2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 20, 1993
Dark tunnel provides relief for Bosnians
govina (AP) - Four-year-old Edin
listened intently as his mother bound
plastic bags on his tiny legs.
"We are going to crawl through
the darkness now for some time. But
Mama will be holding your hand,"
Esma told her son. "When you see
light again, you know who will be
standing there? Papa."
The young mother and son joined
50 other people at the secret entrance
to a tunnel that has provided a lifeline
for people in the Bosnian capital, be-
sieged for 18 months by Serb forces.
It stretches for 750 yards somewhere
underneath the airport, which lies
between the front-line suburb of
Dobrinja and Bosnian-held territory.
Dug during the summer, the dank,
smelly tunnel is only about 5-feet
high. Those making the 45-minute
journey must walk hunched over,
sloshing through ankle-deep mud and
water, turning into contortionists to
allow two-way traffic.
After a long wait and a Bosnian
soldier's approval of their papers, it
was Edin and Esma's turn to disap-
pear into the darkness, broken only by
the beams of a few flashlights.
The column of people stopped to
let three elderly women, overloaded
with bags, pass through to Sarajevo.
The tunnel smells of sweat and
mold. Overhead rafters, constructed
ofwood and old streetcar tracks, com-
plicate the obstacle course. One mo-
ment of inattention and travelers bang
their heads and remember to bend
back down. It hurts either way.
Some say the rafters are marked
with blood. This time, blood could be
seen on the ground not covered by
water. A casualty was carried through
the tunnel into Sarajevo just before
Esma and Edin's group entered.
Before, the only way out was a
nighttime dash across the airport run-
way, covered by Serb snipers and
patrolled by United Nations armored
personnel carriers trying to enforce
an agreement allowing relief flights.
Many still prefer the runway, ei-
ther because they cannot get permis-
sion to use the tunnel or they'd rather
brave sniper fire than the claustro-
Those fortunate enough to gain
access to the tunnel apparently find
their way through a web of informal
contacts. Officially, it doesn't exist.
Sarajevo Mayor Muhamed
Kresevljakovic says hundreds of
people have crossed into Sarajevo
over the runway. There's no estimate
of how many have traveled under it.
When the war began in April 1992,
her husband, Rasim, sent Esma and
h~r tf1PMv n~rnnM 14P~n" t
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Saturday. Earlier this year, she was removed for cleaning and renovation.
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Continued from page 1
STD and HIV cases, role playing,
offering hands-on materials and fa-
cilitating group competition.
The opportunity to taste flavored
condoms presented audience mem-
bers with a way of examining one of
a slew of sexual apparatuses in an
open and inquistive manner.
"The presentation was fun and it
showed that there are a tremendous
numberof things that people can safely
do with their partner even if they
don't want to have intercourse," said
Jessica Shill, an LSA senior.
Though the tone of the workshop
was largely informal and humorous,
references to the dangers of unsafe
sex were serious. When slides show-
ing the grotesque appearances ofSTDs
and HIV were projected, Washington
observed, "There are no more smiles
in the room."
Washington reminded, "People
must remember that whoever your
partner has been with, you are having
sex with them too."
LSA senior Jason Pollack argued
that this program provided crucial
information. "Programs like this are
essential for teaching people about
both the realities and myths of sexu-
ally transmitted diseases," he said.
"The more aware thatpeople areabout
STDs and safer sex practices, the bet-
ter equipped they will be to make
educated decisions if and when to
choose to be sexually active."
Washington, who is certified to
teach safe sex by the Red Cross, gave
last nights' workshop at no cost. She
has also received volunteer service
Last night's workshop was offered
free of charge as partof AIDS Aware-
ness Week activities. *
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Continued from page 1
remains wanted forhis alleged role in
a June attack in Mogadishu, the So-
mali capital, in which 24 Pakistani
peacekeepers were killed.
"There is not an active effort to
search for members of the Aidid ap-
paratus," deLaski said.
Clinton sent an initial contingent
of 400 Army Rangers to Mogadishu
on Aug. 24 in response to a series of
attacks on Americans for which Aidid
orhis loyalists were blamed. Although
the administration did not say so pub-
licly at the time, the Rangers' mission.
was to capture the elusive Aidid.
That goal was neverachieved, and
the launching of the Ranger mission
itself now stands out as a turning
point in U.S. military involvement in
Somalia. The deployment triggered a
burst of questions and criticisms from
the public on whether the administra-
tion had a plan for getting out.
Also, Secretary Les Aspin has cited
the Ranger deployment in explaining
why he denied the requests of U.S.
commanders in Somalia for more ar-
mor to protect American forces. The
lack of armor figured in the outcome
of the October Ranger raid, which in
turn led Clinton to announce four
days later that he was beefing up U.S.
forces in Somalia while setting a
March 31 date for full withdrawal.
To flyis one thing. To fly with the MarineCorps is something
else. They'll show you the meaning of wings. From the wings of
the F-18 Hornet to the wings you wear as a Marine aviator,
this is flying at its best. And your ticket tofly is
your college diploma. If you'd like to be up
there, contact your local Marine Officer Selec-
The Investment Banking Division
Goldman, Sachs & Co.
cordially invites the students
of THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
to an information session on careers
in Investment Banking.
We encourage all majors to attend!!!
Thursday, October 21,1993
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