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Page 4 -The Michigan Daily- Thursday, November 7, 1991
5b £rMd14jau aiIy

420 Maynard Street
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109
Edited and Managed
by Students at the
University of Michigan

Editor in Chief
Opinion Editor


-ro VDFr:A7- &I SH A,4,

7 '19 1 - k '1 r At / Al -

Unsigned editorials represent a majority of the Daily's Editorial Board.
All other cartoons, signed articles, and letters do not necessarily represent the opinion of the Daily.
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Maureen Anderson


New Student Services VP must
0n Friday, the University announced that
Maureen Anderson, Vice Provost for Student
Affairs at Washington State University, is its choice
for the new vice president for Student Services
position. Anderson would replace Mary Ann Swain,
who holds the position on an interim basis. Ander-
son was unanimously approved by the University
selection committee and a group of 13 student
During her many years in positions of lead-
ership, Vice Provost Anderson has complied a
strong list of credentials and a commitment to the
service ofstudents. She directed counseling services
and student services at the University of Maine,
University of Arkansas, Case Western University,
and Washington State University.
Anderson has stated that a key component of
her tenure will be making the office of Student
Services more accessible to students. These are
lofty goals in a University where many adminis-
trators have little sympathy or understanding for
student concerns. Anderson admits that most ad-
ministrators, including President James Duderstadt,
consider the University a business, of which the
students are only a fraction. According to Ander-
son, "Part of what everyone needs to understand is
services provided to students are not a luxury, they
are a necessity." Rather than accepting the com-

listen to student concerns
monplace and traditional, new approaches to
meeting the concerns must be tried.
A variety of issues facing the administration are
in need of student input. The new policy barring
non-students from the Michigan Union, the Angell
hall incident where a University police officer
drew his gun in public, the South Quad macing
incident, annual tuition increases are all issues that
could be better addressed with student input.
It was Mary Ann Swain's failure to solicit
student views on these issues that constituted her
biggest weakness. When the University moved to
deputize their campus police force, One of Swain's
only attempts to address student views consisted of
a pointless series of student forums, all held after
the decision to deputize had been made. This is a
tragedy, considering that it is students who are
most affected by University policy.
When Maureen Anderson comes to Ann Arbor,
she must consider student input on these issues.
She must listen to student voices at every stage of
the decision making process of University policies.
If students are consulted early on, perhaps the gulf
that has developed between students and admin-
istrators will narrow. The Office of Vice President
for Student Services must be a mouthpiece for
reform, not simply a rubber stamping agency for
the policies of the rest of the administration.

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ANC strike
Black workers reveal economic
T ensions are growing in South Africa. This
past week millions of Black South Africans
went on strike in the biggest work stoppage in the
country's history. The strike, organized by the
African National Congress (ANC), represents a
massive vote ofno confidence in the white govern-
ment by the black community. To date, 19 people
have been killed as a result of the strike violence.
Black South Africans are striking in protest
against a new 10 percent food tax on foods which
were previously tax-exempt. It is the poor Black
majority that will bear the burden of this new tax,
which was imposed by the white government
without consulting the leading Black political or-
The four million Black workers who are staying
away from work are sending a strong statement to
the South African government. They are proving
that the economic restructuring of South Africa
can not be done without the consent of the Black
majority. Despite the white laborers who have
been brought in to fill the jobs vacated by the strike,
the streets of many cities throughout South Africa

remain deserted.
The strike has proven most effective in the ANC
strongholds of Johannesburg, Pretoria and Port
Elizabeth and has severely effected power stations
and public transportation systems. Under the orga-
nization of the ANC, Black South Africans can
pressure the white government into realizing that
they can no longer maintain their disproportionate
amount of power. It is estimated that it will cost the
South African government $800 million.
The Black majority is going to use its economic
power to secure a strong voice in creating a future
for South Africa. Although the President of South
Africa F.W. de Klerk would have the world believe
that his country is shedding itself of the last re-
mains of Apartheid, this is clearly not the case.
Desegregated beaches and hotels are a token ges-
ture toward a true state of equality.
It is time for South Africa to join the wave of
reform sweeping through the nations of the world.
It has come time to make the changes that are really
going to make the greatest difference in South

PC perceptions
To the Daily:
Julian Go has written a
thoughtful article on how the right
wing in the U.S. establishment
has attempted to stifle debate on
issues of diversity and equality. I
can agree with his article, as far as
it goes. But there is another aspect
to the issue of "political correct-
ness," the debate within the
progressive movement about
strategy and tactics.
For instance, progressives are
in general agreement that racial
stereotyping exacerbates racial
discrimination. The question is
what to do about it. A few would
advocate punitive action against
those who publicly express racial
stereotypes. This is not a threat to
our civil liberties and particularly
our First Amendment freedoms.
What, then, can we do t solve the
Most progressives agree the
answer is education, a slow but
safe, fair and sure process. Even
here, however, there is room for
debate about tactics. How do we
carry out education, especially
among people who don't care to
be educated?
My argument against those
who say they are "PC and proud"
is that their tactics are perceived
by most Americans as nagging
and moralizing, therefore off-
putting and counterproductive.
Some of them have even fallen
into the habit of avoiding substan-
tive arguments by labeling their
opponents with derogatory names
of their own. Julian Go has good
advice. Let's all strive to keep
debate free, open and focused on
the issues.
Jackie Coolidge
Rackam graduate student
Do something!
To the Daily:
I am responding to Mr. Kugh's

unscientific letter to the Daily (11/
5/91) in which he proclaims to
bring "evidence" that Nazi
atrocities were not committed.
There are six "facts" in his
letter that I must contend with: 1)
"many of us realize the power of
the Jewish element across our
country"-this is diehard tradi-
tional anti-Semitic propaganda, in
keeping with such works as The
Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
Within the first paragraph already
we see where Mr. Kugh finds his
2) He claims ovens were built
by German POWs for Allied
"propaganda purposes." Dachau
was a concentration camp built in
1933, and before the Allies shut it
down in 1945, it claimed at least
40,000 lives. Dr. Heinrich Gruber,
the Protestant Dean of Berlin, a
prisoner there, stated that "From
Dachau, inmates were regularly
dispatched to be gassed." There
was no need for Allied forces to
create propaganda. If Dachau was
so harmless perhaps Mr. Kugh
could explain why the SS had an
(unfulfilled) plan to bomb it from
the air?
3) Mr. Kugh claims the
German pow's were sent into
Russia to be killed. On the
surface, this seems ridiculous;
Allied forces working in concert
with the Russians for diabolical
purposes. However, there is a
deeper evil in Mr. K ugh's
statement: that it was the German
Nazis, not the Jews, who were
rounded up, made into slaves, and
systematically destroyed..
4) "the letter was lost"-so
Mr. Kugh can bring in no
concrete evidence at all. Perhaps
he should read Primo Levi, an
Italian survivor of the Holocaust,
whose recollections are so vivid,
so detailed and particular, that one
cannot dare to debase them as
fictitious, or the work of a failed
However, there is one point
that I am in agreement with Mr.
Kugh: the Daily needs to "Carry

on with your search for truth".
Yes, the Daily has, so far, printed
the many letters sent to it con-
cerning the now infamous ad, but
when will it actually do some-
thing. How about a featured
article on the Holocaust, scientifi-
cally and methodically re-
searched, instead of waiting until
this blows over?
Ari Shofet
LSA senior
Daily has a choice
To the Daily:
As an alumna of the Univer-
sity of Michigan, I am outraged
that the Michigan Daily would
choose to publish an
adveristement proclaiming a
blatant historical lie.
The Holocaust is not a matter
of opinion. It is an indisputable
historical fact. Would the Daily
have printed a full page ad
claiming that slavery is a figment
of the Black man' s imagination?
I doubt it revisionist
propoganda is not what our
forefathers were trying to protect
with the First Amendment. Only a
fundamental respect for the truth
istinguishes journalism from
propoganda. The Michigan Daily
has a choice.


Linda Goudsmith
Universty alum

The Daily encourages reader
responses. Letters should be
150 words or less and include
the author's name, year in
school and phone number.
They should be sent to: 420
Maynard,;Ann Arbor, 48109.
Or they can be sent via MTS
to. The Michigan Daily
Letters to the Editor.
The Daily does not alter the
content of letters, but reserves
the right to edit for style and
space considerations.

Jimmy Carter
Former President's activities should set example for others

at, other than party membership, separates
Jimmy Carter from the four other living
presidents of the United States? In his post-presi-
dency, Carter has demonstrated a continued dedi-
cation to domestic issues, in sharp contrast to
Presidents Reagan and Bush. he is presently at-
tempting to use Atlanta, Ga., as a test site where
programs to aid the poor can be implemented.
Those programs which show merit could then be
applied to the more troubled cities in the nation like
New York, Detroit and Washington.
To carry out this task, Carter is drawing upon
the city's enthusiasm preceding the 1996 Olympic
Games to be held in Atlanta, and funding from the
Carter Presidential Center, a private organization
he founded in 1986 to aid international concerns.
But the best thing is that Carter is not initiating
this program for political or material benefit. Be-
ing a former President nearing 70 years old, it is
highly unlikely he has plans to run for another
political office. Besides, his life seems quite full as
the Chairman of the Carter Center, which gives"
lectures and holds programs on international issues
such as democracy in Central America, hunger and
disease-control initiatives inThird World countries,
and human rights.
Carter's domestic concerns are consistent with
the efforts he made during his presidency. He made
Nuts and Bolts

calls for a national health insurance plan. He pro-
posed welfare reform, as well as controls on hospi-
tal costs. Carter's. most impressive achievement
for domestic policy, clearly, was the enactment of
an energy plan which focused on weaning the
United States from a veracious oil appetite,
stimulated primarily from the OPEC shakeup of
1973. The plan involved great amounts of research
into alternative fuels such as solar, nuclear, wind,
and geothermal power.
Unfortunately, President Reagan, before
Carter's energy program could be effectively
implemented, slashed the plan into oblivion soon
after wiping his feet on the White House doormat
and walking into the Oval Office.
In contrast, President Reagan seems to be living
a very leisurely and isolated retirement. After a
presidency which cut the energy programs,
Medicare and Medicaid, and diverted most federal
monies into a gross embellishment of military
hardware, Reagan has given a $2 million speech,
written a book and opened a $53 million library.
President Bush is now starting to look back to
his own nation, just in time for the '92 election.
Bush should take a lesson from Jimmy Carter, a
president and post-president of domestic issues,
and get this country together for the principle, not
the politics.

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Amid the controversy over the
Holocaust revisionist ad printed in
the Daily, I am troubled not only
about the ad but also over the com-
munity reactions.
While I
am glad that
most have. Br d
outrage Bernatek
o v e r
pack of lies,
it worries
me that
some sug-
gest Brad- a'
ley R.
opinion is
not suitable for the public forum, in,
other words-its not an idea but a
lie- and therefore should not af-
forded the constitutional protection
of free speech.
Such an attitude is dangerous
and may be as dangerous as Bradley
Smith himself. The Smith ad speaks
to the worst in man, hatred and

wish to silence Smith have done so
out of a sense of moral outrage.
They have only the best of inten-
tions at heart. For that very reason
the danger they pose is subtle. It is
clouded by a sea of good intentions.
There are people, like Smith,
with opinions so grounded in hatred
that we are tempted to pronounce
such ideas too offensive for the
"marketplace of ideas" as Justice
Oliver Wendell Holmes termed it.
But this is dangerous.
To suppress the opinions of
Smith is not in our best interest as a
community. On the contrary, it is
counterproductive and a dangerous
first step down the road to the very
fascism that allowed Adolf Hitler to
commit one of the worst atrocities
of world history.
You may think this an over-
statement. I don't argue that people
will be hanging Swastikas up any-
time soon but it is a precedent that
betrays the free expression of ideas.
That is, in itself, a move away from
freedom and a step toward fascism.
The way to deal with such

the competition of the market."
The deception of such opinions
and the evils they represent will
become clear under the scrutiny of
the public eye. There is no need to
subvert our principles and abandon
the moral high ground. Allowing
the opinion to enter thepublic forum
does not mean endorsement, it only
means treating it like any other
opinion and allowing it to be en-
dorsed or rejected on rational
grounds in full public view.
Should we become so afraid of a
malefactor like Bradley R. Smith
that we are willing to undermine,
even to the smallest degree, our
principles in order to feel secure
against such offensive lies? I think
not. The only security will result
from a completely free exchange of
The Holocaust was an aberra-
tion and should never be forgotten.
But let us notalso forget the political
conditions that make such abuses of
power possible namely suppressing
thoughts or people deemed too of-


EEUUHI4'ARE you t TL~uy

D ..iii.4 0 1. 3

by Judd Winick

i i

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