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November 09, 1992 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1992-11-09

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40

Page 4-The Michigan Daily- Monday, November 9, 1992

Editor in Chief

ZY-.

420 Maynard Street
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109
764-0552

MATTHEW D. RENNIE
Opinion Editors
YAEL CITRO
GEOFFREY EARLE
AMITAVA MAZUMDAR

Edited and Managed
by Students at the
University of Michigan

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Unsigned editorials represent a majority of the Daily's Editorial Board.
All other cartoons, signed articles, and letters do not necessarily represent the opinion of the Daily.
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Closin the financ
First of two editorials

L ast month, the "Campaign for Michigan" be-
gan a fund-raising program called the "Case
for Student Financial Aid." This is a multi-faceted
program designed to compensate for dwindling
federal support. At a time when the federal govern-
ment has dropped the
ball, the University Undergraduate Stu
has taken appropri- U
ate steps in finding
innovative solutions 75.00%
to bring students of
all incomes to the
University.
For the past de-
cade, the financial
needs of non-resi-
dent students have
outpaced the
University's ability
to cover the cost.
Currently, the under- 52.00%
graduate self-obliga-
tion - the amount
each students is re-
sponsible for - for
non-residents is
$14,000.
For many eco-
nomically-disadvan- L institutional Aid
taged students, this
amount puts the Uni- State Aid
versity out of reach. ® Federal Aid
This year, almost
1,000 non-resident
students could not Source: Office of Financial Aid
attend the University
because there was simply not enough aid avail-
able. In the long run, more and more quality
students who want to attend the University will be
shut out for lack of support.
Administrators have decided the best way to
solve this problem is through the "Campaign for
Michigan," the University's $1 billion fund-rais-
ing campaign. University fund-raisers will solicit
donations on behalf of the "Case for Student
Financial Aid." Alumni are being encouraged to
make contributions to funds specifically designed
for non-resident financial aid. This will allow
students with demonstrated need to shoulder less
of the burden for attending the University.

dent
1

ial aid gap
But the University is also looking at ways to
increase financial aid across the board. Last July,
the University allocated the greatest increase in
institutional financial aid in the University's his-
tory, appropriating $12 million. This increase rep-
resents a commitment to restoring accessibility to
all students regardless of financial need.
The University is
Aid Expenditures by Source responding to in-
tense pressure to
982-83 provide greater fi-
19.00% nancial aid. During
thelast 10 years, fed-
eral aid has de-
6.00% creased from 75 to
52 percent of the
University's finan-
cial aid budget while
the institutional aid
- money from the
1992-93 University general
fund - has in-
41.o% creased from 19 to
41 percent.
Since 1982,
when President
Reagan called on
Congress to slash
the student financial
aid budget by half,
7 % the federal govern-
ment has turned its
back on underprivi-
leged students. In
1982, the University
received$35 million
in federal aid; today
it receives only $30
million, a 242 percent cut counting for inflation,
according to the Office of Financial Aid.
It is against state law for public institutions to
give more financial aid to out-of-state students
than in-state residents. However, maintaining ac-
cessibility for all students is a critical component of
the University; the "Case for Student Financial
Aid" will go a long way toward accomplishing that
goal.

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Campus debates Arab-Israeli conflict

The homeland
To the Daily:
In her column of Oct. 20
("Clinton pro-Israel bias hurts
peace."), Katherine Metres writes
about peace in the Middle East
and the need for compromise
there. I agree that both Israel and
the Arab nations have got to stop
stonewalling and start talking.
However, Metres' comments
present her as leaning more
toward pro-Palestinian extremism
than toward compromise.
Metres mentions several times
Israel's "repression" of Arabs and
lack of concern for "human
rights." I agree that Palestinians
are people, too, and I do not
maintain that Israel can do no
wrong. However, I would put it to
Metres to consider the Palestinian
agenda in the Middle East. The
Arab nations have never consid-
ered Israel to be a legitimate
nation and have sought to regain
their "stolen land" by wiping
Israel off the map. Israel has only
survived behind what some
Zionists have called an "iron
wall" of military power.
Metres is concerned with the
assertion of the human rights of
minorities. But she has forgotten
that Israel is still a minority in the
Middle East, and Jews are still a

belongs to Jews
minority on this campus and in
the world. As a Jew, I cannot
forget that my people are
constantly under the thumb of
repression ourselves. Now that
we have a homeland and a
respected military, it is easy to
forget this hatred. But it is alive
and well in the Intifada and the
workings of the Palestinian
Liberation Organization.
The Arab nations demand that
Israel withdraw to its pre-1967
borders. But this line would cut
through Jerusalem and pass
within nine miles of Tel-Aviv.
This would be much too tenuous
a position, considering the
Palestinian agenda to squeeze
Israel out of existence.
I agree that there must be
compromise in the Middle East. I
am wary of Israel giving up land
for a measure of peace, however,
since Israel is generally not
recognized as a legitimate nation
in the Middle East. I also agree
that we need to recognize the
humanity of the Palestinian
people, and treat those that
already live in the land as
citizens. The homeland, however,
belongs to the Jewish people.
Howard Scully
Business School senior

Tomorrow:
Education Act
distribution at

How the Amendments to the Higher
of 1992 are affecting financial aid
the University.

Students bleeding for a good cause

U.S. backing of Israel wrong

7hough it is a given that the Wolverines will
draw blood at the Ohio State University (OSU)
football game, the competition at another match
- the anual blood battle - promises to be much'
stiffer. The "UM v. OSU Blood Battle" will offer
students the opportunity to help others while stir-
ring up school spirit. Students are encouraged to
participate.
The blood drive will take place in most resi-
dence halls, the Business School, the Michigan
Union and the Michigan League, and runs from
Nov. 9 through Nov. 20. The first blood battle was
created 11 years by the Michigan Alpha Phi Omega
chapter, and the rivalry has continued ever since.
Competition, of course, is not the real point of
the blood battle. The Red Cross depends on the
University to deliver large amounts of healthy
blood. In fact, the Red Cross has canceled or
postponed other drives in order to concentrate on
the University.
Students, faculty and staff should realize the
importance of taking a little more than an hour out
of their day, suffering only the consequences of a
pin prick in order to help someone in desperate

need of blood.
The blood collected from the battle will go to
Southeastern Michigan Blood Services Region of
the American Red Cross. This network includes 72
hospitals which use an average of 1,000 units of
blood every day. Sadly, only 10 percent of eligible
donors in this region have ever donated blood.
University students will have the opportunity to
make up the difference.
The demand, for blood for typical emergencies
can quickly add up. For instance, a person in a car
accident may need one to 50 units of blood. Recipi-
ents of organ transplants often need several hun-
dred units, according to the American Red Cross.
Blood donors give only one pint, about one
twelfth of their total blood supply. Therefore, the
blood drive's success depends on high donor par-
ticipation.
Additionally, the Red Cross hopes to collect450
units of blood on Nov. 19 in the Union, an excep-
tionally high amount.
By taking part in this event, students will be able
to make history, while simultaneously saving lives
- and finding yet another way to beat Ohio State.

To the Daily:
I feel compelled to write in
response to the piece written by
Jonathan Margolin and Trevor
Hart ("Clinton pro-Israel stance
justified," 10/28/92).
In the second paragraph, they
take offense to the fact that
Zionism is equated with "unwill-
ingness to compromise on
territorial issues," and go on to
say that "millions of dovish land-
for-peaceIsraelis and Israel
supporters would find this
statement ludicrous and insult-
ing." In the next paragraph they
try to justify Israel's right to
occupied territory. I don't hear
any willingness to compromise in
this statement.
As far as calling the Arab
states "hostile nations" - the
reason they are hostile is because
thousands of fellow Arab Pales-
tinians are living as impoverished
refugees, herded out of their
homeland by Israel.
Speaking of hostility, a new
case has been brewing up here

among Americans. This tension is
the result of Bill Clinton, who is
wholeheartedly siding with the
interests of Israel and Israeli-
Americans. I do not have a
problem with his support of Israel
per se, but when it is at the
expense of Arabs and Arab-
Americans, - it is wrong and
discriminatory.
As far as referring to Israel as
a democracy, that is just untrue.
Arab Israelis are highly discrimi-
nated against by the Jews in
Israel. Arabs in Israel aren't even
allowed to benefit from the
national health care system
(which is funded by the United
States).
I think the United States
should at least cut back on
financial support until all human
rights are protected in Israel and
until some sort of land-for-peace
agreement is worked out with the
Arabs.
Michael Abdou
Engineering junior

Israeli actions defy
universal morality
To the Daily:
In response to Jonathan
Margolin and Trevor Hart's article
("Clinton's pro-Israel stance
justified," 10/28/92) I would like
to say that as an American Muslim
I support Clinton but for different
reasons.
Margolin and Hart are techni-
cally right about Israel not being
in defiance with international law
on the Occupied Territories,
however I would like to say that
Israel's occupation and treatment
of Palestinians is in defiance of
universal morality.
Then they stated that U.N.
resolution 242 was the most
"relevant law." This resolution
was written on Nov. 22, 1967 and
it referred to the Six Day War and
Israel's recent occupation of Gaza
strip, Golan Heights, Sinai and
West Bank. One can take this
resolution and twist its arms and
get a million different meanings
out of it, but we all know what
242 means.
Also, Margolin and Hart state
that the Zionist movement was
"nothing more than the belief in
self-determination for the Jewish
people and their homeland." I
agree with Margolin and Hart but
it is their ignorance, double
standard and hypocrisy that gets to
me. What do you think the
Palestinians have been trying to
do for the last 45 years?
We can fight about this issue
or laugh at each other like
Margolin and Hart have suggested
- or we can try to put our
differences aside and work
towards a peaceful Middle East.
Syed Ahmed
LSA senior
U.S. has responsibility
To the Daily:
The assumption that Israel is a
democracy is contentious by even
Israeli standards and fallacious by
the standards of the common
understanding of the word. First,
Palestinian citizens of Israel do
not have the same rights as Jewish
Israelis.
Second, the assumption that
Zionism is a national liberation
movement of world Jewry linking
them to a homeland is also
contentious even by Israeli
standards. The issue Katherine
Metres pointed to ("Clinton's pro-
Israel bias hurts peace," 10/20/92)
is Clinton's uncritical support of
Israel, and in particular of the
most right-wing of Israeli political
spectrum.
Thirdly, Even if Israel were a
democracy, the economy is
subsidized by American "loans"
and aid. Consequently, the
President of the United States is
responsible for the human rights
abuses that Israel does every day.
Number four, International law
states all land "captured" in a
"war" situation is not to be
retained - this is besides the fact
of disputable but the very clear
U.N. resolutions concerning
Israel's occupation of the West
Bank,pGaza, Golan and Southern
Lebanon.
The issue that Metres raises is
Clinton's unrelenting support of
Israel's most conservative and
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Trading shots in E.C. trade war

Israel supporters living a lie

The European Community and the United States
are on the verge of a very hot trade war. Just
when GATT (General Agreement on Trade and
Tariffs) negotiations offer the potential for another
foreign policy victory for President George Bush,
and the path to free trade between the United
States, Mexico and Canada seems clear, the basic
tenaments of international free trade are again
threatened. The United States has promised harsh
economic retribution if the French and other Euro-
pean governments continue to refuse to meet the
standards set by the temporarily-stalled Uruguay
round regarding agricultural subsidies. Before the
trade war gets out of hand and for the sake of
economic stability, the European Community
should reverse its current position and reduce
n ari ,t~ a ..hci :i

sons. The Uruguay Round calls for the elimination
of agricultural subsidies that are meant only to
unfairly prop-up prices. Every nation has these
subsidies, long-known as a disruptive force in
international exchange. The Uruguay Round was
meant to limit or eliminate such disruptive forces.
Moreover, agricultural subsidies are, and always
have been, a financial blackhole that monopolize
whole portions of budgets at the expense of other
programs.
As a result of European intransigence, U.S.
trade representatives have announced the begin-
ning of a trade war in some 27 days. The United
States will impose stiff tariffs - 200 percent on
imported French wines and colognes, for example
- until the European Community concedes the
icn.anfa~rir lt rolciteiPC n nSigh a icr t mwrnl

To the Daily:
When I read Jonathan
Margolin and Trevor Hart's
opinion ("Clinton's pro-Israel
stance justified," 10/28/92), I was
not at all impressed. Many of the
arguments they hold against
Katherine Metres' column are
illogical. It seems to me that they
are the ones who have "distorted
history to make it conform to
[their] opinions," using their own
words.
First, they claim that "it is
widely acknowledged that Israel
is legally justified in holding on to
the territories for secoAty reasons,
as long as it is surrounded by

talking about? Success in
bombing entire Lebanese villages
and killing civilians, or success in
controlling over 1.5 million
Palestinians? Or success in
holding on to land that is not
theirs? If an American president
allows Israel to go on violating
international law, will he be
supporting the peace process?
Finally, I am shocked by their
continued reference to Israel as a
"democracy" which America
should support. How can Israel
be a democracy when many
Palestinians who have been born
in Palestine (Haifa, Jaffa, etc.),.
and left in 1948. are not allowed

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