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December 02, 1993 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1993-12-02

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, December 2, 1993

Continued from page 1
to someone for a long time and I'll tune
them out all of a sudden. But I try to
maintain as normal an appearance as
Dana says dealing with others' ig-
norance of learning disabilities is frus-
"The biggest obstacle I face here at
the University is that people are not
aware of what a learning disability is
- you're not stupid, you're not lazy,
you're not immature, but you just pro-
cess information slower than what
would be considered the norm. When
you interact with people who don't
know that you have a (learning disabil-
ity) they get very short and impatient."
She says she-also gets stymied by
her own attitude at times.
"I tend to get very frustrated with

myself, which is probably an obstacle
that I deal with within myself," she
said. "If I'm in the middle of writing
something and I'm concentrating solely
on itandIhearaloudnoise-likeacar
backfiring or a loud radio suddenly
blaring - I'll lose concentration com-
pletely and I won't be able to recon-
struct the sentence I was working on
without going back and rereading the
entire paragraph."
Dana didn't admit to herself or any-
one else that she had a learning disabil-
ity untilafter her first year of college at
University of California-Davis.
"I tend to be very stubborn and I
knew that something was wrong -
that I needed to learn differently - but
I didn't want to admit it to myself, to get
the documentation done."
It wasn't until she took a statistics
class during the summer after her first
year in college that she was finally
pushed to get her disability officially

"It took me a long time to deal with
the anger of having this three-page
document telling me what exactly was
wrong with me and how I needed to
deal with it."
Dana's undergraduate years were
full of double-duty learning as she be-
gan to understand the things she would
need to do to combat her disability. "I
got my bachelors degree and I also sort
of got a degree in how to deal with a
learning disability. Before I got my
documentation I was getting Bs. With
it, and with the extra time, I got As."
Along with the extra studying and
test-taking time allowed because of
documentation, she also began to use
various strategies to get her work done
most effectively -including using the
different colored notes.
"I study Arabic, but in order to learn
the words I get index cards, write the
words in Crayola markers, and post
them on my wall - that's the only way
I can remember something like that,"
she said.
Some of her study habits are very
specific. "When I read I always use an




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orange highlighter. If I use yellow, I
won't remember the material. It's a
little weird, but it works."
Studying for an exam is an espe-
cially intense process.
"IfI'm preparing for an exam I'll sit
down with all of my notes and write out
practice questions. Then I'll spend two
or three hours answering one of those
questions. Even when I was an
undergrad it would take me three hours
per question," she said.
"If I write down an answer in red
ink and then go to sleep, I'll wake up
and be able to remember everything
that I wrote down. I need that time to
absorb the information," she contin-
ued, adding that it takes her extra long
to study for an exam.
More than anything, Dana is filled
with determination to succeed.
"I was told that maybe college
wasn't for me. But I wanted to go to
college and I want to get my Ph.D. and
I'm going to do it. And I don't care
what anyone says or what anyone
Sarah Ginsburg is a first-year Law
school student who also knows the
struggle of being a student with a learn-
ing disability.
Sarah has a visual- and auditory-
based learning disability, and she also
has Attention Deficit Disorder, which
makes it more difficult for her to focus
on one task.
"I'm very easily distracted, espe-
cially by noise. I'm an auditory learner
and outside sounds bother me a lot. I'll
read something and I'll have to read it
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several times before it cements. Or I'll
read the second part of the sentence
before the first part."
Indeed, reading causes the most
struggle for Sarah.
"Imagine that it's late at night, you
have aheadache and you're really tired.
In this state, you have to sit down and
read a large volume of material. Imag-
ine how you would feel. That is how I
feel after 10 minutes of reading," she
"It takes me double time to get
through reading," she said. "Because
I'm an auditory learner, I find it easier
to take the exams auditorily. I took the
LSAT auditorily."
Sarah had the LSAT questions read
to her aloud and scored in the 98th
Sarah said people are sometimes
surprised when they learn that she is a
Law student and also has a learning
disability. "People equate slowness
with dumbness," she said. "Onedoesn't
necessarily equal the other."
Sarah creatively deals with her dis-
ability by utilizing a notetaker from the
University's Services for Students with
Disabilities' office. She tape records
some lectures and is taking a reduced
course load.

'It took me a long time to deal with the anger of
having this three-page document telling me what
exactly was wrong with me and how I needed to
deal with it.'
- Dana Greene
Third-year doctoral student

"Writing the (learning disability)
manual was wonderful. It helped me to
learn about my disability, others' dis-
abilities. It was really good for me to do



GIec 4{ictligan (f aif Display
Account Executive of the week.



"I study in a room in my apartment.
It is impossible for me to study in the
library because it's too distracting. I
study with earplugs in."
She said that, without earplugs,
studying can be a stretch.
"Any noise will distract me. A buzz
from a light will drive me absolutely
nuts - even background noise, slam-
ming doors, cars driving by. What most
people can tune out, I tune into."
And while she is able to get things
done studying alone, a price is paid.
"I feel like I have to make it a point
to be social because I can't combine
studying and socializing."
Last year Sarah wrote a handbook
for students with learning disabilities
and has published it herself to reach the
University of California community.
She is in the process of trying to get a.
major publisher to pick it up.
The handbook provides a compre-
hensive look at what students with learn-
ing disabilities can do to make their
educational experience the best it can

Continued from page
After the DNA enters the cancer-
ous cells, it stimulates the immune
system to combat the cancer itself.
In the experiment, only about 5
percent of the cells in the tumor ab-
sorbed the fat-laden DNA. Doctors
are now trying to determine how to
increase that ratio.
The purpose of this study was not
to cure the condition in the patients.
Rather, the research is being used to
determine the safety of injecting DNA
directly into humans.
Doctors hope the breakthrough can
be used in the treatment of a wide
variety of diseases. If they can safely
inject.DNA into patients, they can
likely initiate the body's immune sys-
tem to fight off the disease itself.
No complications were noted in
any of the patients, and one person's
condition actually improved on two
Each patient who participated in
the study came to the project with a
Continued from page 1
and police officers to refuse orders
involving troop withdrawal and the
creation of the Palestinian police force.
Leiter said the shooting gave a
push to plans to erect 130 makeshift
settlements in a symbolic gesture of
expansion called "This Is My Land."
The campaign apparently is in-
tended to provoke the government
into confronting settlers and dragging
them off the land, a situation they
believe will win sympathy from the
Israeli public.
The army sealed Gaza yesterday,
although some reporters were allowed
to enter and the army escorted others.

'Gene therapy ... will
give doctors many
more options for
treating diseases than
they ever had before.'
-Cindy Fox Aisen
University Medical
Center spokesperson
diagnosis of less than one year to live.
None would have benefited from fur-
ther traditional treatment such as sur-
gery or chemotherapy.
This experiment began with the
first patient in June 1992. In fact, the
field of gene therapy itself has just
developed over the past few years.
However, despite the youth of the
field, many doctors see revolutionary
potential for the process.
"Gene therapy may replace a lot
of what we do in therapeutic medi-
cine over the course of the next 50
years," said Francis Collins, profes-
sor of internal medicine.
Officials claimed press coverage in-
flamed rioters.
In the Rafah refugee camp, hun-
dreds of Palestinians marched to de-
mand the release of Taisir Bardini,
commander of the Fatah Hawks, the
PLO's military wing, who was cap-
tured Monday.
The army did not confront the
demonstrators, who demanded the
PLO suspend talks with Israel on
implementing the peace agreement
until Bardini is released.
Elsewhere in Gaza, Hawks in the
Khan Younis refugee camp comman-
deered and burned an empty bus that
was going to take Arab workers to
Israel in violation of a three-day strike
called to protest the killing of a Hawks

. .........

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