Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Monday, April 2, 1990
to review t8hWeoR 90:Schedlule otEvents
by Michael Sullivan
Daily Staff Writer
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Barry Commoner, nationally 'l ~ e
noted ecologist and author of eight. . . . #
books and countless articles, will re -
view the progress of the environmen-
tal movement since the first Earth
Day, in 1970, tonight in the Michi-
gan Union Ballroom A 0 WPM
Commoner is the director of the = t
Center for the Biology of NaturalA:.
Systems at Queens College, New -
York. The Center studies environmen-....
tal problems and potential solutions..... :r : :::
Resisting the idea that environ- ' .( =trc1far
mental problems can be solved oi.-. '
through individual actions like bike-....
riding or recycling newspapers,
Commoner says these are ways for .
people to feel better about them- s
selves. ' ?
"Ecological metaphors like string .>! '
stlopping bags or planting trees can
be used to get rid of personal guilt,"
Commoner said, in an April 1990 in-.
terview with The Mother Earth :::::jjy. .
News. "They don't provide solutions,
and, in some cases, they interfere with I N c
the solutions. That's my position.
Look, the problem is not in your head }
or my head. It's in the corporate 7£?Or tiW0Ani
boardrooms. That's where pollution :0O
Cno progress on environmental
progress in the last 20 years. He said
the lack of progress resulted from a
misconception of environmental prob-
lems and how they can be solved.
"Because we didn't understand the
problem analytically, we allowed the
wrong things to be done," Commoner p
said. "It's not simply the environmen-
tal movement that has failed. The "
n-usd iein~ wll e ~ hr n~Mnv~~wird eevd An 'Ahir 1T~isr......... .'
calls for Hellenic
Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
Snipers fire on U.S. troops
TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras - Three snipers fired automatic weapons
at a bus carrying U.S. airforce troops Saturday, injuring six of them, a
U.S. military officer said.
At 1 p.m., the gunners fired on the bus about six miles north of Tegu-
cigalpa, the capital, said Maj. Bruce Jessup, a spokesperson for U.S.
troops based in the Central American nation.
He said two Americans were seriously wounded. They were taken to a
civilian hospital in Tegucigalpa an underwent surgery.
There were 28 U.S. airforce troopsaon the bus, but they did not return
fire, Jessup said.
"The Americans did not have time to return fire although there were
some security personnel on the bus," he said.
Jessup said a group called the Frente Moranzano Liberacion Nacional
had claimed responsibility for the attack. He said the attackers fled.
At the time of the attack, the soldiers were returning to the Soto Cano
military base from a recreational tour, Jessup said.
Gorbachev urges Lithuania
to scrap independence talks
LITHUANIA - President Mikhail Gorbachev told Lithuanians on
Saturday that Moscow would not negotiate with them until they annul
their declaration of independence, warning "grave consequences" if they
In Vilnius, Lithuanian President Vytautas Landsbergis dismissed the
appeal, telling reporters the Soviet leader was "demanding impossible
In an 18-line statement issued in Moscow and addressed to the
republic's Parliament, Gorbachev charged Lithuanian leaders with
"openly challenging and insulting" the Soviet Union.
Gorbachev said Lithuania had chosen a "ruinous" path that "will only
lead to a dead end."
Gorbachev said he was proposing that Lithuania's Parliament
"immediately annul the illegal acts it has adopted. Such a step will open
the possibility for discussing the entire range of problems on the solely
acceptable basis: within the framework of the U.S.S.R. Constitution."
Thatcher blames extremists
for turning protest into riot
LONDON - Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and opposition politi-
cians yesterday blamed extremist groups for turning a carnival-like anti-
tax protest into one of London's worst riots this century.
The new local tax went into effect yesterday in England and Wales de-
spite Saturday's protest by 40,000 people in Trafalgar Square, which went
amok when militants smashed windows, torched cars and battled police.
Hundreds of people were injured.
The so-called community charge replaces a property tax with a levy on
each adult and increases the amount many pay by up to a third. Critics say
it's unfair because Britain's richest man, the Duke of Westminster, pays
the same rate as his gardener.
Mrs. Thatcher told reporters of her "absolute horror" at Saturday's vio-
lence as she left church at her country residence at Chequers.
Day care bill divides House
WASHINGTON - Partisanship divided Michigan's delegation as the
U.S. House approved a Democratic program to provide day care that
President Bush says is too expensive.
It would create a system of state-issued subsidy vouchers for parents
who want to use religious day-care centers and would expand the Head
Start program for needy children. It would establish minimum standards
for day-care centers and provide money for a new program of day care
based in public schools, available for all children and free for the poorest
The bill cleared the House 263-158 Thursday after hours of wrangling.
Earlier, the House rejected a conservative alternative that Bush endorsed,
A final version of the package awaits negotiations with the Senate,
which has approved a different version. The House bill would expand tax
credits for working poor families to offset day-care expenses.
French bomb foxes with fish
PARIS - Helicopters will bomb French fields and forests today with
frozen fish balls containing a rabies vaccine, in an Epicurean offensive
aimed at Europe's most dangerous carrier, the red fox.
"The fox thinks it's fish, he eats it, and voila, he's vaccinated," said
Philippe Brie, a technician with the Agriculture Ministry's Rabies Bu-
reau. "If they already have rabies, it's too late. But it protects the others."
Hundreds of scientists and technicians on the ground will complement
the helicopters in the $2.5 million campaign, the nation's largest ever, to
stamp out a disease that still strikes thousands of French citizens a year.
Two helicopters will be in the seven-month spraying operation. Others
may be added later.
Authorities say two mild winters in a row may have contributed to the
apparent growth of the fox population, though no one knows how many
there really are.
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gvernment programs have also
Continued from Page 1
Administration officials say it is
not their place to mandate the LSA
"It is an issue to be dealt with by
LSA. It's their responsibility, and
we would not normally comment,,"
said Robert Holbrook, associate vice
president for academic affairs.
University President James
Duderstadt said he had not seen the
proposal and did not know enough
about it to comment.
Prof. Gayl Ness, chair of the
Senate Advisory Council on
University Affairs, said the
administration's refusal to decline
comment on the issue is appropriate.
The administration has given the
colleges the Michigan Mandate -
Dtderstadt's plan to diversify the
University, Ness said.
"It is a subtle pressure to move
in this direction. But each unit has
to find out how to move forward by
itself," Ness added.
For the administration to take a
public stand on the course would be
"quite inappropriate," Ness said.
SLUUieS program at u
Daily Staff Writer
Though Greek culture is "alive
and vibrant," most universities do
not offer modern Greek programs,
said Aristotle Michopoulos, director
of the Modern Greek Department at
Hellenic College in Massachusetts,
who addressed an audience of about
70 at a speech Saturday titled
"Introducing Modern Greek: Lan-
guage, Literature, and Culture."
Michopoulos encouraged the au-
dience of students, faculty and mem-
bers of the Greek community to
establish a center for Greek studies at
the University by asking the public
and private sectors for donations.
Achievements of contemporary
Greeks, as well as ancient Greeks,
deserve a place in University curric-
ula, Michopoulos said, citing 1960s
Greek Nobel Prize winners, George
Seferis and Odysseas Elytis, as
names academia shouldn't ignore.
"Where else can you advance
modern Greek heritage and culture,
but through a center for Greek cul-
ture?" Michopoulos asked.
Though a center for Greek studies
would require between $1 million
and $2 million, Michopoulos be-
iwves the undertaking would help
Greek students sustain their heritage
while lending prestige to the Univer-
with Michopoulos and believes a
Greek center would also benefit non-
Greek students. "What Americans
know about Greece is the Acropolis
and Parthenon, Souvlaki and terror-
ists putting bombs in airplanes; but
that's not Greece," he said. "Greece
is also great music and literature."
Next fall, Gagos will teach the
first modern Greek language program
offered at the University since 1975.
Gagos explained that the program
will be experimental, gauging stu-
dent interest in expanding modern
Eleni Eleftheriou, an LSA senior
and president of the Hellenic Stu-
dents Association (HSA), which
sponsored the speech, said, "The
modern Greek language classes were
the first step in establishing a center
for Greek studies."
LSA first-year-student Nadina
Constant, who hopes to take a Greek
language class next fall, said, "I
travel to Cyprus every summer and I
want to improve my Greek. I know
the class will also help me in read-
ing English because so many
English words are derived from
Continued from Page 1
the honor students as well as their
parents. "We are in a time in history
where the nation is changing rapidly,
and the key strategy is knowledge,"
Duderstadt said. With a 25 to 30
percent decrease of college graduates
nation wide, it is important that each
of you to use your knowledge to be-
come visionaries for the future, he
"Ordinary People, Extraordinary
Lives," was the theme of the convo-
cation address by Robert Weisbuch,
chair of English department. Weis-
buch encouraged the students to em-
brace the common and the unusual,
risk perfection and anonymity and
ride the rollercoaster, experiencing
the lows in order to appreciate the
Duderstadt presented the Out-
standing Alumni Achievement
Award to Jerome Horwitz for his
cancer research. In 1948, Horwitz re-
ceived his organic chemistry Ph.D.
from the University.
In 1964 Horwitz created Azi-
dothymidine (AZT),za treatment for
diseases such as leukemia and heart
cancer. At that time, AZT was not
viewed as an effective treatment for
those diseases. "After 25 years, we
decided to experiment further, and in
1987, the Federal Drug Administra-
tion (FDA) recognizedAZT as a
treatment for severe HIV infection,
or AIDS," said Horwitz. He is cur-
rently developing new drugs for the
treatment of cancer and AIDS.
"For me it was an amazing feel-
ing to be honored along with some-
one (Horwitz), who has given so
much to the world. It was good for
those of us starting out to see what
hard academic work can lead to," said
first year student Ben Alliker and
William Branstrom prize recipient.
"This year's convocation was
considerably shorter but had as much
substance than previous convoca-
tions and the speaker was dynamic,"
said Masters student Steven Sutton,
an James Angell scholar with eight
consecutive semesters of all-A
"A full-fledged program can get
'you endowed chairs, frequent ex-
hibits, lecturers and programs on
Greek writers, authors, poets. It can
even be used to develop Ph.D and
masters programs in Greek studies,"
Traianos Gagos, visiting assis-
tant research scientist in the Depart-
ment of Classical Studies, agrees
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