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February 17, 1992 - Image 20

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The Michigan Daily, 1992-02-17

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4 U. THE NATIONAL COLLEGE NEWSPAP News Features/FEBRUARY 1992

Black universities
ByANGELA HOLLOWAY
Daily Miissippian, U. of Mississippi
Many black educators and students have long argued that
historically black universities are still suffering from a
discriminatory system of higher education. Black
universities, they argue, are still separate but unequal.
And now the issue has come to a head in the Supreme
Court. In a landmark case that some believe could establish
a major precedent for civil rights in education, Mississippi's
historically black colleges argue that their schools are the
victims of unequal funding and incomplete programs. The
disparity, they say, forces their schools into second-class
status compared to historically white Mississippi colleges.
"We feel the system is still segregated; and even though
there has been progress we think that the progress is not
enough and that more needs to be done," said Alvin
Chambliss, attorney for the plaintiffs, who filed their
original court challenge in 1975.
But others don't see a valid challenge. Ray Cleere,
Drinking Losi
(continued from page 1)
Percent
But rather than go dry, many colleges followin
instead have chtsen t oban the infaous
keg. Princeton U. Dartmottth College,
Purdue U., Skidmore College, Syracuse U.
and Brown U. are just a few of the schools to
adopt the attitude of Dr. Harold Shapiro, '
Princeton U. president, who told The New
York Timetshe sees the keg as a "symbol of the "
free and easy availability of alcohol.",
But other colleges have avoided becoming
excessively restrictive. "We decided a number
of years ago not to go dry, forcing students off
campus and into cars," said Dr. Elaine Spaull,
associate vice president for student affairs at
Rochester Institute of Technology. "We have
had to put into place different policies. We
are not above the law."
In addition, educational initiatives within
the college community have grown
considerably in recenctyears. Boosting Alcohol
Conscitiusness Ctincerning the Health tif
University'Students (BACCHUS), with its 500-
plus chapters, and programs such as the
National Collegiate Alcohol Awareness Week
are attempting to air alcohol issues.
Even national brewers now preach alcohol
responsibility on campus. "We think that Sarce: Ruth Eng
college students are a very responsible group David Ha
of people... due in large part to education and
awareness efforts," said Francine Katz, forced to dr
director of consumer awareness and monitored en
education forAnheuserBusch. drinking has g
universities it
The Reality of the Situation drinking on ca
But although college administrators would In addition
like to believe that these policies, procedures forcing stude
ant educational initiatives are wielding strained the "t
compliance to the drinking laws and between stut
reducing alcohol-related incidents on contributed to
campuses, evidence suggests otherwise. zone students
For the past decade, two professors - Dr. "Although le
Ruth Engs, Indiana U., and Dr. David impact somewl
Hanson, SUNY, Potsdam - have conducted does not prev
a nationwide studyofstudent drinking habits much or bavin
with some sobering conclusions. The study as their 'lega
revealed that more of today's students are populations," s
getting into fights, experiencing problems Shore Medi
with the law, committing acts of vandalism, Charlestown, R
missing class because of hangovers, receiving
poorer grades and losingijobs as a result of Students and th
their drinking than college students in 1982. But how mu
Engs believes these problems are minds of stude
becoming exacerbated because students are pre-abolition,

fight 'separate but unequal' system
commissioner of Mississippi's institutions of higher science professor atJackson State U., little hasbeen achieved.
learning, said he believes that the institutions are open and "In order for those schools to have the resources needed
freedom of choice is very much in place in Mississippi. to compete and to give the students attending those schools
"I don't think they're segregated," Cleere said. "The term the quality education that's needed, the state has to rectify
itself implies a conscious separation of the races; there is no past discrimination," she said.
conscious separation of the races in higher education in The plaintiffs claim that the state maintains the inequality
Mississippi." between schools by providing greater funding to historically
white institutions. White schools in the state receive about
"We feel (Mississippi's) system is still $30,000 on average in automatic state funding for program
support, Chambliss said, whereas black colleges receive only
segregated." about $13,000. In addition, of the annual $450,000 in state
- Alvin Chambliss line items, he said black schools receive no automatic funds
and virtually none of the total money.
But the state says the figures don't tell the whole story. "To
In 1954, the 45 historically black schools in 19 states won a just choose one group of institutions to magnify their poor
landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education, funding, pretending they stand alone, isn'tfair,"Cleere said.
abolishing the separate-but-equal system of education in Chambliss disagrees, saying student enrollment, program
place since 1896. The decision was intended to guarantee duplication, employment, academic programs, facilities and
blacks equal opportunity to education and academic funding at black and white schools, suggest a segregated
resources. But according to Mary Coleman, a political systemisexactlywhatisin place. The courtwill decide inJuly.
ing the Drinking Game Fraternity Freeze:
age of college students who had experienced the Gone are the days
g problems at least once in the previous year:
Driven a car after having several drinks: of brews and booze
By DAN GREENBERG
1991 -_4_ _/%_ReporterMagazine,
Driven a car while drinking: Rochester Institute of Technology
"We're redefining what a fraternity
1991 /ought to be. We may be changing the
market," boasts Sid Dunn, president of
Missed a class because of the Fraternity Insurance Purchasing
a hangover: Group (FIPG).
1982 [Dunn is referring to FIPG's risk
E - ,-° management and insurance policies,
1991 /o ,r which more than 75 percent of all
Gotten into a fight greeks are following. FIPG's policies
after drinking: have banned all kegs, drinking games
and alcohol durng rush programs, and
prohibited co-sponsorship of events
1991 ' 170/ with alcohol distributors or taverns.
In addition, FIPG has pressured
Had trouble with the law fal b
because of drinking: fraternities to implement a bring-your-
bcu ofdnigown-beer program at all alcoholic
1982 4/o events. "A BYOB policy is one way of
reducing your individual liability,
Inaiana U. andkeeping individual chapters' members
anson. SUNY, Potsdam safe and preservin the entire

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cl
n
d
r
h
iE
Z.
Ae

nk off campus - in less
'ironments. "It appears that
one underground, that many
luding this one do not allow
mpus any more.
, BACCHUS' Hunter says
ats to drink off campus has
own and gown" relationships
cents and neighbors, and
'esidents' increasingefforts to
ut of off-campus housing.
gislating the drinking age may
sat on where minors drink, it
ent them from drinking as
g as many drinking problems
' counterparts in student
aid Dr. Thomas O'Hare of the
cal Health Center in
I.
eir Suds
ch has really changed in the
nts since the glory days of the
nimal House mentality?

. MARCELO, UCSD GUARDIAN, U OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO
In reality, drinking is still considered by
many to be part and parcel of college life -
one of the reasons students leave home in the
first place. Michael Sheppard, president of
Undergraduate Student Government at Case
Western Reserve U., echoes the belief of many:
"The only parties which people generally
attend are the onesuwith alcohol present."
The numbers speak for thetmselves. "The
annual beer consumption of American
college students is just short of four billion
cans. If 'college beer' cans were stacked end-
to-end upon each other, the stack would
reach the moon and go 70,000 miles beyond,"
said a study by the Public Health Service's
Office for Substance Abuse Prevention. All
told, students slurp a whopping $4.2 billion
per year on more than 430 million gallons of
alcoholic beverages.
But students still sense the end of the days of
easy beer and shots. RIT senior Paul Bauman
laments, "College life has been synonymous
with alcohol and partying, and that's what
many students expectfrom college."

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