Preview, pp. 8-9
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Ninety- nine years of editorialfreedom
Vol. IC, No. 121 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, March 28, 1989 Copyright 1989, The Michigan Daily
£1 AA __.
in first liberal
MOSCOW (AP)- Boris Yeltsin and other anti-es-
tablishment candidates rode a wave of popular discon-
tent to victory in parliamentary elections that gave
Soviet voters their first real choice, according to in-
complete results yesterday.
The candidates chosen in nationwide elections Sun-
day will join those picked earlier by the Communist
Party and other organizations in a new 2,250-member
Congress of People's Deputies. The parliament is still
certain to be dominated by the ruling party and an en-
trenched Kremlin leadership that assured itself of seats
without having to face opposition at the polls.
But Yeltsin's landslide victory and the triumph of
other independent-minded candidates indicated
widespread dissatisfaction with chronic shortages of
food and consumer goods, rising prices and the
bureaucracy's control over Soviet life.
Yeltsin, the tough-talking, former Moscow party
boss, had campaigned to cheering crowds against the
special privileges afforded the party elite at a time
when most people can find practically nothing in the
See Soviets, Page 5
GUATEMALA (AP)- Inmates holding more than
500 women and children hostage in prison farm on
Monday demanded an airplane to take them to Cuba, a
prison official said.
At least seven people-four guards and three inmates-
were killed and 20 were injured in the takeover Sunday
of Guatemala's largest penal facility.
Police, national guardsmen and soldiers surrounded
the Pavon prison farm yesterday, and the nation's too
civil rights official negotiated with some of the several
Journalists outside the prison heard an exchange of
rifle and machine-gun fire yesterday morning. There
was no official comment on the shooting.
Prison officials did not say how many inmates were
involved in the takeover, but negotiators who entered
the prison Sunday night said it appeared to be about
The inmates raided rifles from the armory and seized
control of the prison farm. They were holding hundreds
of women and children who had paid Easter visits to
Prison spokesperson Conrado Monroy said their
hostages included 153 children. 365 women and seven
men visitors as well as five firefighters, a fire com-
mander, a Red Cross worker and an undetermined
number of guards.
Monroy told reporters the inmates yesterday de-
manded an airplane to take them to Cuba. He gave no
Human Rights Director Gonzalo Menendez de la
Riva refused to speak to reporters when he entered
Pavon yesterday to take over the negotiations.
The inmates first demanded better food, better
treatment, a change in prison management and reduced
sentences. They made the demands in a petition given
to negotiators Sunday night.
Pavon, a 2.5-square-mile- prison farm 12 miles east
of Guatemala City newspaper El Grafico, said the
hostages appeared to number about 1,000. Trejo was
part of the negotiating team that spoke with inmates
According to some reporters, many relatives of in-
mates decided to stay inside the prison voluntarily.
Three inmates and three guards were reported killed
Sunday in the takeover, and another guard died yester-
day of wounds suffered in the clash, Monroy said.
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St. Tropez, it ain't JOSEJUAREZ/Daily
Brad Vargovick, a junior in Mechanical Engineering, takes in some rays near the diag. Other sunbathers
spread out all around the grass.
Conservative candidate won due to split vote
BY ALEX GORDON
Daily News Analysis
In one week Aaron Williams will
become the next president of the Michi-
gan Student Assembly.
However, one thing separates
Williams immediately from all his pre-
decessors - he's a conservative.
The election of Williams and his
running mate Rose Karadsheh shocked
almost everybody on campus, and now a
week later people are still scratching
their heads wondering how the Univer-
sity, renowned for its liberal students,
elected a conservative to head its student
One reason Williams may have won
is because he ran against three other
candidates who may have split the vote.
Running against United Students, Stu-
dent Power, and the Students Choice
party, Williams was the only one to la-
bel himself politically.
Julie Murray, of the Student Power
party, said "if there hadn't been three
parties with a lot of similarities"
Williams would have lost. She added
that Williams was helped by the way he
portrayed himsel 1as the "anti-every-
Current president Mike Phillips con-
curred with Murray. "They all ran as
liberals," Phillips said, "the only person
who stood out was Aaron."
Another boon to the Conservative
Coalition was that they targeted voters.
Williams, who is an engineer, cam-
paigned hard to get both the engineering
and North Campus vote.
Rob Bell, who ran under the Stu-
dent's Choice party, said he knew that
he had to split the north campus votes
with Williams to win, but "Aaron
swept North Campus, and had a strong
showing on Central Campus."
"I knew the key would be the Engi-
neering turnout," Williams said, "a lot
of people wanted an Engineering presi-
dent." Williams also targeted special in-
terest groups such as the College Re-
publicans, Christian, Jewish, and Ko-
Williams campaigned strongly
against a ballot resolution for direct
student funding to the Public Interest
Research Group in Michigan. Although
Williams won by about seven percent,
the PIRGIM resolution was defeated by
a much slimmer margin.
PIRGIM Chair Jason Feingold said,
"It's hard to say at this point if students
have just moved to the right or if they
really disagree with our consumer and
Williams said that he took a firm
stand on the PIRGIM issue because, "he
believed there was a strong majority
who did not like the way (PIRGIM) was
funded," He added that he avoided debat-
ing whether PIRGIM was good or bad
as an organization.
As for the future, Phillips predicts
that Williams may work more in the
University's interest rather than the stu-
dents. "It's kind of sad to see student
City Council trends
Student vies for
City Council spot
By Noah Finkel
Councilmember Terry Martin (R-
Second Ward) often finds herself in
Elections '89 Li
the minority on votes taken by the
Ann Arbor City Council.
For example, she was the only
councilmember this month to vote
against considering mandatory recy-
cling as a solution to the city's
And she was one of only two
councilmembers last month who
voted not to put a proposed Headlee
amendment override - which asks
voters to raise their property taxes
- on Monday's ballot.
Martin's minority stands are usu-
ally a result of her conservative po-
litical philosophy, which dictates
careful spending of the taxpayers'
"I feel like I am the custodian of
the public purse," she said.
Martin said her approach to poli-
See Martin, Page 2
BY NOAH FINK EL
Some student political activists
are more concerned with the issues of
South Africa and El Salvador instead
of the ones facing them in Ann Ar-
But not LSA Senior Jesse Levine,
the Democratic candidate for the Sec-
ond Ward spot on the Ann Arbor
"National and international issues
are very important," said Levine.
"But I'm a practical guy. This is
where I can make my biggest im-
"You talk about Greenpeace,
we've got environmental problems
right here," he said. "You talk about
the homeless and the lack of af-
fordable housing, we've got a pro'-
lem here... You talk about the na-
tional budget deficit, Ann Arbor's
got a city budget deficit."
...Second Ward incumbent ...student challenger
GEO members OK contract by a 9
BY JOSH MITNICK increase. The ballots, which were "The GEO is pleased that the mem-
Members of the Graduate Em- submitted over a three-week period, bership is satisfied with the con-
nlovees Oriranization - the Univer- were counted last night. tract," he said.
sity's teaching assistant union -
approved a new two-year contract
which includes a 14.5 percent pay
The contract does not include two
of the GEO's other demands - the
abolition of the ten-term limit on
TA employment and a limit on sec-
tion size - but was passed over-
whelmingly by a 96 percent major-
ity. Only 41 percent of the members
of GEO voted on the new contract.
GEO president Don Demetriades
said he was not surprised that the
contract was approved, but added that
he expected a bit more resistance
than the 25 dissenting members.
Demetriades said the GEO had not
given up on the two demands that
were not part of the contract. "We
will pursue them by whatever means
possible in the next two years."
Members of the GEO's bargain-
ing team and University officials fi-
nally agreed on the contract last
month after five weeks of debate.
The last GEO contract expired March
Stefan Koch, spokesperson for
the GEO's bargaining team, said he
had voted against the contract. "I
would have been ready to take less
salary and some concessions in the
other two areas," he said.
Koch said he had to suppress his
own views because he felt most
members supported the agreement.
"As a bargainer, I felt I had to put
my own personal concerns aside and
get what we could," he said.
Before provisions like the limit
on section size could be included in
the TAs' contract, other groups such
as faculty, students and parents
would have to express dissatisfac-
tion, said Koch.
Oil spill may help pass environmental laws
WASHINGTON (AP)- The.
drillino' a1ono' a 1.5 million acre
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