In Weekend Magainie:
A look inside the School of Music
interview with Archibald Cox* The Replacements
Ninety- nine years of editorialfreedom
Vol. IC, No. 109 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Friday, March 10, 1989 Copyright 1989, The Michigan Daily
NEW YORK (AP) - Eastern
Airlines filed for protection from
creditors in bankruptcy court yester-
day, the sixth day of a Machinists
strike, blaming pilots for a "cash
crisis" that paralyzed the nation's
The move came a day after East-
ern insisted such a step remained a
last resort in the airline's effort to
endure the strike, which had strong.
support from the pilots and flight
attendants and was costing Eastern
an estimated $4 million a day.
The filing under Chapter 11 in
U.S. Bankruptcy Court in New York
is designed to give Eastern a reprieve
from debts while it tries to restruc-
ture and extricate itself from the
worst crisis in its 60-year history.
Eastern boss Frank Lorenzo
blamed "the damage that has been
caused by the pilots union." He and
Eastern President Phil Bakes insisted
they intend to restore the airline in
bankruptcy court, though in a
"We tried mightily to keep East-
ern from bankruptcy," Bakes said at
a news conference. "We intend to
operate our airline: make no mistake
Bakes said Eastern faces a "cash
crisis that can only be averted and
stabilized by" turning to the
Union leaders lashed out at
Lorenzo as a "robber baron." Ma-
chinists called for a public boycott
of Eastern's sister airline, Continen-
tal, and said they would oppose
Eastern's reorganization plan and any
sale of assets.
Lorenzo and Bates pledged that all
creditors would be paid in full;
shareholders would receive "fair
value"; passengers would be pro-
tected; and as many employees as
possible would return to work.
Eastern had 31,200 employees before
John Peterpaul, a Machinists vice
president, said Eastern filed for
bankruptcy on payday "in a spiteful
attempt to deny Eastern workers
their last paycheck earned before the
strike." Paychecks were frozen by
John Bavis, head of Eastern pilots
union, said management continued
calling pilots at home in hopes
some would return to work. He said
the effort would fail.
Union leaders long have said they
believe Lorenzo wants to break them
and tear Eastern apart. But Lorenzo
would have a tougher time imposing
lower wages at Eastern than he did
when he reorganized Continental in
1983. Congress amended bankruptcy
law in 1984 to require bankrupt
companies to negotiate with unions
and prove economic necessity before
Lorenzo stressed the filing
covered only Eastern and not its
parent Texas Air Corp., of which he
is chair. But on Thursday, Sen.
Howard Metzenbaum (D-Ohio) filed
a bill to allow Eastern creditors to
collect from the parent company.
WASHINGTON (AP) - The
Senate yesterday rejected the
nomination of John Tower as de-
fense secretary, 53-47, handing
President Bush a major defeat in his
first high-stakes showdown with the
The White House said Bush
would act swiftly to submit a re-
placement nomination to the Senate.
Tower was scuttled by concerns
about his drinking habits coupled
with senatorial unhappiness that he
had left his government post as arms
negotiator and quickly began earning
hundreds of thousands of dollars as a
defense industry consultant.
bid, 53 -47
The vote was the culmination of
a tumultuous six-day Senate debate
and closely followed party lines.
Howell Heflin of Alabama, Lloyd
Bentsen of Texas and Christopher
Dodd of Connecticut were the only
Democrats to support the nomina-
tion. One Republican - Nancy
Kassebaum of Kansas - voted
Tower, in a statement he delivered
at the Pentagon moments after the
vote, said, "I will be recorded as the
first Cabinet nominee in the history
of the republic to be rejected in the
first 90 days of a presidency and per-
haps be harshly judged.
"But I depart from this place at
peace with myself, knowing that I
have given a full measure of devo-
tion to my country."
Tower said no other public figure
"has been subjected to such a far-
reaching and thorough investigation
nor had his human foibles pared to
such intensive and demeaning public
Bush dodged reporters' questions
as he departed for a trip to New
York, but his press secretary, Marlin
Fitzwater, said, "If necessary, we'll
come up with a (new) candidate very
...rejected by Senate
CBN fires Public Affairs Director
BY JESSICA STRICK
WCBN officials fired disk jockey, talk show
host, and Public Affairs Director Henry Hardy
last Monday, but the reasons for his termination
are still under debate.
Hardy said yesterday that WCBN General
Manager Emily Burns fired him for "completely
unprecedented" reasons, and possibly because of
his plans to broadcast a program about Salman
Rushdie's controversial book, Satanic Verses.
Last Friday, March 3, Hardy announced that
he would be broadcasting a special reading of
Rushdie's book, and he lost his job the follow-
While Hardy said he can't be sure that his fir-
ing was a direct result of his decision to read
from the book, he added that "if the public per-
ception will be that I was put off for Satanic
Verses," his termination from WCBN would be
LSA senior Burns, however, said, "Contrary
to Hardy's claims, his termination is entirely
unrelated to the announcement of a reading of
Satanic Verses... and in fact the decision was
made two days previous to this announcement."
Burns said WCBN will air the program,
hosted by DJs Jesse Walker and Dick Whealey,
this Sunday as planned.
"WCBN feels the free discussion of ideas is
very important and plans to go ahead" with the
program "to the best of our ability without Mr.
Hardy as the host," Burns said.
Burns said her decision had nothing to do with
Hardy's air conduct, but instead was provoked
because Hardy had overstepped his authority in an
entirely different area. Hardy "has asked me not to
speak of the reasons why he was dismissed," she
Hardy and Burns both vied for the WCBN
general manager position last April. The Campus
Broadcasting Network's Board of Directors chose
Burns after much debate.
Hardy said Burns possibly decided to fire him
because of an in-house rivalry. Burns said Hardy
has been "using WCBN for a personal vendetta."
Hardy has contacted various human rights or-
ganizations, including the Ann Arbor branch of
the ACLU, to defend his case, and is organizing a
protest this Sunday. His termination, he says;
"will have a chilling effect on anyone who wants
to do something risky on WCBN."
According to a clause in the list of the sta-
tion's guidelines, "The authority for suspension
or expulsion relies on the general manager who
is required in each case to consult with the board
of directors, except in the case of an emergency."
WCBN staff adviser Julie Lavrack and Burns
said yesterday that they made the decision with-
out consulting the board. The decision can still
be appealed to the board at its meeting on March
Hardy, however, said their action was not in
response to a real emergency issue because they
"took no action until Monday after the an-
BY TARA GRUZEN
The three candidates at last
night's Michigan Student Assembly
first presidential debate all tried to;
distance themselves from the present fK-'
Conservative Coalition's Aaron
Williams said the Public Interest - .
Research Group in Michigan .
MSA elections '89
(PIRGIM) should be abolished. Zach
Kittrie, of the United Students party,
vowed to have one student on every ROBIN LOZNAK/Oai y
University-wide committee by thelryan Kase, of the Abolitionist party, addresses students at last night's Michigan Student Assembly
See MSA, Page 2 presidential debate as candidates (from right to left) Zach Kittrie , Aaron Williams and Rob Bell look on.
Activists to share
insights on panel
BY ROLLIE H UDSON -
Students currently involved in
anti-racist struggles at campuses
around the country will join '60s
activists tonight in a panel discus-
sion on anti-racist activism at the
Business School's Hale Auditorium.
The discussion - part of a
workshop-oriented forum taking
place on campus this weekend -
will focus on the shared experiences
of former Student Non-Violent Co-
ordinating Committee activists and
today's student activists involved in
Both the panel and the workshop
are sponsored in part by the local
United Coalition Against Racism.
From the east coast, Denise Tug-
gle, a student at Bryn Mawr College
in Pennsylvania, is expected, to
speak about her involvement in a
recent movement demanding that the
college divest from companies prof-
iting in South Africa.
She is also working in a campus
struggle to "unite white students,
administrators, and people of color,"
she said in a phone interview
John Inda, an activist at Stanford
University, will bring a west coast
perspective to the panel.
Stanford has received media
attention surrounding the study of
western culture, similar to the cur-
rent debate here at the University.
Last year, Stanford administrators
agreed to establish a campus-wide
prerequisite which does not empha-
size the experiences and ideas of
white male authors but those of men
and women of color instead.
Former SNCC activists Martha
Norman, Marilyn Lowen and
Charles Sherrod will attempt to em-
power by example a younger gener-
ation of activists. They will relate
lessons learned from mobilizing
southern Black communities in voter
registration drives and establishing
freedom schools - among other
See Conference, Page 5
spar in second debate
given scare by Wildcats, but
BY NOAH FINKEL
Ann Arbor Mayor Gerald Jernigan
continued his attack on Democratic
challenger Ray Clevenger, while
Clevenger made an appeal to tradi-
tionally Republican voters during a
mayoral election debate yesterday.
A "" A "Li, 'R_
"I didn't come to an overwhelm-
ing, enthusiastic Democratic
crowd... but I think I will get more
votes from these people than nor-
mal," Clevenger said.
The debate, the second of a dozen
preceding the April 3 election, was
sponsored by the Ann Arbor Cham-
prevail, 88-79 -
BY ADAM SCHRAGER
SPECIAL TO THE DAILY
EVANSTON - David Copperfield and Harry
Houdini, eat your hearts out because these days the
Michigan Wolverines are the greatest escape artists
With last night's 88-79 Wolverine victory over
Northwestern (9-18 overall, 2-15 in the Big Ten) in
front of a sellout crowd of 7,624 in Welsh-Ryan
Rice tallies 26
Bryan Schwabe led the Wildcat attack with 22
points and eight rebounds. He was supported by Jeff
Grose's 13 points, three-of-five from three point land.
"This is just one of those games," Michigan guard
Rumeal Robinson said. "We came out playing pretty
slow. The guys weren't really psyched up for it -
they just wanted to come in, win, and then get out."
Michigan survived second-half foul trouble, 15
turnovers, and 9-16 free throw shooting, to go 24-6