6 U. THE NATIONAL COLLEGE NEWSPAPER
Opinions SEPTEMBER 1988
SEPTEMBER 1988 Student Body
U. THE NATIONAL COLLEGE NEWSPAPER1
THE NATIONAL COLLEGE NEWSPAPER
By presenting a wide range of opinions and ideas reprinted from hundreds of
campus newspapers, we hope to enhance the quality of campus life as we in-
form, entertain and engage theonational student body. Weacknowledge the
commitment of student journalists across the nation, supported by their media
advisers and journalism professors, to report the activities, issues and con-
cerns of their fellow students.
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DIRECTOR OF CAMPUS RELATIONS
Managing Editor: Karen Bollermann
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EDITORS ON FELLOWSHIPS
Brent Anderson, Daily Nexus,
U. of California, Santa Barbara
Marc Bona, The Daily Iowan,
U. of Iowa
Mark Charnock, The Breeze,
James Madison U., VA
Rebecca Howard, Kansas State
Collegian, Kansas State U.
CHAIRMAN: Albert T. Ehringer
VICE CHAIRMAN: Tay Yoshitani
DR. J. DAVID REED, Immediate Past President,1
Society for College Journalists, The Eastern News,1
Eastern Illinois U.
FRED WEDDLE, Immediate Past President, 1
Western Association of University Publications
Managers, Oklahoma Daily, U. of Oklahoma
MONA CRAVENS, Director of Student Publica-
tions, Daily Trojan, U. of Southern California
EDMUND SULLIVAN, Director. Columbia Scho-
lastic Press Association, Columbia U., NY
TOM ROLNICKI, Executive Director, Associated
DR. DAVE KNOTT, Immediate Past President,
College Media Advisers, The Ball State Daily
News, Ball State U., IN
U. is published six times a year by The American
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Monica, CA 90405. Tel: 213-450-2921. Copyright
1988. All rights reserved.
DR. FRANK RAGULSKY, Manager of Student
Media, Daily Barometer, Oregon State U.
JAN T. CHILURESS, Director of Student Pub-
lications, University Daily, Texas Tech U.
W. B. CASEY, Publisher, Daily Iowan, U. of Iowa
ED BARBER, General Manager, Independent
Florida Alligator, U. of Florida
HARRY MONTEVIDEO, General Manager, The
Red & Black,U. of Georgia
BRUCE D. ITULE, Manager of Student Publica-
tions, State Press, Arizona State U.
ERIC JACOBS, Immediate Past President, Col-
lege Newspaper Business & Advertising Managers,
The Daily Pennsylvanian,U. of Pennsylvania
BPA Consumer Audit membership applied for
SPOR TS PROFILE
Playing for pay
Should college athletes
get a stipend for their
Sports and courts
Professor John Scanlan
lays down the sports law at
Peer group offers
guidance to children of
A half-million helps
Athletic money is keepinj
some U. of Iowa academic
College track gets tripped ujr
in budget-balancing shuffles
New homeless shatter 'psychotic' stereotype
By Dan Morrison
The Daily Tar Heel
U. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Twenty-five years ago, a social work-
er would have spoken of the "homeless"
in terms of foster children and run-
aways. But the meaning of the word has
changed, and so have the people it de-
Americans could ignore the homeless
in 1960 and 1970 because they weren't
considered people worth saving. The old
woman talking to herself on a park
bench wasn't viewed as a victim of the
economy, but rather as a woman who
needed psychiatric help.
The casual observer had cause to feel
this way. The period from 1960 to 1980
was one of "forced emancipation" of
America's mentally ill from over-
crowded mental institutions.
A bankrupt Indiana farmer
... now sits next to the
confused old lady on the
Experts estimate there are as many
as 3 million people sleeping in card-
board boxes and huddling over street
vents. But in 1988 those 3 million are
not all psychotic. A growing number
cannot afford to live decently.
A bankrupt Indiana farmer who once
put food on American tables now sits
next to the confused old lady on the park
A 1986 article in Society magazine
r f r " wMa r e
stitution is behind him.
The Latin American poor are poor
only by our standards. We see pictures
of them barefoot and carrying heavy
baskets down dirt roads and assume
they are "poor." Most don't even realize
they are poor until we bring it to their
attention. Latin Americans have been
sensitized to a life of poverty from birth.
Ninety-nine percent of them will always
be poor. The American poor, however,
are a minority.
The United States is the
only country in the world
where a citizen can legally
live on the streets.
For the American blue-collar worker
who once brought home $200 a week,
the thought of poverty hits hard. A Col-
ombian coffee picker has few expecta-
tions placed on him by society. If he was
born into a coffee-picking family, he will
An American, on the other hand is
expected to rise to his God-given ta-
lents, and anything short of that is often
considered a failure.
It is true that a majority of America's
homeless have a history of alcohol and
drug abuse, as well as mental disorders.
But among their ranks is a growing
number of economic misfits-single
adults and entire families who have fal-
len through the cracks. Their plight
makes headlines and exposes a gaping
wound in American society that de-
mands more than a mere Band-Aid.
. " ..."
entitled "The New Poor" states that ear-
ly in this century, the poor were mostly
uneducated immigrants with little job
training. The ethnic barrier has been
broken. The article says that "the new
poor are a much less homogenous group
that includes structurally unemployed
persons .. . the mentally ill and the
The Society article also points to the
reduction in affordable housing. Be-
tween 1971 and 1978 the number of
single-room dwellings in New York City
fell from 170,000 to 14,000 due to "tax
abatements and condo conversion."
Society says the "voluntary poor" are
"remnants of the '60s counterculture,
... who are drawn to the simplicity of
street life." Included are people like 40-
year-old Joyce Brown, a former stenog-
rapher who is suing the city of New York
for taking her off the streets. Her case
brings to light a major difference be-
tween the American homeless and their
brethren in foreign countries.
The United States is the only country
in the world where a citizen can legally
live on the streets. If a college dropout
wants to soul-search while living like a
pauper outside a bus station, the Con-
By Lisa Marcoff
The Minnesota Daily
U. of Minnesota, Twin Cities
You're on the couch again. You've
been there a lot lately.
While you watch soapy reruns on
the tube, you remind yourself of the
half-dozen other things you should
do - finish homework, write over-
due letters, face the corroded lasag-
na pan in the sink - but you know
won't get done.
Life is a drag and you're not sure
why. Friends call, but you let the
answering machine take your
place. The pajamas you've been liv-
ing in for days are grimy, you're
choking up at commercials and
purposeful work seems like a fan-
It may or may not have occurred
to you that you're depressed.
It can be sneaky, this thing called
depression. If you feel down for
more than a couple of weeks, "it's
probably more than just moodi-
ness," said Beverly Caruso, a
psychotherapist with the Oak
Grove Psychotherapy Association
Head and body aches, agitation,
OOBlSOd ON 111
T he discontinuation of track
programs at major universities
is becoming a growing concern
of the U.S. track and field community.
While Purdue U. is one of the lucky
schools, track programs at Oregon
State U. and Northwestern U. have
been cut in part to balance their athletic
"There was a long-term study done in
the athletic department trying to deter-
mine how to use our expense versus in-
come budget," said Ken Kraft, associate
athletic director at Northwestern. "We
discussed a wide range of sports and we
ultimately came down to track. Track
and cross country are the only year-
round programs we have. That's one
reason why it's more costly."
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said Mike Corwin, associate sports in-
formation director at Oregon State.
"(U. of Oregon) put $650,000 into
their program (per year). Trying to com-
pete with that ... and other budget de-
ficits caused the situation," Corwin
said. "It isn't something we looked for-
ward to. We hope to bring (track) back
through fund-raising, but this devas-
tates our program for the next couple of
"The colleges are the
training grounds ... if they
fall to the wayside, there
may be mass problems."
- MIKE POEHLEIN
Fifty percent of Oregon State's
athletes will return to the school in the
fall, the others will transfer and the
program's three full-time coaches will
look elsewhere. Their contracts expire
The situation is about the same at
Northwestern. The former coaches are
interviewing for jobs as coaches at high
schools and other colleges.
Although a large number of tea
members were seniors, the others a
"doing different things," Kraft said. "
number of them are transferring withi
the Big Ten.
"There are some that are staying ai
we expect we will have a track club ini
ated by the students themselves."
Corwin said he doesn't know if the
fallen programs are any indication
the future of NCAA track. "They'll ha'
to take it case by case. If the athlet
department is solid and healthy, I'd sa
no. In any case, I'm sure it'll be a la
Northwestern's decline was uniqi
because it is a private school and h
problems generating revenue, sa
Mike Poehlein, men's track head coa
"The rest of them (in the Big Ten) a
very stable; probably more so than an
body else in the country."
"It's a tragedy that it happened, but
don't think it will affect others,"' sa
Sam Bell, head track coach at Indian
True, the country's strong progran
will continue to work as a feeder syste
for track and field, but Poehlein is we
ried about what effect cutting trac
programs will have on future U.
. He also said that was a major topic
discussion at a meeting he attended
June at the U.S. Olympic Training Ce
ter in Colorado Springs, Colo.
"The colleges are the trainin
grounds," Poehlein said. "... if they fa
to the wayside, there may be mass pro
Northwestern's Kraft agrees that th
current trend could mean trouble.
"Track is the glamour sport of th
Olympics," he said. "What will happe
to our teams two or three years dow
the line? I don't know the answer
Forgotten art of listening needs a renaissance
People urged to communicate better
By Stephen Buckley
Duke U., NC
A friend of mine says the key to deal-
ing with conflict is communication.
She has a point. In everything from
world crises to parent-child rela-
tionships, open and honest com-
munication is essential to achieving
understanding and progress.
The problem, however, is not that
folks aren't talking. Lord knows the
world is overflowing with "great com-
municators," men and women who
possess the enviable ability to come
across with power, clarity and eloqu-
Instead, there appears to be a
dearth of good listeners. Listening has
become a forgotten art, especially in
Parents teach good manners, instill
values and shape their offspring into
responsible, upstanding human
beings. However, moms and dads
rarely encourage their children to be
good listeners. The old warning "Stop,
look and listen" has been replaced
with "Look both ways."
One reason for the de-emphasis on
listening may be that parents refuse to
listen to their kids' ideas and opinions.
In a great number of parent-child
situations, the deaf are leading the
The irony is that listening is neces-
sary for success in almost every pro-
fession. The best doctors hold their pa-
tients' thoughts in high esteem;
lawyers must be able to hear what
their clients are saying-or not
saying-before they can advise or de-
Ted Koppel, the host of ABC's
"Nightline," is commonly referred to
as the best interviewer on television.
What really sets Koppel apart is his
ability to keep interviewees from
rambling off the subject or squirming
around the issue. Koppel can do this
because he is a superb listener.
Consider Jesse Jackson, whose
push for the Democratic presidential
nomination shocked political experts
and skeptical columnists alike.
Voters cited a variety of reasons for
supporting Jackson, and the most im-
portant of these was the perception-
especially among the working class
and the poor-that this candidate lis-
tens to the people.
Listening is just as important on a
more personal level. Some of our most
nagging frustrations occur when we
feel someone doesn't value what we
say. In failed marriages, a common
complaint is that one spouse did not
listen to the other. The same goes for
suicide victims, who often leave notes
that essentially say, "No one was
Some may argue that to point out
the importance of listening is tanta-
mount to observing that the sky is
blue. But that doesn't solve the prob-
lem. The world is teeming with people
yearning to be heard. Witness the re-
cent popularity of radio counseling
shows and telephone party lines.
Without question, there is much vir-
tue in being able to express one's
thoughts effectively. Nevertheless, we
should cultivate a balance in our
thinking, so that we listen as intently
to the other half of the conversation.
Our world does not only need open
mouths. It also needs open ears.
tionship or job, when symptoms
have become chronic or if you are
acting destructive or are inclined to
Because a good offense is often
the best defense, try to head off
those low moods early. But whatev-
er you do, get off the couch.
drinking remains the primary health~
problem, according to campus officials
and student surveys.
Officials credited much of the decline
to students' increased awareness about
the dangers of drugs following basket-
ball star Len Bias' cocaine-induced
death. That increased awareness was
See COCAINE, Page 21