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October 02, 1989 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1989-10-02

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Pae 2 - The Michigan Daily - Monday, October 2, 1989
Hopwood awards encourage writers

by Amy Quick
Before Scott Lasser, a graduate
student and creative writing teaching
assistant, won a major fiction-short
story Hopwood award in 1988, he
was discouraged about his writing.
After receiving rejection after
rejection, he was beginning to
wonder if his efforts were really
worth it.
Winning the Hopwood award,
Lasser said, was his first real
The Hopwood Prizes are literary
awards presented three times a year
to the best student writers in the
categories of fiction, essay, poetry,
and drama.
Each award winner receives a cash
reward ranging anywhere from $150
to $3,000. Even without the money,

the Hopwood is a prestigious award,
one of the only nationally recognized
college-level writing awards.
Writers have decided to attend
Michigan in hopes of winning a
Hopwood. In the past, agents have
been sent to the awards ceremony to
scout for new writers. Some former
Hopwood winners include Arthur
Miller, Robert Hayden, Lawrence
Kasdan, Marge Piercy, Frank
O'Hara, John Ciardi, and Edmund
Graduate student Michael Barrett,
a major fiction-short story winner,
said the award "was a real
confirmation that I am a writer."
"Ninety percent of writing is
done because you just know you
want to do it; you have something
to say. But for the other 10

percent... it really helps to have
support like that."
The Hopwood contest, first held
in the 1930-1931 academic year, was
created by 1905 University graduate
Avery Hopwood. Hopwood, a
successful Broadway playwright
during the 1920s and 1930s, decided
in 1922 to leave one-fifth of his
estate to the University. In his will,
he created the rules for the Hopwood
Last year the Hopwoods awarded
more than one million dollars. To
ensure that the Hopwood estate
money goes mainly toward awards,
Prof. Nicholas Delblanco, the
Hopwood chair, organizes numerous
fundraisers to fund the Hopwood
speakers, advertising, and

To be eligible to submit work,
students must be enrolled in a
writing course of at least two credits
in the English or communications
departments. Students in Residential
College writing courses also are
eligible. Literature courses, however,
do not qualify students.
Undergrads must be registered for
at least six credits each term and
maintain a C average for the
previous full term, while graduate
students must maintain a B average.
All students entering the
Hopwood Contests must mail an
unofficial fall 1989 transcript to the
Hopwood Room at 1006 Angell,
along with their manuscripts by
Feb. 13, 1990 at 12:00 noon. To
ensure that transcripts arrive on
time, the last day to order them is
Feb. 5, 1990.

Foresters loan World Bank some advice

by Mike Fitzgibbon
Third World foresters, during an
international seminar last week at
the University's School of Natural
Resources, discussed the effects of
International Monetary Fund and
World Bank policies on their coun-
If tlhe U.S. decides to add money
to the IMF and the World Bank
funds, the foresters said, their gov-
ernments will be able to continue
k Af tei

programs that are crucial to their
countries and the world's environ-
The foresters - from
Bangladesh, Malaysia, Nicaragua,
and other Third World countries -
were taking part in the Sixth
International Seminar on Forest
Administration and Management,
sponsored by the University's natu-
ral resources school and the U.S.
Forest Service last Wednesday.
IOff I

"Whether you are from an afflu-
ent country, or not, the environment
affects everybody," said Narendre
Shrestha, Nepal's chief of commu-
nity forestry.
"'Global warming/global warn-
ing,' is a slogan around the world
now," he said, referring to recent
warming of the Earth, which scien-
tists attribute, in part, to massive
cutting of tropical rain forests.
Shrestha said he expects that this
year the World Bank will be much
more environmentally concerned
with regard to its loans to less de-
veloped countries.
The foresters did not focus on the
Washington, D.C. meeting, but did
express concern for its possible ef-
fects on natural resource programs in
their countries.
Shrestha said reduced lending by
banks, increasing debt service,
falling commodity prices, inflation,

and tightening fiscal situations of
donor countries have reduced the
economic prospects of less developed
countries. He said, "Environmental
programs are seen as luxuries against
the welfare of the people."
Jean-Jaques Rey, a member of the
Belgian IMF delegation, commented
after the meeting, "Many sharehold-
ers of the World Bank now insist
that great care should be held in the
incidence of development projects on
the environment."
However, Rey said the IMF tradi-
tionally abjures responsibility for
such matters. "It's the overall sum
total of these policies that concern
the IMF," said Rey, who was visit-
ing Ann Arbor on Friday. But, he
noted, "The U.S. Congress asked the
U.S. delegate to the IMF for greater
concern on the environment, also."
Kayondo Matthias, the senior
See IMF, page 5



Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
Fumes fill Metro radar room
ROMULUS, Mich. - Noxious fumes forced Detroit Metropolitan
Airport's traffic controllers to evacuate their radar room Sunday, turning
their duties over to an Ohio radar station.
Fumes from a roofing compound began wafting into the radar room
about 3:50 p.m., causing light-headedness and making it difficult to
breathe, said Al Russell, assistant manager for plans and procedures at the
Some flights were delayed because of the evacuation, Russell said.
Flights were being guided here by controllers at Oberlin, Ohio, where
the airport's regular radar backup is located, he said. Oberlin is about 130
miles southeast of Detroit.
The smelly compound was being applied to a roof on a two-story
building next to the control tower when fumes got into the ventilation
system for the radar room, located on the tower's third floor.
Thousands of East Germans
continue stunning exodus
HOF, West Germany - Thousand of East Germans arrived to a
triumphal welcome in West Germany yesterday after their government
agreed to let them flee to the West, the latest chapter in a historic exodus
from an increasingly splintered Soviet bloc.
"We had no future there," said Uwe Kuester of Cottbus. About 6,000
refugees either arrived or were on their way from Czechoslovakia, border
police said, and another 800 arrived from Poland.
The refugees had stayed for weeks in West German embassies in
Warsaw and Prague after they were unable to reach Hungary, a liberal
Warsaw pact nation that had opened its border to the East German
The new arrivals follow more than 24,000 East Germans who have
fled though Hungary since September 10, when the reform minded
Communist government in Budapest decided to open its border.
Namibians vote for freedom
WINDHOEK, Nambia - After 74 years under South African rule,
Namibians are engaged in an electroral free-for-all for the right to lead the;
territory into independence.
In voting set for Nov. 7-11, Nambia had the opportunity to transform
itself from Africa's last colony into one of the continent's most
politically diverse and democratic nations.
The campaign had been marked by violence and intimidation, but it
also is a rarity in Africa: a multiparty competition where the outcome
is in doubt. There are 10 parties that include leftists, rightists, all-white
parties, all-black parties and multiracial parties.
The front-runner is the South-West Africa People's Organization, the
Black-dominated independence movement that waged a 23-year war against
South African rule.
Lebanese debate Syrian force
TAIF, Saudi Arabia - Lebanese lawmakers clashed yesterday over the
presence of Syrian troops in their country and Christian leader Gen.
Michel Aoun demanded a timetable for their pullout before agreeing to
In Beirut, where Aoun made his comments, Christian forces and
Syrian-backed Druse militiamen battled for 15 minutes around the moun-
tain garrison of Souk al-Gharb, testing a fragile cease-fire. No casualties
were reported.
Reporters are barred from the Parliament.sessions in Taif, a Saudi
Arabian resort, and from direct access to the lawmakers.
But sources at the meeting reported a stormy session yesterday as the
63 members of Parliament - 33 Christians and 30.Moslems - gathered
for a second day in their bid to end the 14-year-old civil war and address an
Arab League peace plan.
The session was dominated by disagreements between Christians and
Moslems over what Syria's role in Lebanon should be, said the sources,
who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Psychic fails to stop train
MOSCOW -E. Frenkel, one of the Soviet Unions's growing number
of psychic healers and mentalists, claimed he used his powers to stop
bicycles, automobiles and streetcars.
He thought he was ready for something bigger, so he stepped in front

of a freight train. It didn't work.
The engineer of the train that killed Frenkel said the psychic stepped
onto the tracks with his arms raised, his head lowered and his body tensed.
The daily Sovietskaya Rossiya yesterday said investigators looking
into Frenkel's fatal decision found the answer in the briefcase he left by
the side of the track.
"First I stopped a bicycle, cars, and a streetcar, " Frenkel wrote in
notes that the investigators found. "Now I'm going to stop a train."

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Tuesday, October 3, 1989
12:30 p.m.
Pond Rooms A & B
Michigan Union, First Floor

Reception: 12:30
Lecture: 12:45


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