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November 15, 1989 - Image 2

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1989-11-15

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Page 2 --The Michigan Daily -- Wednesday, November 15, 1989

German e
BERLIN (AP) - The opening of East Ger-
many's borders has exposed troubling economic
hazards for both Germanys.
The sight of millions of East Germans visit-
ing West Berlin gives a hint of the onslaught
that could result if living standards fail to rise to
meet the growing expectations of East Germans.
East Germany fears being further impover-
ished by West Germans using hard-currency clout
to buy up property or subsidized goods in an ac-
cessible Eastern market.
But Deutsche Bank chair Alfred Herrhausen
predicts that with market-oriented reforms, "I'm
convinced that East Germany can reach our West-
ern living standards within the next five to 10
years.
Herrhausen's forecast and Bonn's promise of
massive aid in the style of the postwar Marshall
Plan demonstrate the strength of West German
interest in rebuilding the East German economy.
But even with the best intentions, the East
German problems may be insurmountable.

conomy faces hazards
East Germans can rarely be reached by phone considerably since the Stalinist controls on travel
from the West because the hopelessly insufficient fell Thursday, but Bonn recognizes the risks in-
network is subject to breakdowns and equipment volved if reforms should fail.
shortages.
Consumers wait years to buy smoke-spewing Economics Minister Helmut Hausmann yes-
Trabant and Wartburg cars that are the butt of terday offered an aid package for East Germany if
jokes in West Germany, where the wheels of the new leadership converts to a market system.
preference are the luxury Mercedes and BMW. But a leading East German economist, Karl Mor-
Fresh fruit is seldom more than a memory in genstern, said a free-market system is not the
winter. Refrigerators, TVs and VCRs can cost goal of his socialist state.
several months' salary and break down two weeks Reform-oriented leaders in East Berlin have
later. not indicated how or when they will consider the
Euphoria over travel freedom could quickly critical step toward conversion to a hard-currency
give way to frustration as East Germans discover system.
firsthand the vast difference between their Because the state needs to generate enough
lifestyles and that of their western neighbors. hard currency to buy priority equipment and
And West Germany's constitutionally man- commodities, it is forced to sell goods for export
dated practice of granting citizenship to ethnic at only 15 percent of the cost of production, Fi-
Germans keeps the door wide open to permanent nance Minister Ernst Hoefner disclosed Monday.
settlement in the West. Limited hard currency also puts up an effec-
More than 200,000 East Germans have fled to tive ban on travel to the West in the place of the
West Germany this year. The deluge has ebbed physical one removed.

DEADLINE
Continued from Page 1
ability to overcome
differences.
"For me, this has been the best
work I've done in terms of faculty
and students," said U-Council
member Harry McLaughlin, the
Director of Academic Services for
the Physical Education Division.
McLaughlin has served on the
council for more than three years.
U-Council member Tom
Croxton, a Social Work professor,
said the council should disseminate
its recently completed protest
enforcement guidelines. He said the
regents may find it more difficult to
abolish the council if its work is
widely known.
"The edge will be taken off that

confrontation by presenting a decent
document," Dolgon said of the
December meeting.
U-Council Co-chair Jens Zorn, a
physics professor, said the
University needs the council. "(The
administrators) need help in running
this very difficult organization."
Dolgon agreed, saying the recent
court ruling striking down the
University's anti-discrimatory
harassment policy shows the need
for the council. Under bylaw 7.02,
the University cannot take action on
an issue that U-Council is
considering.
"We've watched what happens
when the administration acted too
quickly," Dolgon said. He added that
the council could give "the kind of
care and caution" needed to review
policy.

AID
Continued from Page 1
German party that is allied with the
Communists but shows signs of in-
dependence, said pro-democracy
groups should be invited in "round-
table" talks about East German's fu-
ture.
Discussions this spring between
Polish authorities and Solidarity,
which were given that name, led to a
non-Communist government in
Poland.
Mayor Walter Momper of West
Berlin said the sudden opening of
East Germany's borders was creating
traffic jams, currency problems and
other economic difficulties the two
governments must resolve.
Economics Minister Helmut

Haussmann of West Germany an-
nounced a six-point aid plan includ-
ing investments, joint ventures and
modernizing East Germany's dilapi-
dated communications and transport
systems.
Haussmann did not name a figure
for the aid and said East Germany
must achieve "thorough change" in
its centrally directed economy.
Reforms promised so far by
Communist Party leader Egon
Krenz, who took over last month
from hard-liner Erich Honecker, have
resulted in more questions than an-
swers, Haussmann said in Bonn.
He compared his proposal to the
Marshall Plan devised by Secretary
of State George Marshall, which
provided more than $12 billion in
American aid in 1948-51 to help Eu-
rope recover from the war.

IN BRIEF
Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
SWAPO wins majority vote
WINDHOEK, Namibia - The Black nationalist movement that
fought South African rule for 23 years won a solid majority yesterday in
national elections but will have to bargain with rival parties in drafting a
new constitution.
Namibians voted from Tuesday through Saturday for a 72-member
assembly that will draft a constitution and declare independence for
Namibia after 74 years of South African rule.
The South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) won 57
percent of the 670,830 ballots cast, according to results announced
yesterday.
The Democratic Turnhalle Alliance, a multiracial coalition that favors
a capitalist economy, finished second with 29 percent of the votes.
The United Democratic Front won four seats, followed by the
conservative, all-white Action Christian National, with three.
The Federal Convention of Namibia, National Patriotic Front and the
Namibia National Front each won a single seat.
Bush salutes European change
WASHINGTON - President George Bush declared his confidence yes-
terday that "Europe will some day be whole and free," saluting a decision
by Czechoslovakia to ease travel restrictions as just one more sign.
Bush said he was not concerned about the dizzying pace of change
sweeping Eastern Europe. "I don't think it's moving too fast and I don't
know of anybody in my administration that feels that it's moving too
fast."
The White House said the administration was reviewing development
in Eastern Europe with an eye toward "changing relationships and new
policies and programs."
"There are large issues of East-West relations, of the NATO-Warsaw
Pact's future, of the status of the Soviet empire as these countries change
their relationship with the Soviet Union," White House press secretary
Marlon Fitzwater said.
State urges schools to begin,
early AIDS education plan
DETROIT - State educators are taking a different tack to control the
spread of AIDS, recommendingthat AIDS education programs begin in
kindergarten.
The Michigan Department of Education began urging local school dis-
tricts last spring to adopt an the optional Michigan Model Comprehensive
Health Program, a curriculum developed to teach kindergarten-through-
eighth-grade students about a variety of health issues, including acquired
immune deficiency syndrome.
The program begins with basic lessons on preventing the spread of
communicable diseases. Children learn to cover their mouths after they
sneeze and wash their hands before eating.
"Then we add AIDS, telling them that it, too, is a communicable dis-
ease," said Patricia Nichols of the state Department of Education. "But
we make sure they know they can't catch it from a door knob or the water
fountain."
While Michigan only recommends the program, four other states have
mandated it.
MSU allows $4.8 million in

COUNCIL
Continued from Page 1
"These folks aren't rowing the
canoe alone," he said.
MSA, SACUA, and the Provost
will nominate the speech board's
three members and three alternates to
Duderstadt, who will then make the
appointments.
The policy encourages mediation
between event sponsors and
protesters both before and after the
speaking engagement.
s U-Council member Harry
McLaughlin, Director of Academic
Services of the Physical Education
Division, said he thinks the
provision for pre-event mediation is
crucial for equity for both sides. He
said it was "a way of attempting to
address the fact that it is known there

are opposite views in the com-
munity. The event's organizers
should allow for that."
U-Council Co-chair Corey
Dolgon, a Rackham graduate
student, stressed that pre-event
mediation was encouraged but not
required.
If post-event mediation fails, the
complaint will go to one of two
hearing panels. One hearing panel
deals with milder sanctions, such as
community service, while the other
handles more serious sanctions such
as expulsion. The latter will handle
only extreme or repeated violations.
American Civil Liberties Union
Vice President Mike Schechter
questioned the "whole premise" of a
speech policy. "You can't punish
someone for free speech. That's
unconstitutional."

Schechter specifically questioned
the ability of three people to
determine speech violations.
"It's completely ludicrous that
you're supposed to have three people
decide what's free speech," Schechter
said. "Unless they have legal
training, I wouldn't trust them."
Zorn said he hopes MSA,
SACUA and the administration will
return suggestions to the council by
the end of the month, U-council
faces a December deadline to prove
its effectiveness to the regents.
! fTT71M AT,,w ....

MSA
Continued from Page 1
not been present at MSA meetings
for nearly a month due to family
obligations, and has missed two
weeks of school.
"We have been expecting it,"
said Music School Rep. Laura
Sankey. "She was a great VP. It will
be sad without her."
LSA Rep. Susan Langnas said,
"It is going to hurt the Assembly.
She was a wonderful person. She
was always open - always kept a
happy tone to things."
In other business, MSA approved
a resolution supporting a bill in the
U.S. Congress which would allow
Chinese students to stay in the
United States because of the recent
events in China.

um News in
The Daily
764-0552

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endowments to accumulate
LANSING - Michigan State University has allowed $4.8 million in
endowment funds to accumulate rather than spend it, an audit by acting
Auditor General Charles Jones says.
The audit, released yesterday, says the money on hand amounts to
about two years' investment income from the endowments.
A review of 11 of the larger accounts found five where, the audit said,
"We could not find any justifiable reason for not using these funds to en-
hance university programs in accordance with the donors' intents."
Stephen Terry, assistant vice president for finance at Michigan State,
said the university is tightening up procedures to make sure deans and de-
partment officials with responsibility for spending proceeds from the
school's 320 endowments report their plans for use of the money.
EXTRAS
Spanish cook-off draws
thousands of veggie fans
CRYSTAL CITY, Texas - It's every kid's worst nightmare: a
spinach cook-off.
The culinary countdown is part of the Crystal City Spinach Festival,
an annual event that draws thousands to this South Texas town of about
8,500. They're welcomed by -who else? - Popeye.
An 8-foot concrete statue of the spinach-chomping cartoon sailor sits
in front of City Hall, symbolizing Crystal City's love affair with the dark
green leafy stuff.
"We're expecting 50,000," said Bella Delgado, a spokesperson of the
Crystal city Spinach Festival Association. "They come from all over the
world. I don't know why, they just come."
Spinach fanatics from as far away as London have called to inquire
about the festival. Official guests include former San Antonio Mayor
Henry Cisneros, U.S. Rep. Alber Bustamente of San Antonio and state
Rep. Ernestine Glossbrenner of Alice.
SbE £irbigrni Bailt
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967) is published Monday through Friday during the fall and winter
terms by students at the University of Michigan. Subscription rates: for fall and winter (2 semesters)
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EDITORIAL STAFF:
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News Editors Miguel Cruz, Alex Gordon, Richard Eisen, Lory Knapp,
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Photo: Jennifer Dunetz, Amy Feldman, Julie Hollman, Jose Juarez, Jonathan Liss, Josh Moore, Samantha Sanders, Kenneth Smeler,
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