The Michigan Daily - Mondav, December 6. 1993 --.3
By RANDY LEBOWITZ
OAILY STAFF REPORTER
The National Institute on Drug
A buse recently granted the
University's Institute for Social Re-
$earch (ISR) $2 million to continue
ts Drug Abuse Treatment System
The grant will allow researchers
to continue DATSS with a third study
in 1994, said Principal Investigator
Thomas D'Aunno, an associate pro-
*fessor of health services management
and policy in the School of Public
Health, who has been involved with
DATSS since 1988. This third study
will build on past findings and look
for changes in drug treatment systems
"As a result of the grant, we will
be able to analyze critical changes
that occur in drug abuse treatment as
Health care reform gains momentum,"
DATSS will be conducted in the
same manner that it was in 1988 and
1990, via telephone interviews of di-
rectors, clinical supervisors and other
knowledgeable people in drug treat-
ment centers or units picked from a
random sample of facilities.
DATSS includes a series of ques-
tions about funding, licensing and
*accreditation, client evaluation and
monitoring, collaboration and com-
petition with other treatment organi-
zations, recent programming changes
in the unit, referral sources, informa-
tion about the characteristics of the
treatment staff, types of services de-
livered, treatment goals'and efforts to
enhance the quality of treatment.
"(This is) the only nationally rep-
esentative system. We've been able
to find out things that nobody relse
knows," he said.
The results of this study will be
published in various journals, maga-
zines and reports that will be seen by
Research scientist Jeff Alexander,
aprofessor in the department of health
services management and policy in
the School of Public Health, said he
*hopes the analysis of DATSS results
will benefit the treatment units.
"We hope to provide these units
and the regulatory and funding bodies
with some guidelines with respect to
best practices," he said.
ISR researchers in 1988 and 1990
were the first to show conclusively
that methadone - a drug used to
create a substitute addiction for hero-
n addicts, which does not produce a
high or any side effects - was being
prescribed in insufficient doses over
insufficient periods of time in treat-
ment centers across the country.
D'Aunno said the survey was the
first to determine that the people most
at risk for poor treatment were Blacks,
males and young clients.
"The units treating these groups
are treating inadequately," he said.
In addition, researchers hope to
incorporate questions in the survey
which pertain to treatment for women
and minorities, and whether units are
linking proper health care treatments
with the people who need them.
Alexander indicated that drug
abuse treatment needs to take a more
holistic approach, saying, "(I'd like
to see the treatment centers) treat the
*whole person and all their problems,
not just the drug abuse problems."
Students to testftin
in Walpole Island waters
Astronauts Story Musgrave (left) and Jeff Hoffman work on the Hubble
telescope yesterday during the second longest spacewalk in U.S history.
Astronats scrap solar
SPACE CENTER, Houston (AP)
- NASA decided yesterday to turn
one of the Hubble Space Telescope's
troublesome solar wings into instant
spacejunk by simply dumping it over-
board during an overnight space walk.
For the mission's first spacewalk
early yesterday by the fix-it crew of
the shuttle Endeavour, the verdict was
"we got everything accomplished."
Story Musgrave and Jeff Hoffman
spent nearly eight hours in the open
cargo bay. When they left, the space
telescope had six working gyroscopes
to guide it, three electronics units to
run the gyros, and a new set of fuses.
"Jeff and Story today have defi-
nitely earned their Dr. Goodwrench
certificate and service station
Endeavour has qualified for a triple A
rating," said Ken Ledbetter, the
telescope's program manager.
The task of installing a new plan-
etary camera and corrective lenses for
the Hubble's other instruments was
still ahead. But the mission's second
spacewalk, beginning late Sunday,
was reserved for replacing the
telescope's twin solar panels.
The 40-foot-long panels provide
reliable electricity for the telescope,
but they caused a vexing vibration.
One of the panels responded to a
ground command to roll up tight like
a window shade for transport back to
Earth. But the second panel, badly
bent out of shape, stuck with 70 per-
cent of it still unrolled. Mission Con-
trol decided yesterday to get rid of it
after it is removed from the telescope
Lead flight director Milt Heflin
said spacewalker Kathryn Thornton
would hold the panel up high over the
cargo bay and conduct "a gentle jetti-
"She's just going to let go of it,"
Heflin said. "It's going to stay right
there. There will be no pushing."
Shuttle commander Richard
Covey planned to fire a small burst
from the ship's smallest jets to move
the ship away from the panel, leaving
it one of 6,700 pieces of space junk.
By KATIE HUTCHINS
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
The Global Rivers Environmental
Network (GREEN), a non-profit or-
ganization that sponsors environmen-
tal education and water quality test-
ing programs internationally, will be
sending University students to test
waters a little closer to home - about
two hours northeast of Ann Arbor.
Several environmentally con-
scious students, mostly from the
School of Natural Resources and En-
vironment (SNRE), are banding to-
gether to prepare a second visit to
Walpole Island, a Native American
reserve located in Ontario, Canada at
the delta of the St. Clair River where
it empties into Lake St. Clair.
The river, which flows from Lake
Huron, passes through the dangerous
territory of Chemical Valley, the name
used to refer to Sarnia, where about
27 petrochemical companies are lo-
cated. Toxic chemicals are then trans-
ported to the reserve, which is mostly
composed of wetlands.
Toxic spills are not a rarity, said
project co-coordinator and program
veteran MicheleGage, arecent SNRE
grad. Last year 53 documented spills
occurred. "There is a lot of specula-
tion about there being several more,"
When spills occur, the Pottawomi,
Ojibwa and Ottawa inhabitants are
forced to shut down their water treat-
ment facilities. The health of the 2,200
people who live on Walpole Island is
even more threatened.
GREEN's role at Walpole is a
sample of many projects it coordi-
nates internationally. Students visit a
population suspected to suffer from
poor water quality. The students then
provide education about environmen-
tal issues and demonstrate ways to
test water quality.
Students working at Walpole co-
operate with teachers at the Walpole
Island Day School, a K-8 institution
on the island. "The goal is really to
turn the program over to them eventu-
ally," said Mark Zankel, a SNRE grad
student and last spring's coordinator.
"We were really going to work
with them to try to get them self-
sufficient with it," Gage said.
Poor water quality can be espe-
cially detrimental to Walpole inhabit-
ants because their six islands are two-
thirds wetland and their major occu-
pations include hunting and fishing,
activities which can lead to the con-
sumption of accumulated chemicals.
The possibility of contaminated game
also damages tourism revenues, which
come mostly from their good hunting
location, Zankel said.
The students who are working on
the project will be spending winter
semester holding two-hour weekly
meetings to prepare for the trip.
The main goal is to send six stu-
dents at the beginning of May 1994 to
"take what we did last year and ex-
pand it," Zankel said. Plans include
forming a curriculum for teachers that
incorporates issues affecting the Great
Lakes area, testing the sediments in
the river for heavy metals and any
other harmful substances, and setting
up a computer conference for indig-
enous people to trade ideas about test-
ing and treating polluted waters.
The first and most exciting step
for the project participants will be
teaching grade school students about
rivers-and pollutants. They will then
spend a day testing the water with the
students and later analyze the results.
"I'm a strong believer in environ-
mental education," said Zankel, who
will be accompanying the group for
the second time. "What's nice about
this project is that ... I think it's a
great way to teach kids to like science
and a great way to give communities
a little more of a sense of empower-
Zankel added that the test results
will give the Walpole people "a better
understanding of the water and how it
might affect their health."
Another goal of this May's project,
setting up a computer conference, re-
sulted when several groups who have
participated with GREEN projects
expressed a desire to communicate
with each other, said Zankel.
University students will help
residents of Walpole Island
measure the purity of their
Port Huron 0
"There may be some solution....
If these things can be shared, that can
be to the benefit of everyone," he
This May's project will cost about,
$15,000, and University students will
be applying for grants. Last year's
contributors include GREEN, the
National Consortium for Environmen-
tal Education and Training, and some
of the companies in Chemical Valley.
Students participating in the pro-
gram may receive credit or be paid for
Gage said she is excited about
returning. "I think we did a real good
job of working with the teachers....
We really learned a lot about the
people and felt like it was a special
place to be.... I like what GREEN has
to offer and I love the students...
You just get attached," she said.
'U' economists: Slow upturn
likely for Michigan economy
® Growth In auto
industry will carry
over Into other
sectors of the
By RACHEL SCHARFMAN
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
Michigan's economy will continue
to grow through the 1995 fiscal year,
reflecting the steadily improving na-
tional economy, according to a Uni-
University economists Joan Crary,
GeorgeFulton and Prof. Saul Hymans,
who constitute the U-M Research
Seminar in Quantitative Economics,
presented their guardedly optimistic
forecast at the 41st annual Confer-
ence on the Economic Outlook last
The researchers report the state's
economic stabilization "reflects to
some degree recent improvements in
General Motors' financial situation
and sales volume." This stabilization
will be due in part to the relatively
"minor" impact of future plant clos-
ings as compared to the past large-
Because it is one of the largest
employers in the state, the welfare of
GM and other large industrial and
manufacturing plants, strongly affects
fluctuations in state employment.
Therefore, as businesses recuper-
ate from the recession, state unem-
ployment is decreasing accordingly.
Michigan's unemployment is pre-
dicted to fall from its current 6.8 per-
cent to 6.7 percent over the next two
years, reaching its lowest since 1970.
According to the forecast, this
decrease echoes "a substantial im-
provement in employment opportu-
nities here in Michigan relative to the
nation as a whole."
The statistics, however, indicate
that these improvements are substan-
tial only in comparison to the recently
dismal fiscal situation. The manufac-
turing sector's growth, which regis-
tered at 0.2 percent in 1993, is pre-
dicted to "jump" to 0.4 percent or
3,400 jobs. The economists stress that
these improvements are significant
because "there has been only one other
year since the mid-1980s that showed
a net gain in manufacturing employ-
ment on an annual basis."
Other fiscal augmentation will be
seen in private non-manufacturing
employment, which is expected to
grow at a more rapid rate of 1.6 per-
cent per year through 1995, signaling
a gain of 39,000 jobs each year. This
sector includes service and finance
industries, transportation, communi-
cation and wholesale and retail trade.
"The slowdown in job growth in
private, non-manufacturing can be
traced to services and construction,
which move from robust growth -
3.4 percent to 3.9 percent in 1993 -
to slower, but still solid growth of 2.2
percent to 2.7 percent in 1994 and
D J F M A]
M J J A SON
Source: U.S. Dept. of Labor
U.S. to change
role in NATO'
BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP)-To
survive the uncertainties of a post-
Cold War world, NATO may be about
to turn itself from a monolith into a
It is planning a system of "detach-
able" forces that would let the United
States keep its ground troops out of
harm's way in a European crisis, while
maintaining trans-Atlantic solidarity
through American involvement in air
and other operations.
Traditionally, NATO military
plans have involved as many nations
as possible, including American
troops, in an effort to show unity.
But in the new NATO concept,
Washington could pull its ground
forces out of a peacekeeping opera-
tion the European allies may want to
mount in a Bosnia-type conflict. The
Americans would back up the Euro-
peans, however, by keeping officers
ing air and logistical support.
Former foes from Eastern Europe
could assign soldiers to NATO task
forces to replace the U.S. troops.
The researchers also tracked per-
sonal income, which is predicted to
grow significantly, jumping 4.7 per-
cent in 1994 and 5 percent in 1995.
Increases also occurred this year, ex-
panding 4.8 percent.
Real disposable income, however,
is expected to drop from the current
1.9 percent to 1.3 percent in 1994 and
1 percent in 1995, partly because "lo-
cal inflation is expected to rise from
2.6 percent for 1993 to 2.7 percent
and 4 percent, respectively, in 1994
and 1995, similar to the national in-
flation rates," and partly as a result of
the federal tax increase.
0 Asian Pacific Lesbian-Gay-Bi-
sexual Support Group, weekly
meeting, Michigan Union.
Room 3116, noon
Q Comedy Company Writer's
Meeting, sponsored by UAC,
Michigan Union, Room 2105,
lQ ENACT-UM, meeting, Dana
Building, Room 1046,7 p.m.
" Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian
Club, meeting, Michigan
Union, Crofoot Room, 7:30p.m.
" Saint Mary Student Parish,
Bible Study, 7 p.m.; Liturgical
Education Session, 7 p.m.;
RCIA session, 7 p.m.; 331 Th-
U Self-Defense Principles, CCRB,
Ronm 120.0 Qn m
Church, 928 E. Ann St., 9 p.m.
Q Ninjutsu Club, regular meeting,
IM Building, Wrestling Room,
Q Rowing Team, novice practice,
Boat House, Men 3, 4, and 5
p.m., Women 3:30, 4:30, and
Q Shorin-Ryu Karate-Do Club,
beginners welcome, CCRB,
Room 2275, 8:30 p.m.
Q Tae Kwon Do Club, training
session, CCRB, Room 2275, 7
Q From the Hermetic Lodge in
Alexandria to the Greek Eu-
charist and the Roman Mass,
lecture by Gilles Quispel, Rack-
ham. Assemhlv Hall. 4 n.m.
ter for South and Southeast
Asian Studies, Rackham, East
Conference Room, 4 p.m.
Q Career Planning and Place-
ment, Generating Career Ideas,
CP&P, Student Activities
Building, Room 3200,5:10p.m.
Q Psychology Academic Peer
Advising, sponsored by the psy-
chology department, West
Quad, Room K103, call 747-
3711 for info, 11 a.m.-4 p.m.
Q Safewalk Nighttime Safety
Walking Service, 936-1000,
UGLi, lobby, 8 p.m.-2:30 a.m.
Q Support Group for Adults who
Stutter, weekly meeting, Vic-
tor Vaughan Building, 1111 E.
Catherine St. 5:30 n.m.
NON-STOP (OP IS