Page 2-The Michigan Daily- Thursday, September 24, 1992
Study shows U. S. spends only
average amount on education
WASHINGTON (AP) -
Affluent America spends only an
average portion of its money on edu-
cation, compared with other indus-
trialized nations. Japan spends the
smallest percentage but gets the
most results for its yen, a study of
the world's 24 wealthiest industrial-
ized democracies showed yesterday.
Denmark and Finland lead in
spending public funds for education,
followed by Norway, Canada, the
Netherlands, Belgium and
Luxembourg, said the Organization
for Economic Cooperation and
Development (OECD), an intergov-
ernmental agency in Paris that moni-
tors the world's economies.
The OECD report is the first to
compare education systems among
industrialized nations, and represents
the most wide-ranging and reliable
set of international education indica-
tors ever published.
"We have never before had com-
parable database" because of the
differences both in education sys-
tems and in methods of data collec-
tion, said Albert Tuijnmann of the
Tuijnmann, who helped prepare
the report, said in an interview that
the countries began work about five
years ago to standardize definitions.
They agreed to use 1988 data, taking
the national income and dividing it
by the entire population, and then
adjusting it for what the money re-
ally buys. This measure.is known as
the gross domestic product.
According to the report, the
United States is the wealthiest in-
dustrialized nation, followed by
Canada, Switzerland, Norway and
Luxembourg, Sweden, Japan and
Germany. Turkey is the poorest
among the 24 countries studied.
The Bush administration touts the
notion that the United States spends
a great deal of its wealth on educa-
tion. It ranks behind 12 other indus-
trialized nations in its public spend-
ing on education, and behind eight
other nations in overall spending,
public and private, according to the
report's charts of education spending
that include only 20 of the OECD's
24 countries. The charts include no
figures for Greece, Iceland, New
Zealand and Turkey.
In public funding of education,
the United States spent 5.0 percent
of its income while the leaders in
this category, Denmark and Finland,
each spent 6.8 percent. Japan was
last among the industrialized coun-
tries at 3.8 percent.
Education Secretary Lamar
Alexander said the report "reminds
us that money alone is not the an-
While the high school graduation
rate is almost 100 percent in
Denmark and Finland, it is also that
high in Germany, where public fund-
ing of education amounted to 4.3
percent of its GDP and overall fund-
ing equaled 6.2 percent of the GDP.
And Japan, at the bottom of both
spending lists, had about 90 percent
completion of high school, while the
United States had a rate of 73.7
- EVAN PETRIE/Dally,
Weld and wild
David Ogg, a Macomb Underground employee, welds a fitting for a gas main on Washtenaw Avenue near the
Central Campus Recreation Building.
Undergraduate Law Club
Sept. 24 @ 6:30
150 Hutchins Hall
(in the Law School)
The UGLC is an organization dedicated
to making undergraduates aware of the
possibilities and exciting career options
in the field of law.
Continued from page 1
"The issue of voting or scrutiny
every year might prove to be trou-
blesome over time," she said.
Additionally, students expressed
concern over the university's history
of dealing with campus protesters,
saying they were afraid the state-
ment would be used to punish
protesters exercising their right to
"The administration has done ev-
erything in their power to silence
unpopular dissent," said Rackham
Student Government President Mark
Buchan, who said he favored lan-
guage voicing support for civil dis-
obedience and political dissent.
Rackham student Colin Leach
said the administration's efforts to
solicit student input have been
"Can we say every student was
asked when only the smallest minor-
ity were? It's completely unaccept-
able to wait for people to conc to
you to make comments," Leach .K.
"It's time you realize that people
don't trust you. They feel disem-
powered because students don't
want to deal with you," he added.
Hartford defended the student in-
put process as a comprehensive.
"I think this has been an incredi-
bly clear process. I don't know what
more could have been done. I guess
I'm stymied by your comment,"
Hartford said. "I think every student
group was asked to contribute. Every
individual student was asked to con-
tribute to make this representative of
Administrators and students
agreed to an additional forum to dis-
cuss the next draft of the statement
as well as a possible student referen-
dum on the issue.
Continued from page 1
and sophomores were overrepre-
sented in the survey sample.
According to the findings, these stu-
dents are easier to locate than ju-
niors, seniors and graduate students.
According to the results, "this
overrepresentation skews the overall
percentage of students who support
the proposed policy" because
"underclassmen favor the proposed
policy at a much higher rate."
"The survey shows more than
anything else that students remain
misinformed und underinformed
about how the proposed code will af-
fect the rights they currently enjoy,"
said David Schwartz, president of
the campus chapter of the American
Civil Liberties Union.
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338 S. State
Continued from page 1
mandatory MSA fee, which would
then be channeled to MCC.
The regents approved an altered
version of the proposal at their July
1988 meeting. However, instead of
allocating the money to MSA to dis-
tribute, it became a mandatory seg-
regated fee - under direct control
of the regents.
Arellano said she believes the re-
gents chose this action because of
the organization's platform, which,
as of July 1991 favored a tuition cap.
"The proposal would have the Re-
gents cap tuition at the rate of infla-
tion," she said.
Kennedy also declined to com-
ment on the issue because it is in the
courts, but in a May 1992 memo to
the regents, Kennedy also cited
MCC's acts against administration
interests as a reason for de-funding
"In a recent discussion of this is-
sue by the University's officers, it
was pointed out that there are risks
associated with supporting such an
organization (MCC) with a manda-
ests of students on certain issues,"
reads Kennedy's memo.
"The most obvious of these, of
course, are tuition levels," it said, in
reference to MCC's campaign to
constitutionally limit tuition in-
creases by Michigan universities.
Although Arellano said she feels
that a majority of the students want
to keep the tuition at as low a level
as possible, "we started backing off
in September, 1991."
"The issue was becoming a parti-
san fight and it didn't look like it
was going anywhere," Arellano
added. She added that it looked like
MCC would lose support from the
U-M if it pursued the issue.
Brown said, in reference to the
1988 decision, "It was a mistake to
do it in the first place."
Without the funding from student
tuition, as of October, MSA will"
cease to be a member of MCC.
"Based on the comments made at
the June 1992 regents meeting,,
MCC was defunded based on the
basis of the content of our speech,"
tory student fee because of the like-
lihood of conflict between the inter-
ests of the University and the inter-
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