Page 2-The Michigan Daily- Monday, February 8, 1993
Continued from page 1
extends not only to University stu-
dents but also to faculty, his depart-
ment and Doneen himself.
Andrew Sugerman, a lawyer in
the law firm of Shaner and Olsen -
which is handling Doneen's case -
said Friday the firm could make no
comment on the case.
Doneen is not currently teaching
any classes, but this is unrelated to
the pending court case, Brown said.
Beginning after mid-winter
break, Doneen is scheduled to begin
lecturing in the Introduction to Biol-
ogy class, Brown added.
Continued from page 1
University has come to rely on
cadavers donated through the
Anatomical Donations Program.
"The whole spectrum of society
donates," said Dr. Bill Burkel, an
anatomy professor. Donations of
both body parts and bodies "come
from professors and prominent fig-
ures as well as the poor."
Burkel said people donate their
bodies for a variety of reasons.
Many people figure their bodies will
be no good to them after they die.
Others may donate a relatives' body
after an untimely death, hoping to
make something good come out of
the tragedy. Still others, he said,
think the money for a funeral could
be better used by their survivors.
The University Anatomical
Donations Program covers most
post-mortem expenses - such as
embalming, cremation and burial -
when conducted within its facilities.
The program does not cover the
costs of transportation to and from
its morgue or outside funeral
The Bureau of Labor
Statistics is hiring:
and Computer Scientists
Presentation: February 10
7:00 pm, Wolverine Rm.
Interviews: Feb. 11 & 12,
Bodies are kept at the medical
center for 2 to 18 months. Families
then have the choice of arranging
their own burial or having the body
individually cremated and interred in
an annual funeral service held each
Between 400 and 600 people at-
tend these funerals. Often about 15
medical and dental students also at-
tend. Some of these students act as
ushers to "show appreciation,"
The program is self-supportive.
All of its expenses are paid for by
the institutions that request body
parts or prepared cadavers.
Aside from the University,
Michigan State University and
Wayne State University are the only
other Michigan colleges capable of
receiving and processing cadavers.
Approximately 240 bodies are
annually donated to the University.
Burkel said, "We never have
enough, there are always more re-
quests for materials than (what) we
have." Half of the bodies received
by the University are sent to other
Included in the preparation of ca-
davers for on-site use or shipment
elsewhere, is embalming. Whereas
funeral home embalming is largely
cosmetic, Burkel said, the
Anatomical Donation Program's
procedure produces a cadaver that
can last through the year at room
Burkel added, "Only mold is a
problem, not rot," as fungicide is in-
cluded in the formaldehyde embalm-
Each year approximately 250
Sel it . . .find it!
students get hands-on experience
with cadavers. Six students are as-
signed to each body.
The dissection experience is con-
sidered crucial for the formation of
competent doctors. It is a "process
you go through that helps you learn
how the body is put together,"
Burkel, in his 29 years working
with anatomy students, said he has
never had a student who could not
stomach dissection or refused to dis-
sect. He said the experience is made
easier because "you don't think here
I am cutting up a person ... The bod-
ies are not very life-like, there are no
bright body tissues or blood."
Cadaver dissection is a rite of
passage. It is, for all medical and
dental students, a class taken in the
first year of their training.
While some students said they
were thrilled at the prospect of dis-
section, many had to overcome the
discomfort of what seems to be a
violation of the deceased's body.
Studies have shown that students
come face to face with the reality of
their own mortality while engaging
in an activity much of society will
never experience and may find
Several of the Medical Science
Building II's rooms are reserved for
dissections. Within these rooms are
more than a dozen tables - each
supporting a cadaver. Table tops are
metal trays that slant toward a tube
draining into a plastic pail below. At
the foot of the table is a metal bin
with a plastic liner, in which all sev-
ered remains are placed until they
are cremated with their corpse.
This semester the dissections are
being performed by first-year dental
students. "The first day was the
worst," said Paul Decker. "We had
to skin them and they looked more
human and were pretty juicy."
Students are informed only of
their cadaver's age and cause of
death. The only names associated
with the cadaver are those bestown
by the students. "Many of us name
ours," said Michel Wicksall. "It's a
way of communicating, of being
closer. We named ours Gerdy - it's
like naming a child and we've- all
become like family."
Some students contend with the
discomfort and stress of dissection
with gallows humor. "We're in here,
cutting apart a human body and
we've got to desensitize ourselves
by having some fun with it,"
"Bev," on a nearby table, was
sporting a Catipillar Tractors base-
ball cap. Her neighbor wore a color-
ful bandana, which covered her face.
Don Burkhardt explained one reason
for such dressing-up, "I cover up the
face. If I didn't it gets too personal."
For Jeff Riggs it isn't merely too
personal, it's personalized. "It's kind
of rough when he looks like your
Most students cover the face and
speak of their dread of the upcoming
facial as well as genital dissections.
Instances of humor, however, oc-
cur within an atmosphere of intense
concentration and respect. Students
mentioned their gratitude to those
who decided to donate their bodies
so they could learn. Many students
said that Human Gross Anatoi ny has
been their most demanding aij in-
structive educational experience.
Most students, like Gary Scott,
were unequivocal about donating
their bodies to science. However
other students, such as Natalie
Johnson, said now that she is taking
the course, "I'd be more apt to do-
nate my body."
Continued from page 1
Foulke said that while Feb. 15 is
the target date for the decision, it
could be made as late as March.
The Athletic Department, how-
ever, said there is no way a decision
will come that early.
"It is just a proposal in the early
stages," said Athletic Director Jack
Vice President for Student
Affairs Maureen Hartford, who is
discussing the issue with
Weidenbach, said, "There have been
some discussions about other uses
for (Fletcher), but we are far from a
Foulke said he will advocate the
transfer even if the Athletic
Department gives a 95 percent as-
surance that it wants the building,
though the director of housing will
make the ultimate decision.
If the Athletic Department does
not reach a decision by mid-
February, the plan would be delayed@
until March 1994.
Residents of Fletcher said they
feel Housing has not considered
their best interests, and are circulat-
ing a petition to protest the move.
LSA sophomore Yvette Wright,
said, "It's been over two weeks since
they informed us and we have not
heard from them since."
Foulke said that Fletcher resi-
dents will be offered rooms in an-
"Housing's solution is to put us
in West Quad, but we don't want to
be put in with incoming freshmen,"
said LSA senior Rob Grain.
The majority of students in
Fletcher are juniors, seniors, and
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Continued from page 1
ways room for suggestions and im-
However, some say there is room
for improvement concerning patient
confidentiality, consent before test-
ing, and clinical trials to expand
"A serious problem at U-M
Hospital is that it refuses to run clini-
cal trials," ACT-UP member Pattrice
Maurer said, referring to the experi-
mental drug testing that goes on in
most prestigious hospitals.
The University Hospital has an
affiliation with clinical trials at
Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.
Others added that confidentiality,
another common concern among
AIDS patients, is not enforced as
well as they would like.
Knowles said because many hos-
pital employees have access to pa-
tient computer files, it is virtually
impossible to ensure strict confiden-
ACT-UP member Mary Beijan
said, "I know of several people per-
sonally who have been tested with-
out their consent - they overheard
it from nurses in the halls."
Maurer attributed part of this
problem to discrimination.
"There have been several in-
stances of testing people for HIV
without their consent - people of
color and 'stereotypical' gay men,"
In 1991, the University
Affirmative Action Report on the
status of lesbians and gay men re-
vealed that the Medical Center per-
petuated the most blatant discrimina-
tion based on sexual orientation at
"I have no doubt that some peo-
ple have been upset. We admit we
have made mistakes and all we can
do is try to correct them and try to
get persons to change their atti-
tudes," said Dr. Robert Fekety, head
of the Infectious Disease Clinic.
But Anderson said attitudes to-
wards gay men at the hospital are
"With my significant other, there
were no restrictions on visitation. He
was treated no differently than any
other heterosexual spouse. They are
not making differences between one
group of people and another," h*
However, in the past the hospital
has labeled blood samples HIV-posi-
tive, a practice that may have led to
stigmatization of infected patients.
Fekety said it is "possible but not
probable" that labeling of HIV-posi-
tive blood is still being done.
Instead, hospital officials said
they are placing a greater emphasis
on universal education for handling@
blood, since all blood is potentially
dangerous whether it is labeled or
Infection Control has mandatory
in-services for all employees in order
to ensure that precautions are taken.
In addition, five staff members of
Infection Control have implemented
an education program for hospital
THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA
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