost
their intellectual equilibrium."
"In order to understand people,
you have to listen to their history as it
unfolds every day," Furutani said.
"We are in the position to put that
history in our heads and use it as tools
to define ourselves."
Furutani criticized the United
States as a nation that has used mi-
"The United States has a history
of using people of color to build and
then use them as a scapegoat when the
goal has been completed. Asian
Americans were used in the late 1800s
to build the railroads, and when that
was finished, the Asians were no more.
"As soon as you take a group of
people and you limit them compared
to other groups, you set up a second
level of class." Furutani said.
Through examples and stories,
Furutani invited members of the au-
dience to see if they were receiving
"their fair share of the pie."
"Asian Americans have found a
way to survive and grow. The largest
minority on this campus are the Asian
Americans," Furutani said. "Do you
get your fair share? We are asking for
justice fairness and equality. How
much more American can you be?"
Furutani said he wished students
were more active on campus.
"The student leaders I've run into
are very passionate. The question is
what kind of vehicle they will use to
achieve what it is they want."
Many students responded posi-
tively to Furutani's speech.
"(Furutani) is definitely an ex-
ample in the Asian community," said
Maricel Fuentes, an LSA senior. "I
think if Asian Americans took his
message to heart, we would see more
activism on campus."
Continued from page 1
them to take a stand. "We must re-
member that it was the young people
who led the movement and made a
difference, now it is your turn."
Henderson said the Brown deci-
sion was 105 years in the making. She
Continued from page 1
ing and firing practices at the Dental
and Medical schools. "Better com-
munication was needed between stu-
dent, staff, faculty and maintenance,"
said Detroit Judge Cynthia Stevens, a
member of BAM I.
Western Michigan University
Prof. Henry Davis, amember of BAM
I, said, "We, as a University should
cherish the legacy (of student activ-
REGISTRAR'S BULLETIN BOARD
Dates to Remember
Last Day to:
ism) by working to make our goals a
reality. It is important to not only
leave with a degree from the Univer-
sity but to make this a better place to
live in for all of us."
Davis also addressed the difficulty
for Black professors to attain tenure.
"The University has made progress
since 1966, when there was only one
Black (administrator), however the
struggle goes on," said Detroit Audi-
tor General Roger Short, a member of
Panelists argued that the Univer-
sity will not encourage efforts to alter
the status quo, so students must take
"You have the power to challenge
old premises, to create new visions and
to create new choices," Linzie said.
Center for African American Stud-
ies Prof. Daniel Holliman, a former
member of UCAR, strongly criticized
Provost Gilbert R. Whitaker Jr. as an
"obstructionist" to equality.
"Whitaker needs to ask us how we
really feel. Just because we have
more minority faculty and more insti-
tutions set up for minorities, they
aren't necessarily helping the situa-
tion. We can't be fooled by a Black
face in a high place," Holliman said.
"You can't stick aknife nine inches
in the back of an oppressed person,
pull it out six inches and call it
progress," he said.
tracea te evolution of civil rignts integrated setting," he said.
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