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September 26, 1990 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1990-09-26

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Vol. Cl, No.14 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Wednesday, September 26, 1990 Te Mca oa

b Annabel Vered


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Mideast E



To pay tribute to Raoul Wallen-
berg and his courageous acts, Nobel
Peace Prize laureate and Prof. Elie
Wiesel received a medal and delivered
a subsequent lecture on responsibil-
ity at Hill Auditorium yesterday.
A University alumnus and
Swedish diplomat, Wallenberg led an
effort in Hungary to save the lives of
Hungarian Jews by issuing Swedish
protective passports to them during
the Second World War. The Nazis
would have been in violation of
diplomatic conventions if they ar-
rested citizens from such a neutral
country as Sweden.
University President James Dud-
erstadt awarded the Raoul Wallenberg
Medal to Wiesel in the hope that it
becomes a tradition "to honor each
year that great moral courage that so
gloriously characterized Wallenberg's
"Tonight we honor another hero,
Elie Wiesel. An active spokesperson
for international peace and human
rights, Mr. Wiesel has increasingly
been viewed as the conscience of our
nation. He tells the tale to humanity
in order to prevent another catastro-
phe," Duderstadt said.
Wiesel spoke of Wallenberg and
the celebration of Jewish arts in a
speech titled "The Passion for Mem-
Wiesel celebrated the memory of
"A very great man, why was he
so great? To be human, does it re-
quire such greatness? He wasn't

dent Bush appealed yesterday for a
"generous response from the world
community" for countries rocked by
the Persian Gulf crisis as the Pen-
tagon reported new buildups of Iraqi
troops and armor in Southern Iraq
and occupied Kuwait.
Bush, speaking to the annual
meeting of the 152-member Interna-
tional Monetary Fund, announced he
was forming an international clear-
ing house to coordinate financial
help for the most seriously affected
"We are determined not to allow
the brutal behavior of one aggressor
to undermine the historical process
of democratic change or to derail the
movement towards market-oriented
economic systems," Bush told the
gathering world financial leaders.
The U.N. Security Council voted
yesterday 14-1 to impose an air
embargo against Iraq in retaliation
for its invasion and annexation of
Kuwait. Cuba cast the long
dissenting vote in the special
session, which extended the powers
of an earlier U.N. trade embargo.
It was the ninth resolution passed
by the Security Council condemning
Baghdad and its leader, Saddam
Hussein, for its blitzkrieg of
Kuwait. The lightening Kuwaiti
takeover, which took hours to
complete, left Iraq in control of 20
percent of the world's oil reserves.
World prices of oil have nearly
doubled since the invasion to almost
$40 a barrel, the New York Stock
Exchange has sunk to a 14-month
low and gold has passed $400 an
ounce as the economic repercussions
of the invasion became apparent.
Crude oil prices are equal to a

record set 10 years ago.
Meanwhile,Pentagon spokes-
person Pete Williams said about
430,000 Iraqi soldiers are now in
southern Iraq and Kuwait, within
striking distance of Saudi Arabia.
Last week, the total was put at
360,000. Williams said the Iraqi
deployments still appeared to be
"essentially a defensive force," but
were capable of readily converting to
an offensive unit
But Bush was told earlier by
Turkish President Turgot Ozal that
western estimates of Saddam Hus-
sein's military capability may be
overstated, a State Department offi-

cial said.
Deputy Assistant Secretary of
State James Dobbins, briefing re-
porters on the Bush-Ozal meeting,
said that Ozal and his aides told Bush
that "there is an inordinate concern
with Iraqi capabilities. It is an exag-
gerated concern."
In his speech to the IMF and the
World Bank, Bush said he was creat-
ing a Gulf Crisis Financial Coordi-
nation Group to help "transform
commitments into concrete contribu-
And, while the group will first
meet under the auspices of the U.S.
See GULF, Page 5

Crude oil prices edge

Elie Wiesel, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and professor of philosophy
and religion at Boston University, is given the first University of Michigan
Raoul Wallenberg Medal by President James Duderstadt.

toward $40
NEW YORK (AP) - As crude
oil approaches $40 per barrel, some
analysts say consumers should enjoy
$1.35 a gallon gasoline while they
Gas prices are likely to go up,
perhaps even beyond $2 per gallon,
if a shooting war breaks out in the
Persian Gulf, experts said yesterday.
And if oil should stay high for a
sustained period, the fallout will be
widespread, running up the cost of
practically everything while slowing
economic growth.
"This is not good news for the
consumer," said Peter Beutel, an oil
analyst with Pegasus Econometric
Group Inc. in Hoboken, N.J. "The
problem with energy is it permeates
the economy like a ripple in a pond.
It's not just the price of heating oil
and the price of gasoline."
Not all analysts believe oil will
stay as high as it is. They say that

per barrel
too much war hysteria may have
been built into the market, that
Iraq's ability to take out the Saudi
Arabian oil facilities may be
overestimated, and that replacing a
bombed oil well is much simpler
than replacing a bombed factory.
Others, including Beutel, say $40
barrels of oil seem inevitable in the
near future. Some estimates have put
oil at $60 to $65 during a war.
Oil prices have climbed steadily
since Iraq invaded Kuwait last
month. Saddam Hussein's saber-
rattling this week put them less than
$1 away from the ominous $40
figure. Crude oil last reached that
plateau a decade ago, in the last oil
"What it means, I'm afraid, in
solid terms, is the consumer is
probably going to be lucky to find
$1.35 gasoline, and probably a lot
See FUEL, Page 5

alone. There were people all over
Europe who had risked their lives to
save Jewish families and their chil-
dren. It was simply a matter of de-
cency," he said.
"But very few people in the
world mentioned Wallenberg. Why
the silence? And then I think I un-
derstood why, because most of the
people were embarrassed to remem-
ber. It is wrong to say then that evil
had such a power that no one had the
capacity to resist it. Proof - look at

Wallenberg. He remains such an im-
portant example."
"I believe that there are times
when if I or anyone does not respond
to the appeal of those who need our
help, we lose our self-respect."
Wiesel continued, "Everyone should
say, we are responsible for one an-
other, and I more so."
Wiesel spoke of the celebration
for Jewish arts. "I believe that Jew-
ish art, as a part of Jewish culture
See WIESEL, Page 5

at a halt,
tion's economy nearly came to a
standstill in the second quarter, edg-
ing up a feeble annual rate of 0.4
percent, the government said
yesterday. Many of the nation's top
economists believe a recession is
imminent - if not underway al-
White House spokesperson
Marlin Fitzwater said, "we don't
beleive we are in a recession right
now." He acknowledged the latest
Commerce Department report on the
gross national product "is certainly
cause for concern. It's not good
The department's revised report
on the GNP - the nation's total
utput of goods and services - was
the lowest since a 0.3 percent rate
during the last quarter of 1989 and
showed the economy weakening
even before the Persian Gulf crisis.
"The economy was headed toward
a recession before Iraq, and Iraq was
just the nail in the coffin," said
Allen Sinai, chief economist for the
Boston Co. A recession "seems
inescapable," he said.
* Surveys following Iraq's Aug. 2
invasion of Kuwait - and the
subsequent oil-price spiral -
showed many top economists fore-
casting an imminent recession.
The National Association of
Business Economists reported
yesterday that more than half of the
71 professional forecasters
responding to its survey in late
August and early September said a
recession had already begun or will
--acr in h fu r t.. n ..4 r A A

Crowded rooms
still a problem

by Stefanie Vines
Daily Staff Reporter
The scenario is a familiar one.
When students rush to class to grab
a seat, all of the seats are taken.
With no alternative, students are
forced to sit on the floor and use
their notebooks in place of desks.
The situation is one which stu-
dents complain of every year, yet so-
lutions to the problem are rarely
dealt with.
"The solution to overcrowded
rooms lies in limiting the number of
enrolled students, while at the same
time, opening the class to those stu-
dents who need the class for gradua-
tion," said LSA Registrar Alfred
Stuart, who is in charge of assigning
Stuart explained that because pro-
fessors can not take attendance in
classes with 300 or more students,
this solution is often unattainable.
In addition, Stuart said, "Many
times what happens is that students
who aren't enrolled attend the class
anyway, limiting space for enrolled

Stuart said such problems are un-
"It is inappropriate for students
to sit on the floor given the tuition
they pay," Stuart said. "But the
long-term solutions to the problem
of overcrowded classrooms are diffi-
cult to solve."
Stuart is not the only concerned
administrator. "There definitely is a
problem," said LSA Assistant Dean
Henry Halloway. "The only thing
we can do is to provide the schedul-
ing office with available rooms and
then through CRISP, try to accom-
modate all of the departments."
Halloway added the problem lies
in the unpredictability of enrollment
"We have no way of knowing
what classes students want and what
will be popular. All we do is tell the
departments what is available and the
number of seats in the room. That's
all we can do," Halloway said.
As one answer to solving the
See ROOMS, page 2

Dinin' outM
Guitar teacher and member of the band, "The Difference," Ramsey Gouda eats at Frank's Diner at least once a

MSA approves amended 1990-91 budget

by Christine Kloostra
Daily MSA Reporter
The Michigan Student Assembly
(MSA) approved an amended 1990-
91 budget last night using a process
the assembly's Budget Priorities
Committee (BPC) hopes to formal-
ize by next year.
Through a motion made at last
week's meeting, committee and
commission chairs submitted item-
ized budget requests to the BPC.
Previously, the BPC and executive
officers set the budgets for the com-
mittees and commissions without
input from the chairs.

ize the process, which would involve
having chairs submit itemized re-
quests at the end of winter term, then
holding hearings with the BPC.
"I'm glad this went the way it
went," Dudley said, adding that most
of the budget difficulties, including
cuts, would have been avoided if the
University's Board of Regents had
approved a requested student fee in-
crease at their July meeting.
However, not all representatives
felt the new method was the most ef-
fective way of dealing with the bud-

purchase of a computer for MSA's
front office until further investiga-
tion could be made into costs, said
MSA President Jennifer Van Valey.
The BPC budget, which allocates
funds to student organizations, was
reduced by $2,528 in the amended
BMC receives

budget. BPC Vice Chair Eric Bau-
mann explained that the cut would
not have a large effect because BPC
usually has leftover funds from stu-
dent groups who fail to correctly ob-
tain their allocations.
"Thanks to concessions and bi-

partisan support, we've got a pretty
nice buffer," Baumann said. -
The Elections Committee saw
the largest increase in funding from
the final budget, an allocation of
$6,000. The original budget allo-
cated $3,500 to the committee.

$1,000 allocation from MSA

The Michigan Student Assembly
approved a controversial $1,000 al-
location to the Ella Baker-Nelson
Mandela Center for Anti-Racist Edu-
cation (BMC) as part of their 1990-

Steve Koppelman, explaining that
the BMC could also receive student
organization funding from the Bud-
get Priorities Committee (BPC).
An amendment to prohibit the

for the Assembly.
"I don't think we should have
backdoor automatic funding," Engi-
neering Rep. Scott Chupack said,
adding that the allocation created the

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