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March 27, 1990 - Image 3

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1990-03-27

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Hungarians tally
election results

i

The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, March 27, 1990 - Page 3,
Mini-courses
examine ethnic
fears and biases"'.

BUDAPEST, Hungary (AP) -
A conservative party and a center-left
rival emerged yesterday as the front-
rbnners in Hungary's first democratic
parliamentary elections in 43 years.
The Socialist party, which ruled
as the Communist Party until it
changed its name last year, initiated
the dramatic reforms that led to Sun-
day's balloting but got little credit
from voters. It trailed in fourth
place.
As election results trickled in
yesterday, the conservative Hungar-
ian Democratic Forum had an edge
over the center-left League of Free
Democrats.
But neither garnered anything
close to the absolute majority needed
fpr decisive victory, making a coali-
tion government likely after runoff
* elections are held next month.
Election officials said only five
of the 394 parliamentary seats had
been decided yesterday, and three
were Hungarian Forum winners.
More than 70 percent of Hun-
gary's 7.85 million eligible voters
cast ballots.
With 3,608,000-69 percent-of
the votes counted late yesterday, the
*Hungarian Democratic Forum led
With 24.22 percent and the League of
Free Democrats was second with
20.84 percent, state radio said.

The Independent Smallholders, a
revived pre-World War 11 party pop-
ular in rural areas, had 12.62 percent,
the Socialists 10.54 percent, the rad-
ical liberal League of Young
Democrats 8.57 percent and the
Christian Democratic People's Party
6.43 percent.
The rest of the 29 parties that
fielded candidates appeared to fall
short of winning 4 percent of the
vote nationwide and therefore would
not be entitled to any Parliament
seats.
Up to 14 candidates competed in
most races, and the vote was so split
that many seats will have to be con-
tested again, election officials said.
In the second round of voting, a
simple majority will suffice, pro-
vided 25 percent of eligible voters
turn out.
The Democratic Forum and the
Free Democrats have said they do
not want to govern together, so the
Smallholders may be the key to
forming a coalition.
Smallholder leader Vince Voeroes
said yesterday his party is ideo-
logically closer to the Forum, which
like the Smallholders is based on
traditional, Christian values and in
the prewar populism of rural Hun-
gary. But he said no decision had
been made on whether to ally with
the Forum.

by Cherie Curry
Daily Staff Writer
Second in a two-part series
This semester students are chal-
lenging their racial and ethnic biases
and identity in mini-courses devel-
oped by the Pilot Program and of-
fered through the Intergroup Rela-
tions and Conflict Program.
The courses are designed to ad-
dress issues concerning Asians,
Blacks and whites and also to help
students examine their views and
theoretical understanding of history
as it is related to different races.
"We discussed such issues as
what Asian American culture is,
family relationships, Asian Ameri-
can relationships with other ethnic
groups, how ethnic identity forms a
part of your personality, stereotypes
and experiences with racism and
prejudice," said Pamela Motoike, in-
structor of Asian American Ethnic
Identity, a mini-course offered at the
beginning of the semester.
A mini-course on Black and
white relations is being offered for
the second half of the semester.
"We're really excited about the
course. I just wish it was longer. It's
definitely a subject that needs a
whole semester," said course co-in-
structor Andrea Monroe-Fowler. "So
far we've facilitated the discussions.
The course, however, belongs to the
participants in it. They lead the dis-
cussion."
"Already I can see the students
coming to terms with the fact that
racism does exist and that racism has
been destructive in every facets of
society," Fowler said.
Mitchell Klein, an LSA sopho-

more in the Black and white rela-
tions class said, "This class is a,
somewhatrevolutionary idea; how-
ever, I question whether people will
come to realize all the racial injus-
tices existing in this society."
Like . other Pilot Program
courses, Black and white Relations
takes place in the Alice Lloyd resi-
dence hall in order to integrate the
living and learning experiences. "We
take an experiential approach in the
sense that information stays with,
you longer when you can connect it
to your own experiences," said
Fowler. "The fact that this takes
place in the dorm brings it a little
closer to home."
Emily Melnick, an LSA sopho-
more currently enrolled in the Black
and white relations class said, "1
think it's a good course. Because the
class is small, it's a good way for
people to express their views about
different stereotypes."
The instructors for both mini=
courses are still uncertain as to
whether the courses will be offered
again in the fall, but immediate
goals have.been set for the progran.
"Our goal is to develop new courses
on intergroup relations. But wo
would like to keep the courses in the
residence halls," said Xlimena Zu:
niga, coordinator of the Intergroup
Relations and Conflict Program.
"It's more real to study about ethnic
issues when people are living and
learning together."
The Intergroup Relations anid
Conflict Program is a two year un-
dergraduate project developed by tit
Pilot Program and the Program on
Conflict Management Alternatives.

Coming out
David Horste, an LSA senior, participates in yesterday's noontime
LaGROC rally on the Diag.
U.S. Court to study
case on gender bias

THE LIST
What's happening in Ann Arbor today

Meetings
LaGROC - The Lesbian and Gay
Mens' Rights Organizing Com-
mittee meets at 7:30 p.m. in
Union 3100; 7 p.m. to set agenda
Student Struggle for Soviet
Jewry - weekly meeting at 6:30
p.m. in Hillel
pWomen's Club Lacrosse -
practice 4-6 p.m. at the Sports
Coliseum (5th and Hill)
UM Cycling --- team meeting and
rollers riding 6 p.m. in the Sports
Coliseum
Arab-American Anti-
discrimination Committee ---
meeting at 7 pm. in the Union
(check board for room)
Asian American Women's
Journal --- meeting at 5 p.m. in
South Quad's Afro-American
Lounge
Ann Arbor Committee to
Defend Abortion and
aReproductive Rights
(A2CDAR2) --- new members
meeting at 5:15 p.m., general
body meeting at 5:30 p.m. in the
Union
Women's Issues Commission
of MSA --- meeting at 6:30 p.m.
in 3909 Union
Iranian Student Cultural Club -
-- meeting at 7:45 p.m.. in the
Michigan League
TARDAA (Time and Relative

Dimensions in Ann Arbor) ---
Dr. Who/BBC event at 8 p.m. in
2413 Mason Hall'
Indian And Pakistani
American Students' Council ---
weekly meeting at 6:30 p.m. in
the A & B Rooms of the Union
Big Blue Group IBM --- new
computer users' group mass
meeting at 7 p.m. in the Union
Wolverine Room
Students for Choice --- mass
meeting at 7 p.m. in Room 1209
of the Union

Furthermore
ECB Peer Writing Tutors -
available for help from 7-11 p.m.
at the Angell and 611 Church St.
computing centers
Safewalk - the night-time safety
walking service runs form 8 p.m.-
1:30 a.m. in Rm. 102 UGLi or
call 936-1000
Northwalk - the north-campus
night-time walking service runs
from 8 p.m.-1:30 a.m. in Bursley
2333, or call 763-WALK
WHE-AC Video Presentation
--- "Dealing with Interdependence:
The U.S. and the Third World"
and "Elvia: The Fight for Land
and Liberty (in Honduras)" will be
shown at 7:30 p.m. in MLB B134
"Central America and the
Drug War" --- video presentation
and discussion at 7 p.m. in B115
MLB
Palestinian Culture Night ---
event at 8 p.m. in the Union
Ballroom
Pat Donohue --- guitarist
performs tonight at The Ark
"Community Issues: A Candid
Discussion of PC Values.. ." --
- Jenifer Levin leads discussion as
part of the Lesbian and Gay Men's
Awareness Week at 6 p.m. on
WCBN (88.3)
"Breaking the Silence - -
Naming the Violence" --- a
workshop for Lesbians/Gay Men
only discussing violence in
Lesbian and Gay Men's
relationships at 7 p.m. in the
West Conference Room of
Rackham
"Black Lesbians and Gay Men
Defining a Political Agenda for
the 1990's" --- a workshop at 9
p.m. in the Union Welker Room
as part of the Lesbian and Gay
Men's Awareness Week
"Anthropology and Biblical
Studies" --- Shlomo Deshen
speaks at 5 p.m. in 3058 LS&A
"The December Peace Chain in
Jerusalem: Implications for
the Future" --- Betsy Barlow
speaks at noon in the International
Center (603 E. Madison)
"Bringing the Black Students
Closer to their Community" --
- Rasul Muhammad speaks at
7:30 p.m. in Room 100 Hutchins
Hall
"The Wall Crumbles-- The
Curtain Parts" --- Rabbi
Avraham Jacobovitz speaks on
how current events will affect the
Jewish future at 5:30 p.m. in the
Ostafin Room of South Quad
"Democracy, Sovereignty and
the Global System" --- David
Held speaks at 4 p.m. as part of
the CSST Public Lecture Series
Donna Webb --- visiting artist
will lecture on her work at 7:30
n m in th T etr al11 Ronnm

WASHINGTON (AP) - The
Supreme Court said yesterday it will
study the power of employers to ex-
clude females of child-bearing age.
from hazardous jobs, a case that
could affect millions of working
women.
The court agreed to review a rul-
ing that let Johnson Controls, a
Milwaukee-based manufacturer of
automobile batteries, ban women
who cannot prove they are infertile
from jobs that expose them to lead.
The fetal protection policy is be-
ing challenged as a form of illegal
sex discrimination because it bans
women from high-paying, haz-
ardous, jobs.
Exposure to lead, the principal
material used in making batteries,
can be a health risk to workers and
to the fetuses of pregnant workers.
But one judge, who dissented
from an appeals court decision last
year that upheld the fetal protection
policy, said the ruling also could be
applied to a broad range of employ-
ment, including "traditional office
jobs."
The high court's decision is
expected sometime in 1991.
Eight employees and the United
Auto Workers union challenged the
policy in court. Among the women
who sued was one who had submit-
ted to sterilization to preserve her
job and another who was a 50-year-
old divorcee.
The suit alleged that the policy
violated a part of the Civil Rights
Act of 1984, called Title VII.
A federal judge ruled for Johnson
Controls based on both sides' pre-
trial arguments, and. the 7th U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals upheld that
ruling by a 7-4 vote last September.
Judge John Coffey wrote for the
appeals court that the differing
treatment of female employees was
based on a "business necessity."
Three of the appeals court's four

dissenting judges wrote opinions.
"The law would allow employers
to consign more women to
'women's work' while reserving bet-
ter-paying but mere hazardous jobs
for men," Easterbrook said.

Circuit Judge must rule on Detroit

utility tax in GOP-Dem dispute

_R
'
. .w;
',

LANSING, Mich. (AP) - The
Republican-run Michigan Senate
continued its game of chicken with
Detroit yesterday as a court hearing
loomed over whether to permit con-
tinued collection of the city's utility
users tax.
No official move was made to
end the stalemate as the Senate
awaited for today's return to session
and the chance for the GOP caucus
to discuss the matter.
Wayne County Circuit Judge
Marvin Stempien is slated to rule
today on the tax, as city officials
warned that heavy police layoffs and
possible bankruptcy could result if
the tax is cut off.
The Detroit utility tax was struck
down when Stempien ruled in
February that the 1970 law estab-
lishing the tax had expired in 1988.
The city had relied on an attorney
general's opinion that the expiration
date was invalid and the tax wouldn't
lapse.
The city appealed the decision,
and Stempien extended until today a
deadline to solve the problem.
"What we'll do is continue where
we left off on (Feb. 27)," said Stem-
pien, referring to action he took a
month ago to let the city collect the
tax until at least today.

"I can't hold off any more," he
said.
The city already faces a deficit of
about $50 million, and city officials
are warning of possible bankruptcy
if the tax is not renewed. The Demo-
crat-run House has passed a bill to
resume the tax, but it has stalled in
the Republican Senate.

Guy Gordon, a spokesperson for:
majority Republicans in the Senate, :
said there was no emergency action
planned to continue the tax.
Unless the 5 percent tax is $l<
lowed to continue, Detroit may have
to halt collections and refund $102oz
million it will have collected since,«;
the tax expired June 30, 1988.

I

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BUSINESS

Speakers
4"Fragmentation of the Perfect
Whole: American Literature in
the High School" --- a brown
d bag discussion at noon in 1524
Rackham
"Ring Opening Metathesis
Polymerization" --- Kevin J.
Bouck speaks at 4 p.m. in Room
1640 Chemistry Bldg.
Jazz Guitar Lecture Series ---
Hazen Schumach and John E.
Lawrence speak at 7 p.m. in the
Union Kuenzel Room
"Orthonormal Bases of
Wavelets" --- Ingrid Daubechies
speaks at 4 p.m in EECS 1311
"From the Beloved
Community to Common

* Resume Packages
" Quality Thesis Copies
" Course Packets
" Fax Service

" Term Paper Copies
" Collating/Binding
* Passport Photos
- Color Copies

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