li emiriuua ai
Vol. Cl, No.22 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Friday October 5, 1990 The Michgan Dity
by the Associated Press
Iraqi troops kissed Saddam Hus-
sein's hands as he took his first
known tour of occupied Kuwait yes-
terday. Officials also said yesterday
that three Britons and two French
citizens had fled Iraq in a daring es-
cape by boat.
The five Europeans were found
Wednesday by the Saudi coast guard
drifting in the small boat in a Per-
sian Gulf shipping lane off the
Saudi-Kuwait border, British diplo-
mats and Saudi officials said.
The British escapees told Lon-
don's Daily Mail newspaper that
they had spent 25 hours in rough
seas after taking the 10-foot boat
through the marshes of southern
Iraq, into the Shatt-al-Arab waterway
and then into the gulf.
It was the first report of Western-
ers escaping Iraq since August.
The Britons said they had been
working on a key oil installation
near the Iraqi port of Basra, and the
two French citizens were barge mas-
ters. They were among a small
number of Europeans living on
dwindling food supplies and denied
permission to leave.
Iraq is holding approximately
2,200 Westerners hostage in Kuwait
and Iraq, some at strategic installa-
tions to discourage attack by the
U.S.-led military forces that began
massing in the region after Iraq
seized Kuwait on Aug. 2.
Nine of the hostages, all French
citizens, returned to Paris yesterday
after being freed by Iraq. Also yester-
day, 173 Brazilians arrived home af-
ter Brazil negotiated their release
In the Jordanian capital, Amman,
Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu of
Japan met today with Iraqi Deputy
Prime Minister Taha Yassin Ra-
madan. Ramadan rejected a negoti-
ated settlement to the gulf crisis as
long as foreign troops remain on
Arab lands, Baghdad's official Iraq
News Agency reported.
Kaifu insisted on Iraq's with-
drawal from Kuwait first, said Shi-
geo Takenaka, Kaifu's spokesperson.
Kaifu later met with Jordan's King
Hussein, who has tried to mediate
the dispute, even through many of
his people support Iraq.
French President Francois Mitter-
rand, arriving in Saudi Arabia, dis-
cussed the gulf crisis with King
Fahd and met with French troops in
the U.S.-led multinational interna-
Panel of 'U' professors
discusses Gulf Crisis
by Sarah Schweitzer
Daily Staff Reporter
A panel of distinguished faculty
gathered in the Rackham Ampithe-
ater yesterday before a crowd of 300
to discuss the origins and ramifica-
tions of the Persian Gulf Crisis.
The symposium, sponsored by
the Institute for Public Policies,
featured professors from the School
of Business Administration and the
University's political science, his-
tory, and economics departments.
Panelist and Professor Jill Crys-
tal, of the political science depart-
ment, spoke first, focusing on the
political background of the region
in order to put the current crisis
Crystal said there are two oppos-
ing forces in the Persian Gulf
which are sources of tension. One
group, "state system" supporters,
seeks to preserve the artificially
imposed state boundaries put in
place by previous European
colonialists. The other, "state
system" opponents, pursues the
breakdown of these boundaries.
Crystal said in the crisis, Iraq is
attempting to garner support among
the state system opponents such as
the Palestinian Liberation Organiza-
tion which has no state. The PLO
is "a victim of state systems," she
said. Kuwait, on the other hand, is
a proponent of the state system and
is appealing to its other supporters
in the region.
History Prof. Juan Cole contin-
ued the discussion of the crisis' po-
Cole warned against United
States unilateral military interven-
tion in the Gulf, saying an air
attack on Baghdad - one of several
See GULF, Page 2
WASHINGTON (AP) - Presi-
dent Bush hailed a tentative accord
requiring the Soviet Union to de-
stroy thousands of tanks, artillery:
pieces and armored vehicles in Eu-
rope yesterday, saying it would
"decisively improve the balance of
military power" on the continent.
The conventional Forces in Eu-
rope treaty would be the largest
arms-control deal in history and the
first in Europe since the end of
World War II.
If final details are resolved, it will
be signed by the 22 nations of the
Warsaw Pact and the NATO alliance
at the Nov. 19-21 Paris summit of
the 34-nation Conference on Secu-
rity and Cooperation in Europe.
The accord would set a ceiling on
non-nuclear forces for both alliances.
Each side would be limited to
20,000 tanks, 20,000 artillery.
pieces, 30,000 armored combat vehi-
cles and 2,000 helicopters in the area
stretching from Europe's Atlantic
Coast to the Ural Mountains inside
the Soviet Union.
The two sides are still grappling
with overall limits on combat air-
craft for each military alliance.
However, after long negotiations,
they agreed to a limit of 5,150 war-
planes in any single country, Secre-
tary of State James Baker announced
at a joint appearance with Bush.
The agreement does not put any
limit on the number of soldiers. The
United States and Soviet Union
agreed to skip that step in order to
meet the Paris deadline.
Within the overall ceilings, no
country could have more than
13,300 tanks, 13,700 artillery pieces
and 1,500 helicopters in the region.
On Capitol Hill, Senate Majority
Leader George Mitchell (D-Maine)
called the announcement of the tenta-
tive accord good news.
He said that he hoped there would
be "early and enthusiastic approval"
of the agreement in the Senate early
Bush said that despite the col-
lapse of hard-line communist
regimes in Eastern Europe, the con-
tinent, "is still the site of the great-
est concentration of armed strength
in the world."
Economics Prof. Robin Barlow spoke at a symposium on the Persian Gulf
Crisis yesterday. Barlow called the Iraqi takeover of Kuwait "bank
robbery" and warned the usurpation of Iraqi oil by Kuwait would have far
reaching effects for international markets. Approximately 300 people
attended the conference sponsored by the Institute for Public Policies.
Nursing School professor off to serve in Saudi Arabia
by Chris Afendulis
Nursing School Assistant
Professor and Air Force Reserves
Major Penny Pierce left September
24th for Saudi Arabia, called to
serve in Operation Desert Shield.
The only faculty member cur-
rently on active duty in the Middle
East, Pierce will be working as a
flight nurse aboard a C-141 airborne
medical unit during her tour of
duty. The length of her stay in the
Gulf has not yet been determined.
Pierce, whose unit is based out
of McGuire Air Force Base in New
Jersey, is on active duty for the first
time in an 18-year career in the re-
"She felt it was her job to go,"
her daughter Emily, 13, said.
Pierce's husband Les backed up
this view, saying that she felt the
need to fulfill "a commitment that
she made when she joined 18 years
Nursing School Dean Rhetaugh
Dumas and other colleagues gave
Major Pierce - an Assistant
Professor at the school since 1987
- a going-away party on the
Friday before her departure. Nursing
School Associate Dean for Student
Affairs Janice Lindberg said the
nurse's co-workers sent her off with
a crystal heart and a rabbit's foot.
Lindberg said the school sup-
ported Pierce, saying that by
serving in Saudi Arabia, "she
represents nursing for us."
Pierce's class load and other
work, a concern of hers when duty
called, has been taken over by her
co-workers. Lindberg said Pierce
notified the department of her
absence at the beginning of the
semester, easing the process of
Colleen Dolan-Greene, the
University's Assistant Vice-
President for Academic Affairs, said
federal law requires job security dur-
ing military leave. She said person-
nel departments throughout the
University have been reminded of
this policy, in light of the Middle
When asked about the effects of
Pierce's absence on her family, her
daughter answered, "We were pre-
pared for it." She said she was used
to her mother leaving on periodic
Mr. Pierce claimed that although
his wife's duties take place well be-
hind battle lines, she did express
concern over the possibility of ter-
rorist attacks on American military
Pierce's daughter said the family
planned to correspond regularly,
sending audio taped messages for
her mother to listen to. She said
the nurse would handle her tour of
duty well, because "she's very
* assistant dies
of heart attack
by Ken Walker
Mark Webster, a 29-year-old
teaching assistant in the University's
Creative Writing program, died of a
heart attack at his home Monday
Webster graduated from the
University of New Hampshire in
1983. He then spent several years
working in the publishing business
in New York before enrolling in the
Master of Fine Arts graduate pro-
gram at the University last year.
Webster was teaching an English
223 poetry writing course this term.
Alison Swan, a teaching assistant in
the Creative Writing program and a
personal friend of Webster's, said
Webster "really enjoyed teaching...
he really was enjoying the work that
he was doing with his students."
"Everybody liked him, and it was
a very big shock to find out he had
passed away," said LSA senior Ted
Pastor, one of Webster's students.
Swan felt the, same. "We're all sort
of reeling a bit," she said.
"He was one of those neonle that
program. "In his life, it was a rela-
tively new thing for him," she said.
Webster, along with his close
friend David Wolf, had planned to
start a nationally distributed
magazine called The Huron Review.
The magazine would have featured
local and national writers.
"I'm obviously shocked and
deeply saddened," Wolf said of his
friend who he met through the
University's program. "I spoke to
him that night." Wolf hopes to con-
tinue with the development of the
magazine and said Webster's work
might be published in the Review.
Program administrators have not
yet decided on a T.A. to take over
Karen Clark, an administrative
associate in the English department,
said funeral services will be held on
Saturday in New Hampshire,
Twn fiand have h en estahshed
by Nicole James
Where can students and community members eat
beans and rice in a living room while discussing
Central American politics, or hear local writers read
from their own works? The Guild House, located at
802 Monroe, offers such opportunities.
e .a., Founded 97 years ago by women of the Christian
Church, the campus ministry has established itself as
. ;a place where members of different religions, races,
and sexual orientations can meet and discuss ethical
and moral issues.
Run by a Board of Directors from various denomi-
nations, churches, faculty, staff, students and commu-
nity members, the House holds regular weekly events
attended by a wide mix of people.
Director Don Coleman said the Guild House wants
to provide ways to help people find meaningful life
and does not try to impose religious beliefs on any-
The people involved with the House are interested
in "struggles with justice and peace," Coleman said."
The ministry works with groups such as Concerned
Faculty, the Latin American Solidarity Committi,
and the Women's Initiative Group.
It is the "diversity and interaction of people with
people" that is valued, said Co-director Ann Marie
Coleman, a city council representative.
There are many other events offered at the Guild
House as well. John Vandermeer will be speaking on
,K43.M"Nicaragua since the Elections" today and Sarah