Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 1, 1988
continued from Page 1
Harold Marcuse, an anti-CIA
protester whom Rose and Weber are
currently representing in a civil suit
against the city and the University.
During a protest of an on-campus
CIA recruitment session in late
November of last year, Marcuse was
charged with assaulting an officer
during the protest. Marcuse was
kicked in the groin by a University
-security officer, and asked the city to
press charges against the officer.
Weber said that the cases were
similar because both appear to
involve the prosecution of victims of
Tim Scarnecchia, who helped or-
ganize the effort to force the city to
drop charges against Marcuse, agreed.
"The police routinely press charges
against individuals who they've
abused in order to intimidate them so
they won't file complaints," said
Scarnecchia, a history graduate stu-
dent. "Steingraber is lucky she
wasn't more seriously injured, oth-
erwise they would have charged her
with attempted murder."
MSA president Mike Phillips also
voiced opposition to police tactics.
"It just shows how the University is
going to use campus security to rail-
road protesters right out of here," he
"Anybody who has an opinion
that dissents from that of the admin-
istration can get arrested on a fake
Weber also questioned the decision
to bring state charges against the
students, rather than using the city
ordinances that cover the same crimes
- assault and battery and disturbing
"It's interesting that the police
have to go further away from the
people of Ann Arbor to get someone
who will do their dirty work in
court," Weber said.
Barbour said that he normally
brings cases to the county prosecutor
first, and only goes to the city attor-
ney if the county prosecutor rejects
the case. The county prosecutor han-
dles violations of state laws.
But Ron Plunkett, assistant city
attorney, said that when an alleged
crime is covered by both city and
state laws, the "usual decision" is to
prosecute under city laws.
Both Barbour and David Lady, the
assistant county prosecutor, said
Barbour originally sought to charge
one of the inauguration protesters
with resisting arrest - a more seri-
ous crime under state law, but Lady
rejected that charge. Lady did agree to
prosecute the lesser charges of assault
and battery and disturbing the peace.
Lady said that he "saw sufficient
evidence based on the report," to
BY JESSICA STRICK
The Chicana woman is depicted in
American culture in one of two
ways: She is either a pure Madonna
who is a traditional mother and
housewife or she is a wild, aggres-
sive and sexually out-of-control
fighter, a visiting speaker said
Elizabeth Salas spoke last night
to about 40 people at an open house
sponsored by the Women's Studies
department. Salas, a professor of
Chicano studies at the University of
Washington, explained that society is
exposed only to these two polar ex-
tremes of "the drudge" and "the spit-
fire" through films, literature and
music, while there are many women
who do not fit into either category.
It is hard for Chicanas to identify
with their stereotypes, Salas said.
"The roles are either mothers or
fighters and we always see violence
and sex associated with the fighters."
Events of the Spanish Conquest
helped establish such stereotypes.
During that period in the early 16th
Century, many women either became
slaves and concubines or else fought
side-by-side with Mexican men
against the Spanish and then the
Americans during the Mexican-
Though these women were
important in Mexican history, histo-
rians provide a skewed image of
Chicanas by failing to recognize the
women who did not fit into either of
these extremes, Salas said.
Part of the reason for American
society's distorted image of Chicana
women can be blamed on the Chi-
cana's low-visibility in American
culture which is caused by - and
breeds - ignorance, Salas said.
Only two percent of all roles in
American films go to Chicana
women, she said, and in only one
percent of the roles are Chicanas lead
characters. And of those Chicana
roles, it can nearly be guaranteed that
the character is either associated with
a gang, is a prostitute, or is an "earth
mother," supporting a family of
eight in an inner city ghetto, Salas
Even the terms used to describe
Hispanic women reveals ignorance,
Salas said. "We're still waiting for
someone in American culture to be
referred to as Chicana, rather than as
Continued from Page 1
GSA tax burden.
Interim University Provost Robert
'Holbrook said he, University Presi-
dent James Duderstadt, and other
University officials will meet this
morning "to determine just exactly
what we're going to do about the
Several officials suggested the so-
lution would be to remove the tu-
ition waiver from the 1750-member
Graduate Employees Organization
contract, saying the contractual
agreement implies the waivers are
"compensation for services."
GEO president Don Demetriades
maintains GEO will not give up the
guaranteed waiver. "We believe that
is far too much of a sacrifice for the
TAs," who almost went on strike
over the right to have guaranteed full
tuition waivers one-and-a-half years
ago, he said.
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Other administration officials said
it might not be necessary to remove
the waiver, citing remarks made to
Congress this month by Sen. Donald
Riegle (D-Mich.) and Rep. Dan
Rostenkowski (D-Ill.) Both officials
said tuition waivers won in collective
bargaining do not necessarily repre-
"Given Congressional intent, we
see no good reason not to exempt the
entire waiver," Demetriades said.
GEO plans to suggest to the Uni-
versity several reasons they feel the
waiver is "beyond reasonable com-
pensation." For instance, non-resi-
dent TAs have higher tuition waivers
- and therefore pay more taxes -
than resident TAs.
"If they are doing the same work
but receiving unequal pay because of
the waiver, the waiver can no longer
be considered payment for services,"
and therefore falls outside the defini-
tion of "reasonable compensation,"
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Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
Tape of captive critizes U.S.
BEIRUT, Lebanon - American hostage Terry Anderson, in a video-
tape released yesterday by his kidnappers, read a statement that accused the
Reagan administration of blocking his release and urged the next president
to do more.
Anderson, 41, is the chief Middle East correspondent for the Associated
Press. He has been a hostage of the pro-Iranian Islamic Jihad organization
for just four years and five days.
After a greeting to his family, Anderson's message said, "I've been
very close to being released several times over the past two years. But
each time it seems that the U.S. government uses its influence to stop
any agreement from being made. And I don't understand this."
President Reagan denied interfering with efforts to free Anderson, and
his chief spokesperson, Marlin Fitzwater, denounced the tape as a "cynical
attempt" to influence the Nov. 8 election.
Army recruiters falsified
entries, authorities claim
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. - Three U.S. Army recruiters faked high
school transcripts and forged signatures to help 35 Grand Rapids-area resi-
dents enlist, authorities said Monday.
A two-week investigation revealed that the Wyoming-based recruiters
worked with students from seven schools in Grand Rapids, Wyoming,
Kentwood, and Grandville.
The three non-commissioned sergeants were removed from recruiting
pending the investigation and are working with pay in another capacity,
said Steve McCourtie of the Lansing battilion.
The recruiting violations, such as a fake transcript written up for a
former high school student who had never graduated, occurred since Jan-
uary and were found during routine audits, said Army spokesperson Steve
McCourtie of the Lansing battalion.
McCourtie could not say when the Army's investigation would be
Marcos denies racketeering
NEW YORK - Imelda Marcos pleaded innocent yesterday to racket-
eering charges for allegedly helping her husband, deposed Philippine Pres-
ident Ferdinand Marcos, plunder $100 million from their country's
U.S. District Judge John Keenan set bail for Mrs. Marcos at $5 mil-
lion and refused to allow her to return to Hawaii, where she and her ailing
71-year-old husband have lived since he was forced out of the Philippines
in February 1986. The judge ordered her to return to court Thursday with
her lawyers if they had not worked out a bail package by then with
Mrs. Marcos, who arrived in New York on Sunday, is staying at the
posh Waldorf Towers in a suite reportedly costing $1,800 a night. Aides
said the bill would be paid by Marcos friends they would not identify.
High Court to settle fed feud
WASHINGTON - The Supreme Court yesterday stepped into a sim-
mering feud between Congress and President Reagan by agreeing to re-
view legislation limiting presidential authority to withhold classified
The justices, in a case to be decided in July, agreed to consider reviv-
ing a "whistleblower" law decreed unconstitutional by a lower court. The
legislation was designed to restrain the president's ability to keep national
security information from Congress.
The case derives from a national security directive adopted by President
Reagan in 1983.
The directive requires federal officials, before they are allowed access to
classified information, to sign an agreement they will not disclose the in-
Opponents of the presidential directive said the secrecy agreement fed-
eral employees must sign would bar them from revealing information to
Congress which it is entitled to receive.
Pizza finds favor in Japan
Pizza will never sell in Japan, marketing experts warned Ernest Higa.
But the Japanese-American business owner ignored the advice, and three
years later has 40 Domino's Pizza stores in the land of sushi and tempura.
His interest in the pies was sparked when he learned that Thomas
Monaghan earned enough money to buy the Detroit Tigers for $53
million. In 1984 he met with Monaghan and won exclusive rights to
market Domino's in Japan.
In 1985, Higa's first pizza was delivered - within the compapy's
trademark 30 minutes. The pies are carried through Tokyo via a fleet of
150 motor scooters, each carrying four pies.
"We thought that pizza could do well in Japan," said Higa, a Hawaii
native who was educated at Wharton and Columbia Universities and at the
London School of Economics. "For one, more and more Japanese are
travelling abroad and developing tastes for new foods."
The most popular topping in Japan? It's pepperoni, Higa said.
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EDS is looking for achievers - people who make things happen. If you are
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Our highly-respected developmental programs are nationally recognized as
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Systems Engineering Development
4-year college degree (any major) with a 3.0/4.0 overall GPA preferred
Demonstrated technical aptitude
For interviews November 7th, sign up at the Business Placement Office
For interviews November 8th, sign up at the Engineering Placement Office
Engineering Systems Development
4-year college degree in electrical, mechanical, manufacturing, industrial
or chemical engineering with a 3.0/4.0 overall GPA preferred.
For interviews November 8th, sign up at the Engineering Placement Office
Accounting and Financial Development
BS/BA in Accounting and/or Finance with a 3.5/4.0 overall GPA preferred
For interviews November 7th, sign up at the Business Placement Office
All positions also require: excellent communication skills, a strong record of
achievement and flexibility to relocate nationwide.
An EDS representative will be on campus to provide students with information
on our Systems Engineering Development, Engineering Systems Development,
and Accounting and Financial Development Programs. There will be an EDS
Information Session sponsored by the Society of Women Engineers on Thursday,
November 3rd at 6:00 p.m. in the EECS Building Room 1311.
EDS has immediate openings and is conducting on-campus interviews
November 7th and 8th (see the schedule in the above descriptions). If you want to
get a jump on your career contact the Placement Office for sign-up.
Or send your resume to;
Jeanne Seeger - SED/ESD
Craig Hovda - AFD
EDS Developmental Recruiting
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