Vol. CI, No, 31 Ann Arbor, Michigan o Wednesday, October 17, 1990 The Michigan Daily
'If I were
to the next
MOSCOW (AP) - Mikhail Gor-
bachev yesterday scaled back plans to
transform the Soviet economy, eliminat-
ing a 500-day deadline for switching to a
free market system.
His action drew an angry response
from rival Boris Yeltsin.
The president's 66-page blueprint,
bearing his signature and delivered to
committees of the Soviet legislature, is
at least the fourth in a series of plans for
reviving the Soviet economy.
The latest version would give the So-
viet republics new powers to run the na-
conomy change delayed
tion's economy, free many prices to re-
spond to market forces and allow private
ownership of businesses.
Yeltsin, president of the Russian re-
public and Gorbachev's one-time partner
in economic reform, criticized the pro-
gram as an attempt "to preserve the ad-
He said that Russia, the largest repub-
lic in the Soviet Union, might ignore the
plan and set up its own currency, cus-
toms service and army. Russian officials
have vowed to start a 500-day transition
from a planned to a free market economy
The newest Gorbachev plan is the re-
sult of a three-week effort with top
economists to work out how to alter a
highly centralized system that fails to
provide adequate food, shelter or services
for the country's 285 million people.
Differences among the competing
plans have touched on the underpinnings
of Soviet communism: socialist prop-
erty, collective labor and state ownership
of all land. The conflict is so deep that
the Supreme Soviet has failed to agree
despite dozens of hours of debate.
The most radical recipe, named after
economist Stanislav Shatalin, calls for
moving to a market economy within 500
days. It suggests selling factories to pri-
vate owners, breaking up collective farms
and returning land to peasants. It would
gradually lift state controls on prices.
Gorbachev previously backed a com-
promise between the Shatalin plan and
one drafted under Prime Minister Nikolai
Ryzhkov. That compromise contained
many elements of the 500-day scheme
but would not move as fast and called for
leasing land to individuals.
over Big Ten
by Mike Gill
Daily Football Writer
Now the shoe's on the other foot. It's Michigan
State coach George Perles who is mad as hell and not
going to take it anymore.
And who's he mad at? Well, it appears he's mad at
the dirty laundry Gary Moeller has been hanging outside
Perles is upset the controversy surrounding his
team's 28-27 victory over the Wolverines has not died
down. Michigan lost the game when Desmond Howard
was interfered with on a two point conversion attempt,
but no call was made. The Big Ten admitted the offi-
cials blew the call.
Michigan coach Gary Moeller told the media at his
weekly Monday press luncheon that he received a call
from Big Ten Supervisor of Officials Dave Parry Sun-
day acknowledging the mistake. Later, the Big Ten con-
firmed the call, and that the officials erred.
"I'm sure we have a policy that we don't do that and
I'm sure the commissioner will get into it and make
sure we don't do our wash in the street," Perles said. "I
never criticizeanyone publicly, whether it be players,
coaches, administration officials.There's noroom for it
in our conference, I think. I think everyone loses like
Confusion still remained as Perles spoke on yester-
day's Big Ten teleconference. Who is Perles mad at?
Moeller, for ranting and raving about the officiating and
telling of the phone call? The Supervisor for admitting
a mistake? The Big Ten?
Perles elaborated on why he was angry over the Big
Ten admitting a mistake on such a visible play.
"Don't admit it. That's the policy of the league,"
Perles explained. "I hope you keep talking about it. If I
were in your shoes, I'd move on to the next thing. But
you're talking about it just to talk about it. Fine. Talk
shows, everyone's having a good time with it.
"I'm kind of enjoying it, but I don't think it's class
See PERLES, Page 9
U.N. inquiry of
Will meet with fact-finding team
JERUSALEM (AP) - A defiant
Israel yesterday rejected appeals by
British Foreign Secretary Douglas
Hurd to find a way to cooperate with
a U.N.kinquiry into the Temple
However, Jerusalem Mayor Teddy
Kollek said he was willing to meet
with a U.N. fact-finding team if it
comes to Israel to look into the fatal
police shootings of at least 19 Pales-
tinians on Oct. 8.
"I think that I am secure (enough)
in our intentions and with the situa-
tion in Jerusalem, that whoever
comes here I can receive them and
answer them," Kollek told Israel ra-
dio. "Not to do this doesn't portray
strength. It portrays weakness."
Avi Pazner, spokesperson for
Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir, said
Shamir was cool to Kollek's idea.
"A mission that comes to Israel
should see the government and not
mayors," he said.
Hurd met separately yesterday
with Shamir and Foreign Minister
David Levy, urging them to find a
way to compromise on the U.N. in-
quiry. Pazner said Shamir refused.
He quoted the prime minister as say-
ing: "This resolution deals with the
question of Jerusalem, which is our
capital, and we don't see any reason
for the United Nations to investigate
Government officials said Hurd,
in his meeting with Levy, suggested
that Israel separate the U.N. Security
Council condemnation of the Tem-
ple Mount shootings from the call
for an investigation.
Hurd, who plans to meet with
Palestinian leaders today, refused to
tell reporters about his meetings
with Shamir and Levy. Levy told re-
porters that: "The basis of this
(U.N.) delegation was a serious in-
dictment against Israel before the
facts were checked."
Israel has been under increasing
pressure to accept the U.N. inquiry
into the shootings at the Temple
Mount, known to Arabs as Haram
al-Sharif. More than 140 Palestini-
ans were wounded in addition to the
President Bush made it clear
Monday that he wants Israel to co-
operate with the United Nations.
"We want to see that U.N. resolu-
tion fully implemented," Bush said.
The Israeli Cabinet decision Sun-
day to reject the U.N. resolution
came despite an appeal by U.S. Sec-
retary of State James Baker. Baker
said that rejecting the inquiry would
detract from international efforts to
solve the Persian Gulf crisis.
U.N. Secretary-General Javier
Perez de Cuellar says he has not yet
decided if he will send a fact-finding
team to Israel.
Die-in ANTHONY M. CROuDa#y
Senior engineering student Nate Melen lies on the Diag to demonstrate support for
clean air legislation. "We want a bill behind the table to be voted on; we're for clean
air," Melen said.
Study program aims to 'fight racism' with high GPAs
by Shalini Patel
Daily Staff Reporter
The low retention rate of Black
students in colleges across the coun-
try has prompted one University
graduate student to take action.
"You can waste all your time to
complain about a racist situation and
expect racist people to change their
minds, or you can become strong
enough and self-reliant to beat it,"
said Public Policies graduate student
Thomas Poole Jr., the president and
founder of "African-Americans for
Academic Achievement" (4.A).
The program, open to University
students of all ethnicities, aims at
helping its students maintain at least
a 3.0 GPA.
The program requires students to
study 40 hours a week in class and
the library. Students must sign
sheets in the library indicating how
long they work, and at each of the
three designated libraries - the
Graduate Library, the Kresge Library
and the North Campus Dow Library
- graduate students act as monitors
In addition, 4.A students meet
weekly with each of their professors
to receive written evaluations on
their academic progress. The evalua-
tions are mailed to the students' par-
ents, spouse, or "significant other."
"I think that's a good way to re-
quire you to make a relationship
with your professor," said Melvin
Ashford, a first-year LSA student,
one of the 154 4.A participants this
The organization has received
most of its funding from the Office
of Minority Affairs, though students
also pay a $5 registration fee. Poole
estimated the cost up until now has
"I think it's a good concept," said-
Dr. Charles Moody, vice provost for
Minority Affairs. "I think it will de-,
velop a sense of community among
First-year LSA student Nicole
Winters said, "Really, it's a self-help
program. They give you a structure."
Poole, before coming to the Uni-
versity, flunked out of the Univer-
sity of Florida in 1985. He eventu-
ally landed a job with a lobbying or-
ganization in Washington D.C. but
was let go when he could not pro-
duce a college degree.
'You can... complain...
or you can become
strong enough and
self-reliant to beat it.'
- Thomas Poole Jr.
President of 4.A
In 1987, Poole returned to a
community college in Maryland. Af-
ter graduation he attended the Uni-
versity of Virginia on full scholar-
ship and earned a B.A. in economics.
In his time at U-VA, Poole initi-
ated a program in which the 72 stu-
dents participating received an aver-
age GPA of 3.4.
"In order to change it (racism),
you've got to be in a position to
fight it," said Poole. "We're using
education as a means to fight
Black enrollment at the Univer-
sity reached six percent last fall; the
five-year graduation rate for Blacks is
54.8 percent, compared to 79.5 per-
cent for all students.
Sunday Social offers food,
friends, foreign languages
by Nicole James
Students walking past the Inter-
national Center on a Sunday evening
might notice that the doors are open,
even though the center is closed. The
Sunday Social is going on right
down the hall.
Inside, students are mingling, eat-
ing chocolate cake, chips, dip and
punch. Wearing name tags, the stu-
dents converse with each other in
German, Japanese, and other foreign
For Chris Jenny, an LSA gradu-
ate student from Bern, Switzerland,
the social is a break from classes and
a fun chance to meet new people.
"Sunday is my history day; I
usually study at Rackham. I like to
go (to the social) to get new ideas
into my head," Jenny said. .
The program began last year as a
Sunday Supper and was initially
free. About 40 people came to the
About half of the students are
"regulars" and half are new, Duong
said. More graduate than undergradu-
ate students attend because there are
only about 400 international under-
graduates and more than 2,000 grad-
A memorable Sunday Supper*
from last year for sophomore engi-
neering student Michele Leopando
was when she met a Soviet engineer.
"I asked him how he liked engi-
by David Rheingold
Daily Staff Reporter
Fifteenth District Court In-
cumbent Judge Pieter Thomassen
fared slightly better than his chal-
lenger Kurt Berggren in a recent poll
of Washtenaw County's only con-
tested judicial race.