In Weekend Magazine
" Differing values and traditions keep Black and
white greeks from coming together - The List
Ninety-nine years of editorial freedom
Vol. IC, No. 60 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Friday, December 2, 1988 Copyright 1988, The Michigan Daly
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (AP) -
Benazir Bhutto became the first
woman to lead a Moslem nation when
the president chose her yesterday to be
prime minister, the post her father
held when he was deposed and hanged
President Ghulam Ishaq Khan said
in a televised address that Ms. Bhutto
had "the best qualities of leadership
and foresight as a statesman."
Thousands of supporters celebrated
in streets of the nation's cities after
the long-awaited announcement. They
danced, beat drums, and chanted,
"Long Live Benazir."
Ms. Bhutto's party gained 12 more
seats in the National Assembly when
it voted Wednesday on candidates to
fill 20 seats reserved for women.
With those seats Bhutto's populist
Pakistan People's Party won in the
November election, it holds 105 of
the chamber's 237 seats, and she is
said to have enough support among
minor parties and independents for a
President Reagan sent a letter of
congratulations expressing "his hope
that the recently conducted elections
will usher in an era of democratic rule
in Pakistan," a close ally of the
United States, presidential
spokesperson Marlin Fitzwater said in
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto founded the
Pakistai ,People's "Pitiy- f n 1977,
after a landslide victory in the last free
Pelection, Gen. Mohammed Zia ul-Haq
ousted him in a coup.
Bhutto was convicted of
complicity in a political murder
conspiracy and hanged in 1979. Zia
was killed in a plane crash August 17
after the election date had been set.
An eighty-party grouping called
the Islamic Democratic Alliance,
which included Zia loyalists, won
only 60 seats in the election and
Wednesday's assembly vote.
The president said he had received
the resignations of the caretaker
government effective today.
WASHINGTON (AP) - Pres-
ident Ronald Reagan said yesterday
he is against a pardon for former aide
Oliver North, but "duty requires" his
administration to block release of
secret documents that may be needed
for North's trial on Iran-Contra
Reagan commented in response to
reporters' questions after his spokes-
person, Marlin Fitzwater, said dis-
closure of documents sought by
North's lawyers for use in his
defense would reveal "state secrets of
the highest order."
"We have indicated there are
categories of information included in
these documents which cannot be
declassified at any point," Fitzwater
Reagan, questioned at the begin-
ning of a meeting on trade issues in
the Oval Office, said, "The things we
are blocking are the things that duty
requires we block."
"THESE ARE things that are
national security secrets," he said.
"This is something that from the
very beginning we knew we would
have to do."
He denied that the move was an
attempt to sabotage North's trial and
said, "The law must take its course."
Asked whether he still believed,
as he stated earlier this year, that
North and former national security
adviser John Poindexter will ultim-
ately be found innocent, the president
"At this stage, I don't think I
should comment on guilt or inno-
cence or anything of this kind."
When asked whether this meant
he would not grant pardons for North
and Poindexter, he replied, "From the
'The things we are block
ing are the things that duty
requires we block... These
are... national security
very beginning, I said that to con-
sider a pardon would leave them
under a shadow of guilt for the rest
of their lives. I think we have to let
the judicial process proceed."
LAST JUNE 27, Reagan re
sponded to a question on the subject
by saying, "I believe in the in-
nocence of the two men and I would
like to see that established once and
Fitzwater said the White House
has offered a briefing to U.S. District
'Judge Gerhard Gesell, who is sched-
uled to preside over North's trial, but
had not received a response.
He said it was "up to the judge"
to decide whether the classified ma-
terial is relevant to North's defense
and, if it is, whether the indictments
against him should be dismissed or
he should be tried.
"This information involves
sensitive methods and sources and
exceedingly sensitive programs
which are state secrets of the highest
order," Fitzwater said.
Carol Szczechowski (15) tries
looks on. Sekuiski scored 18
See Sports, Page 17.
to stop Toledo forward Kim Sekuiski as
points off the bench but Michigan came+
LSA closer to racism
BY NOAH FINKEL
-The LSA curriculum committee this week voted to
require students, beginning in the fall of 1989, to take a
course on racism - but not necessarily the mandatory
course on racism proposed by students and faculty
members earlier this term.
The committee accepted a plan drawn up by a sub-
committee that would require all students to choose
from a menu of courses that meet the same criteria as
the mandatory course proposed in October.
The United Coalition Against Racism and some
faculty members had been pushing for a single re-
quired class on racism - University Course 299 - but
the committee instead voted on a proposal that would
allow students more choice in which course on racism
they may take.
Under the proposal, course material must include
-The history of racism;
-A look at the scientific mythology of race;
-A comparative discussion of other types of
discrimination, such as sexism;
-Cultural works and achievements of people of
-Efforts to combat racism.
LSA curriculum committee member Jill Ringel, an
LSA senior, explained that "this way a student could
take any course in history, or sociology, or English that
fits (the criteria), or take the University Course 299."
UC 299 has been approved as a pilot course for two
terms, beginning in the fall of 1989, by the LSA
To become a graduation requirement, the plan must
now be accepted by the LSA executive committee and
then by a college-wide faculty vote. If approved, all
LSA students who enter the University starting in the
fall of 1989 will need to take an anti-racism class in
See Class, Page 2
'U.S.S.R. reforms INSIDE
MOSCOW (AP) - President
Mikhail Gorbachev won nearly
unanimous approval yesterday of a
more dynamic political structure from
pa parliament that voted its
iAi:t:n.. A^, -,1 f ... n
Despite criticism from some of the
15 Soviet republics, that the reforms
make Moscow too powerful, only
five deputies voted against it. Still,
the negative votes were a rarity in the
narliament' that for vears has
~Today is the anniversary of the
murer of for U.S. churchwomen
,by the U.S.-backed regime in El
See&Opnion, Page 4
Finally, an exhibit that doesn't
beat around the bush
See Arts, Page 12
JESSICA GREENE /Daily'
Both Armenian and non-Armenian students join in protest of current violence in the Soviet's smallest
province with a candlelight vigil last night
'U' Armenian Club protests
v1olence in Soviet province
BY JESSICA STRICK
The University's Armenian Club
held a candlelight vigil on the Diag
deaths in the region, a product of
strife between Armenians and Azer-
baijanis. Over the past three weeks,
7.000 Azerbaiianis and 20.000
visited Soviet Armenia in the last
three months told the crowd of twenty
who braved the cold weather that it is
a mistake for the Western nress tn re-