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Vol. Cl, No. 30 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, October 16, 1990 The Michigan aiy
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
(AP) - A major apartheid law that
a' arred Blacks from public facilities
for decades was formally scrapped
yesterday, but right-wing whites
planned to exploit loopholes to
In a separate development, police
said factional fighting left eight
Blacks dead as rival groups battled
with pistols and knives at a migrant
workers hostel in Kempton Park,
4ast of Johannesburg.
The Sunday night battle was the
worst single incident since relative
calm was restored to the Black town-
ships around Johannesburg three
The demise of the Senate Ameni-
ties Act, a pillar of South Africa's
apartheid system, did not have no-
ticeable effects in major cities, where
libraries, parks, buses, swimming
*ools, toilets, and other facilities
have been integrated in recent years.
But in smaller towns controlled
by the right-wing Conservative
Party, confrontations were expected
between Blacks and whites opposed
See APARTHEID, Page 2
Jackie Dearing from Career Planning & Placement assists Art Prof. Johanne DuFort to register for Pre-law day.
Recruiters from firms across the country answered questions and passed out applications to students yes-
icketers oppose hiring
OSLO, Norway (AP) - Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev won
the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize yester-
day for easing international tensions,
but claimed it as an endorsement of
wrenching changes he has made at
The Norwegian Nobel Commit-
tee said the 59-year-old Soviet leader
displayed a "leading role in the peace
process which today characterizes
important parts of the international
"Words fail one at such
moments. I am moved," Gorbachev
said in a television interview.
"I perceive this action of the
most authoritative organization of
the global community first of all not
in personal terms, but as recognition
of the significance of the immense
cause of perestroika for the destiny
of the entire world."
Gorbachev has been criticized at
home because some of his social and
economic reforms, called perestroika,
have led to bloody ethnic rioting,
food shortages, and demands by most
Soviet republics for independence.
"We know that there are great
problems (in the Soviet Union), but
that is not what he got his prize
for," said Gidske Anderson, leader of
the five-person Nobel Committee.
"The big thing that is happening in
the world is the reconciliation of the
"If you will read the text you will
see we are talking mainly about
international policy," she said.
The committee's situation said
the "greater openness (Gorbachev)
has brought about in Soviet society
has also helped promote
The committee said Gorbachev
had made many contributions to the
"dramatic changes" in East-West re-
lations since he came to power in
"Confrontation has been replaced
by negotiations. Old European na-
tion-states have regained freedom.
The arms race is slowing down and
we see a definite and active process
in the direction of arms control and
Gorbachev told a Norwegian TV
interviewer his reforms were popular
outside the Soviet Union because
"the world was ripe for change.
"It had grown tired of the Cold
War, the arms race, the hardships re-
sulting from an overload of current
problems facing the world
community," he said.
In the past five years, the Soviet
Union has agreed to reduce nuclear
and conventional armed forces,
helped settle regional conflicts in
Africa, Asia, and Latin America, and
private garbage disposal firm
:by Heather Fee
:Daily Staff Reporter
Approximately 30 city workers
picketed in front of City Hall yes-
terday, protesting a city council
esolution passed Sept. 17, which
lows the city to investigate by-
passing the solid waste department
to hire private companies to collect
"What we're doing is informative
picketing," said AFSCME Local
369 Union President Ricky Banks,
"informing the public of the dangers
of... going to private contractors."
The Council resolved Sept.17 to
hire a consultant to develop a request
for proposal (RPF), said City Ad-
ministrator Del Borgsdorf.
This proposal would then be sent
to waste disposal contractors if the
city decides to do so. "No bids have
been sent out yet, we haven't written
the proposal to ask for bids,"
The workers said privatization
would spread to other departments.
"Potentially, they will contract out
all city services, these statements
have been made in council meet-
ings," said waste disposal employee
Jeri Burbank, vice president of Local
Union members passed out green
fliers telling citizens about the con-
sequences they fear will result from
privatization of garbage collection.
"Higher costs which result from
firms seeking to increase their pro-
fits; 'hidden costs' such as contract
preparation, administration, monitor-
ing and use of public equipment and
facilities" were among their
At the city council meeting
yesterday, the workers told council
members the service would suffer if
waste disposal was handled by a
"When we go out to collect we
do a lot of extras. For the handi-
capped, we go up to their house,"
said Gail Mullreed of the solid waste
Kurt Sells continued, "I have
built up a rapport with the people I
deal with, private companies will be
moving too quickly to do that."
Randy Williams, said he picks up
the giant piles of trash the students
leave at the end of the year.
"Private companies will charge
extra for what we do," he said.
If the city did hire a company to
collect waste the workers might be
hired by the private company,
Jennifer Turnbell an employee of the
building department, said.
Council member Terry Martin
(R-Second Ward) confirmed this.
"Most likely (the workers) would be
incorporated by the private com-
paniesdwho would need workers,"
Martin said she supports sending
out requests for proposals. "We have
to do it (waste disposal) as eco-
nomically and efficiently for the tax
payers. Putting out RFP's only may
determine if indeed it is a more
See PROTEST, Page 2
withdrawn its forces from
Many world leaders praised the
award, but several said they hoped it
would lead to even more freedom in
the Soviet Union.
Former President Reagan said
Gorbachev is "sincere in his efforts
to make the world safer" and "is ded-
icated to doing what must be done
for the good of his people."
Gorbachev is "a courageous force
for peaceful change in the world,"
said President Bush.
Deficit-reduction plan would
raise taxes for all but poorest
WASHINGTON (AP) - A
Democratic deficit-reduction plan un-
der attack from the Bush administra-
tion would raise taxes for all but the
poorest Americans, socking the rich-
est one percent with increases
averaging nearly $14,000 a year.
The proposal would cut taxes
slightly for those with incomes un-
der $20,000 a year, according to an
analysis performed yesterday by the
staff of the Joint Committee on
Taxation. Those above the $200,000
income level would face a 7.4
percent tax increase.
For people between those ex-
tremes, the legislation would result
in tax increases in the one percent
range. That would result from
putting higher consumer taxes on al-
cohol and tobacco, giving up next
year's income tax adjustment to off-
set inflation, and raising the amount
of wages subject to the Medicare tax.
Economists for the House Ways
and Means Committee, which wrote
the proposal, estimated its tax
changes and cost increases for Medi-
care beneficiaries' would cost the
average family $352 next year.
Although other deficit plans are
being considered, the House Demo-
cratic version is getting most of the
Unlike the House Democrats'
plan, the Finance Committee ver-
sion would avoid changes in income
tax rates but would limit itemized
deductions for people earning over
Because differences between the
House Democrats' tax plan and the
Senate Finance Committee version
will take some time to resolve, it
becomes more likely that Bush will
order the government shut down
Saturday morning for the second
time this month.
It's not just tax increases that the
average American would notice.
should lawmakers and President
Bush finally reach a deficit-reduction
In fact, most of the savings in
the packages Congress plans to vote
on come from spending reductions.
Among the programs hardest hit
would be Medicare, which helps 33
million elderly and handicapped
Americans pay their medical bills.
Increases in the program, one'of the
fastest growing in the government,
would be held to $43 billion to $49
billion below the amount needed to
keep pace with inflation over the
next five years.
Farmers would also be hit by a
significant reduction in federal agri-
culture subsidies, totaling $13.6
billion over the next five years.
Congress may restore
funding for abortions
by Bethany Robertson strong (R-Colorado) requii
Daily Staff Writer parental notification in order
An amendment that would restore
Medicaid funding for abortions to
victims of rape or incest is being
considered by a conference commit-
tee of the United States Senate and
House of Representatives as a part of
women under age 18 to receive Med-
icaid funded abortions.
"Because of the Armstrong
Amendment, the waters are so
muddy," Elissa McBride of the Na-
tional Abortion Rights Action