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January 30, 1992 - Image 4

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Page 4-The Michigan Daily- Thursday, January 30, 1992

al4le ticl Ygttn ailt,

420 Maynard Street
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109
Edited and Managed
by Students at the
University of Michigan

Editor in Chief
Opinion Editor

Unsigned editorials represent a majority of the Daily's Editorial Board.
All other cartoons, signed articles, and letters do not necessarily represent the opinion of the Daily.


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T he depletion of natural resources continues to
threaten the environment. Every citizen and
community has the duty to do as much as possible
to reduce the amount of waste. Here at the Univer-
sity, we've begun doing our share.
The Grounds and Waste Management Depart-
ment must be commended on its progress since
1989, when the recycling program here at Michi-
gan began. According to the 1989-1990 recycling
and solid waste management report, 13,600 trees,
5,600,000 gallons of water and 3,200 cubic yards
of landfill waste were saved, all due to the recy-
cling of newsprint, corrugated cardboard, white
and mixed office paper.
Furthermore, within the next month, the grounds
and waste management facility expects to have
containers for glass, metals, and plastic installed in
all the residence halls and cafeterias.
Despite these impressive figures, however, the
University still has a long way to go.
A 1988 study conducted by Resource Recy-
cling Systems stated that "As approximately 80
percent of this waste is composed of potentially

recyclable or compostable items, a vigorous waste
management program could reduce landfill waste
volume from (University) Housing by an esti-
mated 50 percent."
Current statistics show that waste volume has
been reduced by 17 percent.
Fault here lies not only with the University, but
with the students. Despite the conveniently placed
recycling bins on every corridor in every residence
hall, many students simply throw away their used
pizza boxes and day-old newspapers.
Once the containers have been placed in build-
ings, it is up to people to put recyclables in them,
and as of yet, student performance has been lack-
luster at best.
Employees of Grounds and Waste Manage-
ment say that while the initial reaction to the paper
recycling program was great, the amount of re-
claimed paper is presently declining.
Environmentalism is not a fad. Continued stu-
dent participation is imperative if the University's
recycling efforts are to succeed. Don't let this
planet suffocate under a blanket of waste.

State of the Union

The president delivers same old
T he president's State of the Union address ran
a full hour. In between allusions to the Persian
Gulf War, members of Congress interrupted Presi-
dent Bush with applause 71 times. Still, the hype
preceding his speech was, in many ways, deserved.
Unfortunately, of the proposals he set forth, too
many represented the same, old supply-side clap-
trap many of us hoped would depart with Ronald
Reagan. After three years, Bush still fails to under-
stand what the people are asking for and, more
importantly, what they need.
The president introduced his "America 2000"
plan, which revolves around allowing parents to
pick what schools their children will attend. The
natural result of such a proposal would be a lop-
sided education system, with those who can afford
transportation costs receiving a sound education,
and those without, receiving literally no education.
Choice is not the answer.
Tragically, Bush failed to mention another issue
of choice. The Supreme Court will be hearing a
Pennsylvania case this summer, which may result
in the reversal of Roe v. Wade. This is the single
most important issue to women in America. De-
spite his pro-life opinion, he owed us at least a few
After two painful defeats in Congress, one
would expect the president to forget the capital-
gains tax cut. Yet, with uncharacteristic determina-
tion and hostility, Bush demanded again that the
capital-gains tax be cut to an unexpected low of
15.4 percent. He didn't end there. President Bush
went on to accuse those who opposed the cut of
State of the
President's use of controversial
A sthepresidentinformsus of the state of the
;ti union, the revelation that George Bush has
been taking the powerful and controversial drug
Halcion should prompt us to assess the state of the
Halcion is a prescription drug used for the
short-term treatment of insomnia. It has a long
history of disturbing side effects, including memory
loss, confusion and an inability to concentrate or
perform careful analysis. These are hardly traits
conducive to effective leadership, and they seem to
be consistent with recent presidential behavior.
Halcion is a benzodiazepene, which means that
it combats insomnia by reducing anxiety, as op-
posed to simply slowing the body down. Halcionis
sometimes preferred over similar drugs because it
leaves the body quickly. However, it is highly
unpredictable and often affects older people se-
verely. If a Halcion user is awakened before the
drug has left the body, amnesia can occur. Out-
wardly, users may function quite normally while
not being able to remember the simplest of facts or
even remember their own actions the next day.
Prolonged use of the drug can lead to "rebound .
anxiety and insomnia," and bizarre, even aggres-
Sive, behavior. Sleep becomes difficult without the

supply-side message
being "Puritans ... who stayed up nights worrying
that someone, somewhere was having fun."
The tax cut isn't an issue of having fun. It's an
issue of taking from the needs of the underclass and
giving to those who already have their needs met
and more. The insensitivity of the remark illus-
trates that Bush simply lacks an understanding of
what the typical American worker must endure.
The offense against the underclass continued.
The family, according to the president, was at the
root of our problems. That could be true. But, the
president's lecture concerning family and morality
was aimed at a particular sector of society. The
poor need to stop having children, he insinuated.
Parents must stop teaching their children that wel-
fare dependence is good, Bush said. Able-bodied
workers have responsibilities to the tax-payer, the
president continued. Maybe somebody should re-
mind the president that there aren't that many jobs
Despite all this, the president's address did have
some good points that deserve mention. He can-
celed the B-2 bomber program, proposed a tax
credit of 10 percent for first-time home buyers,
suggested waiving penalties for withdrawals from
IRA accounts for medical and educational require-
ments, and planned to boost the monthly $31.80
Medicare for people who earn more than $125,000
Sadly, the positive aspects of Bush's plan sim-
ply don't compensate his lack of understanding,
compassion, and concern for the plight of those
Americans struggling to find thatAmerican dream.
drug Halcion is frightening
drug, and depression and anxiety can become the
norm. Halcion has been banned in the United
Kingdom, andcritical reports have forced its manu-
facturer, the Upjohn Co., to reduce the dosage sizes
that it can sell in Europe and the United States. The
influence of Halcion has even been recognized as
grounds for acquittal in murder cases.
We cannot know to what extent the president
has experienced these effects, and we should not
attribute his poor performance and inconsistent
analysis of economic problems to the workings of
Halcion. However, this is obviously a dangerous
drug with powerful mind altering qualities.
Even if the risks associated with Halcion are
deemed acceptable for the general public, a presi-
dent should be exposed to them, especially a presi-
dent who is often vague and incoherent anyway.
The prospect of the president floating through
international summits unable to concentrate, or
even remember why he is there, is truly terrifying.
Obviously the presidency is an extremely diffi-
cult job. But the last thing we need is a president
who needs the reassurance of Halcion in order to
function. If Bush cannot take the pressure created
by his own political negligence, perhaps he should
seek less stressful employment.

Rape is not
a racist issue
To the Daily:
I would like to respond to
Philip Cohen's editorial "Rape
and Women's Self-Reliance" (1/
23/92). Cohen makes two very
good points.
First, it is true that many
women are afraid of rape and, to a
certain extent, feel stifled simply
by the fact that our femaleness
makes us particularly vulnerable
to rape. This is sad. Second, date-
rape by men of the same socio-
economic status is far more
common than most people realize,
so thank you for reminding us all.
However, certain elements of
your editorial disturb me. Some
how, campus fear of rape equals
the "centuries-old white fear of
Black men raping white women."
Are there some assumed premises
here? For I fail to follow your

I admit, I am a white woman,
and I am afraid of being raped by
a Black man. And I am also afraid
of being raped by a white man, a
Hispanic man, an Asian man,
ANY man - even a rich white
man (gasp!).
In pointing to this "real" fear
of women, you betray your own
racism rather than trying *to deal
with anyone else's.
Also, you equate a man
walking a woman home with a
"chaperone." Yet a woman walks
home with a female friend and
this is a "self-respecting" means
of reducing the risk of rape.
If a man even offers to walk a
woman home, it's instantly
"paternalism." Not concern, not
friendship, not kindness - all
traits you would no doubt accept
in a female if she were the one
If "-isms" are the problem,
then what sense does it make to
characterize every relationship in
racist or sexist terms? Your

professed concern for the problem
of sexism is belied by your own
In one short article, you
managed to separate people into
nice, neat, stereotypical catego-
ries: male vs. female, white vs.
Black, rich vs. poor, "strong" vs.
"weak." It's people who cannot
see beyond these categories who
will perpetuate this unjust,
unequal system of ours.
And, ironically, you do all of
this because you are sensitive to
these distinctions in the sincere
hope that they will soon disap-
Racism, sexism, and "cultural
biases" are definitely real, so let's
be sensitive to them and talk
about them. Let's not become too
wrapped up in discrimination and
inequality, that we can see
nothing but.
Lisa Aikman
Rakham graduate student



Ideas deserve a forum for discussion

by Andrew Gottesman
The first time Isaw the
advertisement titled "The
Holocaust Controversy: The Case
for Open Debate" was on the
night of Oct. 23, when I proofed
The Michigan Daily pages for the
next day's paper. I saw the ad,
knew exactly what it meant, and
commented to another staffer that
it would probably make some
people angry. Not running the ad,
in all honesty, never crossed my
Since then, little else has -
and that is why it has taken me so
long to write about the subject. I
wanted to be somewhat removed
from the event in order to reflect,
refine my views and, most
inportantly, remain rational; had
I attempted this column last
semester, emotion probably would
have gotten the best of me.
I could easily write volumes
about what the ad has meant to
me during the past three months,
especially if I wanted to address
countless peripheral questions,
such as whether the Daily should
have run an editorial on the same
day, or why two conflicting
messages showed uv in the next
day's issue. But the most impor-
tant question - and I think this
has been somewhat lost in these
and other arguments - is
whether the Holocaust ad should
have been printed.
I believe, more strongly than
ever, that it should have been.
I hope the following column,
originally written as much for
myself as anybody, will explain
why. I don't expect to change
anyone's mind on this issue -
most people's were made up
before I decided to defend
publishing the ad - but I feel that
I at least owe the Daily's readers
an explanation for my beliefs.
College newspapers, I have
been told recently, are not street
corners. Student publications are
not nrn nenfimc and e ditors

Michigan Daily on Oct. 24. In
following weeks, it was accepted
at Duke and Cornell; it has run at
Texas and Ohio State this month.
Newspapers at Yale, Harvard,
Penn and Wisconsin refused it.
I take issue with the logic that
a newspaper's editorial and
business staffs should treat
outrageous beliefs any differently
than a street corner would. I
believe a newspaper's goal is not
to distinguish itself-from a public
forum, but rather to make itself
into one. Editors and managers
must do this to provide a venue
for every idea possible, allowing
readers to examine and refute
those thoughts they find repug-

tionately affect Blacks. And to
deny space to a "ludicrous" ad
would be, if you will, ludicrous.
Admittedly, none of those
examples affect as many people
as intensely as the Holocaust
revisionism ad does. But to treat
an African American or lesbian
any differently than a Jew is
simply wrong.
The benefits of running this
advertisement became apparent
on Oct. 25, when about 250
students held a rally to tell the real
story of the Holocaust. While
most of those in attendance
disagreed with the Daily for
printing the advertisement, most
also focused their energies on

I believe a newspaper's goal is not to
distinguish itself from a public forum,
but rather to make itself into one.

. 0

Using freedom of speech, after
all, is more important than simply
cherishing it. Only in this way can
we really search for and find the
truth, which, whether we like it or
not, becomes increasingly cloudy
as any event slips into an increas-
ingly distant past. Saying that the
Holocaust never happened is a lot
of things: It is offensive; it is
inaccurate; it is, in this sense,
anti-Semitic; and it is ludicrous.
But denying space based on
any of these criteria makes
newspapers more powerful, and
potentially more dangerousthan
any of us would like. Every
advertisement published, espe-
cially at a diverse campus like
Michigan's, is upsetting to
someone. I have taken calls from
gay men who are extremely
offended by ROTC ads because
the Department of Defense does
not allow homosexuals to serve in
the armed forces. And who
decides what is "inaccurate?"
Should newspapers accept an ad
that says "Abortion is murder"
from a nro-life oroun? What about

refuting the ad's outrageous
claims.The Daily has received and
printed about 100 letters - no
issue has generated a greater
response since I've been here -
telling passionate stories about the
horrors inflicted on Jews during
World War II. The Daily has
spent far more money providing
space for opposing views than it
received for publishing the ad.
And we have expended far more
time and energy educating people
about the Holocaust than ques-
tioning it.
Granted, advertisements are
not letters to the editor; not
everyone can afford full-page ads
for 5,000-word arguments. But
accepting advertisements is the
only way we can afford to publish
a paper, and this allows us to
provide a forum for countless
other debates.
One day, there will be no more
Holocaust survivors, arms scarred
by tattooed prisoner numbers, to
tell us their stories. Then, the
Holocaust will be in many
respects another historical event,
as subiect to the archival evidence


Nuts and Bolts
I' ~wnPAPoY I

Ii-~ I

by Judd Winick
.r.. r P ffI A z== ..


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