The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, February 20, 1990 - Page 3
NATO role for united Germany
BONN, West Germany (AP) - Chancel.
for Helmut Kohl made peace between his de-
fense and foreign ministers yesterday on the
NATO role in a united Germany, while
Germans exiled from areas now in Poland de-
manded their homelands back.
Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher
and the defense minister, Gerhard
Stoltenberg, issued a statement at Kohl's re-
quest saying neither soldiers from the al-
liance nor West German troops should be
stationed in what now is East Germany.
* Stoltenberg suggested on Friday' that
NATO defenses be applied to a "whole Ger-
=many." Genscher said the defense minister
was "causing unnecessary irritation where a
subtle touch was needed."
In East Berlin yesterday, most partici-
'pants in weekly talks between the govern-
ment and opposition spoke against NATO
membership for a united Germany and said it
should be demilitarized.
As a precondition for reunification, they
said, East and West Germany should issue a
joint statement guaranteeing Poland's bor-
ders and giving security assurances to other
About 50,000 East Germans who favor a
rapid union participated in the weekly rally
yesterday at Leipzig, a center of the pro-
Hans Modrow, East Germany's Commu-
nist premier, told opposition leaders he
would not go "on his knees" for interim aid
from West Germany.
At meetings with Kohl and other West
German officials last week in East Berlin,
Modrow asked for 15 billion marks ($9 bil-
lion) in "solidarity aid" to tide his govern-
ment over until the nation's free elections on
Bonn refused on grounds that East Ger-
many would not disclose its financial condi-
tion or accept an offer to make the West
German mark the currency of both countries.
West Germany did provide the equivalent of
about $3.5 billion in aid for projects over
which East Germany will have little control.
Negotiations on economic and currency
union begin today in East Berlin, although
Modrow's government has made clear such a
step cannot be approved before the elections.
Dieter Vogel, government spokesperson
in Bonn, told reporters Kohl summoned
Stoltenberg and Genscher to the chancellery
yesterday. Their statement repeated assur-
ances Kohl made during talks in Moscow
with Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev,
who favors a united Germany must be neu-
Genscher and Stoltenberg, who represent
different parties in the governing coalition,
said no NATO units or facilities would be
extended into what is now East Germany.
They said that included West German
troops under NATO command and those not
directly assigned the alliance, such as territo-
rial defense units.
Last month, Genscher suggested what
now is West German territory remain partpf
NATO and the area east of the Elbe River,
now East Germany, be militarily neutral.
Stoltenberg's signature on the joint
statement with Genscher effectively reversed
the position the defense minister took Fri-
day, that NATO troops defend all of united
"The security policy of the area now
comprising East Germany in all its aspects
is to be determined with the freely elected
government of East Germany as well as with
the four powers responsible for Germany'
since World War II, it said.
Ann Arbor Rep.
their ruling party
Despite scandals, Liberal
Democrats maintain control
by Elisabeth Weinstein
State House Representative Mar-
garet O'Connor, (R-Ann Arbor),
spoke last night to about forty stu-
dents at a meeting of the College
Republicans to get feed back from
students about pertinent issues fac-
ing the University community.
Rather than give a lecture,
O'Connor explained the contents of
several bills, and asked the students
to vote whether they approved of
each one. She then stated her posi-
tion on the bills.
The bills she discussed included a
"no corporal punishment in public
schools" bill. This bill defined ver-
bal threats and physical abuse as
corporal punishment. O'Connor told
the audience she voted against the
bill because "as of now each school
district determines permissible pun-
ishments, and no district presently
allows physical abuse. Therefore
there is no need for such a law."
Another bill discussed was the
controversial abortion bill recently
passed by the Michigan Senate. The
bill requires pregnant women under
the age of 18 to receive permission
from at least one parent before hav-
ing an abortion.
Under the bill, if a teenager fears
talking to her parents, she may con-
sult a probate judge who will decide
if she is mature enough to make
such a decision on her own.
O'Connor supported the bill and
explained, "abortion is a major oper-
ation and parental permission is re-
quired for other operations such as
getting an appendix out and even
getting pierced ears."
O'Connor voted against a bill
, I H SM0LLtfua ly
Margert 0'Conner (R-Ann Arbor) spoke last night about competition
between private businesses and universities.
that would allow individual school were in favor of it. Another reason
districts to take drivers licences away O'Connor voted against it was be-
from teenagers who quit school be- cause it does not attack the reasons
fore the age of 18. students drop out of school.
The bill would permit exceptions O'Connor has proposed a new
to be made for students who must bill that would prohibit universities
support a family or care for a sick from competing with private busi-
family member. O'Connor said this nesses by selling products for sub-
bill would not apply to all students, stantially lower prices than their
just those whose school districts competitors.
TOKYO (AP) - Prime Minister
Toshiki Kaifu said yesterday the vot-
ers gave his party a vote of confi-
dence in its time of greatest crisis by
keeping the Liberal Democrats in
control of Parliament.
Some Japanese who voted Sun-
day. said they were angry with the
Liberal Democrats because of politi-
cal scandal and an unpopular sales
tax but still were not ready to entrust
the government to the opposition
Business leaders called the result
a vote for the economic policies that
have brought unprecedented prosper-
ity to Japan.
Liberal Democrats implicated in
the Recruit influence-buying scandal
were re-elected, including former
prime ministers Yasuhiro Nakasone
and Noboru Takeshita. Nakasone ran
as an independent.
Kaifu said they were "absolved"
by the voters but added: "We must
proceed with political reforms" in
the party that has governed Japan
since its founding in 1955.
"We started when the party was
said to be in the greatest crisis since
it was formed," he told reporters:
"The result of the election is a vote
of confidence of the people under the
constitution, and our government
has passed it."
Socialist Party leader Takako Doi
also claimed a victory, on grounds
that "our purpose was to reduce the
Liberal Democrats' strength as much
Her party campaigned on opposi=
tion to the three percent sales tax in-
troduced last year and reminded vot-
ers of the scandal, in which the Re-
cruit Co. information and publishing
conglomerate made large contribu-
tions to politicians and sold them
stock at insider prices.
Ms. Doi said Nakasone,
Takeshita and others touched by the
scandal won re-election to Parlia-
ment because of their powerful polit-
The Liberal Democrats got 275
seats in Parliament's powerful lower
house, a 512-seat body that chooses
the prime minister and sets the bud-
get. Fourteen more candidates who
ran as independents are expected to
join them. Before the election, the
party had 295 seats.
Azerbaijanis storm out of Kremlin session
MOSCOW (AP)- The entire Azerbaijani
delegation to the national legislature stormed out
of a session yesterday after the Soviet defense
minister refused to accept blame for deaths in a
military crackdown on the uprising in the
'Southern republic, sources said.
The dramatic walkout by the approximately
15-member delegation occurred in a closed-door
;Kremlin session of the Supreme Soviet called to
,discuss the Azerbaijani-Armenian dispute over
Nagorno-Karabakh and ethnic clashes resulting
Although reporters were barred from the
seven-hour session and it was not televised as
most sessions are, two participants - Vitautas
Statulyavicus of Lithuania and Arkady Murashev
of Moscow - gave details in telephone
Deputies decided to close the session, chaired
by President Mikhail Gorbachev, to reporters
because of the sensitive nature of the topic,
debate on which has sparked clashes in the past.
Murashev said the Azerbaijanis walked out
after Defense Minister Dmitri Yazov "insulted
the Azerbaijani delegation." According to the
deputy, Yazov said that when the Azerbaijani
delegates discussed victims of the nationalist
uprising, they blamed the army. Yazov contended
Azerbaijani extremists were to blame.
Soviet troops stormed into Baku, the
Azerbaijani capital, on Jan. 20, a week after
Azerbaijanis attacked ethnic Armenian residents.
Official reports say 139 were killed in the city
since the troops moved in, including 106
civilians, 28 troops and five policeman.
Before they walked out, Azerbaijani delegates
demanded that troops be withdrawn and reaffirmed
their republic's control over Nagorno-Karabakh.
What's happening in Ann Arbor today
LaGROC - The Lesbian and Gay
Males' Rights Organizing Com-
mittee meets at 7:30 p.m. in
Union 3000; 7 p.m. to set agenda
Student Struggle for Soviet
Jewry - weekly meeting at 6:30
p.m. in Hillel
Women's Club Lacrosse -
practice 4-6 p.m. at the Sports
Coliseum (5th. and Hill)
UM Cycling --- team meeting and
rollers riding 6 p.m. in the Sports
Women's Rugby --- meeting and
practice 8 p.m. in the Sports
discrimination Committee ---
meeting at 7 p.m. in the Union
(check board for room)
Asian American Women's
Journal --- meeting at 5 p.m. in
South Quad's Afro-American
Ann Arbor Committee to
Defend Abortion and
(A2CDAR2) --- new members
meeting at 5:15 p.m., general
body meeting at 5:30 p.m. in the
Women's Issues Commission
of MSA --- meeting at 6:30 p.m.
in 3909 Union
Students Concerned about
Animal Rights (SCAR) ---
meeting at' 7 p.m., animal rights
philosophy discussion at 8 p.m.
in 124 E. Quad
UM Collegiate Entrepeneurs --
- mass meeting at 7 p.m. in 0215
Indian and Pakistani American
Students' Council --- general
body meeting at 7 p.m. in the
p.m. in the Guild House (802
Monroe, at Oakland)
Anthropology Discussion ---
Loring Brace speaks about his
research at 7 p.m. in 2450 Mason
"The Innovation of
Ashkenazic Orthodoxy" ---
Shlomo Deshen speaks at 5 p.m.
in 3058 LS&A
Leonard Fein --- author of
Where are We? The Inner Life of
American Jews will speak at 7:30
p.m. in Hillel's Irwin Green
ECB Peer Writing Tutors --
available for help from 7-11 p.m.
at the Angell and 611 Church St.
Safewalk - the night-time safety
walking service runs form 8 p.m.-
1:30 a.m. in Rm. 102 UGLi or
Northwalk - the north-campus
night-time walking service runs
from 8 p.m.-1:30 a.m. in Bursley
2333, or call 763-WALK
SPARK Revolutionary History
Series --- discussion on
"Revolution Sweeps China 1925-
27" 7-8 p.m. in B122 MLB
Career- Planning and
Placement --- preparing for the
second interview 4:10-5 p.m.
CP&P Conference Room; making
a major choice 6:10-7:30 p.m. in
the Union Pendleton Room
Appalachian Service Trip --- 3rd
organizational meeting for those
interested in spring break trip at 7
p.m. in St. Mary's Student
Chapel (331 Thompson St.)
UM Faculty and Staff Blood
MOSCOW (AP) - Two cosmo-
nauts ended a 22-week mission yes-
terday that included the first Ameri-
can experiment aboard the space sta-
tion Mir, floating out of the clear
blue sky onto the glistening snow of
the Kazakhstan steppe.
State run television broadcast a
recording of the descent module of a
Soyuz TM-8 capsule.
Mission commander Alexander
Viktorenko and flight engineer
Alexander Serebrov touched down
near Arkalyk in Kazakhstan republic,
1,080 miles southeast of Moscow,
the Tass news agency said.
The TV report showed the astro-
nauts smiling as they sat covered
with blankets in the minus 26-degree
Fahrenheit temperatures at the re-
mote landing site. They sipped hot
drinks as well as champagne on a
plane flight later yesterday to Star
City, the cosmonaut training center
Viktorenko and Serebrov blasted
off Sept. 5 on a mission to Mir that
featured dozens of scientific experi-
ments and the successful testing of a
"space motorcycle," a one-person
vehicle designed for repairing satel-
lites, servicing the Buran space shut-
tle and rescuing astronauts in dis-
tress. They tested the motorcycle
during two of five spacewalks.
A replacement crew, Anatoly
Solovyov and Alexander Balandin,
flew to the space platform Feb. 11
and will remain aboard for about six
months to continue the experiments.
Among the 200 pounds of scien-
tific cargo Viktorenko and Serebrov
brought back were protein crystals
exposed to weightlessness in an
American experiment created by Pay-
load Systems Inc. The company was
the first authorized by the U.S.
Commerce Dept. to fly experiments
aboard the Soviet space station.
The crystals, brought to space
Dec. 20, will be shipped to the
United States and analyzed at the
Brookhaven National Laboratory
next month, according to Payload of-
Other research completed by the
returning cosmonauts included exper-
iments in geophysics, astrophysics,
medical biology and biotechnology,
"During their 166-day stay in
weightlessness, the crew underwent
regular medical checkups, providing
new data about man's working
abilities and functional state during
different stages of the flight," Tass
Spreading the word
Chair of the Michigan Student Assembly 's communications committee
Melissa Burke, LSA junior, speaks with students in the fishbowl as part
of the MSA 'Rap with your Rep' day. Burke encouraged all University
students to contact a representative with their concerns.
Ethnic Albanians demonstrate in Yugoslavia
PRISTINA, Yugoslavia (AP) - Tens of
thousands of ethnic Albanians demonstrated in
Yugoslavia's restive Kosovo province yesterday
in renewed unrest that has killed at least 27 peo-
ple since Jan. 24.
At the same time, rival Serbs called for action
against ethnic Albanian "separatists and terror-
ists" at a rally in Kosovo Polje, a Pristina sub-
urb, Belgrade television reported. It did not say
vac, about 25 miles south of the provincial capi-
tal of Pristina.
"Volleys of gunfire" were heard overnight in
Podujevo, a town 20 miles north of Pristina,
Tanjug reported early yesterday. Albanians were
firing into the air to celebrate the release of
prominent dissident Adem Dem? qi, who has
spent nearly 29 years in prison for separatist ac-
tivity, it said.
thousands more were on their way, said local rea
porter Sefki Ukai.
A human rights group in the Croatian capital
of Zagreb said Demaqi was the longest-serving
political prisoner on Europe. Yugoslav prisons
hold 600 other political prisoners, almost all of
them ethnic Albanians, news reports said.
Elsewhere yesterday, about 20,000 ethnic Al-
banians marched through Decani, about 45 miles