High: 45, Low: 30.
A little warmer;
High: 49, Low: 32.
One hundred and one years of editorial freedom
Vol. CII, No. 32 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, November 12, 1991
by Karen Sabgir
Daily Staff Reporter
U.S. Sen. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa)
will stop briefly in Ann Arbor
tonight to rally support for his lib-
eral and populist campaign for the
Democratic presidential nomination.
Harkin will speak at 8:30 p.m. in
MLB Auditorium 3. He will be in-
troduced by State Representative
Perry Bullard (D-Ann Arbor) and
State Senator Lana Pollack (D-Ann
Harkin describes himself as a
candidate of the people. He is known
for his pro-labor stance and strong
support for family farm legislation.
In his 16 years as a congressional
representative, Harkin spearheaded at-
tempts to stop human rights abuses,
developed legislation to increase the
amount of funding going to drug
prevention in rural areas, and pushed
for infrastructure improvements.
LSA junior Eric Stempien, a
member of College Democrats, said
Harkin will garner support in Ann
Arbor because of his liberal stance
on such issues as rights for the dis-
abled and the establishment of a na-
tional health insurance plan.
"He addresses issues that are more
sort of on the compassionate side,
and Ann Arbor residents are compas-
See HARKIN, Page 2
by Henry Goldblatt
Daily Administration Reporter
A group of student leaders and
administrators announced changes in
the University's Union weekend en-
trance policy yesterday that will al-
low students to bring two guests
into the building and increase stu-
dent participation in monitoring the
The changes - which will be put
in place at the beginning of winter
term - modify the existing Union
entrance policy implemented in
Students will still need to show
identification when entering the
building between 9 p.m. and 1:30.
a.m. Thursday, Friday and Saturday.
The modifications include:
Permitting students with
identification to bring two guests
into the building instead of one;
Providing paid student moni-
tors to sit at each of the Union's en-
trances with security officers;
Changing the security offi-
cers' uniform from the full uniform
to perhaps a coat andl pants, andl;
Limiting the number of secu-
rity officers at an entrance to one or
The changes followed negotia-
tions between a group of student
leaders - including MSA President
James Green, Black Greek Associa-
tion President James Green, Univer-
sity Activities Center representa-
tives and administrators.
University administrators de-
clined to give or were unavailable
"The goal of negotiations from
my perspective was to make this
policy as much like policies of
buildings around campus where you
need identification, like the I.M.
building and the CCRB," said MSA
President Green. He added that the
effectiveness of these changes will
be reviewed sometime next
Green said changing the number
of guests a student could bring into
the Union was a priority. "We defi-
nitely felt the current situation
where it was impossible to bring
both parents into the Union on the
weekend was silly," he said.
BGA President James Green said
the changes in the officers' uniforms
and the number of officers at the
building's entrance will make stu-
dents feel more comfortable when
entering the Union.
MSA President Green said that
most of the complaints he heard
about the policy were not about
safety concerns, but rather that the
officers were an intimidating pres-
ence at each entrance to the Union.
He said the changes were geared to
make the presence of the officers
MSA President Green said, "The
concerns that I've mainly heard are
that it does not feel as welcoming at
See UNION, Page 2
Shoot it in my mouth - I dare you
LSA first-year student Ian Lester lines up his shot at the Union's pool hall yesterday, as Travis Suntheimer,
also an LSA first-year student. looks on.
Chechenlngush Muslims defeat
Yeltsin, clbaecriti calvctory
GROZNY, U.S.S.R. (AP) -
Separatists in the southern.
Chechen-Ingush region fired auto-
matic weapons to celebrate the
Russian legislature's refusal yes-
terday to approve Boris Yeltsin's
state of emergency in their Muslim
Gen. Dzhokar Dudayev, for-
merly a bomber pilot in the Soviet
air force and now president of the
Chechen-Ingush region, had threat-
ened terrorist attacks on Moscow's
nuclear power stations and sub-
ways if the decree was not repealed.1
The 177-4 vote yesterday
against Yeltsin by the usually pli-
ant Russian lawmakers was the
first major show of no confidence
in Yeltsin since his election in June
as Russian Federation president..
The legislature's rebuff was
likely to damage Yeltsin's author-
ity, which was greatly enhanced by
his successful opposition to hard-
liners who tried to oust Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev in
August. The vote was not binding,
but may force Yeltsin to withdraw
See SOVIET, Page 2
American, Arab journalists
spar over Middle East peace
by Joshua Meckler.
Daily Staff Reporter
"The peace conference was the creation
of one man - James Baker," said
American journalist Richard Straus last
night in Rackham Auditorium.
Straus discussed - and sometimes de-
bated - the events leading up to the re-
cent Middle East peace conference, and the
prospects for peace in the region, with
Hisham Melhem, an Arab journalist.
The two speakers appeared as part of
the University Activities Centers'
Viewpoint Lecture series and spoke to
about 400 people in Rackham
"Baker seized upon the possibilities in-
herent in the end of two wars, one cold and
one hot, both of which the Arabs lost,"
said Straus, editor of the Middle East
Policy Survey and a former lobbyist for
the American Israeli Public Affairs
He said changing Soviet foreign policy
toward the Middle East, coupled with the
emergence of the U.S. as the world's only
superpower, helped create a climate that
was favorable to a peace process.
In addition, Straus said President
Bush's refusal to make loan guarantees to
Israel effectively pressured that country
"I think it's clear that in the future,
there would be no more free lunches un-
less Israel would make concessions -
specifically the halting of settlements," he
Straus said he thought that although
the conference was a major turning point,
real progress could take a long time. "The
administration thinks it's going to tke a
long time. Years and years. All I can say
is stay tuned," he said.
Melhem, a writer for the Lebanese
daily As-Safir, spoke next and responded
to Straus before presenting his views.
"Our problem with the peace process is
if you are asking us to jump on the band-
wagon, at least tell us what the name is of
the last station," he said.
Melhem also criticized the presence of
the United States as a mediator of the
talks. "The U.S. could not be a mediator
because of its unqualified, uncritical sup-
port for Israel," Melhem said,
Melhem said that although he believed
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir
would probably not alter his position,
public opinions within Israel and America
would push the process forward.
"There is room for everyone in the
Middle East. For me and many Arabs to-
day, the question is not whether we should
coexist - it's the nature of that coexis-
tence," Melhem said.
Following the presentations, students
asked questions on a wide variety of is-
sues, which at times were followed with
applause and angry retorts from the audi-
LSA junior Tammam Abushakra said,
he thought the speakers were informative.
"Both were willing to concede that the
other side had valid points."
An Israeli student who wished to re-
main anonymous disagreed. "I thought it
was extremely one-sided. I could barely
hear a tinkle of the Jewish side."
New York Times correspondent and Middle East Policy Survey editor Richard Straus
debate prospects for peace in the Middle East at Rackham Auditorium last night.
by Jacquelyn Glick
Magic Johnson's announcement
last week that he tested positive
for the HIV virus is having visible
effects at the University and sur-
rounding areas, according to
University AIDS activists and
In the past week, the number of
requests for AIDS tests has sky-
rocketted at both University
Health Services and area clinics.
Store clerks said sales of condoms
at the Village Apothecary on
South University also dramati-
cally increased over the wee
And if these increases
strate short term effects, A
tivists expect that the anu
ment will also fuel longter
tive effects in the form of in
overall awareness and hei
"Given the very real pro
young people contracting H
given that at least many you
ple look up to Magic John
have been very clearly affe
his contraction of HIV,
have a very positive effect,
magic on A
kend. UP member Patrice Maurer said.
demon- Those interviewed also agreed
IDS ac- that Johnson should be commended
nounce- for his openness in coming forward
m posi- to disclose his condition, and they
icreased also praised his decision to become
ghtened a spokesperson for the AIDS cause.
"I was very struck by the in-
blem of tegrity shown by Magic. He's not
[IV, and the only famous person, just the
ing peo- only one to have the courage to
son and come out and announce it," Maurer
cted by said.
it will University medical professor
" ACT- Stanley Schwartz agreed. "I com-
mend him on his openness. As a
public figure he will have a very
positive effect," Schwartz said.
Because he is a stercotypically
masculine figure, heterosexual, and
an African American, they said, he
will also open the eyes of people
who have previously believed they
were not at risk.
Doug Martinez, an ACT-UP
member, said the most important
change brought about by Johnson's
announcement is that it "helps lift
the stigma that only gay men are in
See MAGIC, Page 2
GENEVA (AP) - Hetetosex- people are infected each day around "It
ual sex has caused the infection of the world, and officials fear an in- behav
75 percent of people with the crease in pregnant women infecting peopl
". . ..... ..-...... .t... .-otn
AIDS on the rise
is not easy to change sexual
ior, but hopefully with more
e like Magic Johnson coming
nd t'lnina nhoiit their ilnpe
voring early testing on animals.
About a dozen potential vac-
cines to slow or halt the onset of
AIDS are heinL tesrd in the