Page 2-The Michigan Daily- Friday, November 30, 1990
Calvin and Hobbes
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Military analysts: Gulf war
in winter would favor U.S.
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Nuts and Bolts
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by Judd Winick
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Fa. ABOUT SALAD
WASHINGTON (AP) - A win-
ter war with Iraq would benefit
American-led forces because their
modern weapons systems work bet-
ter in cooler weather and Iraqi forces
are more acclimated to the triple-
digit temperatures that will return in
April, U.S. military and private ana-
Still, the winter carries some pit-
falls - dramatic temperature
swings, high seas and sudden sand-
storms - and some advantages for
Saddam Hussein's troops. Those in-
clude the prospect that, if unleashed,
his chemical weapons could prove
more deadly because gases linger
longer in cooler air.
Military commanders and ana-
lysts agree that, from a combat per-
formance standpoint, fall and winter
are the optimal season for war in the
"From a purely military point of
view it has its advantages," said
Piers Wood, a Vietnam combat
veteran who now is a lietuenant
colonel in the Army Reserve.
Wood heads the liberal think tank
Center for Defense Infromation,
which believes Bush should give
economic sanctions at least a year
before opting for a military strike.
But he acknowledged that "any
temperature or weather extreme is
going to degrade the performance of
your equipment, and our forces are
heavily dependant on electronics and
An Army officer recently iurned
from Saudi Arabia agreed tnc cooler
months gave the Americans a per-
sonpower and equipment advantage
but offered a caveat: "It's like a foot-
bal game. When it rains, it rains on
both sides of the field."
As the United States mounted its
buildup beginning in August, it was
soon apparent that some of its most
important and sensitive equipment
would not perform up to standard in
the Saudi summer, when tempera-.
tures can reach 130 degrees and
Rippling haze off the desert floor
limited the effectiveness of optical
devices and blurred pilots' vision; ra-
dio wires simplly melted; troops
quickly tired under the sun and faced
the prospect of dunning stifling
chemical weapon protective clithing
in the event of combat; engines'
overheated, cutting the time between
routine maintenance at a time when
spare parts were in short supply.
Now, the temperatures in the re-
gion might climb into the 80s but
more likely will average highs in the
mid-70s through the end of
February, creeping back into the 80s
and 90s in March and then over the
100 degree mark in April.
Tau Beta Pi, the National Engineering Honor Society, was founded to mark in a
fitting manner those who have conferred honor upon their Alma Mater by
distinguished scholarship and exemplary character as students in
engineering, or by their attainments as alumni in the field of engineering,
and to foster a spirit of liberal culture in engineering colleges.
Bush hesitant to reconvene House
WASHINGTON (AP) - A
former Navy secretary from the
Reagan administration joined the pa-
rade of former military officials at-
tacking President Bush's Persian
Gulf build up yesterday. Bush fo-
cused on the U.N. resolution autho-
rizing force against Iraq, calling it a
move "closer to peace."
Bush and House Speaker Thomas
Foley (D-Wash.) both expressed op-
position to the idea of calling
Congress back for a special session
to address the gulf crisis.
The president met with House
leaders while keeping an eye on the
United Nations, saying he hoped
Security Council approval of the
resolution would "send perhaps the
strongest signal of all to Saddam
Asked if the U.N. resolution, au-
thorizing attack on Iraqi troops if
they don't leave Kuwait by mid-
January, made a shooting war more
likely, Bush said, "I hope we're
closer to peace and that this will
drive home the point to him that
he's got to get out of Kuwait."
Earlier, in an interview with the
Spanish language network
Univision, Bush said he preferred not
bringing Congress back for a special
session but wanted to sound out
congressional leaders more fully.
Foley and Minority Leader
Robert Michel (R-Ill.) had lunch
with Bush. Afterward, Foley said, "I
hope the president doesn't call back
the 101st Congress ... Reports of
that may be premature."
In the face of increasing calls for
such a session from lawmakers who
had adjourned for the year before the
latest deployment increase. White
House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater
said merely, "Let's wait and see."
"The president's mistake in sens-
ing so many troops should not be
compounded by a further error in us-
ing them in a premature, unprovoked
ground offensive," said former Navy
Secretary James Webb.
Meanwhile, Vice President Dan
Quayle took a swipe at critics who
have said Bush has moved too
quickly in the gulf and have advised
against an outright attack.
"Does patience today risk greater
American casualties tomorrow?"
Quayle asked in a speech at Seton
Hall University in New Jersey.
"With every day that passes," the
plight of the people of Kuwait
"grows more and more desperate," he
said. "Is this moral course of ac-
We, the officers and faculty advisors of the Michigan Gamma Chapter of Tau
Beta Pi, wish to congratulate the following people who have achieved- our high
standards and have successfully completed the initiation rituals, thereby
becoming active members of Tau Beta Pi:
Naser El-Saheb Tamini
B. J. Pohl
Continued from page 1
many, many years," Swain said.
Some students wanted to know
why more funding wasn't being pro-
vided for the Sexual Assault and
Awareness Prevention Center. Swain
said she was currently working for
such expansions, particularly with
respect to summer orientations.
Swain also discussed the selec-
tion process for the deputized offi-
cers. Candidates must be graduates of
the state police academy and undergo
sensitivity education at the
University, she said.
Many expressed disappointment
over the purpose of the forums and
their lack of effectiveness in chang-
"She's going around, listening to
student's views, and ignoring,
them," said Buchan.
"The forums can't lead anywhere
until students have a democratic
voice," he added.
"There are more than just stu-
dents in the University community,"
Swain said in response to similar
Another topic discussed was the
University's interim drug and alco-
hol policy. Swain admitted that
some of the policy's sanctions could
be seen as vague but did not agree
any of the sanctions should be re-
A third forum with Swain is be-
ing held Monday night in the
Michigan League at 6:30.
1 9 1
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Continued from page 1
the Vice-President for Student Ser-
vices, the forums sought to convey
the main issues of unity within the
"People need to understand how
we're dependent and need to work
together to ... be united, but not uni-
form to gain success as a people,"
stressed Omega Psi Phi, Inc. alum
and Vice President Provost of Mi-
nority Affairs, Charles Moody.
All of the Black fraternities and
sororities were brought together to
discuss the current problems. "These
forums incorporating all (the differ-
ent letter groups) are important in
letting us work together as one ... es-
pecially in a predominantly white
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214 E. Washington, Ann Arbor
campus such as Michigan," said Al-
pha Kappa Alpha, Inc. member
Last night more than a hundred
people viewed selected recorded
portions of the teleconference at
Trotter House and shared their
reactions in a local forum.
Much of the discussion centered
on the decision earlier this year by
the National Black Greek Associa-
tion to abolish the traditional pledg-
ing process in favor of a new "intake
process." This decision evolved in
response to the hazing controversies
plaguing college campuses.
Where before, a student might
have spent six weeks to a year pledg-
ing a Black fraternity or sorority,
they now can accept new members
in just a few days.
Although the national organiza-
tions have reached a consensus on
need to accept change, dissenters
don't to believe the organizations'
future relies on the abolishment of
Rozelle Hegeman, a member of
Alpha Kappa Alpha, Inc. feels that
"a weekend just isn't enough time"
to decide on someone. "I understand
that hazing needs to stop ... but par
ticipation in community service
projects would show that a girl will
work for the sorority."
Otherwise, she feels, there will be
"people in organization who won't
work for the community, but just
want to wear the Greek letters."
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