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December 13, 1994 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1994-12-13

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, December 13, 1994

Continued from page 1
The attack brought a fruitless retalia-
tory raid by Russian fighter jets and
helicopters. Their bombs ruptured and
set fire to a gas refinery pipeline, but
no casualties were reported and the
fire was quickly extinguished.
Sgt. Usman Saltayev, commander
of the Chechen artillery unit, said he
saw three plumes of smoke rising
from the line of about 40 Russian
tanks before it turned back. Russian
media said soldiers had died, but it
was not clear how many.

Meanwhile, Moscow-Grozny
peace talks got under way in the
Caucasus city of Vladikavkaz, al-
though reports from the negotiations
remained contradictory. Some said a
preliminary agreement could be struck
within hours; others said it would
take weeks at best.
In Moscow, the political fallout
for Yeltsin continued to mount. Pub-
lic displeasure with the military moves
sparked anti-war protest meetings and
criticism of the Chechen offensive by
almost all top politicians. The only
enthusiastic support came from ultra-
nationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky.

Continued from page 1
just here to sound the alarm. We're
not just here to sound an alarm. We're
here to issue a call to action."
According to the ISR study, mari-
juana has gained the most users among
eighth- to 12th-graders.
More alarming, researchers re-
ported, was the 3.6 percent of high
school seniors who use marijuanadaily,
up 1.2 percent from last year.
Annual use - defined as any use
over the past 12 months - by high
school students has doubled to 13 per-
cent among eighth-graders, grown by
two-thirds among high school sopho-
mores to 25 percent, and grown by
two-fifths among high school seniors
to 31 percent over the past three years.
During the past year, the number

of teenagers who have used mari-
juana has increased in allgrades:
among eighth-graders, the percent of
users has increased by 4.1 percent to
16.7 percent, among 10th-graders, the
percentage has increased by 6 percent
to 30.4 percent, and among 12th-grad-
ers, the jump in lifetime users was by
2.9 percent to 38.2 percent.
Increases in the use of hallucino-
gens, alcohol, steroids and inhalants
were less dramatic. However, Johnston
said the increase in inhalant use espe-
cially warranted attention.
"(Inhalants have) become an im-
portant part of the drug abuse problem,
particularly among the country's
younger adolescents."
The study tracked a national in-
crease in the use of illicit drugs in the
late '70s and early '80s that declined
steadily until 1992. Since 1992, when
the most recent five-year grant was
renewed, there has been nearly a 5-
percent increase in lifetime users
among high school seniors.
Findings of this year's survey in-
cluded that 45.6 percent of the class of
1994 have used illicit drugs, up 2.7
percent from the class of 1993 statistics.
Within the past year, 35.8 percent
of that class has used illicit drugs-up
4.8 percent - and 21.9 percent have
used within the past 30 days - up 3.6
Johnston believes the rapid expan-
sion in the numbers of students using
. l uana increases the pool of young
people who are willing to experiment
with other illicit drugs. He said this
exp lain s, in part, the rising proportions
among use.
Researchers also believe the recent
gush for marijuana legalization and an
increasing attitude among students that
marijuana is not very dangerous have
accounted for much of the increase. In




12th GRADE
10th GRADE
'75 '77 '79 '81 83 '85 '87 '89 '91 93

Trends in illicit drug use
Since the Monitoring the Future study began in 1975, illicit
drug use dropped until 1991 and has increased since.
60 r


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fact, during the 20-year study, the
investigators found evidence linking
the likelihood of using a drug with
how dangerous the drug is considered
to be.
When asked to interpret the risk
involved with regular marijuana use,
only 65 percent of high school seniors
said there was a"greatrisk," down 7.5
percent from last year's figures.
Eighty-six percent of 12th-graders
said marijuana was "fairly easy" or
"very easy" to get, compared with 75
percent of 10th-graders and 49.9 per-
cent of eighth-graders.
"We have a chance - right here
and now - to lock arms and send a
powerful message to out children,"
ISR researchers Patrick O'Malley
and Jerald Bachman worked with
Johnston on this year's study, which
was administered to 52,000 students
nationwide, including 16,000 seniors.
The survey, titled "Monitoring the
Future," but also called the National
High School Senior Survey, has been
conducted annually by the ISR for the
past 20 years.
-TheAssociated Press contributed
to this report.



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Continued from Page 1
high-level administrator.
"Personally, I think if we're all
acting ethically, it doesn't really mat-
ter," Hartford said. "(Ombudsmen)
really don't have official control."
Perigo, who has worked as the
ombudsman for 13 years and has been
at the University for nearly 24 years,,
was told in August that his contract
would not be renewed. But Hartford
has yet to name an interim person to
the post or make any decisions on the
plans for the office.
"Part of that is sensitivity to Don's
request. I don't think he wanted to be
a lame duck," she said. "Just because
we haven't announced anything,
doesn't mean we aren't working on
Hartford said the office may be
renamed the "Student Assistance Of-
fice" and the number of employees
may be expanded.
"I think in an office that complex
you have to have a gender balance
because sometimes students bring in
highly sensitive issues," Hartford said.
In a July 21 letter to Hartford,
Perigo asked for an additional staff
position for his office.
"The office's previous experience
operating with two full-time equiva-
lent staff, not only proved helpful, but
creates the gender balance we so des-
perately need," Perigo wrote in his
Hartford said changes for the of-
fice will be determined by the com-

"Another piece we might looks atl
is decentralizing it," Hartford said.
Perigo said this change in philoso-
phy cost him his job.
"The change is in the direction of
decentralized services and I represent
a highly centralized approach," Perigo
said. "I don't know of any other insti-
tute of higher education that has de-
signed a program in that direction.
You just need to have independence
and once you start to disseminate those
kinds of services there's the potential
to weaken the services."
Michigan Student Assembly Vice
President Jacob Stern, who will serve
on the committee determining the fate
of the office, said he would like to see
the ombudsman's office expanded.
"I have heard some plans for
changes and what I've heard so far are
good changes," Stern said. "Anything
that really increases student services I
think would be a great idea."
Two months before Perigo was
told his contract would not be re-
newed, Hartford wrote him a letter
thanking him for his 23 years of ser-
vice to the University.
"The University community has
benefited from your dedication to
serving our students. I commend you
on your contribution to the Univer-
sity, and extend my personal thanks
for your work and service," Hartford
wrote in the June 17 letter.
Perigo has yet to find a new job,
but said he is looking within the Uni-
versity. "I've been involved in some
proposals over the last six months,"
he said.

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