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December 06, 1994 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1994-12-06

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The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, December 6, 1994 - 3

.Yeltsin warns U.S.
of 'Cold peace'
threat in Europe

1998 OLYMPIC PREVIEW

Los Angeles Times
BUDAPEST, Hungary - Causti-
cally suggesting that Washington wants
to run the world, Russian President
Boris. N. Yeltsin told President Clinton
yesterday that a
U.S.-led plan to
expand NATO
threatens to
lunge Europe
into a cold
peace.":
demonstrates that
it is a dangerous
delusion to sup-
pose that the des- Yelstin
tinies of continents and of the world
community in general can somehow
be managed from one single capital,"
I(eltsin said in his speech to the 53-
nation Conference on Security and
Cooperation in Europe.
Yeltsin's speech rekindled Cold
War frictions on a day in which the
United States, Russia and three other
former Soviet republics finally com-
pleted the complex ratification pro-
cess for the Strategic Arms Reduc-
tion Talks treaty signed in 1991 after
decade of U.S.-Soviet negotiations.
he treaty requires destruction of
almost half of the nuclear weapons
Jn the Washington and Moscow ar-
senals.
Yeltsin's outburst-combined with
an anguished protest from Bosnian

President Alija Izetbegovic that the
failure of NATO and the United Na-
tions to prevent Serbian aggression in
Bosnia-Herzegovina has discredited the
United Nations and ruined NATO -
struck a discordant note in what other-
wise was a bland but optimistic assess-
ment of the past successes and future
prospects of the CSCE, an organiza-
tion of European and North American
countries created two decades ago as a
Cold War bridge between East and
West.
The Russian president spoke im-
mediately after Clinton delivered an
upbeat assessment of post-Cold War
Europe, saying that the blood-soaked
20th century can give way to a new
century of peace and prosperity.
"The end of the Cold War presents
us with the opportunity to fulfill the
promise of democracy and freedom,"
Clinton said.
But Washington's chosen instru-
ment for assuring European security
in the 21st century - a gradual ex-
pansion to the East of the 16-nation
NATO - drew a blunt rebuke from
Yeltsin.
"We hear explanations to the effect
that this is allegedly the expansion of
stability, just in case there are undesir-
able developments in Russia," Yeltsin
said sarcastically. "If the objective is to
bring NATO up to Russia's borders, let
me say one thing: It is too early to
bury a democratic Russia."

MICHAEL FITZHUGH/Daily
Students enjoy skating at Yost Arena during apublic ice session yesterday.
''pcsKazanij L ian a edical
Center AIDS pDoram director

nstitute reports
obesity is a disease

Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - The Institute
of Medicine yesterday called for a
fundamental change in public think-
ing about obesity, saying that the con-
ition should be regarded not as a
osmetic problem but as "an impor-
tant, chronic, degenerative disease that
debilitates individuals and kills pre-
,.maturely."
Treatment goals and programs
should be aimed toward long-term
weight management, rather than
weight loss alone - with the goal of
achieving and maintaining the appro-
riate weight for an individual's over-
11 health, instead of for appearance
only, the institute said.
Anti-obesity medications and sur-
gery, for example, "deserve a new
look as potentially powerful and ef-
fective weight-management treat-
ments, if used properly, for some
people," specifically those who have
failed with other approaches, the re-
port said.
Specifically, the panel urged health
professionals to consider changing
the way anti-obesity drugs are admin-
istered - typically they are limited to
several months use - so that such

medications "are treated similarly to
those used for the treatment of other
medical problems, such as hyperten-
sion."
The institute, part of the National
Academy of Sciences, is a private
nonprofit organization chartered by
Congress providing health policy ad-
vice to the federal government. While
its recommendations are not binding,
they typically wield considerable in-
fluence among decision-makers.
Moreover, the recommendations
are likely to take on added impor-
tance in light of a growing movement
to promote more tolerance toward
those who are overweight. and an
increasing body of scientific evidence
indicating that obesity likely has meta-
bolic and genetic underpinnings.
Last week, in fact, researchers
announced that they have identified
and cloned a gene responsible for
obesity. The gene is responsible for
secreting certain proteins, or "satiety
factors," which signal the brain that
the stomach is full, thus telling it to
"stop eating." Researchers believe
that, when this gene is damaged or
defective, the signal is not sent or
received and obesity may result.

By MICHELLE LEE THOMPSON
Daily Staff Reporter
Dr. Powel Kazanjian has been
appointed director of the AIDS pro-
gram and assistant professor in the
Infectious Diseases Division at the
University Medical Center's Depart-
ment of Internal Medicine.
Kazanjian most recently served as
an assistant professor at Harvard
Medical School and was director of
the AIDS program at Brigham and
Women's Hospital in Boston.
Kazanjian will be responsible for
leading the Medical Centers
multidisciplinary AIDS program,
which includes the development of
patient care systems and the imple-
mentation of clinical and drug trials.
The new director said he has
three goals for the AIDS program:
provide AIDS patients with first-
rate medical care, make the Medical
Center a premier teaching institu-
tion and develop clinical research
programs that will make innovative
therapy available.
Air Force Base
converted for research
on toxic cleanup
University environmental engineers
are converting parts of Wurtsmith Air
Force Base near Oscoda, Mich., into the
National Center for Integrated
Bioremediation Research and Develop-
ment.
The engineers will study about
100 toxic waste sites on the base for
field testing. The tests will determine
how effective naturally occurring mi-
crobes are at "eating up" toxic chemi-
cals and thereby cleaning up polluted
soil and ground water.
Walter Weber, a distinguished pro-
fessor of environmental sciences and
engineering, is the executive director

of the new research center. Weber
said technologies developed at the
base site could help clean up thou-
sands of toxic waste sites more effec-
tively and at less cost than current
remediation methods.
The center was founded by a $11.9
million, three-year grant from the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency and
the Strategic Environmental Research
and Development Program of the De-
partment of Defense.
Battered women suffer
from trauma disorder
despite counseling
Daniel G. Saunders, a University
researcher, says a majority of bat-
tered women suffer from post-trau-
matic stress disorder even after re-
ceiving counseling and assistance.
Saunders' study concludes that 62
percent of battered women who seek
help from mental health practitioners
and 60 percent who go to domestic
violence agencies have the disorder.
The trauma disorder invokes night-
mares, forgetfulness and jumpiness in
victims, often causing them to discon-
tinue participation in activities they
previously enjoyed. This problem is
similarlyfound in prisoners of war.
New film decreases
dental patients' radiation
exposure
New X-ray films and inexpensive
safety equipment will soon make it
easier for dentists to take accurate

full-mouth images with minimal ex-
posure to radiation for patients.
The two types of filmcurrently avail-
able for X-rays are types D and E. Both
give patients about 84-microsievert of
radiation - about one week's dose of
natural background radiation.
E-speed film is about twice as
fast and half as precise as D-speed
film. Dentistry Prof. Sharon Brooks
said, "This summer, a manufacturer
developed a new, more forgiving ver-
sion of E film that will produce an
image just as sharp as the D film."
Another benefit of the new films,
when used with rectangular collima-
tors, is that they produce substantially
less radiation. Rectangular collimators
are lead-lined devices that fit inside the
X-ray tunnel and cost only about $150.
Because only the X-rays heading for the
film get throughthey emit less radiation
than round collimators.
New year to bring end to
University's TELEX service
The Division of Research Devel-
opment and Administration (DRDA)
will discontinue the University's
TELEX communication service ef-
fective Jan. 1, 1995.
The service, used by faculty and
staff to communicate with other re-
searchers worldwide, is inexpensive
and effective, but outdated.
Modern electronic communica-
tions technologies -like the Internet
and the facsimile machine - have
negated the need for the special-pur-
pose transmission device..
More than 4,000 messages were
sent through TELEX in 1985, but that
number has declined consistently since
then. Now, TELEX transmits or re-
ceives messages only about once every
two days, which the DRDA says is
insufficient to justify the expense.

Prof. to
lecture on
technology
in Russia
By MICHELIE LEE THOMPSON
Daily Stalf Repoer
In a mission to bring the United
States and the Soviet Union closer
together, Prof. L. D. Soloviev used his
experience as former director of the
Russian Institute of High Energy
Physics to bring the Cold War to a
technological end.
In a public lecture today. Soloviev
will discuss his work to coordinate an
effort between the University and the
Russian institute to build a supercon-
ducting proton accelerator, replacing
an aborted superconducting
supercollider project in Texas.
This accelerator, which measures
21 kilometers (13 miles) in circum-
ference, is being constructed in
Protvino, about four hours south of
Moscow.
"The goal of this is to study what
happens when spinning protons com-
bine in a violent way," Krisch said.
Although physicists know that pro-
tons within molecules spin "like tops,"
the accelerator is designed to deter-
mine whether constituents of atoms,
like quarks, also spin.
Soloviev signed a contract with
University President James J.
Duderstadt in 1989 to tie the Univer-
sity into the project, which the Rus-
sian institute started in 1985. That
same year marked the beginning of
Glasnost and Perestroika.
"It was thought that this would
help relations between Russia and
America," Kisch said.
Krisch is responsible for building
the University's contribution to the
accelerator - an ultra-cold spin-po-
larizing atomic hydrogen jet target.
The group, which recently moved to
the Security Services Building near
Michigan Stadium, is building the
target in a high bay there.
The target, when paired with the
accelerator, will give the University's
group the first shot at using the accel-
erator after it is completed.
"We will be doing the first set of
experiments on the accelerator. Wevisit
there about four times a year," he said,
adding that six Russian researchers are
on campus now working with his group.
Ten thousand Russians, including
former Red Army engineers, are work-
ing in Protvino on the accelerator.
Soloviev has been at the University
this semester on sabbatical from his 19-
year term as director of the Russian
institute. Although his most famous
research is theoretical, he has recently
returned to teaching. He taught a mini-
course-Physics 607-called "Quan-
tization and Renormalization," this fall
at the University.
Today's lecture is called "Build-
ing the 21 km UNK Accelerator in
Russia in the 1980s and 1990s." UNK
is a Russian acronym for the accelera-
tor and storage facility.
Soloviev's lecture will be held
at 4 p.m. in the Rackham
Amphitheatre.

a U

Whitewater figure pleads gity,

Los Angeles Times
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. - A Little
ock land appraiser who created
phony evaluations of real estate
,projects involved in the Whitewater
investigation yesterday pleaded
guilty and agreed to provide evi-
dence to independent counsel Ken-
neth W. Starr.
Robert W. Palmer entered his plea
before a federal judge as part of an

agreement with
Starr, who has
been investigat-
ing President
Clinton's invest-
ment in the
Ozarks resort de-
v e 1 o p m e n t
known as
Whitewater.
His plea is

expected to be followed tod
announcement of another p
ment between Starr and forn
ciate Attorney General W
Hubbell, a close friend of
dent and former law partn
lady Hillary Clinton.
It is unlikely that Palme
vide Starr with any direct ev
support the central allegati
Whitewater case that money

to cooperate
lay by the now-defunct Madison Guaranty Sav-
lea agree- ings & Loan was diverted illegally
mer Asso- into Clinton's Whitewater real estate
rebster L. investment or his gubernatorial cam-
the presi- paign fund.
er to first Nevertheless, because Palmer
was responsible for drafting false
r can pro- appraisals for loans to real estate
vidence to projects by friends of Madison owner
on in the James McDougal, he is certain to
y from the provide insight into a wide range of

financial transactions - perhaps in-
cluding some aspects of the joint
Clinton-McDougal investment in
Whitewater.
He also could shed some light on
a contention by the government's star
witness, David Hale, that he was pres-
sured by McDougal and Clinton to
make an improper $300,000 govern-
ment-backed loan to McDougal's

wife, Susan. More than $100,000 of
that money passed through the
Whitewater accounts.
In the document that Palmer signed
in court, he admitted that in February
1986 he falsified and backdated at
least 25 appraisals of Madison-fi-
nanced real estate projects in an effort
to avoid being seized by the govern-
ment for insolvency.

Correction
'elicopter crash victim Dr. Terry Racicot was single. Flight nurse Janice
children. This was incorrectly reported in yesterday's Daily.

Nowacki-Tobin was married with two

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