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January 14, 1988 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1988-01-14

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The Michigan Daily-Thursday, January 14, 1988- Page

Pro f.

finds no simple reasons for happiness

By DAHLIA DEAN
A simple prescription for happi-
ness? Impossible, says University
Political Science Prof. Ronald In-
glehart, who will soon publish a
book on the subject.
"There is no simple recipe for
how to be happy," he explains. "A
simple prescription for happiness is
lower aspirations. However, even
that's not simple."
Expecting less may make people
happier with their lives, but Ingle-
hart offers no guarantees. Even

events that make someone happy
once may not succeed the second
time, he says.
"Happiness is counter-intuitive.
The way it seems to work is counter
to the way it really works," Inglehart
explained. A person who earns a
raise at work will experience a short-
term good'feeling, he said, but later
the raise which initially made him or
her so happy will do nothing of the
sort.
Inglehart's research indicates five
important things:

-Old people are at least as satis-
fied as the young. This is probably
because people lessen their aspira-
tions as they reach maturity. They
become happier because they don't
have too high expectations, which
most likely could not be met;
-Men and women appear to be
equally happy;
-Churchgoers seem to be happier
individuals than non-churchgoers.
Inglehart believes this is true be-
cause "most traditional religions
dampen aspirations." He recognizes

that this can be seen as deep wis-
dom, but if one's aspirations are
materialistic, this can result in
unhappiness.
Dan Rosenburg, an LSA first-
year student and former churchgoer,
both agrees and disagrees with
Inglehart.
"Religion usually de-emphasizes
gathering material possessions and
judging people's success on yearly
income," he said. "Since most peo-
ple can't reach wealthy status, this
message makes people happier, or at

least less dissatisfied with their eco-
nomic position. But at the same
time religion calls for a moral code
of behavior necessary for salvation,
which can be very difficult to fol-
low."
-Income alone does not affect
one's happiness;
-Cultural background affects one's
level of happiness - a real surprise
to Inglehart.
"There is a big cultural difference
in global life satisfaction," Inglehart
said. He says this is a very signifi-

cant cultural factor and cannot be tied
down to biological factors.
Dutch and Danish people reported
higher levels of life satisfaction and
hapiness than Germans, who in turn
were happier than Greeks and Ital-
ians. Americans and Irish rank be-
tween these two levels.
Inglehart's findings are illustrated
in his coming book Cultural Shift
in Advanced Industrial Society,
probably to be published by Prince-
ton Press.

Steiner shaken by protests;'\OCcl fr e"t n
UCAR calls for resignation dJ

(Contnued from Page 1)
questions," said LSA sophomore Del
Sanders, who attended the closed
meeting with Fleming.
" After the meeting, Fleming told
the press he understood how people
could find Steiner's remarks
offensive. He said the comments
were poorly worded and that he
disagreed with them. He did not,
however, consider them racist.
Moody, who has called several of
M Steiner's comments and actions
"insensitive to Blacks and other
minorities," did not specifically
advocate Steiner's dismissal. But he
said, "I would call for a strong and
serious look for Steiner to change his
ways."
Moody added that Steiner's
allegedly negative attitudes toward
Howard and Wayne State universities
make it difficult for him to encourage
minorities to attend the University of
Michigan.
Earlier yesterday, UCAR
members met with Steiner to demand
specifically that he retract and
formally apologize for statements
made in a Sept. 17 speech to LSA
department heads and directors. While
describing his plan for affirmative
action in minority hiring, Steiner
said:
M "Our challenge is not to change
this University into another kind of
institution where minorities would
natprally flock in much greater
numbers. I need not remind you that
there are such institutions -
including Wayne State and Howard
University."
But UCAR members said their
anger was not limited to just one of
r Steiner's remarks. Speakers at a noon
Diag rally - attended by more than.

200 people - challenged Steiner's
"pattern of insensitivity" towards
Blacks and other minorities in
comments and writings, including:
-a Jan. 12 press conference in
which UCAR members said Steiner
was "being evasive in answering
many questions... (and) added insult
to injury by making several
additional racist comments." They
cited Steiner as saying, "I am not
sure what, but perhaps something in
the environment leads Blacks... to be
less willing to invest the time in
college."
-What minorities on campus call
"tokenism" in minority faculty
hiring practices
-a phrase an economics textbook
co-authored by Steiner that allegedly
makes a connection between
"inherent intelligence and race"
-an essay in the LSA fall
newsletter suggesting the solution to
Black problems "will require many
things, including a revolution in
Blacks' attitudes towards higher
education."
-the absence of Blacks on the
LSA Executive Committee, as well
as the fact that there are no Black
associate deans, assistant deans,
tenured female faculty.
*the fact that three tenured Black
faculty have resigned to take other
positions under Steiner's tenure
'Steiner's repeated allegation that
it is more risky to hire faculty from
predominantly Black institution.
The tone of yesterday's UCAR
meeting with Steiner, attended by
more than 100 people, started off
tense and became hostile and
confrontational as students charged
Steiner with "repeated

misstatements" and "evasive
answers." Several times Steiner
denied making statements during
Tuesday's press conference that
UCAR members had on tape.
Approximately 100 students filled
Steiner's office - chanting "Hey,
ho, Dean's got to go" - after
UCAR steering committee member
Mike Wilson announced "I think
we've had enough of this" an hour
after the meeting started.
Steiner, who told Public Safety
Department official Robert Pifer that
UCAR had permission to occupy his
office, went home shortly after.
"This too shall pass," Steiner told
reporters.
Steiner's actions and comments
had been condemned by at least five
groups - including two from Wayne
State University - before
yesterday's meeting. Nine black
faculty, including Moody, signed a
Jan. 12 letter criticizing the "racist
context" and "insensitivity" of
Steiner's remarks.
One white faculty member, who
asked not to be named, said yesterday
that Steiner's remarks were just a
"symptom of the kind of racism that
pervades (Steiner's) whole
administration."
"All of us are suprised that it
would have to come to this," said
Sociology Prof. Aldon Morris. He
added, "the silence of the
administration has been deafening."

Doily Photo by JOHN MUNSON

Bob Meadows, left, an LSA senior, and Heather Robinson, an LSA junior, hold signs during a noon rally on the
Diag before marching to LSA Dean Steiner's office.
Members of the LSA executive to Steiner. "I think the lack of our inablity to educate people," said
committee - the college's intellectual honesty of the people LSA associate dean for facilities
governing body - expressed loyalty attacking the dean is representative of James Cather.

Two killed in riot-torn Israeli occupied territories

(Continued from Page 1)

TH ST
What's happening in Ann Arbor today

A U.N. doctor, speaking on condition o f
anonymity, said the body of a 12-year-old boy
killed by gunfire was taken to the Jabaliya
refugee camp clinic in Gaza. Shifa hospital in
Gaza City said a 10-year-old boy was in serious
condition with bullet wounds in the chest.
Military officials said they could not confirm
the Gaza death, but said soldiers near the West
Bank town of Ramallah opened fire on Arabs
who threw stones and iron bars, killing a 19 -
year-old man.

The confirmed number of deaths, not includ-
ing the one reported by the U.N. doctor, stood at
33 yesterday.
Palestine Press Service, an Arab-run agency,
said three more people died of injuries suffered
previously: a 4-month-old girl and 12-year-old
girl suffocated by rear gas, and a 40-year-old man
shot 10 days ago. The report cold not be con-
firmed independently.
According to the Israeli military officials, a
young man and another aged 65 were wounded in
separate shooting incidents in the Ramallah area.
Hospitals in Gaza reported four people

wounded by gunfire yesterday and 10 women
treated for injuries caused by rubber bullets.
A report by Israeli army radio said a soldier
and a border police officer were wounded by
Palestinians with knives in Gaza's Khan Yunis
refugee camp.
Israel expelled Jabril Mahmoud Rujub, Jamal
Mohammed Jibra, Bashir Ahmed Al Kheiri and
Hussam Abdul Rahman Khader despite a U.S.
warning that the action might cause further un-
rest and violate the Geneva Conventions on the
rights of civilians in occupied areas.

Campus Cinema
Diary For My Children
(Marta Meszaros 1984)
Aud. B 7:00 & 9:00 p.m.
Stalinism in Hungary from the
perspective of a teenaged girl.
Robocop (Paul Verhoeven 1987)
Michigan Theater 9:20 p.m.
Modern technology transfigures a
murdered cop (Peter Weller) into a
McDonnell-Douglas version of
Charles Bronson. So explicitly
violent that its apparent parody of.
the right-wing police genre doesn't
quite work, but worth seeing for its
jabs at vidiot culture and high
tech, the secular religion of the
eighties.
Tampopo (Juo Itami 1987)
Michigan Theater 7:00 p.m.
The title character (the name means
"Dandelion" in Japanese) enlists
the aid of two truck drivers to bol-
ster the sagging fortunes of her
noodle restaurant. Wicked satire of
commercialism and filmic conven-
tions, including standard narrative
forms. Highly recommended. In
Japanese with subtitles.
Speakers
Lee Cronk - "Subsistence
Change as a Reproductive Strategy
Among the Mukogodo Pastoralists
of East Africa." 3:30 p.m. East
Lecture Room, Rackham.
John Himka - "Why Stalin
Outlawed the Ukranian Catholic
Church," 4 p.m., Lane Hall, Com-
mons Room.
James Paternoster - "The
Lordship of Jesus Christ," 7 p.m.
Henderson Room, Michigan
Union.
Leonard Peikoff - Video-tape
presentation, "The American
School: Why Johnny Can't
Think." R n.m. Rm. 1276. Busi-

meeting at 1 p.m., Regents'
Room, Fleming Building. Public
Comments, 4 p.m. Anderson
Room, Michigan Union.
Coalition for Democracy in
Latin America -- 8 p.m.,
Welker Room, Michigan Union.
Society of Women Engi-
neers - Introductory Meeting,
6:30 p.m. Rm. 1200, EECS
Newman: A, club for
Catholic Students -7 p.m.
St. Mary's Church, Thompson and
William, lower chapel.
Women Action for Nuclear
Disarmament - 6 p.m., Michi-
gan Union. Check at CIC desk for
room.
Bible Study -- Agape Campus
Fellowship, 6:30 p.m. South Quad,
Ambatan Lounge
Undergraduate Political Sci-
ence Association - Mass
Meeting. 7 p.m., Michigan Union
Ballroom.
Sexual Assualt Prevention
and Awareness Center -
Mass Meeting, 7 p.m. 2203
Michigan Union.
Miskatonic - 8 p.m. Wolverine
Room A, Michigan Union.
Torah-Bible Study - 4:30
p.m. Chabad House, 715 Hill
Talmud Study group Laws of
Prayer -8 p.m. Chabad House,
715 Hill
Furthermore
Prison Outreach Support
Group - Organizational Meeting,
8 p.m., Guild House, 802 Monroe
Shoowa Textiles - UM Mu-
seum of Art, free admission
Ozone House Benefit - Fea-
turing the Lunar Glee Club, the
Chenille Sisters, and Montage. 8
p.m. The Ark 637-1/2 S. Main.

'U Hospital to begin using artificial heart
(Continued from Page )
as the Symbion J-7 heart. Eighty- clude the surgical process or cost of polyurethane plastic and aluminium, then pumping the comp
four Symbion J-7s have been im- care. Harrison added that private and must go through a sterilization into the heart to eject bloo
planted so far nationwide. The device funds are paying for the hearts on a process before being used. It is it through the body. The e
costs $150,000, which does not in- clinical trial basis. operated with compressed air, first refills again with blood to

pressed air
d and send
mpty heart
repeat the

Father of five
instructed to
be organized
ROYAL OAK, Mich. (AP) -
Throw the advice books and set up
baby-care assembly lines, the parents
of quadruplets advise the proud father
of five test-tube babies born in sub-
urban Detroit.
Norm and Gayle Methven, whose
four boys now are 21 months old,
said Raymond and Michle L'Esper-
ance will have to be very organized
to raise their four boys and a girl.
Hair Styling With
a Flair
' 7 Barber Stylists
for MEN & WOMEN
- NO WAITING!!!
DASCOLA STYLISTS
Opposite Jacobson's
668-9329
SELF-SERVICE
COPIES

The Symbion J-7 is made of

filling the empty heart with blood,

cycle.

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