Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Monday, January 16, 1989
The path to a national
Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
- MLK Day
BY VERA SONGWE
The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King
Jr. was the 14th American, the third
black, and the youngest man to win
the Nobel Peace Prize. In November
of 1983, he became the fourth
American to be honored by a national
To the world, he was a great
leader for peace. To America in the
1960s and still today, he is recog-
nized as the leader of the fight for
racial equality. And to millions of
people, he was a prophet, the link
between the races, and most of all the
link between the social classes.
Dr. King was born on Jan. 15,
1929. He was assassinated on April
4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee.
After his death, bills to make his
birthday a federal holiday were annu-
ally introduced and rejected in
Congress for 15 years.
In 1979, when the bill was
amended to fall on a Sunday, its
sponsors withdrew the bill.
In January of 1983, Reagan said
he opposed the designation of "a na-
tional holiday in the sense of busi-
ness closing down and government
closing down, everyone not work-
ing... Not even Lincoln had a federal
holiday reserved for him.
The week of Augi
marked the first time
approved by either the]1
Senate. Members of tl
sional Budget Office esti
the federal workers were
ditional paid day off, it
After the House appr
Larry Speakes, former N
spokesperson, said R
formerly opposed the bi
sidered it a political m
the negative image he ha
cutting food stamps,N
other social programs.
And Presidential aide
Reagan could be badly hurt politi- promised to sign the bill if it was
' er. cally by appearing to oppose a ma- passed by Congress. "I believe the
jority in Congress. symbolism of that day is important
On August 1, the House passed a enough," Reagan said, in contrast to
bill making Jan. 15, the anniversary his previous statements.
of the birth of Dr. King., the 10th
national legal holiday, to be observed Among those who supported the
on the third Monday of the year. bill were Sen. Dan Quayle (R-Indi-
The bill, which passed by a 338- ana).
90 vote in Congress, was designated U
to honor "a person who shook the New Ham tr iWarren Rudman, a
moral conscience of this nation." Ne HampsheRelicanr
U.S. Sen. Jesse Helms (R-North posed calling the holiday National
Carolina), opposed the bill, according Equity Day. But all attempts to alter
to a New York Times report, saying the bill were rejected.
ust 2, 1983 that Dr. King had followed a philos- On Nov. 2, President Reagan
the bill was ophy of "action-oriented Marxism... signed the bill to establish the holi-
[ouse or the that is not compatible with the con- day, sayings"Traces of bigotry mar
hie Congres- cepts of this country." America... so each year on Martin
imated that if Helms demanded that the Senate Luther King Day, let us not only re-
given an ad- release the documents gathered on Dr. call Dr. King, but rededicate our-
t would cost King's life so he could he could selves to the commandments he be-
make an informed decision. But Fed- lieved in, and sought to live by every
oved the bill, eral Court Judge John Lewis Smith day."
White House refused to grant Helms the documents
eagan, who on the premise that he would be al-
ill, now con- lowing the judiciary to intrude into Mayor Andrew Young of Atlanta,
ove to erase the legislative arena - a violation who served as Dr. King's chief lieu-
d acquired by of the separation of powers principle. tenant for the Southern Christian
welfare, and On Oct. 19, in a hurry to repair Leader Conference, said "This is a
the alleged damage Helms had caused historic act. I'm grateful I live to see
°s agreed that the Republican party, Reagan this day."
Continued from Page 1
ignorant, insensitive people,"
"I'm not going to be cynical.
about a step that's moving forward,"
said University of Michigan Asian
Student Coalition member Jennifer
Liu. "(But) I'm worried that the ones
who attend are the ones who already
have a certain awareness."
Administrators, in addition to ac-
knowledging their concerns about
poor student turnout, denied student
accusations that MLK/Diversity Day
was simply a publicity stunt de-
signed to shift attention from prob-
lems on campus.
"I scarcely think anyone can refer
to it as an administration ploy when
you look at the number of students
and faculty who have worked to put
this together," Vest said.
BETTER THAN THE BATHROOM WALLS!
Accord adopted in Vienna
VIENNA - NATO, the Warsaw Pact and 12 other European nations
yesterday ended more than two years of hard bargaining by adopting a
human rights and security agreement.
The Vienna Accord will allow East bloc citizens to practice religion,
travel or emigrate to the West; obtain and distribute information; and
form groups to monitor government compliance with human rights
The Accord was adopted by consensus of the 35 nations who signed
the 1975 Helsinki Final Act. It will pave the way for new NATO --
Warsaw Pact talks in March on reducing conventional forces across Eu-
Romania, however, immediately served notice it would not implement
some provisions intended to enhance freedom for millions in the Soviet
Preparations for NATO-Warsaw Pact talks about reducing conventional
forces across Europe begin tomorrow.
Lewand to run unopposed
PONTIAC, Mi. - Detroit lawyer Thomas Lewand appears to have no
obstacles in his drive to become chairman of the Michigan Democratic
Gov. James Blanchard recommended Lewand, his 1982 campaign
manager and former chief of staff, for the job vacated when Richard
Wiener stepped down. Lewand has no opposition.
The party will select a new chairman Jan. 29 during its annual state
convention in Detroit Jan. 28-29. Despite the lack of an opponent,
Lewand said he'll campaign hard for the job.
"I'm running as though I have serious opposition. I expect to get
broad-based support," said Lewand of Birmingham. "The best way is al-
ways to run with everything I've got. I don't know how to run otherwise.
It will help me after I'm elected."
Health department to use
decoys in fight against fraud
LANSING, Mi. - Cheating and price gouging in food programs for
the poor are so widespread that the state health department plans to use
decoys in attempts to fight it.
The department will use investigators who appear young enough to
have children under age 5.
"We have to play hardball, there's no question about it," said Raj
Wiener, acting state health director.
The plan is part of a Department of Public Health program aimed at
the Women, Infants & Children program, which provides basic nutri-
tional needs to poor mothers and their babies.
Michigan contracts with retailers who have been redeeming the
coupons for cash in stores and accepting them for foods not specified in
Women in the program are given monthly WIC coupons that are only
redeemable for specific amounts of formula and for staples such as dried
beans, juices and cheese.
Mich. courts allow cameras
LANSING, Mi. - Journalists will be able to use cameras and tape
recorders in all Michigan courts starting March 1, the Michigan Supreme
Court unanimously decided Friday.
"It's certainly a milestone in the state of Michigan and strikes a blow
for the electronic media, " said Karole White, executive director of the
Michigan Association of Broadcasters.
The orders say news organizations wanting to use television or still
cameras or tape recorders in the courtrooms must request permission from
the judge three days in advance.
A judge may reject a request or limit film or electronic coverage to en-
sure a fair trial, under the orders. A judge may also exclude coverage of
certain witnesses, including victims of sex crimes, police informants,
undercover agents and relocated witnesses.
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LEXINGTON, Ky. - An all-expense-paid vacation to... Lexington?!?
"The heart of thoroughbred country," the announcer for the TV game
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"I was surprised, obviously," said Schwartz, a demographer for a Los
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Traditional vacation spots such as New York, San Francisco and
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Trips usually go to second-place contestants, Schmidt said. The first-
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