WASHINGTON (AP) - A fed-
eral court jury yesterday convicted a
t former Boeing Co. marketing execu-
tive on 39 counts arising from his
possession of secret Pentagon budget
The 12-member jury in U.S. Dis-
trict Court deliberated about two
hours before returning the verdicts
tagainst Richard Lee Fowler, who
worked for Boeing from 1978 until
he was fired in 1986.
Fowler could be sentenced to 310
years in prison and fined $225,000 if
the maximum penalties were im-
posed. The counts with which he
was charged included conspiracy,
mail fraud and illegal conveyance of
Boeing has pleaded guilty to re-
ceiving classified documents from
Fowler and has agreed to pay fines of
In testimony this week, em-
ployes of several defense contractors
said they were part of a nine-com-
pany network whose Washington
representatives traded Pentagon bud-
get documents in the late 1970's and
Earlier, former Defense Secretary
Frank Carlucci and several generals
testified that the documents clearly
could not be given to contractors.
The documents generally dealt
with the Pentagon's procurement
plans, sometimes for the next five
Fowler's defense argued that he
was singled out for prosecution be-
cause he refused to tell where he got
"There can be no doubt that Mr.
Fowler not only joined the conspir-
acy, but was the lynch-pin," assis-
tant U.S. Attorney Randy Bellows
said in closing arguments.
The Michigan Daily - Friday, December 8, 1989 - Page 5
'U' study on Detroit race
to be released today
by Liz Paige
The results of a 16-month study
of racial and class differences in the
Detroit tri-county area will be pre-
sented tomorrow by the University's
Detroit Area Study and the Research
Program on Race and American Pol-
The conference, titled "Separate
and Unequal: The Racial Divide,
Strategies for Reducing Political and
Economic Inequalities in the Detroit
Area," will be held in the Rackham
Memorial Building, in Detroit from
9 a.m. to 1 p.m.
Political Science Prof. Steven
Rosenstone, the program's director,
said the project is intended to deter-
mine how racial, class, and ethnic
disparities affect political participa-
tion in Detroit and to identify strate-
gies to reduce such inequalities.
"Several things are important
about this study," said Rackham
graduate student Cathy Cohen, a re-
searcher in the study. "First of all,
one-quarter of the graduate students
participating in this research are stu-
dents of color."
"Secondly, it was very important
to the students of color to develop a
project that would not be exploita-
tive of our communities, but rather
to do research that would be rooted
in and empower our communities,"
The study is based on results of
916 interviews, over half of those
interviewed were Black. "You never
get- that many Blacks in any survey,"
The conference will consist of
three panels: 'The Racial Div ide,
"Participation in the Public
Schools," and "Citizen Responses to
Each panel will consist of two
study presenters, a moderator, and
two discussants from the Detroit
community. Panel members include
the Rev. Dr. Charles Adams, pastor
of Detroit's Hartford Baptist Church;
Grace Lee Boggs, editor of the Save
Our Sons and Daughters Newsletter;
and John Matlock, former legislative
assistant to U.S. Rep. JOhn Conycrs
Since 1952, the study has been a
cooperative effort by graduate stu-
dents, social science faculty, and the
University designed to research is-
sues of concern to Detroit and the
Last February, two Black gradu-
ate students, while conducting re-
search for the study were allegcdly
stopped, harassed and ordered out of a
predominantly white neighborhood
in Allen Park, a Detroit suburb, by
two white police officers. AL- the
time Allen Park Mayor Gerald
Richards denied the police had'vio-
lated the students' civil rights.
Consent bill petition
LSA Sophomore liana Trachtman signs a protest against the Michigan
Parental Consent Bill for Caryn Stein an LSA sophomore.
unfair, Rep. says
WASHINGTON (AP) - The
chair of a House antitrust panel
charged yesterday there is "strong ev-
idence" that unfair marketing prac-
tices by Nintendo of America Inc.
have monopolized the home video
game industry and kept the prices of
Super Mario and his buddies artifi-
Rep. Dennis Eckart (D-Ohio)
asked the Justice Department's an-
titrust division to investigate Nin-
tendo, the U.S. subsidiary of a
Japanese manufacturer that revived
the domestic electronic game indus-
try and now controls 80 percent of
the $3.4 billion market.
Nintendo officials angrily dis-
puted the charges and accused Eckart
of denying them an opportunity to
"This guy is just grandstanding,"
said Howard C. Lincoln, senior vice
president of Nintendo.
Eckart, chair of the House Small
Business subcommittee on antitrust,
accused Nintendo of intimidating re-
tailcrs to keep competitors' games
off the toy story shelves.
He said Nintendo has used exclu-
sive software arrangements and phys-
ical computer-chip barriers to control
the market, and he charged Nintendo
had created artificial shortages of
some games sold by licensed soft-
He said the result of Nintendo's
marketing practices is that only
games licensed or sold by Nintendo
can be played on the Nintendo play-
ers, blocking independent software
publishers and inflating the cost of
games to consumers by an estimated
20 percent to 30 percent.
Study Abroad Programs
(Spring, Summer, & Academic Year)
Monday, December 11th
Auditorium 3 -MLB -7-9pm
For more information,
The Office of International Programs
111=121M=m21~m U TfliH 2=T]Wag
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