One hundred four years of editorial freedom
Vo,.: CV- N .'^n
The Washington Post Michael Rose, was in the Serb strong-
ZAGREB, Croatia - Two wire- hold of Pale seeking permission for stay
guided antitank missiles, fired from helicopter evacuation of the injured the
Serb positions, blasted a U.N. armored soldier. con
personnel carrier yesterday, wound- The attack, which Risley termed a yesi
ing four Bangladeshi peacekeepers in "direct targeting of the United Na- truc
the northwestern Bosnian enclave of tions," was the latest in a series of fuel
hac. Serb provocations, raids, kidnappings
One Bangladeshi soldier was and blockades of the U.N. mission in live
gravely injured, losing a hand and Bosnia. It unfolded after a week in that
part of his face, said U.N. spokesman which Britain and France, the top also
Paul Risley, adding that the U.N. com- contributors of troops to the operation, tary
mander for Bosnia, British Lt. Gen. briefly threatened to pull out. to c
Since the Anglo-French decision to
y, Serb pressure has fluctuated. Over
weekend, Serb forces hijacked a
voy of three Danish fuel trucks. But
terday Serb forces allowed in a six-
ck French convoy with 30 tons of
I for the mission.
Serb forces had blocked fuel de-
ries to the U.N. force for more
n three weeks. On Sunday, they
announced a ban on U.N. mili-
escorts of humanitarian convoys
ivilians trapped by the war, thereby
bd in apparent
making it almost impossible to move erupted as the last of fou
aid to Sarajevo and Muslim enclaves armored personnel carr
in eastern Bosnia. a U.N. logistics base n
Early last week, the U.N. mission ern Bihac town of V
attempted to withdraw half of the One wired-guided antita
1,200 Bangladeshi troops but failed triggering a fire and wt
to receive approval from Croatian Serb soldiers. Bangladeshit
forces, who have invaded the Bihac out to douse the flam
pocket from the north and west. The under sniper fire. As the
Croatian Serbs are helping Bosnian sonnel carrier burned in
Serb troops, who have attacked from of the U.N. base, anoti
the east and south. the vehicle, injuring at
Risley said yesterday's attack Risley said the attac
iers pulled into
near the north-
ank missile hit,
mes but came
e armored per-
n the driveway
ther missile hit
k came from a
"known position of the Croatian Serbs"
inside the Bihac pocket.
A U.N. Security Council resolu-
tion has demanded that Croatian Serbs
stop their attacks on Bihac, which
constitute a violation of an interna-
tionally recognized border of the
U.N. officials said the last time
Serb forces directly targeted and
wounded U.N. soldiers was on Sept.
22, when Serb fighters hit a French
light tank near Sarajevo.
2-year study by Committee on the
Multicultural University reports
minority faculty spend more time
teaching and mentoring than
research relative to whites
By LISA DINES
Daily Staff Reporter
Attempts to improve minority retention and climate at
the University have fallen short, according to a report
released by the Committee on the Multicultural University.
Yesterday, former committee chair Rashid Bashur pre-
sented the findings to the Senate Assembly, a faculty
governance board, amid criticism of the report's methodol-
ogy. The assembly delayed a decision on the findings until
its January meeting because of the questions surrounding
The report states, "all units within the University should
be asked to develop strategic plans to achieve the common
goals of diversity and integration."
The report asserts that minority faculty members en-
gage in more teaching and student mentoring than tradi-
tional pursuits like research. It recommends that faculty
boards base tenure decisions on "flexible weighting of
teaching, student advising, and University and community
service, in addition to scholarship and research funding."
* Committee members formed the recommendations af-
ter reviewing relevant literature, questioning college offi-
cials and surveying minority faculty attitudes during a two-
year long study.
The committee surveyed 672 minority faculty members
by mail and 200 responded. Respondents rated the
University's success on a 10-point scale with 10 as out-
standing and 1 as poor.
The overall average for most categories showed respon-
dents felt the University was moderately successful with
rgspect to minority faculty climate.
But, some categories received large percentages of low
marks from respondents.
"Nearly one-half of the respondents indicated that mi-
nority status did not lead to mentoring by colleagues,"
according to the report. "Seventy percent of the respon-
dents thought that minority status was either only moder-
ately helpful or not helpful at all in terms of opportunity for
Sixty-six percent of the Black female and 62 percent of
See REPORT, Page 5
Teen drug use
up, study finds
By MICHELLE LEE THOMPSON
Daily Staff Reporter
Marijuana use has doubled among
eighth graders since 1991, and experi-
mentation by teenagers with illicit drugs
has sharply increased, a University
study reported yesterday.
One in foureighth graders said they
had used an illicit drug at least once
during their lifetimes, 10 percent more
than last year. The 1994 figure rises to
35 percent when inhalants are included.
Although drug use declined in the
late '80s, researchers with the
University's Institute for Social Re-
search (ISR) have pinpointed an in-
creasing trend over the last three years
in its 20th annual study released yester-
day in Washington - and researchers
say drug use is on an upward trend.
"Despite substantial progress against
illicit drug use in earlier years, it remains
an appreciable problem among Ameri-
can young people," said Lloyd Johnston,
the principle investigator of the Moni-
toring the Future study.
The number of graduating seniors
who have used illicit drugs climbed 2.7
percent over the last year to 45.6 per-
Researchers attribute their findings
to students' capitulation to peer pres-
sure and decreasing concern over the
dangerousness of marijuana and other
drugs. The researchers also say that
with the rise in marijuana use, teenag-
ers are more apt to experiment with
"During the 1980s, increasing con-
cern about the dangers of marijuana
use seemed to drive the decline in use,"
Johnston presented the results of
the study at a news conference, flanked
by Health and Human Services Secre-
tary Donna Shalala and federal drug
czar Lee Brown.
"We are losing precious ground we
had gained," Shalala said. "We're not
See DRUGS, Page 2
Hilary Wilson, left, a junior in mechanical engineering, makes change for Alea Brown, an LSA
senior, during a collection drive for the United Negro College Fund yesterday.
Ragtag Chechens confront Russian forces
Los Angeles Times
CHERVLYONNAYA, Russia -Rus-
sian troops moving into the heavily armed
secessionist republic of Chechnya halted
their advance here 20 miles north of the
Chechen capital yesterday and met an
unexpected form of resistance - a crowd
of men wielding only their indignation.
"This is our land. Get out!" shouted a
gold-toothed Chechen in a tall fur hat,
standing eyeball to eyeball with Col. Ivan
Gromov, a commander of an armored col-
umn of the Russian Interior Ministry.
"Could you move your crowd back off
this bridge," Gromov ordered in a boom-
"Move your soldiers back," retorted
the man with the gold teeth, as about 150
Chechens around him stood their ground.
"Listen," he added. "Did we ever in-
vade Russia with arms? No. We're de-
fending our homeland and we have no-
where to retreat."
The shouting match above a drainage
canal bordering this farming village re-
flected the tense, mostly bloodless stand-
off that has prevailed since Russian forces
began their tentative and risky occupation
of Chechnya on Sunday morning.
The Kremlin justified the military of-
fensive as a forced measure to defend
Russia's integrity and create the condi-
tions for a negotiated peace. Chechnya, a
mountainous republic with a largely Mus-
lim population ofjust over 1million people,
declared its independence in 1991 soon
after President Dzhokar Dudayev, a char-
ismatic former bomber pilot, came to power
Its continued defiance prompted Boris
N. Yeltsin into one of the riskiest moves of
his presidency, a major military campaign
that many warn could pull in other small
nations of the Caucasus Mountains' eth-
nic patchwork and bog the Russians down
into another Afghanistan-type war.
The first clashes that Russian troops
faced on their rapid advance toward the
Chechen capital of Grozny underlined the
danger of a broader Caucasus war. In
neighboring Ingushetia, pro-Chechen vil-
lagers attacked a Russian column on its
way toward Grozny and, according to
Defense Minister Pavel S. Grachev, burned
30 vehicles. Another Russian column ad-
vancing through nearby Daghestan was
blocked by residents, and nearly three
dozen soldiers were reportedly taken cap-
In Chechnya proper, Chechen artillery
forced a Russian tank column to turn back
18 miles northwest of Grozny by attacking
it with truck-launched "Grad" missiles.
See RUSSIA, Page 2
Mail bombings folio'
From Staff and Wire Reports
WASHINGTON - The bomb
that killed a New York City advertis-
ing executive last weekend bore at
least three of the characteristics typi-
, pl of what law enforcement officials
call the most dangerous and elusive
mail bomber in modern history.
Frighteningly, none of them was
anything that the victim would easily
notice, which is a fourth trademark of
the man, code-named RNABOM.
The videotape-size package that
exploded in the face of Thomas J.
Mosser, 50, was postmarked from
San Francisco, the same general ori-
g n of the last two mail bombs from
tl'e serial bomber, who has killed one
other man and wounded 23 in the last
Mosser had little chance to recog-
nize that he was touching death when
he opened what appeared to be rou-
tine mail in the kitchen of his New
Jersey home. The package, which had
been delivered a day earlier by a postal
worker, looked harmless, so much so
that members of Mosser's family had
But inside were contents with the
bomber's deadly signature, charac-
teristics so clear that investigators
arriving at Mosser's home immedi-
ately knew the handiwork.
The explosive device was a pipe
bomb, nestled in a meticulously de-
signed, hand-crafted box, made of
wood, which the bomber is appar-
ently fond of. The scene was vintage
UNABOM, named for his penchant
for bombing people associated with
universities and airlines. While each
attack has differed slightly, the bombs
are always designed to blend in with
their environment, to appear perfectly
unremarkable for the setting.
Still, with all that is known about
UNABOM's techniques and exper-
tise, federal authorities say the bomber
is clever enough never to leave any
specific evidence that would identify
him or how to trace him.
UNABOM is suspected in the
bombing of University Prof. James
V. McConnell, who received a letter
bomb. McConnell's assistant, Nicklas
Suino, was injured on Nov. 15, 1985
when he opened a package to the
professor, who was not injured in the
incident. McConnell died in 1990.
set fate of
By RONNIE GLASSBERG
Daily Staff Reporter
Dean of Students Royster Harper
has formed a committee to determine
the fate of the University
The future of the office remains
in question as Ombudsman Donald
Perigo, whose contract was not re-
newed, will leave office Dec. 31.
The ombudsman's role is to assist
students with problems involving the
University and serves as a meditator
between the two.
In 1993, Perigo began serving con-
currently as assistant dean of students,
reporting to Harper. As ombudsman,
he has reported to Vice President for
Student Affairs Maureen A. Hartford.
"I think the piece we decided is
that functionally it will work within
the Dean of Students' Office," Hart-
Hartford said an interim ombuds-
A lone man stands among the multitude of tables at the Giant Book Sale
warehouse early yesterday.
Sophomores hit mid-college
,risis; many see grades
slide. How should they cope?
Paul Martinez,a University
musical theater graduate,
mturmn to Michigan to srat
Clinton weighs tax cut in major speech
Address seeks to
WASHINGTON - A few things
remained to be resolved yesterday about
President Clinton's ballyhooed Thurs-
day speech to redefine his presidency
- such as what it would say.
know whether they would broadcast it.
Network sources said they might
shun the speech as "political" unless
lured by guarantees of substantive pro-
posals like a tax cut or big government
trims. Yet specific actions remained
undecided, administration officials said.
On Sunday, Clinton, mindful that
House Republicans' "Contract With
America" advocates a $500-per-child
kids for the future," Panetta said.
Also under divisive internal discus-
sion, administration sources said, was
a range of new proposals to scrap pro-
grams, consolidate functions or even
abolish entire Cabinet departments, as
Republicans have suggested. One offi-
cial said the latter option was unlikely.
With budget meetings continuing
into next week, Myers said that the
Campaign told to
repay $4.1 M in
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - Federal audi-
tors recommend that President
Clinton's 1992 campaign repay the