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December 02, 1993 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1993-12-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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'U' conducts first direct DNA transfer

People across the globe
observed World AIDS
Day (WAD) yesterday.
The World Health
Organization (WHO)
initiated WAD in 1988.
Ann Arborites joined in
with activities of their
own. The Daily has.
extensive coverage of
yesterday's world and
local events, including:
President Clinton's
commemoration of the
day with the unveiling of.
a new AIDS awareness
stamp, visits to AIDS
patients, and shutting
off lights at the White
House for 15 minutes.

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By ANDREW TAYLOR
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
University medical researchers
announced yesterday they have made
a discovery that could ultimately be
used in the treatment of cancer, cystic
fibrosis, heart disease and many other
illnesses.
A team of seven doctors led by
Internal Medicine Prof. Gary Nable
have conducted the first-ever direct
DNA transfer in humans by injecting
the genetic material through a shot as
if it were an ordinary drug.
The discovery is a significant ad-
vance from the old process because it
allows genes to be delivered to the
patient without going through a time-
consuming and complicated proce-
dure.
"Gene therapy, as it develops over
the next several years, will give doc-
tors many more options for treating
diseases than they ever had before,"

University Nursing Prof. Sylvia
Hacker's address on people's
attitudes about sex.
® A vigil held by members of the Ann
Arbor community in solidarity with
fellow activists around the world.

STEP 1
In a lab, doctors
make the
genetic matertial
to inject.
said Cindy Fox Aisen, a spokesper-
son for the University Medical Cen-
ter.
The study involved injecting DNA

STEP 2
The DNA is hidden
in a fat particle so
the body won't
recognize and
reject it.
4

University researchers have made a discovery that will help them
in the search for new treatments for cancer and other diseases.
The technique is the first-ever successful direct trasnfer of DNA
in humans. Doctors expect that if developed, the technique
could revolutionize modern medicine.

STEP 4
The body accepts the DNA and
it enters the affected cells.
Then it begins to cause the
body to attack the cells and
destroy the disease.

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ANDREW TAYLOR/Daily
the genetic material by hid-
microscopic particles of fat.

into the tumors of five skin cancer
patients. Normally, the body would
build antibodies to reject such an in-
jection, but researchers managed to

disguise1
ing it in

See DNA, Page 2

'U' to host
forum on
amendment
to bylaw
By JUDITH KAFKA
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
The University could extend spou-
sal benefits to partners of gay em-
ployees. Family housing could be-
come available to gay couples.
Members of the University com-
munity will have an opportunity to
discuss these issues, along with many
others, today from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. at
an open "town meeting" in the
Pendleton Room of the Michigan
Union.
A committee made up of Univer-
sity faculty, staff and students is hold-
ing the meeting to solicit community
0views on how to improve campus life
for lesbians, gay men and bisexuals.
University President James
Duderstadt implemented the commit-
tee earlier this semester after the Uni-
versity Board of Regents amended
bylaw 14.06 - the University's dis-
crimination policy - to prohibit dis-
crimination on the basis of sexual
orientation.
The committee, chaired by School
of Dentistry Dean Bernard Machen,
is investigating how the bylaw change
will impact the University community.
Machen explained that the
committee's findings are "still in the
formative stages," adding that mem-
bers hope to gain insight from today's
meeting."We want to get input from
the community before we make any
decisions," he said.
* Anyone interested may attend the
meeting and speak on the topic. The
committee is hoping to hear from as
many people as possible.
In addition to sponsoring today's
open forum, committee members are
traveling to the University's campuses
in Flint and Dearborn to hear from
members of those communities.

Militants kill
Israeli teacher
in shooting

Third-year doctoral student and teaching assistant Dana Green grades papers for a sociology class in her office.
Learning"" disabilities fail t
d'iscour~age st-udents~ success

Escalating violence
between Israeli and
Palestinian factions
block efforts for
peace in region,
world community
discouraged by
violence
EL BIREH, Occupied West Bank
(AP) - In the latest assault on Mid-
east peace plans, armed Palestinians
killed an Israeli kindergarten teacher
and wounded three Jewish settlers
yesterday as they stood by their dis-
abled car.
Two groups of Palestinian radi-
cals opposed to the Israel-PLO au-
tonomy accord claimed responsibil-
ity for the drive-by shooting on the
West Bank, and settlers swore to do
everything they could to block the
turnover of authority.
The drive-by attack took place
after the bloodiest day in the territo-
ries since the Sept. 13 agreement was
signed.
Unrest in the occupied lands has
escalated with the approach of a Dec.
13 deadline set down in the accord to
start the turnover of control to Pales-
tinians.
Shalva Osana,a teacher at the nearby
Beit El settlement, was killed and
Yitzhak Weinstock, 19, a Jewish semi-
nary student, was critically wounded
as they stood outside their rented Fiat
Uno. Two other passengers were
slightly hurt in the attack at the en-
trance to El Bireh, seven miles north of
Jerusalem.
The car, which had a problem with
its exhaust system, was still up on its

jack after the attack. There was a pool
of blood behind the car and the vic-
tims' blood-soaked clothing was piled
nearby. Bandages were strewn about
on the ground.
There were two claims of respon-
sibility. The militant Palestinian group
Hamas proclaimed on loudspeakers
in Gaza City that the attack was in
retaliation for the Nov. 24 killing of
Imad Aqal, head of the group's mili-
tary wing.
The other was from the Demo-
cratic Front, a radical Palestinian Lib-
eration Organization (PLO) faction
that said in Damascus it was avenging
the killing of Palestinians by Jewish
settlers.
Both groups oppose the peace pact,
which does not guarantee the even-
tual establishment of a Palestinian
state.
Settlers vowed reprisals, and some
threatened to fire on Palestinian po-
lice who are to start .patrolling the
Gaza Strip and Jericho on the West
Bank after Israeli troops withdraw.
The escalating violence, combined
with uncertainty about the future, is
steadily eroding public support for
the peace agreement on both sides.
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin,
speaking in Brussels, I:acknowledged
that every attack on Israelis is "a blow
to the faith of many in Israel that it's
possible to come to peace."
The army sent reinforcements to
the occupied lands.
Settlers said they would block
roads throughout the West Bank and
Gaza in protest today. The Settlers'
Council also urged Israeli soldiers
See ISRAEL, Page 2

More than three years ago, the
Americans with Disabilities Act be-
came law, its intent being to shake up
thestatusquo, toforceso-called "able-
bodied" members ofAmerican society
to modify their mindsets and to become
aware of the basic needs that people
with disabilities share.
This week, the Daily explores the
concerns of students who face a veri-
table obstacle course each day at the
University. Today, weprovide a look at
what three students with learning dis-
abilities face on and off campus.
By MICHELE HATTY
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
Third-year doctoral student Dana
Greene's life overflows with color.
Crayola markers, different colored pens
and an orange highlighter play key

roles in her everyday study routine.
As a student with a learning disabil-
ity, using different colors to differenti-

OVERCOMING
T
A
C
L
S
1.
"Ow

ate ideas in her
notes is but one
strategy Dana
uses to tackle the
limitations her
disability pre-
sents.
Dana's dis-
ability is both vi-
sual and auditory
in scope. "It ba-
sically impacts
everything that I
do in everyday

order.
"When I'm tired, sometimes I con-
fuse the order of letters in words I'm
reading. 'Form' and 'from' are diffi-
cult for me to differentiate between. I
can't read a map, a chart, a graph."
But along with that, she also has
difficulty reading people.
"I can't read people's expressions.
I can't tell if people are angry with me,
or if they are sad or tired just by looking
at their faces."
Driving can be tricky, because her
limitation includes difficulty discern-
ing spacial differentiation.
"I have serious depth perception
problems. When I'm tired it really gets
worse. I have extreme difficulty with
space relations. Sometimes I'll listen
See OBSTACLES, Page 2

life," she said, "driving a car, throwing
snowballs - everything."
Part of her disability is that of dys-
lexia - reading words in a jumbled

*Police continue rape investigations; students voice concerns 'N1RA j

By RONNIE GLASSBERG
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
While the investigation of a re-

the rapist.
"When it's a stranger it's pretty
tough (to solve)," he said.

Erica Nienstedt was startled by the
news of the rape."I couldn't believe
she couldn't walk to her car by herself

at least one other person, use Safewalk
and Northwalk, the Nite Owl bus ser-
vice, the emergency blue light tele-

"All the workers have identifica-
tion, a radio with them and are trained
workers," he said.

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