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February 11, 1994 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1994-02-11

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One hundred three years of editorial freedom

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Israel says at least one month of talks before peace

THE WASHINGTON POST
JERUSALEM - Israeli Prime Minister
*itzhak Rabin said yesterday that another month
of negotiations will be required before Israel
and the Palestine Liberation Organization are
ready to agree on terms of Israel's military
pullout from the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
The day after signing a pact on security
issues in Cairo, Israel and PLO Chair Yasser
Arafat signaled that many other problems must
still be ironed out before the long-delayed first
phase of the peace agreement can be put into
,affect.

Rabin said he would not start the pullout
until all the details are complete, presumably
after another meeting with Arafat. The Pales-
tinian leader, visiting Jordan, predicted such a
meeting could take place this month, but Israeli
officials said it was weeks away.
Rabin and Arafat have faced erosion in
public support for the peace agreement as the
pullout has been delayed repeatedly.
In Cairo, negotiators devised a complex
system of terminals with multiple doorways,
invisible glass and color-coded passes to con-
trol the border crossings between the Palestin-

ian West Bank entity of Jericho and Jordan and
between Palestinian Gaza and Egypt. The ne-
gotiators also hammered out a multi-layered
system of road security for Jewish settlers, in
some cases with joint Israeli-Palesfmian pa-
trols, and came close to setting the size of the
Jericho enclave.
Overall, the agreement shows, Israel largely
prevailed in its demand to retain control over
external security and responsibility for protect-
ing Jewish settlers. The border-crossing termi-
nal will be under the direction of an Israeli
official, with both Israeli and Palestinian depu-

ties. Israel retains the right to question incom-
ing Palestinians whom it deems suspicious;
both sides can veto incoming passengers who
are not residents of Gaza and the Jericho dis-
trict.
The Palestinians appear to have won little in
the talks, but did get Israeli approval for a few
symbols of sovereignty, such as a Palestinian
policeman and flag at the border terminal. In
addition, much of the day-to-day work of ad-
ministering the passage will be done by Pales-
tinians.
Uri Savir, the director general of the Israeli

Foreign Ministry, who signed the document for
Israel, said the security pact resolved the most
difficult obstacles, and "having moved them
aside, it will make the rest easier."
However, the text of the agreement includes
numerous references to matters still unresolved.
For example, elaborate procedures are set for
security at the border, but once a traveler gets to
customs, there is still no agreement on how to
handle taxes and tariffs.
"In my assessment, another month will be
needed to complete details of the agreement to
See ISRAEL, Page 2

THROWING IT ALL AWAY
ig * IP Jf;

U.S. looks to negotiate
end to Bosnian conflict

Intended for the diet books of people with eating

disorders, two large boxes stand empty on the Diag yesterday.

NEWSDAY
WASHINGTON - Along with
threats of NATO air strikes, the United
States yesterday renewed the search
for an opening to a negotiated end to
the two-year war in Bosnia.
State Department spokesperson
Mike McCurry said that U.S. diplo-
mats who have talked with European
leaders and are now in Geneva for the
next round of peace talks are bringing
a "new approach" to the negotiations,
although he did not elaborate.
At the Pentagon, Walter Slocombe,
deputy undersecretary ofdefense, noted
that President Clinton "has decided
that the United States will be much
more actively involved in the peace
process ... from being an observer and
facilitator to taking a leading, acting
role."
In announcing the NATO ultima-
tum to the Serbs to end their shelling of
Sarajevo and the more active U.S. dip-
lomatic role, the president insisted
Wednesday night, "I don't think we or
anyone else can impose a peace."
But former State Department offi-
cials who quit to protest U.S. policy in
the Balkans expressed concern that the
renewed diplomatic effort will put pres-
sure on B~osnian government leaders to
accept the partitioning of their country.
Former Bosnian desk officer
Stephen Walker, now a director of the
recently organized Action Council for
Peace in the Balkans, told Newsday,
"There are indications that the full
weight of U.S. diplomacy will be felt
by the victims rather than the aggres-
sors," by which he meant the Serbs.
He said he welcomed "the apparent
seriousness of the NATO ultimatum"
to silence the Serb guns and Clinton's
decision to increase U.S. involvement
in finding a solution to the war, but he
added that the action of the Western

alliance "has done nothing to change
the military balance" that heavily fa-
vors the Serbs.
Walker recalled that he left the State
Department last Aug. 23 because he
found that the NATO threat of air ac-
tion then, never carried out, to prevent
the Serb "strangulation" of Sarajevo
was accompanied by a quiet U.S. effort
to press the Bosnian government to
accept a partition plan sponsored by
the European Union.
Another former State Department
official working on Bosnia, Marshall
Harris, who is also with the Action
Council, divulged in his long letter of
resignation last August the U.S. plan to
pressure the Bosnians.
"What's going on now smacks of
August all over again," said Walker,
who predicted that the Serbs will si-
lence their guns and even pull them
back, as they did briefly in August, in
order to deflect NATO threats and buy
time to close in on the Bosnians on
other fronts.
"They don't need to fire and pro-
voke NATO attacks," he added. "They
will simply hold their lines and the
territory that gives them the leverage in
negotiations."~
HoddingCarter, State Department
spokesperson during the Carter admin-
istration, said NATO's ultimatum al-
lows the Serbs to keep their tanks and
heavy artillery and move them to other
fronts where they could strengthen
forces pounding Bosnian enclaves des-
ignated by the United Nations as "safe
areas."
Officials acknowledged, however,
that the NATO ultimatum involves only
Sarajevo, where accounts and pictures
of the grisly results of recent artillery
and mortar attacks can be transmitted
to the outside world.

\ l
&JHS offers condoms, pamphlets on safer sex

Clinton fails to
reach Yeltsin
about Bosnia
LOS ANGELES TIMES
WASHINGTON - They can
shoot astronauts in space together,
but apparently the United States
and Russia can't arrange a phone
call between their leaders.
Because of what is being de-
scribed as "technical and schedul-
ing" difficulties, President Clinton
has been unable for two days to get
through to Russian President Boris
N. Yeltsin to discuss the NATO
ultimatum for the Bosnian Serbs to
withdraw their artillery from
Sarajevo. The issue is a delicate
one, because many Russians have
reacted bitterly to what they see as
a hostile act toward a group with
whom they have long been allied.
While U.S. officials insist the
foul-up is attributable to glitches in
special telephones that encode mes-
sages, it has stirred speculation that
Yeltsin might be snubbing Clinton
over the Bosnian plan, or perhaps
avoiding an issue that puts him in a
tight spot between his Western al-
lies and Russian public opinion.
In Russia, Yeltsin's absences
from the public eye always prompt
speculation that the president is
either gravely ill, otherwise inca-
pacitated, or simply drunk. An aide
said Yeltsin had been working at
his dacha about 20 miles west of
Moscow at Zavidovo, because of a
cold he contracted on a trip to Geor-
gia. The glitches raise questions
See BOSNIA, Page 13

By LESLIE PAPPAS
FOR THE DAILY
It's that time of year again, the
flowers, the candy, the romance ...
Stop! Think safe sex!
Just in time for Valentine's Day,
National Condom Week begins Mon-
day and will be celebrated around cam-
*us and nationwide with free condoms,
informational tables and an abundance
of safe-sex information.
"People should not be blinded by
all the romance and chocolate, they

still need to take precautions," said
Craig Covey, president of Midwest
AIDS Prevention Project (MAPP).
The holiday started about 10 years
ago with Mayer Labs, a condom com-
pany based in California. With the
growing concern about AIDS in the
past few years, companies like MAPP
have increased its popularity. ,
University Health Services (UHS)
believes National Condom Week is a
good way to get educational informa-
tion out to the students.

UHS staffers will be setting up
informational tables in many of the
residential halls Monday and Tues-
day night. Free condoms will be dis-
tributed at these tables, in addition to
pamphlets on safer sex, how to use a
condom and HIV/AIDS information.
The condoms to be passed out to
students are disguised in a conspicuous
matchbox cover.
"It's a cute new idea created to help
celebrate this week," said Polly Paulson,
See CONDOMS, Page 2

News Analysis
Bad projections, questionable
loan may sink YMCA project
City Council may be forced to stop funding 'Y' housing units

DPS' Baisden 'will
really be missed'
after leaving post

By JAMES M. NASH
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
In October 1988, the Ann Arbor YMCA
predicted that its affordable housing develop-
ent would financially break even in 1994.
Recent budget statements have shown the
YMCA's projections to be way off the mark. In
1992, the 100-room housing development on
South Fifth Avenue spent $100,000 more than it
took in.
But the 1988 projections now seem eerily
prophetic. Its hands tied by state law, the Ann

The council concurred, postponing a deci-
sion until Feb. 22.
Terse statements by council members under-
scored the latest public embarrassment between
the "Y" and council. Homeless activists have
questioned the ties between members of the
YMCA Board and the City Council when the
loan guarantee was approved in November 1988.
"There were a lot of strange and dubious
connections between city politicians and the 'Y'
Board," said David Noel, a member of the Home-
less Action Committee. "It really seemed like a

By DEMETRIOS EFSTRATIOU
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
Lt. Vernon Baisden will say
goodbye to the University tomorrow
aftereight and one-half years of ser-
vice.
Baisden and his wife, Clara, who
works in the Office of the Dean of
Students, will move on to New Hamp-
shire.
Beginning Mar. 1, Baisden will

Now serving as lieutenant in charge
of the Community Relations and Spe-
cial Programs Unit of DPS, Baisden's
record boasts heroic and managerial
accomplishments.
Seven years ago, after a group of
students expressed concern about cam-
pus safety at night, Baisden began rais-
ing funds and finding a place to set up
the University's Safewalk program. For
his efforts, Baisden has occasionally

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