Death squad murders
Tom Wolfe says he's what literature needs
'M' basketball team beats B.U. by 8 pts.
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Ninety-nine years of editorial freedom
Vol. C, No. 58 Ann Arbor, Michigan -Tuesday, November 28, 1989 r
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia (AP) - Mil-
lions of people ignored government pleas and
joined a nationwide general strike yesterday in
the largest and most dramatic demonstration so
far for democracy and an end to Communist
"We don't want you anymore!" a flag-wav-
ing crowd of 200,000 roared in a thunderous
chant that echoed off the 19th-century build-
ings surrounding downtown Wenceslas Square.
It was the I1th straight day of massive protest
Huge crowds of workers also
poured into the streets of Bratislava,
the east Slovak industrial center of
Kosice, the mining center of Ostrava
on the Polish border, and in Usti nad
Labem, the heart of industrial north-
The showing was a resounding
victory for the opposition, which
had called the two-hour strike a refer-
endum on the Communists' 40-year
monopoly on power.
Communist leaders' frantic at- E
tempts to avert the strike failed as
workers joined the pro-democracy
movement started by students, artists
Shaken leaders continued to make
new concessions to the opposition:
The party's Central Commit-
tee dumped three more hard-liners
from the ruling Politburo, the sec-
ond major leadership reshuffle in
The Czech and Slovak min-
istries of culture announced they had A worker
lifted most forms of press censor- on top of
* The Central Committee approved an in-
quiry by a parliamentary commission into a
November 17 rally in which riot police
clubbed hundreds of peaceful pro-democracy
Deputy premier Jaromir Zak said on
state-run TV that after long discussion it was
decided to drop the article enshrining the lead-
ing role of the Communists in the constitution
from a new draft of the document. "Every po-
litical party has the right to a leading role as
See STRIKES, Page 2
Michigan running back Tony Boles, seen here carrying the ball against Wisconsin, will have reconstructive knee surgery in the
near future and will be unable to play in the Rose Bowl, January 1, against the University of Southern California
Dottin and Diebolt to return for
by Adam Schrager
Daily Football Writer
For the first time in the 1989 football
season, Michigan tailback Tony Boles has
found something he cannot outrun: the
The junior, who runs the 40-meter dash
in 4.3 seconds, will. have reconstructive
knee surgery done on his right knee in the
near future and will miss not only the Jan.
1 Rose Bowl, but also the Wolverines
Spring Practice in March. According to
head coach Bo Schembechler, the target date
for Boles' return is Aug. 1, 1990.
"His injury is severe enough to operate
right away," Schembechler said at his
weekly luncheon yesterday. "It's disap-
pointing because at the time of his injury,
he was developing into the most exciting
back in the nation."
Following his season performance of
839 rushing yards and an average of nearly
6.5 yards per carry, Boles was named to the
Football News' second-team All-America.
Boles scored 11 touchdowns this season and
scored on a 91-yard run against Indiana and
an 85-yard kickoff return against Purdue.
"When you consider how well Michigan
did without Tony Boles, that's saying
something," said Ohio State coach John
Cooper after Saturday's game. "He is a
terrific back and it's a shame he is hurt."
The injury to the anterior cruciate
ligament in the knee occurred two weeks
ago against Minnesota. As Boles was run-
ning out-of-bounds after a 19-yard carry, his
knee buckled as he was hit by a Gopher
"I don't know whether he can get his
speed back or not," Schembechler said.
"From a coaching standpoint, he was
becoming a beautiful thing to watch. He
was a guy who kept getting better and
The surgery date is undecided because
the Wolverine football staff is worried
about ruining Boles' academic semester.
Schembechler added that Boles' rehab-
ilitation schedule will be determined when
he has the surgery.
"He would have to be operated on even
if he wasn't going to play football again,"
Schembechler said. "He has to make a
commitment, an unbelievable commitment
to rehabilitation. A successful operation is
due to a good attitude toward rehabili-
Boles was named the Wolverine
Offensive Player-of-the-Year for his per-
formances running, receiving, and return-
"He is an extremely dangerous back that
can score any time he touches the ball,"
said Minnesota linebacker John Leverenz
after the Gophers were beaten by the Wol-
verines. "He is so fast. I've never seen
anyone catch him."
It is this speed that Schembechler be-
lieves will enable him to move Boles to
the flanker position if his knee doesn't
seem capable of handling the continuous
hits a running back takes.
Last season, Boles was the fourth
leading rusher in the NCAA totalling over
See BOLES, page 8
r from the CDK factories in Prague raise flags
a factory building.
Hungarian referendum offers
planning time t
BUDAPEST, Hungary (AP) - The ruling
Socialist Party conceded defeat yesterday in a
national referendum that would postpone presi-
dential elections and give the fledgling opposi-
tion more time to organize and field a candi-
It was the first free election in more than
four decades, and the first since the Commu-
nists dissolved their party, renamed it the So-
cialist Party and opened the way for free multi-
Final results were not expected until today,
but the presidential candidate of the ruling So-
cialist Party said voters Sunday had approved
the referendum backed by opposition parties.
"We can be certain that the number of 'yes'
votes was higher than the 'no' votes," said
Imre Pozsgay, the popular Socialist candidate.
An opposition victory would mean that a
new democratic Parliament, to be chosen by
June, will elect the president. If voters had re-
See HUNGARY, Page 2
MSA elections will
test Coalition power
y Josh Mitnick
Daily MSA Reporter
Daily News Analysis
Tomorrow's Michigan Student
Assembly elections mark the third
straight term in which the
Conservative Coalition has
sponsored a major slate to contend
for assembly seats.
With the party's ascendency over
MSA elections 189
the past year, the Coalition has
transformed an assembly which was
once a stronghold for campus
liberals to a partisan body which is
ivided over most issues.
After two Conservative Coalition
candidates captured assembly seats
last fall, the party seized a major
foothold in the spring elections
when Engineering junior Aaron
Williams captured the presidency and
six other candidates joined MSA .
Last spring, with more liberal
and moderate students splitting their
votes between three other major
parties - United Students, Student
Power, and Student Choice -
Williams was able to win with only
a 31 percent plurality.
Williams and his party centered
their campaign around the issue of
keeping student funds on campus.
They specifically opposed MSA
funding of observer delegations to
Central America and the West Bank.
See MSA, Page 2
by Noelle Vance
Daily Government Reporter
Students may be thrilled to receive 50 percent dis-
counts on Apple computers at the University's annual
fall Computer Kickoff, but the sale leaves local com-
puter distributors furious.
Frustrated with the University for contracting with
Apple Computer Inc., the distributors are joining other
Michigan retailers to back a state bill which would pro-
hibit universities from selling products at discount
House Bill 4546, sponsored by Rep. Margaret
O'Conner (R-Ann Arbor), would prohibit state universi-
ties and colleges from selling retail goods "at a substan-
tially lower price than the general market."
The issue has surfaced in the last few years as uni-
versities have increasingly made special contracts with
manufacturers to allow students to purchase their prod-
ucts without going through a retailer.
The University of Michigan has such a contract with
Apple Computer Inc. Apple sells a certain number of
computers to the University at wholesale prices. Stu-
dents, faculty and staff members can then purchase them
at cost (plus a shipping and handling price).
Defenders of the University's computer sale say it is
one way the University can help students cut the cost of
Live liver transplant
CHICAGO (AP) - A mother
trying to save her daughter's life by
participating in the nation's first liv-
ing-donor liver transplant showed no
"signs of doubt" before the historic
operation yesterday, a hosDital
More than 700 babies a year in
the United States need liver trans-
plants, and as many as half die for
lack of a donor.
Alyssa suffers form an often fatal
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