The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 3, 1989 - Page 5
Congress closes in on clean air
WASHINGTON (AP) - Key House mem-
bers, breaking a 10-year congressional stalemate,
have tentatively agreed to a compromise on clean
air legislation that would substantially reduce au-
tomobile pollution through 2003, congressional
sources said yesterday.
The agreement would require the nation to ac-
cept standards already approved for California, the
state with the worst smog pollution problem and
the toughest emissions requirements.
The anti-smog requirements would remain in
effect nationally until 2003, and could be tight-
ened after that if a federal study showed more re-
ductions were necessary, the sources said.
Signing on to the privately negotiated agree-
ment were Representatives John D. Dingell (D-
Mich.), who had represented views of the auto
industry, and Henry A. Waxman (D-Calif.), a
strong backer of environmental groups.
Waxman's demand for much tougher auto
standards, and Dingell's resistance, has led to a
stalemate that played a large role in blocking a
new clean air bill for a decade.
The Energy and Commerce Committee mem-
bers who signed on to the agreement have
pledged to honor the pact through the entire leg-
islative process, said the sources, who spoke
only on condition that they not be named.
and congressional Office of Technology Assess-
ment, to determine if more emissions reductions
would be needed.
The EPA administrator could decide to tighten
the standards as a result of the study or leave'
them alone. If he or she does nothing, standards
The agreement would require the nation to accept standards
already approved for California, the state with the worst smog
pollution problem and the toughest emissions requirements.
Dingell is chair of the full committee, and
Waxman heads the environment subcommittee
that currently is considering amendments to Pres-
ident Bush's clean air bill.
The agreement would require a study before
2003 by the Environmental Protection Agency
already proposed by Waxman would automati-
cally become effective.
The agreement also would include controls on
«toxic chemicals coming from automobiles, the
A man from East Germany tries to climb over a fence of the West German
embassy in Prague yesterday, while a Czech police officer tries to pull
him down. The embassy is surrounded by Czech police forces.
Continued from page 1
More than 32,000 East Germans
have arrived in West Germany since
"September 10, when Hungary
opened its western border with Aus-
tria and the numbers of refugees oc-
cupying Bonn's embassies swelled.
Yesterday, both East Germany
and Czechoslovakia accused West
Germany of breaking its word by
harboring new refugees, going back
on conditions it agreed to in gaining
release of the earlier refugee throng.
Kohl spokesperson Hans Klein
denied any such agreement. And
Peter Rothen, a spokesperson for the
Bonn Foreign Ministry, insisted
West Germany "never told the East
Germans it would stop taking in
East Germans seeking refuge."
West German officials said they
would press East Berlin to let the
new arrivals leave for the West.
Czechoslovak police continued
patrols outside the embassy yester-
day but relaxed controls on pedestri-
ans and drivers, witnesses reported.
Nearly 10,000 people marched
through Leipzig, East Germany, yes-
terday, demanding legalization of
opposition groups and adoption of
democratic reforms. It was the
largest mass opposition demonstra-
tion since 1953, when workers rose
throughout East Germany in an ill-
fated uprising later crushed by Soviet
In Warsaw, Poland, an estimated
100-200 refugees had arrived at the
West German Embassy. About 800
left the embassy Sunday for West
by Amy Quick
The LSA faculty executive com-
mittee proposed changes to the
Faculty Code concerning the English
Composition Board were presented
to LSA faculty members at their
monthly meeting yesterday. The
ECB ensures a minimum level of
writing competency by placing in-
coming students in writing composi-
tion classes. It also serves as a valu-
able critique center for students in
need of help with papers for any
Two of the potential changes re-
gard introductory composition
classes. The present tutorial intro-
ductory class, Freshman Writing
Practicum 100 or 101, will be re-
placed if the proposal passes, becom-
ing a two credit class. It will be ref-
ered to as a "practicum" as opposed
to a "tutorial", as it is sometimes
The change of its title "better re-
flects the activities of the course,"
according to the ECB Director, Prof.
The tutorial is also currently
listed in the code as "a one-to-four
credit" course, but it has been 2 cred-
its for years, Keller-Cohen said.
The other change regards the
number of introductory composition
classes available to fulfill the re-
quirement. The faculty code -
which now lists introductory com-
position as "a four credit writing
course, taught in the English
Department" - will be adjusted to
recognize other courses such as Great
Books and some freshman seminars
in the Residential College which
meet the requirement.
Another proposed change would
broaden LSA representation on the
English Composition Board. If this
were to be implemented, the ECB
would be represented by all three
LSA divisions - Humanities,
Natural Science, and Social Science.
There would also be a person
from each LSA department appointed
to serve as a writing liaison to the
Board. The faculty hopes that this
will improve student writing for un-
dergraduates in all departments,
A final modification to the code
would encourage students to fulfill
the ECB upperclass writing require-
ment "after their sophomore and
preferably in their junior year."
A memo to LSA faculty mem-
bers stated "too many students wait
until the last semester of their senior
year to take the required upper-level
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